Roch Marc Christian Kaboré

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Roch Marc Christian Kaboré

Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (born 25 April 1957) is a Burkinabé politician who was President of the National Assembly of Burkina Faso from 2002 to 2012. He also served as President of the Congress for Democracy and Progress (CDP). In January 2014, he left the ruling CDP and founded a new opposition party.

Early years[edit]

Kabore was born in Ouagadougou, the capital city of Burkina Faso. He attended school from 1962 to 1968, when he received his CPS (Certificate of Primary School). On completing this basic education certificate, he attended Le College Saint Jean Baptiste de la Salle, a selective school in Ouagadougou. He studied there from 1968 to 1975, passing his BEPC or General Certificate ('O' Level) in 1972 and his baccalaureate ('A' level) in 1975. He went on to study economics at the University of Dijon, majoring in business administration. There, he completed his BA in 1979 and his Master's in 1980.[1]


Banking career[edit]

Kabore worked as a banker for the International Bank of Burkina (BIB). He was eventually promoted to the head of the company. In 1984, aged 27, he was named the General Director of the BIB, and stayed in this position for five years, directing the bank from 1984 to September 1989 before entering politics.[2]

Political career[edit]

He served in the government of Burkina Faso as a Minister, was a Special Adviser of the President, and has been a Deputy in the National Assembly.[3] He became Prime Minister in 1994. When the Congress for Democracy and Progress was formed in early February 1996, Kaboré resigned as Prime Minister and became the new ruling party's First Vice-President, as well as Special Adviser at the Presidency.[4]

On June 6, 2002, he was elected as President of the National Assembly of Burkina Faso, succeeding Mélégué Maurice Traoré.[5]

Function Period
Minister of Transports and Communications September 21, 1989
Minister of State February 16, 1992
Member of the Parliament Representing of the Kadiogo Region for the ODP/MT (now the CDP Party) May 24, 1992
Minister of State Minister of Finance and Plan From June 19, 1992 to September 3, 1993
Minister of State From September 3, 1993 to March 20, 1994
Prime Minister March 20, 1994
Special Advisor of the President of Burkina Faso From February 1996 to June 1997
Elected as a member of the National Assembly for the CDP Party May 11, 1997
Elected as the National Secretary of the CDP Party August 1999
Elected as President of the National Assembly June 6, 2002[5]
Elected President of the CDP Party August 2003

In the May 2007 parliamentary election, Kaboré was re-elected to the National Assembly as the first candidate on the CDP's national list. Following the election, the National Assembly again elected Kaboré as its President. He received 90 votes, while Norbert Tiendrébéogo received 13; there were seven invalid votes.[6]

Resignation from the CDP[edit]

Kaboré, along with a number of other prominent figures in the CDP, announced his resignation from the party on 6 January 2014. Those who resigned said that the party was being run in an undemocratic and damaging manner, and they expressed opposition to plans to amend the constitution to eliminate term limits, which would allow President Compaoré to stand for re-election in 2015.[7] On 25 January 2014, a new opposition party led by Kaboré, the People's Movement for Progress, was founded.[8][9]


  1. ^
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  3. ^
  4. ^ "Feb 1996 - New government - Transformation of ruling party", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 42, February 1996, Burkina, page 40,937.
  6. ^ List of candidates elected to the National Assembly in 2007, National Assembly website (French).
  7. ^ "Burkina: vague de démissions au sein du parti de Compaoré", Agence France-Presse, 6 January 2014 (French).
  8. ^ "Roch Marc Christian Kaboré à la tête d'un nouveau parti d'opposition", Jeune Afrique, 26 January 2014 (French).
  9. ^ "Blaise wants compromise", Africa Confidential, volume 55, number 3, 7 February 2014.