List of Robotech characters

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This is a list of the major character's in Robotech, the American adaptation of three Japanese animated series: The Super Dimension Fortress Macross, The Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross, and Genesis Climber Mospeada, as a single TV series. The series is divided into parts called "generations" which are subtitled The Macross Saga, The Second Generation, and The New Generation. A fourth series was planned but was canceled, with only a few episodes being produced which were later combined into a movie The Sentinels. In 2006, a new feature film was released called The Shadow Chronicles as well as a prelude comic Robotech: Prelude to the Shadow Chronicles.


This era concerns developments before the first episode of Robotech.

The Macross saga[edit]

This era concerns the first two seasons of Robotech, adapted from the first Macross TV series, and related stories, otherwise known as The First Generation.

Rick Hunter[edit]

Rick Hunter, (voiced by Tony Oliver), is one of the character's in the Robotech anime, and television series. He begins the series as a nineteen-year-old civilian pilot, having flown for his father "Pops" Hunter's world-class flying circus.[1]

The first episode begins with Rick Hunter arriving as a visitor to Macross Island to watch the launching of the Super Dimensional Fortress One and to visit his "big brother", Roy Fokker. Although happy to see his old friend again, Rick is still resentful that Roy chose to stay in the military instead of coming back to the circus where they performed aerial stunts together. Rick is in the cockpit of one of the transformable Veritech fighters when the Zentraedi forces attack, and receives a crash course in piloting the strange craft from Roy in the midst of the all-out alien invasion. He is present when the SDF-1's accidental hyperspace-fold in the atmosphere takes the island and its inhabitants of Macross City all the way to Pluto, on the edge of the solar system.

During this encounter, Rick rescues and falls for a young girl, Lynn Minmay. The two find themselves trapped in a remote section of the giant ship and become very close during their time together. However, just as they are about to kiss for the first time, the two are finally rescued. Although he is not initially open to the idea, the constant danger to the ship and the city it carries compels Rick to sign up with the Robotech Defense Force, and soon becomes an ace fighter pilot, despite his age. During his time on the SDF-1, Rick has many dealings with Lisa Hayes and the two do not get along. Due to the constant attacks by the Zentraedi, many pilots are killed or injured and Rick increasingly looks toward Minmay, who has now become a popular singer and New Macross pageant winner, as a source of inspiration and happiness. However, despite their initial closeness, the two gradually grow apart as Rick focuses on his military career while Minmay is constantly mobbed by fans who love her music. After a mission to rescue Lisa, Rick is awarded a medal and promoted to Lieutenant. He is given command of his own squadron and two subordinates (Max Sterling and Ben Dixon). Throughout the course of the series, Rick matures and gains experience as the SDF-1 slowly travels back towards Earth while under constant attack from Zentraedi forces.

During a reconnaissance mission, Rick, Lisa, and Ben are captured by the enemy Zentraedi and interrogated by Supreme Commander Dolza, Breetai, and Exedore. Lisa, suspicious as to why Dolza doesn't just order his massive fleet to attack the SDF-1, yells that Dolza doesn't have the power to attack and that the SDF-1 is far superior. Infuriated, Dolza slams his hand on the table and orders her to tell him by what process humans become human-size. Defiant, Lisa refuses to respond, and Dolza tightens his grip around her until she screams in pain. Fearing that Dolza will kill Lisa, Rick yells at him to stop squeezing her and explains that humans are born, at their current size, when a man and woman love each other. When Breetai asks how "this love" is often expressed, Rick responds that it is often done by kissing one another. Demanding a demonstration, Dolza suggests that Rick and Ben kiss one another, but Rick refuses. As Dolza threatens to crush all of them if he doesn't see a demonstration, Lisa says she will demonstrate. After Dolza returns her to the table, Lisa orders Rick to kiss her, an action that shocks Dolza and the other Zentraedi present. This kiss, ironically, is the start of Rick and Lisa's difficult romance and the beginning of the love triangle between Rick, Lisa, and Lynn Minmei.[2]

After being rescued, Lisa shakes off the event and immediately returns to duty, but she cannot help the feelings she is now developing for Rick, and soon becomes jealous of his obsession with Minmay. After reaching Earth, the crew of the ship are still not safe. During a battle led by Miriya Parina to hunt down and destroy Max Sterling, Roy Fokker is killed.[3] A heartbroken Rick is given command of the Skull Squadron and is issued Roy's VF-1S Veritech. Shortly thereafter, Rick is faced with another tragedy when his second wingman, Ben Dixon, is killed in the line of duty.[4] The loss of two of his closest friends devastates Rick emotionally, but he finds the strength to carry on.

Rick faces a challenge of a different sort when his wingmate and best friend Max falls in love with Miriya after she is micronized and infiltrates the SDF-1. Despite Miriya's initial intention to kill Max, she eventually realizes that the feelings Max had awakened in her were not of hate but of love, and the two decide to get married. Max soon meets with Rick to explain his plans to marry Miriya. Rick, after spitting out his coffee in surprise, initially objects to Max's plans. Rick asks, aside from the fact that he and Miriya have only been on one date, what a human and a Zentraedi could possibly have in common. Max vigorously defends his plan to marry Miriya and introduces her to Rick. Rick, after seeing Miriya in a pink dress, is amazed at how beautiful she is and he suddenly changes his mind. Rick even agrees to help them with their wedding plans. That night, as he lies in bed, he thinks to himself how happy Max is to be married, despite that fact that Miriya is an alien of a hostile race. His thoughts soon drift to Lisa as he tries to sort out the love triangle between Lisa, Minmay, and himself.

In the battle against the Zentraedi Grand Fleet, Rick, like the rest of the SDF-1 crew, is devastated as he watches the fleet fire on Earth and destroy almost all life on the planet. Rick fears for Lisa, who had been assigned to Alaska Base after returning to Earth and being unable to leave. In the subsequent battle, Rick's fighter takes damage, and he is temporarily knocked out. When he comes to, he picks up a distress signal from Alaska Base from Lisa Hayes. Despite the risk, Rick flies into the heavily damaged base and descends several miles until he reaches Lisa. The two run into each other's arms before racing back to the fighter. As the base starts collapsing, Rick manages to fly his fighter out of the base and lands it on the planet's devastated surface. As Rick and Lisa stand together, wondering if anyone else survived, they look up and watch the SDF-1, although severely damaged from battle, land safely nearby, marking the end of the First Robotech War.

As the survivors rebuild Earth, Rick once again becomes obsessed with Minmay, much to the dislike of Lisa, who wishes that Rick could understand that she loves him, but he remains uncomfortable around her due to the age difference and the fact that she is a superior officer. When Lisa gives Rick photos of her for his photo album in an attempt to compete with Minmay, he is not sure how to react. After Minmay and her cousin Kyle are kidnapped by Khyron, Rick leads a rescue operation to save her, further straining his relationship with Lisa, leading to a fight. The next day an agitated Rick lashes out at Lisa to stay out of his personal life and then tries to hurt her by flirting with Vanessa, causing Lisa to leave. Vanessa and her fellow operators become disgusted with Rick and try to make him understand that Lisa loves him. On his way home that night Rick realizes he was wrong to behave the way he did and, after thinking about Vanessa's words and the photos Lisa gave him, he starts to realize Lisa's feelings are true and tries to talk to her after finding her at Claudia's home.

Shortly after that, Rick decides to ask Lisa out for a picnic, which she accepts, but Minmay calls him to have lunch with her, which he reluctantly agrees to hoping he can finish early enough to still meet Lisa, but the day is dashed by the interference of Kyle and a Zentraedi attack. When Rick finally does get to Lisa, who spends all day waiting for him at an outdoor cafe, he tries to salvage the day but Lisa learns he has been with Minmay and storms away from him in anger. Afterward, Minmay has a falling out with Kyle and goes out in search of Rick, rekindling their love during the holidays and sharing a kiss on Christmas Eve. Lisa is devastated and initially decides to resign her military commission as she feels she cannot serve beside Rick due to her feelings for him.[5] After spending more time with her during the holidays, however, Rick begins to realize that he cannot relate to Minmay anymore, as his experiences in combat have changed him and that Lisa understands him better than Minmay does.

When Khyron attacks New Macross City and the SDF-1, Rick tears himself away from Minmay's arms to attend to his duty. Minmay cannot accept that Rick must constantly risk his life in battle and begs him to leave the military. Khyron eventually launches a suicide run at the SDF-1, killing himself and everyone aboard except for Lisa, who was pushed into an ejection pod at the last moment by Admiral Henry J. Gloval. In addition to Admiral Gloval, Lisa's close friends Claudia Grant, Vanessa Leeds, Sammy Porter, and Kim Young are killed. As Rick realizes that Lisa is alive, the two run into each other's arms as Minmay watches nearby. Rick realizes that his love for Minmay is based on euphoria, while his love for Lisa is greater than he had ever realized.[6]

Lisa Hayes[edit]

Lisa Hayes is a fictional character in the first Robotech anime television series.[7] Lisa takes her position as First Officer with the rank of lieutenant commander aboard the SDF-1 as it prepares to launch approximately 10 years after it crashed on Earth. However, the sudden arrival of the Zentraedi in Earth's orbit marks the beginning of the First Robotech War. In the initial battle, Lisa protects the SDF-1, as it fights against the Zentraedi forces. During a battle near Saturn, Lisa creates the Daedelaus Maneuver as a means of attacking and destroying an enemy Zentraedi vessel.

When the SDF-1 was trapped on Mars by gravity mines, Lisa puts her life on the line but is rescued by Rick Hunter, whom she regards as immature and brash. The rescue earns Rick a medal and he is promoted to Group leader, much to the initial dislike of Lisa.[8] Lisa, along with Rick Hunter and Ben Dixon, are captured by the enemy Zentraedi and interrogated by Supreme Commander Dolza, Breetai and Exedore.

Lisa, suspicious as to why Dolza doesn't just order his massive fleet to attack the SDF-1, yells that Dolza doesn't have the power to attack and that the SDF-1 is far superior. Dolza, infuriated, extends his hand and grasps Lisa and orders her to tell him by what process humans become human-size. Lisa, defiant, refuses to respond, and Dolza tightens his grip around her until she screams in pain. Rick, fearing that Dolza will kill Lisa, yells at him to stop squeezing her and explains that humans are born, at their current size, when a man and woman love each other. When Breetai asks how "this love" is often expressed, Rick responds that it is often done by kissing one another. Demanding a demonstration, Dolza suggests that Rick and Ben kiss one another, but Rick refuses. As Dolza threatens to crush all of them if he doesn't see a demonstration, Lisa says she will demonstrate. After Dolza returns her to the table, Lisa orders Rick to kiss her, an action which shocks Dolza and the other Zentraedi present.[9] After being rescued, Lisa shakes off the event and immediately returns to duty, but she cannot help the feelings she is now developing for Rick, and soon becomes jealous of his obsession with Minmei. Lisa and Rick's relationship continued to mature, into an uneasy friendship.

