Roccamonfina

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For the extinct volcano, see Roccamonfina (volcano).
Roccamonfina
Comune
Comune di Roccamonfina
Sanctuary of the Lattani.
Sanctuary of the Lattani.
Coat of arms of Roccamonfina
Coat of arms
Roccamonfina is located in Italy
Roccamonfina
Roccamonfina
Location of Roccamonfina in Italy
Coordinates: 41°18′N 13°59′E / 41.300°N 13.983°E / 41.300; 13.983
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Caserta (CE)
Frazioni Ausoni, Cari, Cembali, Cese, Filorsi, Fontanafredda, Gallo, Garofali, Gigloli, Orchi, San Domenico, Tavola, Torano, Tuorisichi, Tuoro di Tavola
Government
 • Mayor Maria Cristina Tari
Area
 • Total 31.0 km2 (12.0 sq mi)
Elevation 612 m (2,008 ft)
Population (31 December 2010)
 • Total 3,688
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 81035
Dialing code 0823
Patron saint St. Anthony
Saint day Last Tuesday in May and last Sunday in August
Website Official website

Roccamonfina is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Caserta in the Italian region Campania, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) northwest of Naples and about 40 kilometres (25 mi) northwest of Caserta.

In the communal territory is the extinct volcano of Roccamonfina. The fossil human footprints called Ciampate del Diavolo have been found there. The town is notable for the dense groves of sweet chestnut trees which surround it.

History[edit]

Capital at the entrance of the Santa Maria dei Lattani sanctuary.

In the territory of the volcano are traces of Ausonian or Auruncan settlements, with remains of polygonal walls dating to the 6th-5th century BC. Findings of coins and inscriptions seems to confirm the presence of a settlement in the current town as early as the 3rd century BC, although it is mentioned only in the 10th century AD.

In the Middle Ages and the modern era it was a fief of Neapolitan and Papal noble families, while under the Bourbon rulers it was a direct possession of the crown of the Two Sicilies.

Cuisine[edit]

Pizza Chiena AKA Pizza Rustica AKA Pizzagaina...

Pronounced by most Roccamonfinians as simply Pizza-Gain, this Italian Easter favorite was originally made to celebrate the breaking of the fast from meat observed by Catholics during lent. The pie consists of salami, prosciutto, capicola, pepperoni, mozzarella, ricotta and eggs. The pies have since been made famous in New Jersey by Mildred Vento (AKA Camilla Rocco) and her ambitious 34 pie recipe. The recipe is so labor-intensive that modern day families have resorted to an assembly line method in order to complete the task.

Main sights[edit]

Roccamonfina's main attraction is the sanctuary of Maria Santissima dei Lattani, founded in 1430 by St. Bernardino of Siena and St. James of the Marches and enlarged to the current shape in 1448–1507. The façade has a large portico with the original wooden door from 1507. The interior has a nave with no aisles, and 15th and 17th centuries frescoes. The Chapel of the Virgin of the Lattani has a statue of "Madonna with Child", dating perhaps to the 9th century. The convent has a two-storey cloister.

The Collegiate church of Santa Maria Maggiore is of medieval origin, but its current appearance dates to the 1715 restoration. In the same square is the Palazzo Colletta.

External links[edit]