Roby Lewis Manuel

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Roby Lewis Manuel
Born 7 October 1895
Kerang, Victoria, Australia
Died 18 October 1975
Allegiance Australia
Service/branch Aviation
Rank Captain
Unit No. 2 Squadron AFC
Awards Distinguished Flying Cross with Bar

Captain Roby Lewis Manuel was an Australian flying ace credited with 12 official aerial victories.

World War I[edit]

Manuel enlisted in the 43rd Battalion, AIF on 5 April 1916. He swore that he was a natural born British citizen, that he worked as a farmer, and that his uncle, Frederick George Jones, was his next of kin. Manuel claimed a year's prior militia experience.[1]

He transferred to the Australian Flying Corps on 30 April 1917. He was posted to 2 Squadron AFC in France as a Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a pilot on 6 February 1918. He scored his first aerial victory on 2 April 1918, in company with Captain Henry Garnet Forrest; they destroyed a German two-seater reconnaissance machine over Demuin. Two months later, on 2 June, he destroyed two Pfalz D.III fighter planes, then drove down a third one out of control within the half hour. Ten days later, on 12 June 1918, he became an ace by setting another Pfalz D.III afire north of Bussy[disambiguation needed].[2] His exploits earned him the award of a Distinguished Flying Cross on 2 July 1918.[3]

Manuel was then promoted to captain as he was appointed a Flight Commander.[4] He switched airplanes. He had scored his first five wins in serial number B184; he would use number C1948 for his final seven victories. He began on 22 July 1918, driving down a Pfalz D.III and a Fokker D.VII, both out of control. On the 31st, he drove down an Albatros D.V. The destruction of a Fokker D.VII on an evening patrol on 14 August 1918 brought Manuel's total to nine wins.[5]

On 16 September, Manuel claimed two more Fokker D.VIIs in two separate dogfights. When the second Fokker went down near Droglandt, France, Manuel landed nearby. Unable to aid the German pilot he had wounded, Manuel could only watch him die, then help bury the dead German.[6] This action won the doughty Australian a Bar for his DFC in lieu of a second award of the medal.[7] British military intelligence later exhumed this German pilot's body to examine the parachute he was wearing.[8]

Post World War I[edit]

Manuel led the flypast on ANZAC Day in London in 1919.[9]

Manuel returned to service in the Royal Australian Air Force during World War II.[10] He volunteered the use of his private airplane to his nation, and his services as a pilot. He was not accepted for flying duty because of his age; instead, he was assigned to administrative duties.[11]

Manuel returned once again to farming, and would continue to foster aviation in northern Australia;[12] he flew until shortly before his death.[13]

He died on 18 October 1975.[14]

Honors and awards[edit]

  • Text of citation for award of the Distinguished Flying Cross

Lt. Roby Lewis Manuel (Australian Flying Corps)

During the past month, whilst on an offensive patrol, his machine was badly damaged in an encounter with an enemy aeroplane which he brought down out of control. On his return home he saw another enemy machine below him. At great personal risk, owing to the state of his machine, he nevertheless attacked and brought it down. He is a most skilful pilot of great determination.[15]

  • Citation of text for award of Bar to the Distinguished Flying Cross

Lieut. (A./Capt.) Roby Lewis Manuel

On many occasions this officer has led his patrol with exceptional ability and courage, notably on 16 September, when, with a patrol of eleven machines, he engaged fifteen hostile aircraft. By skilful manoeuvre he completely defeated the enemy in a combat that only lasted twenty minutes, at the expiration of which period only four hostile machines remained in the air, and these retired. Six of the enemy machines were seen to fall in a manner that would justify the supposition that they would crash.[16]

  • Roby Lewis Manuel is also memorialized at Atkinson Park in his home town of Kerang.[17]

References[edit]

  • Hunt, Roger. Australian Air Aces. Publisher: Horwitz, 1962. No ISBN known.

Endnotes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/attestation/manuel2.php Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  2. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/manuel2.php Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  3. ^ (Supplement to the London Gazette, 2 July 1918) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30775/supplements/7746 Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  4. ^ Hunt, p. 49.
  5. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/manuel2.php Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  6. ^ Hunt, p. 49.
  7. ^ (Supplement to the London Gazette, 3 December 1918) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/31046/supplements/14317 Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  8. ^ http://www.southsearepublic.org/2002_1999/afc_aces_manuel.htm Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  9. ^ http://monumentaustralia.org.au/themes/people/aviation Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  10. ^ Hunt, p. 49.
  11. ^ http://monumentaustralia.org.au/themes/people/aviation Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  12. ^ http://monumentaustralia.org.au/themes/people/aviation Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  13. ^ http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/australi/manuel2.php Retrieved 4 February 2011.
  14. ^ Hunt, p. 49.
  15. ^ (Supplement to the London Gazette, 3 August 1918) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30827/supplements/9202 Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  16. ^ (Supplement to the London Gazette, 3 December 1918) http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/31046/supplements/14317 Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  17. ^ http://monumentaustralia.org.au/themes/people/aviation Retrieved 4 February 2011.