Before the battle against Dolza's grand fleet, Lisa returns to Earth to meet with her father and finds herself prohibited from returning to the SDF-1. During this time she is promoted to the rank of a full commander. Lisa is working as an operations/communications officer at the underground Alaska base when the battle begins. Although the base survives the initial bombardment, which devastates 95% of the surface, it sustains heavy damage, trapping Lisa deep inside. Furthermore, her father's attempt at defending the base resulted in a massive explosion that killed him before Lisa's eyes while communicating with him. Rick, in his damaged but flyable Veritech fighter, leaves the battle in space after picking up Lisa's distress call. Rick flies deep into the base, and reaches Lisa. The two run to each other's arms and hug before jumping back into Rick's fighter. The two barely escape and fly together in each other's arms to safe location and watch the SDF-1 land after its victory.[10]

Following the defeat of the Zentraedi fleet, Lisa settles down in New Macross City and works toward rebuilding Earth after the devastation from the war. However, Lisa continues to struggle with the feelings she has for Rick which are not returned as Rick continues to pursue Minmay. As her jealousy of Minmei grows, Lisa begins to realize just how lonely she truly is. One day while sitting at an outdoor cafe, she contemplates the love triangle between the three of them when she overhears two men talking about how women were "dealt all the aces" when it comes to relationships, to which Lisa says to herself "that's all you's one woman who would trade every ace in the deck for one Rick Hunter."[11]

Later Lisa is promoted to the rank of captain, along with Rick, Max, Miriya and Claudia participate in an operation under Breetai to capture the last remaining Zentraedi Satellite Factory in deep space. During the mission, Lisa tries to talk to Rick about their troubled relationship but they are interrupted when Breetai's ship defolds near the factory. As a diversionary tactic, Breetai suggests that Rick and Lisa kiss on screen in front of the hostile Zentraedi (who have had no exposure to human emotions) to disorient them long enough for the rest of the plan to be executed. Rick initially refuses but Lisa forces him to kiss her, much to his dismay.[12] When Rick rescues Minmei and Kyle after they are kidnapped by Khyron, Minmei runs to Rick's arms and the two embrace while Lisa, visibly upset, watches with anger and sadness and the two get into a fight. After a failed attempt at reconciling, Lisa then decides that Rick will never be with her due to his feelings for Minmei, and she gives up and decides to resign her military career after nearly suffering a nervous breakdown from the whole ordeal.[13]

Lisa eventually earn the command of the Super Dimensional Fortress Two which requires her to leave Earth; before leaving Lisa stops by Rick's home to tell him of her promotion and tells him that, despite it all, she truly loves him. Unfortunately, this command would be short-lived, as the SDF-2 would be destroyed in a suicide run by Zentraedi renegade Khyron. Lisa is nearly killed in the crossfire as she tries to get to the SDF-2, but Rick comes to her rescue and helps her the rest of the way. The SDF-1 was also destroyed in this battle. Lisa is the only member of the Bridge crew to survive when Admiral Gloval pushes her into the only remaining functional escape pod.[6]

Following Khryon's final attack, Rick and Minmei's relationship ends as Minmei begs Rick not to leave her during the battle. Rick tries to explain that his job as a soldier requires him to fight, something which Minmei cannot understand or accept and Rick must tear himself away from her to join the battle. At the end of the battle, Rick realizes that he could never be with Minmei and that Lisa, who shares his commitment to the military and the defense of Earth, is the one he loves. Minmei, although sad, accepts that she and Rick can never be together due to his dedication to his military career and her dedication to her music career.[6] Rick and Lisa, spend the next eight years overseeing the rebuilding of Earth.

Max Sterling[edit]

Maximillian Sterling, voiced by Cam Clarke (credited as "Jimmy Flinders" at the time), is one of the fictional characters in the Robotech anime television series. He is a young fighter pilot assigned to Rick Hunter's various commands (Black Group, Vermillion Team, and Skull Squadron) along with Ben Dixon. He is 19 years old at the beginning of the Robotech's "Macross Saga".

Max having nine confirmed kills in his first combat sortie in his trademark blue VF-1 earned the attention of Roy Fokker, the SDF-1’s air group commander. Roy then assigned both Max and Ben to the newly created Vermillion group under the command of Lt. Rick Hunter. He was then sent on a reconnaissance mission that the Vermillion Group undertook to scout Zentraedi targets. After escaping capture by Zentraedi under the command of Breetai, he infiltrated Breetai's battleship in his Veritech and disguised it with a Zentraedi uniform. Max then helped Rick and Ben pilot a Zentraedi battlepod back to the SDF-1.

Max and Rick would become lifelong friends and would later serve together with the Robotech Expeditionary Force. His fighting prowess eventually gained the attention of Zentraedi Quadrano ace Miriya Parina, who then sought him out in a furious battle that found its way into the streets of Macross City. Unbeknown to Max, his defeat of the Zentraedi force’s finest pilot made him marked for death by Miriya, who becomes so obsessed with finding him that she has herself micronized to human size in order to infiltrate the SDF-1 in an effort to find him. After several near encounters, Max and Miriya finally confronted each other in a video game clash at an arcade. Max again defeats Miriya and Miriya concludes (correctly) that Max is the pilot who had bested her in real combat. As Miriya storms off in anger, Max grabs her wrist and asks her to go out with him on a date. Miriya accepts, although she secretly plots to kill him when they meet.[14]

Max, after consulting with his friend Rick Hunter about what he should wear, arrives at the park where he eagerly awaits Miriya's arrival. Hiding in the bushes, Miriya draws a knife and runs toward Max who, proclaiming in English a Zentraedi war cry: "Maximillian, prepare for your doom!" and throws the knife at him. Despite the surprise, Max is able to dodge Miriya's first attack and the knife buries itself in a tree. Miriya reveals that she is a Zentraedi warrior and that her mission is to take revenge against him, prompting Max to say "There goes our first date." Drawing a second knife, she continues to swing and thrust at Max, who struggles to dodge her attacks. Max manages to pull the first knife out of the tree and after a short fight, Max manages to disarm her and points the knife at her face while proudly proclaiming "I guess I win again." Beaten for a third time, Miriya becomes emotionally despondent and her anger and hatred give way to sadness. She falls to her knees, and asks a now shocked Max to kill her. Crying, Miriya believes she cannot live with the shame of being defeated and that her only option now to die by his hand. Yet despite all that has just occurred, Max puts his finger under Miriya's chin and says that he could never harm her because she is "so beautiful". Max and Miriya look into each other's eyes and Miriya realizes that the feelings that Max has awoken within her are not of hate but of love and the two, after seeming floating in air towards each other, passionately kiss. Max wipes a tear from Miriya's cheek and, although he admits it sounds crazy, asks Miriya to marry him. Miriya accepts, even though she has no idea what marriage is and despite the fact that the two have only been in love for a few moments.[15]

Later, Max meets with Rick Hunter to explain what has transpired as well as his plans to marry Miriya. Rick, after spitting out his coffee in surprise, initially objects to Max's plans to marry Miriya and ridicules them as "silly idealism". Rick asks, aside from the fact that he and Miriya have only been on one date, what a human and a Zentraedi could possibly have in common. Max vigorously defends his plan to marry Miriya and introduces her to Rick. Rick, after seeing Miriya in a pink dress, is amazed at how beautiful she is and he suddenly changes his mind. Rick even agrees to help them with their wedding plans.[15] The two former rivals, now completely in love despite their rocky start, are married the very same day, using the same knives they fought with to cut the cake at a huge ceremony attended by all their friends and broadcast on television across the SDF-1. Captain Henry J. Gloval even speaks at the wedding to congratulate the two lovers and to call for peace between the two races. Even the Zentraedi observe the wedding by way of intercepted television signals, and many, including Breetai and Exedore, watch with curiosity. Many Zentraedi, after watching the wedding and joy that it has brought to the two lovers, become even more attracted to the human way of life and further question their current austere lives as warriors.[15]

As the first marriage between a human and a Zentraedi, the union of Max and Miriya became an unlikely symbol of peace and understanding during the First Robotech War. The wedding is interrupted by a massive Zentraedi attack as Breetai is ordered by Dolza to send his entire fleet to destroy the SDF-1. Max and Miriya race off to battle, with Miriya insisting Max take her with him in his veritech fighter. Miriya shows Max how to disable Zentraedi power armor without killing the pilots, a tactic which is then utilized by the SDF-1's forces. This development, combined with their increased exposure to human emotions and culture (which was amplified by seeing Miriya, their greatest warrior, get married to a human) causes a wave of mutinies to spread through the Zentraedi fleet as soldiers refuse to fight and turn against their superiors, forcing Breetai to call a truce. Thus, Max's decision to spare Miriya's life not only led to his marriage to his former rival but also saved the lives of everyone aboard the SDF-1.[15] Afterwards, Miriya becomes Max's wingmate on duty, piloting a distinctive red VF-1 alongside Max's blue one. The two are almost always together, even in battle. In the final battle against Dolza's Grand Fleet, the two fight side by side in their veritechs. Despite the seemingly impossible odds they face, they smile at each as they engage the enemy fleet.[10]

After the Zentraedi Fleet that nearly destroys the earth is vanquished, Max and Miriya settle down in New Macross City and begin a new life together. In October 2012, Miriya gives birth to a daughter, Dana Sterling, the first child born from a Human/Zentraedi union. Max, now aged 22, becomes a proud and happy father, despite Dana's playfulness with his hair and her midnight feedings. In episode 28, "Reconstruction Blues", Max and Miriya are seen happily walking together while pushing a baby carriage. They stop for a moment and Max, proudly smiling, lifts little Dana out of the carriage and into his arms as Miriya watches with joy. Max then makes a funny face and Dana smiles in response. Max and Miriya's happy marriage and their baby daughter become the envy of Lisa Hayes and Claudia Grant.[11] With his new family, Max is happier than he has ever been before and Miriya, despite her previous life as a ruthless Zentraedi warrior, proves to be a happy and loving mother, who shows as much love and caring for her child as any human mother could. Both look forward to raising their daughter in a peaceful world, but the start of the Zentraedi rebellions in March 2013 and the reemergence of Khyron and Azonia forces Max and Miriya to resume their military roles as veritech fighter pilots as the dream of a peaceful world soon comes crashing down.

In June 2013, Max and Miriya take part in an important mission into deep space to capture the last remaining Zentraedi Factory Satellite. The mission proves highly unorthodox when Admiral Henry J. Gloval asks them to bring Dana (who is only eight months old) along. However, the plan soon becomes clear. After Breetai's ship defolds near the factory, Max and Miriya take off in their Veritech fighters and blast their way into the enemy command ship. Immediately surrounded by Zentraedi soldiers, Commander Reno orders them to surrender. However, Miriya calmly reaches into her fighter and lifts little Dana into view. Dana, cradled in Miriya's arms and wearing a tiny pink and white Dr. Denton's spacesuit is an object of terror to the hostile Zentraedi, who have had no exposure to human culture and have never seen a baby before. The surrounding Zentraedi soldiers recoil in shock and fear while Max smiles as Miriya explains that their child was "actually created inside my own body - but by both of us" as she indicates towards him. The hostile Zentraedi conclude Dana is a mutation who is contagious and flee in terror. This throws the command ship's crew into chaos which causes disorder throughout the enemy fleet, allowing the United Earth Forces to seize the factory.[12]

In December 2013, Max and Miriya join the in attempt to stop Khyron as he steals a protoculture matrix from New Macross City. However, after Khyron detonates bombs hidden throughout the city, they are forced to turn back to help rescue civilians from the resulting fires. Despite the misery that occurs so close to Christmas, Max and Miriya happily stand on their balcony later that night and watch the SDF-1 lit up with Christmas lights. Once again smiling, Max puts one arm around his wife and with the other lifts little Dana, who is initially startled onto his shoulder. Dana then starts pulling on Max's hair while giggling, causing Max to grumble in response.[5]

In January 2014, Max and Miriya again fight alongside Rick Hunter in the final battle against Khyron and rebel Zentraedi. However, despite their efforts, Khyron is still able to steer his warship in a suicide run against the SDF-1, destroying it and rendering New Macross City uninhabitable due to the radioactive fallout from the ships' destruction. Like Rick, Max and Miriya are devastated by the loss of their friends but find the strength to carry on. Both continue to serve as pilots during the remaining Zentraedi rebellions of 2014 and 2015.[6] Their child, Dana Sterling, would later become a leading figure in the Second Robotech War pitting the United Earth Forces, including the elite Army of the Southern Cross against the Robotech Masters when they arrive in Earth orbit in 2029. Like her parents, Dana proves to be a skilled pilot and plays a critical role in saving humanity from alien threats. Dana also inherits her parents' strength and perseverance, as well as their tactical instincts. Throughout the 35 years (2009–2044) that currently span the Robotech Saga, Max is portrayed as Rick Hunter's most trusted lieutenant through all of his commands and campaigns as well as his best friend. Max and Miriya are depicted as the perfect couple, always together and always in love and symbolize the best of both Humans and the Zentraedi in the numerous challenges they face.

In December 2022, Max and Miriya joined their friends Rick and Lisa Hayes-Hunter aboard the SDF-3 as part of the Robotech Expeditionary Force (REF).[16] By this point Max has gotten his hair cut shorter, possibly because he didn't like his daughter Dana playing with it when she was an infant. Although difficult for them, they left a young Dana on Earth with her godfather, General Rolf Emerson and his wife Laura. Dana, the only child of a human/Zentraedi union, was deemed by Professor Lazlo Zand to be too scientifically valuable to risk going with the REF. Max and Miriya hoped that the mission would be over quickly but events would keep the SDF-3 away from Earth for the rest of Dana's childhood.[17] Dana eventually becomes one who first graduates from the Robotech Military Academy, following in the footsteps of her parents. During the mission, Max assumed Rick's former role as commander of the famed Skull Squadron. The REF expedition, which failed to return to Earth against the Robotech Masters, got caught in a war with the Invid on a number of planets, as chronicled in Robotech II: The Sentinels and was unable to send significant aid back to Earth during the Second Robotech War.[16] REF divisions were sent against the Invid following the invasion of Earth in 2031 but all failed against the Invid's superior numbers.[18]

Miriya Parina[edit]

Claudia Grant[edit]

As the SDF-1’s Chief Communications Officer, Claudia Grant bears a great many responsibilities aboard the SDF-1. In addition to facilitating the interaction between the some 15,000 crewmembers aboard the battlefortress, it’s Claudia’s responsibility to coordinate the various departments that keep operations running smoothly throughout the immense ship. Most of Claudia’s interaction is with her fellow bridge crewmates. Her relaxed, confident manner is in contrast with her friend Lisa Hayes, the SDF-1’s no-nonsense, by-the-book executive officer. She gets along well with Captain Gloval, who appreciates her professionalism if not her saucy attitude. The subordinate operations controllers Kim, Sammy, and Vanessa look up to her as a big sister, and it is a role that Claudia relishes. In addition, she has a strong bond with her younger brother Vince, who is among the Robotech engineers stationed aboard SDF-1.Claudia is a veteran officer, having joined the military following the SDF-1’s arrival. Her first duty station was at an air base in Wyoming, and it was there that she first met Roy Fokker. Their relationship was a tumultuous one that would be rekindled when the two were stationed on Macross Island. But by the beginning of the First Robotech War, Roy and Claudia were very close and dedicated to each other. Following Roy’s tragic death from injuries suffered in combat, Claudia looks after her friends even more. She becomes a close confidant not only to Lisa but also to Rick as the war continues. Claudia offers constant encouragement to her friend Lisa as her relationship with Rick deepens in the course of the series.Claudia joined the war effort of the Global War, and after initially being posted to an air base in Wyoming, she meet a then young Lt. Roy Fokker.Claudia became a bridge officer on the SDF-1 with the rank of lieutenant commander and was third in command after Captain Henry J. Gloval and Lt. Cmdr. Lisa Hayes when the SDF-1 launched in February 2009. Claudia was tasked with coordinating communications for the 15,000 crew members aboard the SDF-1. In 2014, at the last battle with Khyron, who launched a suicide run against the SDF-1, Claudia, Admiral Gloval, Lt. Vanessa Leeds, Lt. Sammie Porter, and Lt. Kim Young died at their posts

Lynn Minmei[edit]

Lynn Minmei (Japanese: リン・ミンメイ Rin Minmei, Chinese: 鈴明美/林明美 Pinyin: Líng Míngměi/Lín Míngměi) (Voiced by: Rebecca Forstadt) is a fictional anime character in the First Robotech Saga, which was adapted from the Japanese series The Super Dimension Fortress Macross. Minmei has become an iconic character of that series. Rebecca Forstadt voices Minmei under the alias "Reba West".

In Robotech, Minmei is the love interest of the main character Rick Hunter and becomes an idol singer and movie star on board the spacecraft SDF-1. Her songs, which cause confusion amongst alien Zentraedi soldiers, play a critical role in the First Robotech War against Dolza's Grand fleet.[19]

Henry J. Gloval[edit]

Captain (later Admiral) Henry J. Gloval (voiced by: Greg Finley) is a major character in the First Saga of Robotech. Although the Robotech television series reveals little about Gloval prior to the launch of the SDF-1 in February 2009, Wildstorm's Robotech comic series From the Stars provides considerable detail about Gloval's life and successes in the late 1990s and following the crash-landing of the SDF-1 in 1999. Details of Henry J. Gloval's personal life have never been revealed, although he never makes any mention of a wife, children or family and is depicted as being dedicated to his job and duties above all else.

First appearing in the first episode[20], Gloval commands the SDF-1 throughout the First Robotech War, leading the ship, and the people aboard, through numerous battles against the Zentraedi. Gloval routinely clashes with the United Earth Government (UEG) regarding their belligerent and uncompromising attitude toward the Zentraedi and their refusal to try and make peace. In addition, Gloval is visibly furious when the UEG refuses to allow the 70,000 civilians aboard the SDF-1 to return to Earth. In April 2011, Gloval makes a plea for peace with the Zentraedi as he speaks at the wedding of Max Sterling and Zentreadi defector Miriya Parina.[15] A short time later, Gloval helps facilitate a truce with Breetai and the Zentraedi under him and gain his support against Zentraedi Supreme Command Dolza.[21]

However, Zentraedi Supreme Commander Dolza, realizing the threat that human emotions and culture now pose to his command, orders his entire fleet to fold into Earth orbit to destroy the planet, the SDF-1 and all of the Zentraedi under Breetai who have rebelled. Although Gloval is unable to stop Dolza's Grand Fleet of 4.8 million ships from devastating Earth, he develops and commands an operation, utilizing the singing of Lynn Minmay and the Daedalus attack developed by Lisa Hayes, in a daring operation which ultimately leads to Dolza's defeat and the destruction of virtually the entire Zentraedi fleet.[10]

Gloval becomes an Admiral following the defeat of Dolza's grand fleet and oversees the reconstruction of Earth and the reestablishment of the United Earth Government (UEG). The challenges are immense: 95% of the Earth's surface has been devastated, with all major cities destroyed and most of planet's vegetation reduced to endless deserts. The population of the world is reduced from billions to only 70,000.[22] Yet despite the challenges, Gloval successfully leads Earth through its recovery. In 2013, new challenges emerge including Zentraedi rebellions, the military threat posed by Khyron's rebels and the capture of the Zentraedi factory satellite. Gloval provides leadership through all of these threats. He decides to appoint Captain Lisa Hayes, his second in command during the war, to command the newly built SDF-2 .

In January 2014, in the final battle against the rebel Zentraedi under Khyron, Gloval leads the bridge crew of the SDF-1 into battle despite the massive damage the ship sustained during the war. Using all of the SDF-1's remaining power, it is able to fire one shot which cripples Khyron's warship. However, Khyron is determined to have his revenge against Gloval and the SDF-1, even in death and rigs his warship for a suicide run at the SDF-1. The resulting collision destroys both ships. Admiral Gloval, along with Commander Claudia Grant, Vanessa Leeds, Sammy Porter, Kim Young and the rest of the crew aboard the SDF-1 die in resulting explosion. Gloval's last act before the impact is to push Lisa Hayes into the last functioning escape pod on the bridge.[6] Gloval becomes a celebrated hero, and even 15 years later (during the Second Robotech Saga), he and his crew are still held as examples for new military recruits to follow.[22]

Roy Fokker[edit]

In the 1985 Robotech adaptation of the first Macross series, Roy's portrayal was toned down for American audiences by producer Carl Macek. He keeps his original name, but it was written as "Roy Fokker." His basic persona was the same in both series, though details differed. Episode 18 was renamed "Farewell Big Brother".[3] The Robotech version of the character was voiced by Dan Woren.

Wildstorm's 2002–2003 Robotech comic series developed a background story for this character that was different from the background in Macross. In this version, Roy was the chief test pilot in the VF-1 development program, and as a potential symbol for the nascent United Earth Government (renamed from the U.N. Government in Macross), was the target of a number of assassination attempts by the Anti-Unification movement, including at least two ambushes during his flight tests of the YF-1 (known as two separate vehicles in Macross, the VF-X and the VF-X-1). He survived both attempts on his life, including the crash of his prototype Valkyrie while testing the Guardian (known as GERWALK in Macross) configuration.

After his crash, the Valkyrie program was officially canceled in favor of Project Excalibur, a design project to develop Destroids (walking battroid/battloid tanks); however, the anti-unification hijacking of the "Armor-One" space carrier gave him the opportunity to prove the VF-1 Valkyrie's worth once and for all; he launched on the unofficial and highly illegal orders of Captain Henry J. Gloval, using the first production-model VF-1 (a VF-1S that would be his mount for the rest of his life), and ended the threat to the SDF-1 by destroying the bridge of the hijacked carrier and shooting down the reflex missile it had fired at Macross.[23]

Ben Dixon[edit]

Ben Dixon is a character based on Hayao Kakizaki of the original Japanese series, The Super Dimension Fortress Macross. Ben, along with his best friend Max Sterling, become rookie wingmates under the command of newly promoted Lieutenant Rick Hunter, forming the Vermillion Squadron with Roy Fokker watching over them. While Max is quiet and shy, husky Ben is jovial, gregarious and fashions himself (or rather overrates himself) as a ladies man. He and Roy are fellow jokesters and often team up to tease Rick over the romantic circle he's involved in with Lynn Minmei and Lisa Hayes. Under the watchful eye of Roy, Ben, Max, and Rick became a tight-knit group during the early days of the war with the Zentraedi.

Out of the three, Ben seems to require the most repairs to his plane after a battle. Sadly, Ben's phenomenal luck runs out when, during a malfunction of the SDF-1's omnidirectional barrier system, the barrier explodes and Ben is caught in the blast. Following the recent loss of Roy Fokker, Ben's death comes as another painful blow to Rick, Max, and Lisa.[4][24][25]


Khyron (Voiced by Gregory Snegoff) is the unconventional leader of the Zentraedi Botoru Battalion. He is known as Quamzin Kravshera in The Super Dimension Fortress Macross, the series which was adapted into the first saga of Robotech.

Sometimes known as Khyron Kravshera or Lord Khyron, he was a brilliant but often insubordinate and mentally unstable Zentraedi commander during the First Robotech War. Khyron earned the nickname Khyron the Backstabber because of his habit of attacking his own men when angered or drunk.[8]

Khyron's Botoru Battalion was summoned to the Solar system by Commander Breetai, against the advice of Exedore, to assist in the capture of the SDF-1 Macross. While his unorthodox tactics kept the RDF off balance, he was often rebuked by both Commanders Breetai and Azonia for risking undue damage to the fortress. On one occasion, Breetai was forced to use the nebulizer in order to forcibly recall Khyron from an unauthorized attack while Azonia had to threaten him with being fired upon himself to force him to disengage from another attack. When Breetai's forces joined the SDF-1 in battle against Dolza's Grand Fleet, Khyron showed his self-serving nature by deserting.

Following the destruction of the Zentraedi Grand fleet in April 2011, Khyron's ship crashes in the arctic where he, Azonia and its crew remain dormant for almost two years. However, in July 2013, Khyron and Azonia steal a protoculture chamber from New Detroit which they use to resize the growing number of disaffected micronized Zentraedi back into warrior giants. Although many Zentraedi had been peacefully assimilated into Earth's surviving human population, many others were simply unable to overcome their natural desire to fight and destroy and they turn to Khyron as their leader.[26] In an effort to get their hands on a protoculture Matrix to repower their warship, Khyron and Azonia kidnapped Lynn Minmay and her cousin Lynn Kyle and attempt to ransom them for the SDF-1. During their capture, Khyron, who is holding Minmay in his hand, asks Minmay to sing. Minmay, whose music in the past has been able incapacitate Zentraedi, who have had no exposure to human culture or music, sings "to be in love". The surrounding Zentraedi become scared and paralyzed and even Khyron falls to his knees. However, although Khyron is initially overwhelmed, he is able to overcome the effects and closes his hand around Minmay to stop her singing. Khyron proudly declares that he is immune to Minmay's "magical witchcraft". Minmay, surprised that Khyron has been unaffected by her song, calls Khyron an "overgrown clown" and states she will not help him with his plans. Khyron loses his temper and tightens his grip on Minmay, who shrieks in pain as her body is squeezed tighter and tighter with a disturbing crunching sound. Azonia notices and yells at Khyron to be careful, causing him to regain his composure and he release his grip. However, Minmay is now deathly still and appears not to be breathing, and Khyron fears he may have killed her (which would ruin his plans). He repeatedly pokes Minmay with his finger and eventually she revives and moans in pain. Fortunately, Minmay escapes serious injury and Khyron remarks that micronians (humans) are "well-built little things." Eventually, a rescue operation led by Rick Hunter, dubbed Operation Star Saver, is able to free both Minmay and Kyle, and Khyron is forced to resort to even more brutal tactics.[13]

Throughout the second half of 2013, Khyron's forces continue to grow in size as more and more disaffected Zentraedi join him and other Zentraedi rebellions start breaking out all over the world, straining the United Earth Government's forces. Khyron, then restyled himself Khyron the Destroyer, takes advantage of these circumstances and, with his new forces, launches an assault on Macross City in December 2013 and manages to steal a protoculture storage matrix. As his forces escape with the matrix, Khyron detonates numerous bombs hidden within the city, which he coldly declares is a "Christmas present." The bombs cause massive damage to the city and inflict numerous civilian casualties which soon stream into overflowing hospitals. The damage is so severe that many people simply leave and move to other cities. Even a month later, much of the damage has not been repaired.[5]

Khryon uses the protoculture matrix to repower his warship but although he can simply leave Earth, he decides that he cannot leave until the SDF-1 is destroyed. In January 2014, Khryon and his forces launch a full-scale assault on Macross City. Firing his warship's main gun, a swath of New Macross City is obliterated and the SDF-1 takes a direct hit. Khyron also fires numerous missiles at the city, causing even more damage than his attack a month earlier. However, Admiral Henry J. Gloval and the bridge crew manage to regain control of the SDF-1 and launch it a short distance into the air. Using all of its remaining power, the SDF-1's main gun is able to fire one shot which cripples Khryon's warship.[6]

The SDF-1's final shot shears off an entire section of Khyron's ship, crippling its weapons, defenses and communications. Bleeding from a severe cut above his eye, Khyron sees that his top lieutenants, Grel and Gerao, have been killed but that Azonia is still alive. Despite the now critical situation, Khyron is still obsessively determined to destroy the SDF-1, even at the cost of his own life. Khyron, after realizing that his warship's navigation system is still operational, tells Azonia that they can still destroy the SDF-1, but then adds "It requires a sacrifice. Are you willing to face it with me?" Azonia joins hands with Khyron as says "It will be glorious!" Khyron then rigs his warship's navigation system for a collision course with the SDF-1. The SDF-1, drained of power, cannot defend itself as Khryon launches his suicidal run. All available mecha and veritech fighters throw everything they have against Khyron's ship but they cannot stop it. As the two ships collide, Khyron and Azonia, still holding hands, shout "Victory!" before they are vaporized. The collision and resulting impact and explosion destroys Khyron's ship, the SDF-1 and the newly completed SDF-2. There are no survivors of those aboard the SDF-1 except for Commander Lisa Hayes, who was pushed into the only remaining operable escape pod on the bridge at the last moment. The rest of the bridge crew, including Admiral Henry J. Gloval, Commander Claudia Grant, and bridge operators Vannesa Leeds, Sammy Porter and Kim Young, die at their posts.[6]

New Macross City is left in ruins by the battle and the radioactive fallout from the destruction of the three ships leads to the evacuation and sealing off of the entire area, with its survivors being relocated to the other cities, in particular, Monument City (which would later become the capital of the United Earth Government (UEG)). The remains of the three ships are buried under three giant mounds of dirt, but not before everything that can be salvaged out of the wreckage is removed to continue to rebuild Earth and to aid in the planned construction of the SDF-3.[22]

Khyron is held as a hero among the remaining rebel Zentraedi and their uprisings continue throughout 2014 and 2015 before the last rebels are defeated

In the Del Rey Robotech novels by Jack McKinney, Khyron's behavior was believed to be a side effect from ingesting the petals of the Invid Flower of Life. It was even indicated that this behavior led to his instability and madness and that he had not always been that way. Also it was suggested that Khyron's final assault on the SDF-1 was an inspiration to many Zentraedi during the malcontent uprisings in 2014 and 2015, although all are eventually put down.

At one point during the kidnapping of Minmay and Kyle, Khyron kisses Azonia to the shock of Minmay, Kyle and the surrounding Zentraedi, who realize that human culture as affected Khyron far more than they or even Khyron himself thought possible. In previous encounters, humans kissing one another has caused Zentraedi to recoil in fear and disgust, yet Khyron is able to embrace this human custom quite easily and with great pleasure. The irony, that Khyron possesses a burning hatred for humans but embraces elements of their culture that are completely foreign and repulsive to the Zentraedi, is apparently lost on him.

Bridge bunnies[edit]

Main article: Macross operators

The Macross operators — Vanessa Leeds,[27] Kim Young,[28] and Sammie Porter[29] were three minor fictional characters in the first Macross series (which was adapted as the first story arc of Robotech). They were attractive girls who managed the various functions of the SDF-1 Macross's bridge under Captain Gloval.


Dolza is the Supreme Commander of all Zentraedi forces. Dolza was voiced by Michael Reynolds.[30]

Dolza is the supreme commander of all Zentraedi forces in the galaxy, commanding his fleet of over 4.8 million capital ships from his massive mobile planetoid homebase. Dolza is the second oldest Zentraedi (only Exedore is older) and is the largest of his race, standing 17.5 meters (57.4 feet) tall, although in the Jack McKinney Robotech novels, Dolza is described as being over 24.4 meters (80 feet) tall. Dolza is ordered by the Robotech Masters to find and recover the lost spaceship that had crashed on Earth in 1999. The ship, stolen by the disciples of Zor, contains a vital component, a protoculture matrix, which the Masters desperately need to ensure the survival of their civilization.

Although Dolza and his Grand Fleet are eventually defeated, the cost to Earth and human race is astronomical reducing the population from billions to only 70,000. Approximately 95% of the Earth's surface was "devastated" in the "Zentraedi Rain of Death."[5] Afterwards, Dolza and the survivors rebuild earth.

Donald Hayes[edit]

Admiral Takashi Hayase of the Macross series is also known as Admiral Donald Hayes in the English series.

The Admiral's wife died, leaving behind his only child, Lisa Hayes.[7]

In Episode 15 of the series, he tells Captain Henry J. Gloval to leave the earth with the SDF-1 Macross and not to allow the civilians on board to disembark. He also convinced that the Grand Cannon will be able to wipe out a Zentradi invasion force despite clear warnings of how powerful the enemy is.[20]

The character shares the same fate in both Robotech and Macross. During Dolza's attack on the SDF-1 Macross and the Earth, the Admiral uses the Grand Cannon but only manages to destroy 800,000 of the invasion forces' 4.8 million capital ships. The cannon is hit by enemy fire, and he eventually dies in the ensuing explosion. His daughter Lisa Hayes is saved by Rick Hunter.[6]

The second generation[edit]

This era concerns the second series adapted to Robotech (Southern Cross) and the movie adapted from Megazone 23, and is referred to as The Robotech Masters story arc.

Dana Sterling[edit]

Main article: Dana Sterling

Rolf Emerson[edit]

Rolf Emerson appeared during the Southern Cross segment of the series, which is also known as Robotech: Masters. This segment was originally the 1984 anime series Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross. Rolf Emerson is one of the handful of characters to retain their original name and name spelling for the Robotech adaptation. In Robotech, he was voiced by actor Michael McConnohie.

Major General Rolf Emerson was Chief of Staff in the Army of the Southern Cross and a trusted adjutant to Supreme Commander Anatole Leonard. Emerson often sued for peaceful negotiations over the militaristic solutions that Leonard proposed. Emerson, and his wife Laura, were made godparents to Bowie Grant and Dana Sterling who were left under his care while their parents joined the Robotech Expeditionary Force. Bowie in particular cried inconsolably as his parents left and Emerson faced the difficult challenge of raising him. Emerson and his wife, who had no children of their own, took care of Dana and Bowie, who were both only children when their parents left. Both hoped that their parents return quickly but events would keep the Expeditionary forces away from Earth throughout their entire childhood. Emerson's decision to enroll both of them in the military had resulted in a divorce from Laura. Laura never understood his reasons; childless herself, Dana and Bowie had become her children, and she could never understand why her husband would choose to wish war on their adopted children.

In 2029, Dana and Bowie graduate from the United Earth Forces Military academy and are placed with the 15th tactical armored squadron of the Southern Cross. Bowie, having fallen in love with Musica, a young cloned citizen of the Master's race is determined to help her escape from the Masters and smuggles her to Earth. However, once Musica presence is discovered by officer Nova Satori, Bowie and Musica flee from Monument city and take refuge in the ruins. Bowie, becomes a fugitive for the latter part of the series. Dana, who strongly opposes Supreme Commander Anatole Leonard's treatment of captured bioroid pilots, openly disagrees with him, and stops Leonard from taking serious disciplinary action against Dana. Leonard, who grows tried of Emerson disagreeing with him over his refusal to negotiate with the Robotech Masters, eventually assigns Emerson to Moon Base Aluce, where he felt that Emerson would be most useful. This was the first line of defense against the Robotech Masters. Because of this, several officers under Emerson were convinced that the assignment was essentially a death sentence because Emerson had continually opposed Leonard's policies. Emerson, against all expectations, survived a major battle with the Masters by carrying out a space warp maneuver.

Emerson eventually meets the Robotech Masters themselves after he and his crew are captured in space. Failing to persuade the Robotech Masters to consider peace, he dies protecting Bowie from a rifle blast fired by a Bioroid Terminator. Emerson dies in Bowie's arms, his last words a plea for peace between the two beleaguered races. Emerson's death is a blow for Dana and Bowie, who had regarded him as their father and friend.[31] Emerson's wish for peace goes largely unfulfilled. The Masters are destroyed and the forces of the United Earth Forces (UEF) and the Southern Cross are decimated by the war. The subsequent collapse of the United Earth Government's power caused led to the fragmentation of the once united world, leading to the creation of city states that warred with each other. One year later, the Invid invade, the remainder of the UEF and the Southern Cross are destroyed.

Episode 37 - "Dana's Story"[22]

Anatole Eli Leonard, voiced by Greg Finley, is derived from that of Claude Leon in the Japanese source animation The Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross (ASC). He serves as the supreme commander of the Army of the Southern Cross and thus of all Earth defense forces following the departure of the Robotech Expeditionary Force (REF) from Earth. Leonard first appears in Episode 37 - "Dana's Story"[22] and retains command of the Southern Cross until the last moments of the Second Robotech War, when he is killed along with most of the General Staff during the final attack on Monument City depicted in Episode 60, Catastrophe.

Lazlo Zand[edit]

The unnamed scientist from "The Robotech Masters", who author Jack McKinney would repurpose as Lazlo Zand. Note the all-black eyes.

Dr. Lazlo Zand was an original character created by the author of the Robotech novel series, Jack McKinney, and based upon a nameless scientist who briefly appeared in "The Robotech Masters", the twenty-ninth episode of the Robotech television series. This scientist (identified only as "Researcher A" in the original Japanese Super Dimension Fortress Macross version of the cartoon) sported the same marble-like all-black eyes as Emil Lang, and so McKinney repurposed the character as a protégé of Lang's who had helped in developing many of the second generation Robotech mecha such as Alpha and Beta fighters and Hovertanks. The design of the two scientists' eyes originated simply as a quirk of Macross character designer Haruhiko Mikimoto's art, but McKinney gave Lang's eyes much greater significance in his Battlecry novelization when he explained them to be a result of exposure to Protoculture.

Zand as he appeared in Robotech II: The Sentinels - Wedding Special #2 (top), and his revised character design from Prelude to the Shadow Chronicles (bottom)

In addition to his appearance in "The Robotech Masters" (adapted within McKinney's June 1987 novel, "Doomsday"), several references are made to Zand in passing throughout the first six novels, including quotes from the character that were used in the books' fictitious epigraphs. He later rises to prominence in the three novels which adapted the Robotech Masters portion of the Robotech cartoon (Southern Cross, Metal Fire and The Final Nightmare, released in July, August and September 1987, respectively), featuring in new scenes that were not part of the cartoon episodes upon which the books are based. These novels reveal that, after endowing himself with similar Protoculture powers to Lang in 2013 and gaining similar all-black eyes, Zand became obsessed with Dana Sterling, the only child of a human/Zentraedi union at the time. Zand believed that she was a key to the shapings of Protoculture, and experimented on her when she was a baby until her guardian, Rolf Emerson, rescued her from his clutches. He then proceeded to guide events surrounding Dana up to and throughout the year 2029, the "present day" of the novels, and finally, attacks Dana with a life-energy draining device at the conclusion of The Final Nightmare. The device backfires, and Zand is inexplicably transformed into a giant Invid Flower of Life.

When adapting the storyline of the aborted animated sequel series, Robotech II: The Sentinels, into comic book form in 1988, creators Jason and John Waltrip included a brief appearance by Zand in the second issue of the Wedding Special mini-series. The comic shoed him with a thinner jaw and with normal non-black eyes. This would not be the only contradiction in Zand's timeline, however; in 1994, Jack McKinney released another novel, The Zentraedi Rebellion, which expanded on Zand's history, detailing the jealousy over Emil Lang's popularity that drove him to his actions, and the extent of his influence over Dana and her parents. This novel described how Zand did not give himself Protoculture powers until after he began experimenting on Dana (specifically, by injecting himself with a blend of her blood, Zentraedi blood and Invid nutrient solution), contradicting both the cartoon and previous novels, which had shown him with black eyes five years beforehand.

Following the reboot of the Robotech universe in the 21st century that relegated McKinney's novels and any and all Robotech comics to a position of "secondary" continuity, free to be overwritten by new media, Zand made a surprise return in the Prelude to the Shadow Chronicles comic book mini-series, sporting another new look. Here, he is seen acting as scientific advisor to the rebellious T. R. Edwards, and is captured by the Robotech Expeditionary Force following Edwards's defeat. His death in McKinney's The Final Nightmare is alluded to, but no specific explanation is given for his return, save a comment by Rick Hunter that the reports were evidently "greatly exaggerated".

Bowie Grant[edit]

Bowie Grant is the gentle, introspective son of Vince Grant and Jean Grant and nephew of the late Claudia Grant. He is a sensitive, soft-spoken youth, who has yet to find his place in the world. Like his childhood friend, Dana Sterling, his parents left him in the custody of his god-father, General Emerson, while they joined the forces of the SDF-3 on their sojourn to the stars. Bowie and Dana are like brother and sister. When Dana entered the service, Bowie tagged along and eventually became her aid in the 15th squadron. Bowie is a skilled fighter, although he has no love for war or even physical sport. His true interest is in music. Bowie is a gifted piano player and a fair singer. With this in mind, it seems no wonder that he finds himself attracted to the alien, Musica. A mutual attraction that causes both Bowie and Musica to desert their posts in an attempt to avoid the insanity of war.[32]

Nova Satori[edit]

Nova Satori (Voiced by: Edie Mirman) was adapted from Lana Isavia in The Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross. At 19 years old, Nova is the youngest military police officer in the Global Military Police (GMP). She is also the highest ranking female officer, and is the personal aide to Colonel Alan Fredricks. She first appears in Episode 37 - "Dana's Story".[22]

By 2029, the GMP had considerable power and importance. Due to the feudal society that had evolved in the 15 years following the First Robotech War, the GMP constituted the only truly worldwide law-enforcement organization, and was a check and balance on those who had at their disposal the tremendous power of Robotechnology. As a result, the GMP was not merely a police force but also maintained its own war machinery, combat forces, and intelligence network. Nova, like others who sought a career in the GMP as a possible road to swift personal advancement, was forced to say farewell to all outside friendships due to the rigid doctrines that the GMP required.

Nova takes her duties very seriously and allows for no compromises regarding protocol and regulations. Her rivalry with 15th ATAC leader Lieutenant Dana Sterling can be viewed as a subtle game of "cat and mouse" or as a "fencing match". In the beginning of the series, Nova appears to be colder and less personable than TASC officer Marie Crystal. But as the story progresses, she is revealed to be even more of a romantic than Dana.

Initially, Nova repeatedly tries to root out possible traitors and spies from within Earth's military. But her interrogations of Zor Prime cause her to lose focus while reviewing several personnel files and negatively impact the record of TASC pilot Dennis Brown. When she apologizes to him, he surprisingly thanks her for helping him stay on Earth to keep an eye on an overzealous military leadership. The two later become romantically involved.

As the series progresses, Nova becomes frustrated at continually being outfoxed by Dana and the 15th ATAC squad. She tries to arrest Zor, lock up Bowie Grant, and capture Musica as a prisoner of war. However none of her plans come to fruition. Eventually, Nova's military training conflicts with her sense of justice, and she is forced to choose between her duty to the Southern Cross and her friendship with the 15th Squad. Realizing that the war has become one of survival and freedom from an overwhelmingly powerful enemy, Nova switches sides and joins the 15th in their mission to stop the Robotech Masters.

The Eternity and Academy comic book series Robotech: Invid War, has Nova acting as a liaison with various resistance groups during the Invid occupation. In the decanonized Jack McKinney novel "Rubicon" (book 17 of the Robotech series), all of the main characters who survived the Second Robotech War, except Nova Satori and Dennis Brown, acquire Jonathan Wolfe's ship, travel to Tirol, and meet up with the Robotech Expeditionary Forces in 2033, but there is no explanation of why Nova and Dennis were not with them.

The last page of the Jack McKinney Robotech Novel "Before the Invid Storm" (which is set during the period between the defeat of the Robotech Masters and the arrival of the Invid) also mentions Nova Satori and the Homunculi movement, although the novel gives no information on what this is or why. It also states that there is reason to believe that this Nova Satori is an imposter. The real Satori, however, was said to be secretly involved in the Reconstruction period following the Invid Invasion. In the Robotech Novel "The End of the Circle" (which is set after the Third Robotech War) there is a single mention of Nova Satori, who is apparently alive and serving as "the charismatic leader of the Homunculi Movement". However, since this book was actually written before "The Invid Storm", there is no mention of whether or not this is the real Satori or if she is an imposter.

With the redesignation of all non animated Robotech material to secondary continuity, her current status in the rebooted timeline, if still alive, is unknown. She is not mentioned at all in either Robotech: Prelude to the Shadow Chronicles or Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles.

Marie Crystal[edit]

The third central female of the Southern Cross. Her rivalry with Dana can be viewed as a subtle game of "cat and mouse". In the beginning of the series, Marie appears to be colder and less personable than Dana. But as the story progresses, she is revealed to be even more of a romantic than Dana. Her military training eventually conflicts with her passionate emotions, and she is forced to choose between her duty to the Southern Cross, and her friendship with the 15th Squad. She slowly develops feelings for Shawn Phillips, and they later become romantically involved.

Robotech Masters[edit]

The Robotech Masters are a species of humanoids[33] who mostly appear as triumvirates, native to Tirol, a moon of the planet Fantoma. According to the Jack McKinney novelizations (which are not considered canon by some), a Tirolian scientist named Zor discovered the Invid homeworld, and the mysterious Flower of Life. This discovery led to the development of Protoculture, a source of tremendous power and unique qualities. Their imperial machinations lead them to turn their cloned Zentraedi miners into a formidable military force, used to steal the Flower of Life from the Invid, defoliate Optera and conquer the Local Group of star systems.[34][35]

The third generation[edit]

This era concerns the third series adapted to Robotech (MOSPEADA).

Scott Bernard[edit]

Scott Bernard (Known as Stick Bernard in Genesis Climber Mospeada[36]) is a fictional character from the third Robotech Series: The New Generation. He is a young man, who is somewhat reluctant but a leader at best. He is a skilled pilot and was set to marry the woman he loved Marlene Rush. However, Marlene is killed in the battle with the Invid. Scott has a holographic medallion she gave him as a token of her love and he uses it to give him strength to continue the fight against the Invid.[37]

Scott Bernard was born in 2023 in outer space, less than a year after the Robotech Expeditionary Force, led by the SDF-3, left Earth to find the Robotech Masters' Homeworld in hopes of preventing another war on Earth. One of the first children born during the mission, Scott was part of the new generation of Earth's defenders.[38]

In 2042, Scott, now aged 19, served as a pilot in the 21st Mars Division, one of the advanced battalions trying to reclaim Earth from the Invid by destroying their base, Reflex Point. Prior to arriving on Earth he proposes to Marlene Rush, his then girlfriend and fellow Mars Division soldier who accepts his proposal for marriage. However, Scott's happiness is short lived as the Mars attack group is overwhelmed by the unexpected force that Invid can now muster. The entire division is destroyed and Scott is the only survivor.[39] After crashlanding on Earth, Scott is devastated by the loss of Marlene, but Scott decides to continue on his mission to reach Reflex Point. Believing that Admiral Rick Hunter will eventually return with the full strength of the REF to free Earth, Scott vows to do all he can to help weaken the Invid on Earth. Scott is joined on his mission by other freedom fighters as the series progressed. They were Rand, Annie "Mint" LaBelle, Rook Bartley, Jim "Lunk" Austin, and Lance Belmont. Along the way, the group also encounters a woman named Ariel who apparently has amnesia, so they decided to call her Marlene (after his fiance). As she traveled with them, Scott developed feelings toward her and Marlene/Ariel feels the same way. They fall in love with each other until Scott discovers that she is an Invid (who has a human body), at which point his feelings started to get mixed. In the end, Scott realizes that he is in love with Ariel but during the battle can not bring himself to admit it to her, or himself.

In the Battle of Reflex Point in 2044, Scott helps lead Earth resistance forces and REF commandos against the Invid forces in an attempt to reach Reflex Point and destroy it. Ariel manages to convince her mother, the Invid Regis to leave Earth lest both races be destroyed. The Regis converts her entire race to energy and flies off into the universe. As a concert plays nearby to celebrate Earth's liberation, Scott meets with Ariel, who has chosen to stay behind. Scott tells Ariel that he must leave Earth and his friends to rejoin the Robotech Expeditionary Force (REF) to search for Admiral Rick Hunter and the SDF-3, which is lost in space. However, he promises Ariel that he will return.[40]


Ariel (known as Aisha in Genesis Climber Mospeada)[41] is a fictional character from the third Robotech chapter The New Generation and Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles. She is voiced by Melanie MacQueen in the original series and by Kari Wahlgren in The Shadow Chronicles.

Ariel is the first of the Invid that had transmutated into humanoid form in April 2043. She was a simulagent sent to spy on Scott Bernard's group of freedom fighters, but she appeared to suffer amnesia when she was recovered by Scott's resistance group. In fact, Ariel was akin to a newly born human being due to the transmutation into human form and so her past life as an invid has been irrelevant, but now she has free will to live independently from the hive in this form, and this initially frightens her. The group took her in their company and Scott named her Marlene, after his fiance who was killed by the Invid. During their quest to the Reflex Point, Marlene becomes an integral part of the group as they fight the Invid. Initially, Marlene believes herself to be a human suffering from amnesia that can sense when the Invid are near. During the journey to Reflex Point she develops feelings towards Scott. They both fall in love with each other until an encounter with the Invid on the outskirts of Reflex Point when the two young lovers discover that she is in fact an Invid. Scott questions his feelings for her throughout the final two episodes of the series until he realizes (thanks to Rand and Rook), in the end, that he is in love with Marlene/Ariel.

In 2044, when the Robotech Expeditionary Force (REF) launches a full scale offensive against the Invid on Earth, the battle slowly turns against the REF, who decide they have no option but to use the Neutron-S missiles, which will destroy the Invid but also wipe out most if not all of life on Earth (although their true power is not yet known). As the missiles are launched and travel towards Earth, Marlene confronts the Invid Regis, who is her queen and mother, and tried to convince her that what the Invid were doing was as wrong as what the Robotech Masters did to them. Together with Sera, she convinced the Regis to leave Earth. The Regis converts her entire race into energy and flies off into space to find a new planet on which to continue their evolution. The Regis grants Ariel's request to stay behind and, as a parting gift, she destroys the Neutron-S missiles.[42]

Marlene stayed on Earth, along with another Invid named Sera because she felt more human than Invid. Although she professed her love to Scott, he left her behind and as he went in search of the SDF-3 under the command of Admiral Rick Hunter. Ariel stayed with Jim "Lunk" Austin and Annie "Mint" LaBelle.

In Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles she receives a vision from the Regis concerning the Haydonites: that they will betray the REF as they are no longer useful to them. This prompts her to leave Earth and go to Scott Bernard's side with her teleporting abilities, with the intention of helping him and the Icarus crew fight the Haydonites in any way she can. However, she is imprisoned by Vince Grant's crew as she is an Invid, but is later released and becomes a prominent member of the Ark Angel crew.


Corg was one of four known Invid Simulagents created in humanoid form by the Invid Regess. The human form was determined through Invid genetic experimentation in the Genesis Pits to be the most fit vessel on Earth. As the Crown Prince of the Invid Race, he and his sister Sera, shared command of Invid Legions, and they were both given Invid Commander mecha to fly in battle.

With Sera, he pursued Lieutenant Scott Bernard’s freedom fighters in many battles. Being now in a humanoid form, he was also exposed to human emotions. While his two other Invid Sisters, Ariel and Sera, felt love and compassion, he was filled with anger and hatred. He nearly laid waste to New York City after deciding to commit genocide of the humans inhabiting the battered city.

He was a skilled pilot, despite failing to defeat Scott Bernard's band of rebels. He participated in the defense of Reflex Point from the Robotech Expeditionary Force where he killed many human pilots. His hatred got the best of him and he was killed in battle by Lieutenant Commander Bernard in the assault of Reflex Point.[40] Corg's counterpart in Genesis Climber Mospeada was named Batra.[43]

Rook Bartley[edit]

Rook Bartley (Voiced by: Susie London) appears in the New Generation storyline. She first appears in Episode 62 - "The Lost City".[44]

As a young teenager, Rook was a member of the Blue Angels biker gang along with her boyfriend, Romy, and other juveniles. When Romy decided to break up the Blue Angels because of pressure from a rival gang, the Red Snakes, Rook tried to take on the Snakes alone and was beaten and left for dead. Because of this, Rook ran away from home, leaving her mother and sister behind. She later joined a band of freedom fighters led by Mars Division Lieutenant Scott Bernard.[45]

It was revealed that Rook was the half-Zentraedi daughter of Kyle Bartley and the Zentraedi warrior Vala Norri. (Crystal Dreams 1: Crystal Dreams a comic for a cancelled game)

Rook is a skilled hand-to-hand combatant (as seen in the episode "Lonely Soldier Boy") taking on several thugs at one time.[46]

She is also an expert Cyclone Rider using VR-038 Bartley ("'38 Lite") cyclone. In the middle of the series Rook acquires a Red VFA-6Z Alpha Fighter & rides a VR-052 Battler Cyclone.

Over the course of the series she begins to develop feelings for Rand, but initially denies it. Toward the end of the series she admits her feelings to herself, and to Rand, and the two become a couple.[47][48] In the now de-canonized Robotech book "End of the Circle", it is revealed that Rook and Rand marry and have a daughter.

Lance "Lancer" Belmont (Also known as Yellow Belmont in Genesis Climber Mospeada)[43] appears in the third season of the anime series. He joined the fight with Scott Bernard and his group to battle the Invid. Lancer is voiced by Jimmy Flinders, who also provided the voice of Max Sterling.

First appearing in Episode 63 - "Lonely Soldier Boy",[46] Lt. Lance Belmont was a pilot that was a part of the first attack wing that attempted to liberate the Earth from the Invid launched by the 10th Mars Division of the Robotech Expeditionary Force (REF) in 2038. He flew a non-transformable SA-8 Vampire but crash landed during the attack. The rest of the division was destroyed by the Invid forces. He was rescued by a young woman named Carla. To save Lancer from the townspeople who were assisting the Invid, Carla Morales disguised Lancer as a woman. Lancer took the name Yellow Dancer and passed himself off as a female singer, a role he originally created to avoid capture by the Invid. It was not until 2042 when Lt. Scott Bernard (of the 21st Mars Division), Rand and Annie arrived in the small town that "Yellow Dancer" was performing at that Lancer revealed that not only was she a he, but that he was a military trained special operative.

Lancer would stay with the group until the battle of Reflex Point.[40]

He fell in love with Sera, Princess of the Invid, and she with him. It was this relationship that largely led to Sera abandoning the genocidal tactics of her brother Corg and to her eventual break with the Regis. .[49]

The handsome youth is quick to make light of his peculiar situation. He's a good friend to have in times of trouble, a thoughtful advisor and a courageous, talented fighter. It's his ability to see beyond the obvious that helps bring about the tentative peace between the Invid and the humans at the end of the Third Robotech war. He falls for the invid princess, Sera, and helps her buy the Regess enough time to evacuate her people in the final assault.

The Robotech film Robotech: Love Live Alive goes further into his history before and after the war.

After the end of the Third Robotech war in 2044, he continues to do concerts as Lancer. At one point, he is interviewed by a news reporter named Kay, who he claims to that he and Sera went separate ways. After his concert that night he is reunited with Rook, Rand, Annie, Lunk, Marlene and Scott, who are all off to join the expedition to find Rick Hunter. Afterwards he returns to a small cottage, where Sera, who is expecting a baby, welcomes him.[50]

The Jack McKinney novels give many more details of Lancer's history. The cartoon itself does not explicitly state what military group Lancer was a part of; the detailed timeline of the Robotech Wars generated for the series in the 21st century makes it clear he must be a member of the Mars Division, as noted above, but prior to this, when the novels were written, they formulated a narrower timeframe that saw Lancer depicted as a member of the Army of the Southern Cross. Where the cartoon suggests Lancer and Carla are meeting for the first time when his plane crashes in her village, the novels have them as lovers for some time prior to this, with Lancer merely trying to reach her upon being shot down. Additionally, the novels suggest Lancer and Carla's relationship is an extremely non-traditional one in which his female impersonation skills played a role—skills that were not developed on the fly as a disguise, but rather were a long-standing ability of Lancer's that he developed during his time as a theatre actor, studying styles such as kabuki and budō.

The End of the Circle notes that at some point in the years following the Third Robotech War, Lancer was killed in an accident while flying a relief mission. As the novels, like all non-animated Robotech stories are now considered secondary canon, Lancer's fate in the show seems much different in light of Love Live Alive.


Sera was one of four Invid Simulagents created in humanoid form by the Invid Regess. As the Crown Princess of the Invid Race, she and her brother Corg, shared command of Invid Legions, and they were both given Invid Commander mecha to fly in battle.[18]

With Corg, she fought Lieutenant Scott Bernard's freedom fighters. Being now in a humanoid form, she was also exposed to human emotions.[51]

Like her sister Ariel, she fell in love with one of the human resistance fighters named Lancer (aka Lance Belmont). Together, they convinced the Invid Regess that further war would bring the destruction of both races, ultimately siding with the humans. Thus, when the Invid Regess and the rest of the Invid transcended their corporeal forms and left the earth, both Sera and Ariel were left behind.[48]

No mention of Sera was made in the 2006 animated sequel Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles. Although, the first part of the film covers most of the same events of the last two episodes of the 1985 series, she was omitted along with all of the other supporting characters of the Mospeada/Robotech:New Generation segment.

Sera appeared in the Robotech OVA, Love Live Alive, where she is revealed to be pregnant with Lancer's child.

Sera's counterpart in Genesis Climber Mospeada was named Sorji (ソルジ).

The novel "The End of the Circle" by Jack McKinney stated that Sera was negatively affected by the Regess's departure from Earth, resulting in her eventually wasting away, and 'dying' in Lancer's bed in their home in New York City, disappearing and becoming one with the Regess; however, the Mckinney novels, like all non-animated Robotech stories are now considered secondary canon. Her official canon fate appears to now be quite different in light of "Love, Live, Alive".


A young and impressionable freedom fighter from Argentina, Rand is a self-taught survivor. He has managed to live off the land on his own and still avoid capture and slavery by the Invid. When he joins Scott Bernard, Rand begins a voyage of self-discovery. He becomes young Annie's protector. An orphan of the invasion himself, he understands Annie's situation from firsthand experience. Under Scott Bernard's guidance, Rand becomes an excellent combat soldier. When he falls in love with Rook Bartley, his commitment to her is total. His outgoing and affectionate nature is a perfect foil to Rook's independent nature.

Rand's counterpart in Genesis Climber Mospeada was named Ray.[43]

Annie "Mint" LaBelle[edit]

Annie was born in Panama, Central America. She is a free-spirited, talkative orphan looking to live life to its fullest. She is obsessed with finding herself a boyfriend, although has little luck with her outgoing ways. While not the most skilled of the freedom fighters, Annie provides the spirit and energy for the group. She is always willing to lend a hand, regardless of whether she actually can do the task. She is willing to take on the Invid single-handed, if that is what is required.[52]

Jim "Lunk" Austin[edit]

Jim Austin, more affectionately known as Lunk, is a biomaintenance engineer that returned from the expeditionary forces to fight off the Robotech Masters. While supporting a ground unit, he arrives in time to see his best friend (the only survivor of the unit) being hotly pursued by Invid. Jim loses his nerve and flees the scene leaving his friend to certain death. Jim is ashamed of his desertion and hides his past and assumes the nickname of Lunk.

When a local gang of bikers find out about his past, they begin terrorizing him and his friends. One day, while chasing Lunk and a friend, they cause him to crash. Lunk escapes, but his friend is not so lucky. While Lunk is about to run away again, Scott and Rook are ready and willing to go after the gang and rescue his friend. This reawakens Lunk's sense of duty, and he leads Scott to an old Alpha fighter he had been maintaining for years, just in case.

Lunk later attempts to complete his best friend's last request of returning a book to his father. When they reach the village where his friend's father lived, they find that the locals killed him when he tried to teach them that they could not fight the invid. As the series progresses Lunk slowly regains his self-esteem while he helps the group out and maintains their fighting mecha in optimal combat condition.

Lunk's counterpart in Genesis Climber Mospeada was named Jim Warston.[43]

The Invid[edit]

Main article: Invid (Robotech)

The Sentinels[edit]

This era starts by overlapping a portion of The Lost Generation. It continues parallel to The Second Generation, and interacts with the main storyline in The Third Generation by providing the forces of liberation. This era ends with the start of The Shadow Chronicles era.

Jonathan Wolfe[edit]

Colonel Jonathan Wolfe is a fictional character in the Robotech universe. Leader of a squadron dubbed The Wolf Pack, they were successful in annihilating many of the enemies encountered by Admiral Hunter's Robotech Defenders. Then the Wolfe Pack was sent to Earth, to do battle with the Robotech Masters. They survived the Invid attack, and have kept the hope of freedom lovers everywhere alive until Admiral Hunter returns. He had a memorable one-time appearance as a guest character in the 1985 series during the New Generation segment episode "Eulogy." He would have returned as a regular character in the aborted prequel series Robotech II: The Sentinels, which was later realized as a comic book series and a series of novels by Jack McKinney. In his animated appearances, including the produced Sentinels animation, Colonel Wolfe was voiced by Tom Wyner.[53]

Jack Baker[edit]

A Varitech pilot candidate before the SDF-3 left Earth, he had a strong sense of duty and a "no-one-left-behind" mentality that caused him to fail the War Simulation exam; even trough Max was impressed for his ability and sense of duty, Rick disliked that Baker disobeyed strict orders. But the REF knew they needed all the Pilots they could have and they accepted Baker into the Robotech Expeditionary Forcealongside Karen Penn. Baker eventually became an important part of the REF and eventually the Sentinels in the War against the Invid Regent. Jack Baker later became Wolf Leader and was reassigned to the defense of Tirol.

Karen Penn[edit]

Karen Penn first appears in Robotech II: The Sentinels as a talented 17-year-old test pilot who is granted permission to join the REF on its mission the day before it is launched in 2022. In the Robotech: Prelude to the Shadow Chronicles comic series, which is set in 2043, (at which point she is approximately 40 years of age) she appears briefly as a bridge officer. In the 2006 film Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles, which is set in 2044, she is now a senior REF officer in command of an Ikazuchi-class Carrier. It is unclear whether or not she survives the battle with the Haydonites at Space Station Liberty.

Emil Lang[edit]

Dr. Emil Lang was briefly seen in episodes 5 ("Transformation") and 6 ("Blitzkrieg") of the Macross Saga. He would have had a much larger role in the aborted sequel Robotech II: The Sentinels.[54][55]

The storyline for this series was later realized as a comic book and novel series. Dr. Lang was Earth's chief Robotechnician and has been with Earth Robotechnology development since it was first developed from the crashed SDF-1. It was through his efforts that the SDF-1 was built from the crashed alien ship. He also helped in development of the Veritech fighter. Among his other innovations were the pinpoint barrier system, omni-directional barrier, Cyclone Armor, and the Shadow Fighter.

During his animated appearances in Robotech and The Sentinels, Dr. Lang was voiced by Greg Snegoff.

After the end of the First Robotech War, Dr. Lang was made leader of the Robotech Expeditionary Force. He would join Rick Hunter, Lisa Hayes, and the other heroes of the First Robotech War aboard the SDF-3. Dr. Lang was a popular and charismatic leader with the REF, a surrogate father figure to the young scientists and soldiers. He became close to cadet pilot Karen Penn, daughter of his friend and colleague, Harry Penn. Although Karen loved her father, she felt he was too overprotective. Despite Harry Penn's protests, Lang fully supported Karen's determination to be a Veritech pilot.

In addition to scientific research, Lang was also a shrewd politician and diplomat who served on the REF Plentipotentiary Council. Lang repeatedly demonstrated his ability to compromise and draw upon the strength of others as the key to diplomacy. He was instrumental in secretly foiling the plans of certain high-ranking REF members who exploited their positions. In this, he was assisted by Janice Em. On the outside, she appeared an ordinary young lady with a beautiful singing voice, but in actuality, she was an android that Lang built to act as a spy much like the Japanese kunoichi.

During the final phase of the Sentinel's campaign, Lang, Exedore, and Janice worked together to create Shadow Technology out of the notes left behind by the now renegade T. R. Edwards who had made significant breakthroughs using captured Invid technology.

As seen in the comic book miniseries Robotech: Prelude to the Shadow Chronicles, during the final phase of the Third Robotech War, Lang, Exedore, and Janice were in the process of testing the Neutron S missiles that Admiral Hunter ordered used against the Invid's Reflex Point on Earth. Not realizing the power of these weapons, a test firing of the missile released destructive energy that not only disabled SDF-3 but according to Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles, killed all aboard science vessel Deukalion with the exception of Janice. Lang, who supervised the test aboard the SDF-3, later disappeared along with the rest of that ship's crew.

The original print run of the Prelude comic had truncated art that didn't clarify whether Lang was aboard SDF-3 or Deukalion, leading readers to guess that Lang was among those killed aboard Deukalion. The trade paperback reprint restored the art making it clear that he was aboard SDF-3. Deleted dialog (seen in the DVD extras) in the Shadow Chronicles film also places him aboard SDF-3 desperately attempting to reestablish contact with Janice.

Haruhiko Mikimoto was the character designer for Macross, the Japanese animated series that was adapted as the first 36 episodes of Robotech. In the original Macross character designs, the unnamed chief engineer in two episodes (later redesignated Dr. Lang in Robotech) was one of several Macross background characters drawn simply with small black eyes. The Macross chief engineer is credited with the modular transformation and pin-point barrier system of the SDF-1 Macross, but none of the other innovations credited to Robotech's Lang. In the original Macross, the eyes had no special reason for their appearance and is simply attributed to one of the trademarks of Mikimoto's artistic style. Characters with similarly drawn eyes have appeared in other anime on which he worked.

Another unnamed character with these eyes appeared in a conference scene in Episode 29 and was seen having a friendly argument with Rick Hunter. This character was retroactively identified as Lazlo Zand in the Jack McKinney novelization.

The reason for the black eyes has been established in the Dark Horse comics as a side effect of exposure to Protoculture.

The Macross character design was modified in Robotech II: The Sentinels animation produced where, in his updated character design, he was given normal eyes. Comic books have off and on reverted to the black marble like eyes without explanation, usually depending on the artist drawing the issue. The Jack McKinney novels have explained it as an indication of Lang's affinity with the protoculture and its Shapings, an aftereffect of Lang's near electrocution during the initial exploratory expedition of the crashed SDF-1 where he tried to access the onboard alien computer. The Sentinels comic (which uses his Sentinels character design) did show one instance of Lang's eyes turning marble black and of him subduing someone with greater than normal physical strength.

In the Comico graphic novel and Jack McKinney novelizations, Dr. Emil Lang is part of the initial team of explorers into the recently crashed alien spaceship. Lang attempts to access what he believes to be an alien computer located in Zor's private quarters. In the novelizations, he is nearly electrocuted by what may have been an anti tampering defense installed in the computer. Lang quickly recovers to discover that his eyes were turned all black. Later novels add to the effects of this encounter by stating that Lang's IQ was also increased. Lang additionally suggested that he was given an affinity with the "Shapings", a protoculture-guided cosmic force that he would frequently referred to in the novels.

The Eternity/Academy comic book series Robotech: Return to Macross introduces Lang's younger sister, Nina, who is a rock star. Nina is used by Anatole Leonard and his anti-Robotechnology group, The Faithful in an attempt to generate bad publicity for the Robotech research group by having her openly speak out against her brother's research. This plan is derailed as Roy Fokker rescues Nina from a kidnapping by Leonard's agents. Nina, additionally appears at a press conference fully supporting her brother's work. Nina later shows an interest in Brian Bernard, an old friend of Lang's. The comic series ended before this was expanded on and although it is not known if anything came out of it.

The Shadow Chronicles[edit]

This era starts with the Prelude comic book and merges The New Generation and The Sentinels eras back together into one.

Vince Grant[edit]

Vince Grant appears in Robotech II: The Sentinels, Robotech: Prelude to the Shadow Chronicles and Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles. Vince is voiced by Richard Epcar, who also provided the voices of Ben Dixon and Jim "Lunk" Austin in the original 1985 television series.

Vince is the brother of Claudia Grant, a bridge officer on the SDF-1. In October 2012, Vince's wife, Dr. Jean Grant, give birth to a son, who they name Bowie Grant. Born at nearly the same time as Dana Sterling, Bowie and Dana would become good friends and would later serve together in the 15th ATAC Squadron of the elite Army of the Southern Cross.

Claudia dies at her post in January 2014 in the battle of New Macross City. Subsequently, Vince became very good friends with Rick Hunter, who also lost numerous friends in the battle. In December 2022, Vince and Jean leave earth aboard the SDF-1, the flagship of the newly created Robotech Expeditionary Force (REF). Unfortunately, due to health reasons, Bowie was unable to come with them and, like Dana, was left under the care of their godfather, General Rolf Emerson. Bowie was initially devastated at being left behind, and both Vince and Jean hoped the mission would be over quickly. However, the challenges soon faced by the REF would keep it away from earth for the rest of Bowie's childhood.

Vince and Jean continue to have prominent roles throughout the REF's 22-year mission. During Robotech: Prelude to the Shadow Chronicles, Vince has become a captain within the REF and remains a close and trusted friend of Rick Hunter. Following the attack against the SDF-3 by the renegade forces of T. R. Edwards and the Invid Regent's supercarrier, Vince and Jean are forced to tell Rick that his wife, Lisa Hayes has suffered a miscarriage, causing Rick to collapse in shock and sadness.

In early 2044, Vince takes command of the newly completed Tokogawa, a heavy cruiser built for the purpose of tracking down and stopping Edwards. Although the Tokogawa is lost in a subsequent battle with Edwards' forces, Vince and Rick are eventually able to track down and stop Edwards' plan to seize control of the remaining forces of the Invid Regent for his own use. However, like Rick, Vince thinks little of Edwards' warning that a new threat is about to emerge that will threaten the REF, Earth, and even the Invid.

In July 2044, Vince is placed in command of the Icarus, one of the REF newly completed Shimakaze-class Battlecruisers. When the SDF-3 fails to return from a test-firing of a super-weapon known as the Neutron-S missile, Vince obtains permission from General Reinhardt to try and find the SDF-3. Upon arriving in the Omciron sector after a fold jump near a newly created Black hole, Vince makes contact with the severely damaged SDF-3. Rick warns him that the Neutron-S missiles have a critical flaw (i.e. they create black holes) and that they cannot be used under any circumstances. After securing the disabled science vessel Deukalion, Vince attempts to take the SDF-3 into the Icarus fold sphere but an unknown ship attacks and rams the SDF-3, throwing it out of range. Vince is forced to activate the fold drive, leaving the SDF-3 behind.

When the Icarus returns to Earth, it comes under attack by several unknown fighters that were also transported by the ship's fold sphere. Scott Bernard, a resistance-fighter from Earth who was returning to Moon Base ALUCE in his veritech, is able to destroy both attackers, allowing the Icarus to land safely for repairs.

When Scott reveals that he has fallen in love with Ariel, the daughter of the Invid Regress but who has a human body, Vince and General Reinhardt are reluctant to believe his warning that a new threat is about to emerge. Both believe that the Invid are simply trying to drive a wedge between the REF and the Haydonites, the highly advanced cybernetic race that provided the REF with much of its advanced technology.

When Space Station Liberty comes under attack, Vince takes the Icarus to investigate. Among his newly assigned crew are Scott Bernard, Janice-EM, a robot hybrid built from Human and haydonite technology (who serves as a go-between), Maia Sterling, Marcus Rush and Alex Romero of Skull Squadron, and Louie Nichols, a tech-genius who served with Dana and Bowie during the Second Robotech War. Upon arriving at Liberty, Vince realizes how serious the situation is: a large fleet of unknown vessels are attacking, and REF ships are being destroyed with just one hit. Louie, after analyzing the situation, informs Vince that the attackers appear to be exploiting hidden weaknesses in the REF's new technology. Ariel (who can teleport herself over vast distances) appears on the bridge and repeats her warning that they are the threat that seeks to destroy all those who use Protoculture. It then becomes apparent that the Haydonites themselves are the attackers. As more REF ships are destroyed due to weaknesses in their syncro-cannons and shadow devices, Grant slams his fist as he realizes that every piece of technology the Haydonites have given to the REF is equipped with some kind of Trojan horse.

Realizing the Icarus which is equipped with shadow technology, is no longer a viable ship, Grant orders it to dock at Space Station Liberty and evacuate all personnel to the massive colony ship Ark Angel, which has no shadow technology installed. Vince and Scott then ride through Liberty on Cyclones until they reach the remaining supply of Neutron-S missiles in storage on the station. After rigging them for detonation, Vince and Scott board the Ark Angel and slowly depart from the station, causing the haydonites vessels to move in to attempt to destroy it. At the last moment, the Ark Angel initiates a fold jump; the Neutron-S missiles then detonate, destroying Liberty and the entire Haydonite fleet.

Back at Moon Base ALUCE, Vince is ordered to take the Ark Angel and search for the SDF-3, which may not have been destroyed as initially thought. Like the others, Vince can only hope the SDF-3 has survived and that if it has, that the Ark Angel can reach it before the Haydonites.

Maia Sterling[edit]

Maia Sterling appears briefly in the Wildstorm comic Robotech: Prelude to the Shadow Chronicles and is a major character in the movie Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles. Maia may have appeared briefly in episode 60 of the original Robotech series, The Robotech Masters; the young girl who appears in Dana's dream calls herself "the other daughter of Max and Miriya", and while there was clearly no deeper meaning to this at the time, it follows that the Shadow Chronicles storyline intended to draw from it.

Maia is strict like her mother and yet witty like her father, and like her parents, marks her fighter with her own personal colors - in this case, a combination of the standard blue paint scheme, and her own personal pink. Her personal flight suit uses a similar color scheme.

Maia Sterling is voiced by Edie Mirman, who also provided the voices of Miriya Parina Sterling and Nova Satori in the original Robotech television series.

Lieutenant Commander Maia Sterling is a daughter of Max Sterling and Miriya Sterling, and is Dana Sterling's younger sister. Like her sister, Dana, she is half human and half Zentraedi. She has short, pink hair, and appears to have adopted the color for use on her equipment. Unlike Dana, who was born on Earth, Maia was born in space during the Robotech Expeditionary Force (REF) mission to find the Robotech Masters' homeworld of Tirol. Before the Battle of Reflex Point, Maia, like the other young members of the REF who were born in space, have never seen Earth. Maia's exact age is not stated but she was presumably born shortly after the REF departed from Earth in December 2022. Since the events of Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles occur in July 2044, her age is estimated to be approximately 20.

In the Wildstorm comic Robotech: Prelude to the Shadow Chronicles, Maia is briefly seen towards the end of the last issue (Issue 5 of 5). On board Space Station Liberty, Maia discusses the upcoming offensive against the Invid with Commander Daryl Taylor of Wolf Squadron as well as Taylor's selection of pilots Alex Romero and Marcus Rush for his Squadron. As they are talking, Dana walks up to them. Maia simply says "Dana" and the two sisters look at each other intently for a moment before Dana walks off without saying a word, with a look of sadness on her face. Daryl states: "That was awkward Maia. She's still not talking, eh?" but Maia immediately changes the subject back to the upcoming offensive. It is clear there is tension between Maia and Dana, as judged by Dana's mostly non-verbal behavior but the reason for this tension is not known.[56] Fans have speculated that Dana is angry and resentful over the fact that while she was left behind on Earth by her parents, they then had another daughter and thus, in her mind, Dana feels that she had been "replaced" by Maia. Another reason that fans have suggested is that Miriya died while giving birth to Maia, which would also explain why there is no mention of Miriya in the comic.

In Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles, Maia, like her parents and her sister, proves to be a skilled pilot and warrior. Shortly before the REF launch a full-scale assault on Earth in 2044 to dislodge the Invid who have occupied the planet for 13 years, Maia is promoted to leader of the Skull Squadron, the same squad that her father led before being called by Rick Hunter to the SDF-3 to observe the test firing of a Neutron-S missile in the omicron sector.

During the battle of Reflex Point, Maia distinguishes herself by inflicting heavy losses on the Invid and saving the lives of a number of other pilots, including Marcus Rush and Alex Romero of Wolf Squadron. However, losses among the fighter squadrons are heavy, and among those killed is Daryl Taylor. Following the battle, General Reinhart decides to merge Wolf and Skull squadrons, which places both Marcus and Alex under her command.

Maia becomes annoyed after she overhears Marcus, who has lost both his sister and his commanding officer to the Invid, stating that all aliens should be wiped out. Maia tells him that she is half-alien and reminds him that if all aliens were wiped out, she would not have been able to save his life during the battle. Despite the awkward introduction, Marcus is clearly attracted to her, and the fact that Maia becomes visibly annoyed when Marcus is fascinated by the android, Janice Em, suggests that she is interested in him as well.

When the Haydonites, turn on the REF, Maia initially leads her squadron into battle, but is called back by Captain Vince Grant after it becomes clear that the technology the Haydonites gave to the REF, including the Syncro-Cannons equipped on their fighters, contain weaknesses that the Haydonites are exploiting. Unable to fight back, the squadron retreats but are pursued by Haydonite fighters. Alex Romero tries to engage them but his syncro-cannon, crippled by the Haydonite attack, malfunctions and his fighter becomes stalled. Despite the pleas of Maia and Marcus for Alex to eject, he flies into the enemy squadron as his fighter explodes, destroying himself and all of the enemy fighters. Maia is visibly upset by Alex's sacrifice while Marcus, who was Alex's best friend, is completely devastated.

After retreating to Space Station Liberty, Maia and her squadron acquire new super-shadow fighters which have not had shadow technology installed. Vince Grant orders Maia's and her squadron to hold the Haydonites long enough to evacuate Liberty's personnel to the massive colony ship Ark Angel and to prepare the Neutron-S warheads aboard Liberty for detonation. During the battle, Maia's fighter takes damage and she is forced to eject. Marcus grabs Maia's ejection pod and throws it towards the Ark Angel as it prepares to enter a spacefold. Marcus then launches a suicide run against the Haydonites to hold them off but just before the Neutron-S missiles detonate, Ariel uses her teleportation power to save him. Later on board the Ark Angel, Maia and Marcus console each other over the recent events. Marcus is despondent as he states that everyone he has been close to; his sister (Marlene Rush), his former commanding officer (Daryl Taylor) and his best friend (Alex Romero) have been taken by war. Maia is also despondent as she states that most of her family was aboard the SDF-3, which is lost in space and may have been destroyed (following the disastrous test firing of a Neutron-S missile in the Omicron sector.) Maia puts her head on Marcus' shoulder and the two look out a viewport as the Ark Angel flies over Earth's surface, which neither of them has seen until now.

Like the rest of the REF, Maia can only hope that the SDF-3 has survived, and that if it has, that the REF can reach it before the Haydonites do. The fate of the SDF-3 is left as an open plot thread which fans believe will be revealed in a future Robotech installment.

The other daughter of Max and Miriya was seen by Dana during a hallucinatory sequence in "Catastrophe", the final episode of the Robotech Masters segment (episode 60). This character gave rise to the Aurora Sterling character seen in the Jack McKinney novelization. Maia's characterization has nothing in common with Aurora as depicted in the novel and her hair is a different color. As the novels are secondary canon, one can reasonably expect that Maia replaces Aurora (who plays no functional role in the Sentinels saga except as a child of Max and Miriya) in that timeline.

Marlene Rush[edit]

Marlene Rush was an officer in the Robotech Expeditionary Force (REF) in the Third Generation of Robotech and Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles. She has one sibling, a younger brother, Marcus Rush. Marlene Rush was Scott Bernard's girlfriend and he proposed to her before he went into battle. Both were part of the 21st Mars Division of the Robotech Expeditionary Force which launched an attack against the Invid that had invaded 11 years earlier. The attack proves disastrous, as the Invid's superior numbers overwhelm and destroy the entire division. As Marlene's ship attempted to enter Earth's atmosphere and land on the planet, it comes under Invid attack and is destroyed, killing everyone aboard. Scott Bernard, who manages to land his veritech fighter on Earth, is devastated and is haunted by visions of Marlene. Before Marlene died, she gave a gift to Scott, a pendant that is able to show a hologram of herself, which Scott keeps with him as he joins a resistance movement against the Invid.[57]

Marcus Rush, who later becomes a pilot in the REF has his own pendent which is able to show a hologram of her and Scott Bernard together. Marcus carries this pendant with him all the time, and places a mark on it for each of Invid that he kills in battle. Her death results in him harboring a deep hatred of the Invid. At the end of The Shadow Chronicles, Marlene briefly appears to Marcus in a vision from beyond the grave to tell him that he must go on living, but that she will always be with him.

Marcus Rush[edit]

Marcus Rush appears briefly in the last issue of Robotech: Prelude to the Shadow Chronicles and becomes a major character in the movie Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles as one of the main protagonists.


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  2. ^ Robotech, episode 12: The Big Escape (summary available at Episode 12: The Big Escape at
  3. ^ a b Robotech, episode 18: Farewell, Big Brother (summary available at Episode 18: Farewell, Big Brother at
  4. ^ a b Robotech, episode 19: Bursting Point (summary available at Episode 19: Bursting Point at
  5. ^ a b c d Robotech, Episode 35: Season's Greetings (summary available at Episode 35: Season's Greeting at
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Robotech, episode 36: To the Stars (summary available at Episode 36: To the Stars at
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  11. ^ a b Robotech, Episode 28: Reconstruction Blues (summary available at Episode 28: Reconstruction Blues at
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  13. ^ a b Robotech, Episode 32: Broken Heart (summary available at Episode 32: Broken Heart at
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  42. ^ Robotech Timeline - New Generation, at
  43. ^ a b c d Characters & Mecha - Comparison of character and mecha names with ROBOTECH counterparts, at
  44. ^ Robotech, episode 62: The Lost City (summary available at Episode 62: The Lost City at
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  46. ^ a b Robotech, episode 63: Lonely Soldier Boy (summary available at Episode 63: Lonely Soldier Boy at
  47. ^ Harmony Gold USA. "Rand". 
  48. ^ a b Robotech, episode 84: Dark Finale (summary available at Episode 84: Dark Finale at
  49. ^ Harmony Gold USA. "Lancer". 
  50. ^ Robotech film Love Live Alive
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