Rochdale (UK Parliament constituency)

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Rochdale
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Rochdale in Greater Manchester.
Outline map
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
County Greater Manchester
Electorate 77,699 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1950 (1950)
Member of Parliament Simon Danczuk (Labour)
Number of members One
1832 (1832)1950 (1950)
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Created from Lancashire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Rochdale is a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The current MP is Simon Danczuk of the Labour Party.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is one of two covering the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale. It contains most of the town of Rochdale itself as well as Littleborough, Wardle and some of the surrounding rural area.

For the 2010 general election, the seat gained the villages of Milnrow and Newhey from Oldham East and Saddleworth and lost the areas of Sudden, Marland, and part of Norden to Heywood and Middleton, a 19.16% boundary change. Those changes made the seat a notional Labour victory in the Rallings and Thrasher figures[2] which were used by the Press Association for determining gains, losses and swings. However, other predictions by political commentator Martin Baxter[3] showed the seat maintaining a narrow Lib Dem majority.

History[edit]

Rochdale was one of the constituencies created by the Reform Act of 1832, and as of 2006 has been a Labour/Liberal Democrat marginal for many years, although it was held by the Conservatives for part of the 1950s, until a 1958 by-election.

It was held for two decades by the larger-than-life Cyril Smith, first of the Liberal Party and then of the Liberal Democrats. He won a by-election in 1972, taking the seat from Labour, and held it until his retirement in 1992. A native Rochdalian and a former Labour Party member himself, he had a substantial personal vote which always helped to see off his Labour challengers.

After his retirement, contests have been tighter. The Liberal Democrats held the seat at first, with Liz Lynne winning at the 1992 general election, only to lose to Labour's Lorna Fitzsimons at the 1997 election. However, they regained the seat at the 2005 election, with Paul Rowen defeating Fitzsimons. In 2010, the town was brought to national attention when reigning Prime Minister Gordon Brown was caught on a tape recording describing a local woman (Gillian Duffy) as a "bigot" after having a conversation with her while campaigning (later described as Bigotgate by the UK media), but despite the unfavourable publicity, Labour still managed to narrowly win the seat from the Liberal Democrats.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1832 John Fenton Liberal
1835 John Entwistle Conservative
1837 John Fenton Liberal
1841 William Sharman Crawford Liberal
1852 Edward Miall Liberal
1857 Sir Alexander Ramsay, Bt. Liberal
1859 Richard Cobden Liberal
1865 Thomas Bayley Potter Liberal
1895 Clement Royds Conservative
1906 Alexander Gordon Cummins Harvey Liberal
1918 Alfred Law Coalition Conservative
1922 Stanley Burgess Labour
1923 Ramsay Muir Liberal
1924 William Thomas Kelly Labour
1931 Thomas Jesson Conservative
1935 William Thomas Kelly Labour
1940 by-election Hyacinth Morgan Labour
1950 Joseph Hale Labour
1951 Wentworth Schofield Conservative
1958 by-election Jack McCann Labour
1972 by-election Sir Cyril Smith Liberal
1992 Liz Lynne Liberal Democrats
1997 Lorna Fitzsimons Labour
2005 Paul Rowen Liberal Democrats
2010 Simon Danczuk Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Rochdale[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Simon Danczuk 16,699 36.4 −4.5
Liberal Democrat Paul Rowen 15,810 34.4 −6.1
Conservative Mudasir Dean 8,305 18.1 +7.6
National Front Chris Jackson 2,236 4.9 N/A
UKIP Colin Denby 1,999 4.4 +3.0
Islam Zinda Baad Platform Mohammed Salim 545 1.2 +0.3
Independent John Whitehead 313 0.7 N/A
Majority 889 1.9 +1.6
Turnout 45,907 58.1 +0.9
Labour gain from Liberal Democrat Swing +0.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Paul Rowen 16,787 41.1 +6.2
Labour Lorna Fitzsimons 16,345 40.0 -9.2
Conservative Khalid Hussain 4,270 10.5 -2.9
BNP Derek Adams 1,773 4.3 +2.9
UKIP John Whittaker 499 1.2
Green Samir Chatterjee 448 1.1 -0.7
Islam Zinda Baad Platform Mohammed Salim 361 0.9
Veritas Carl Faulkner 353 0.9
Majority 444 1.1
Turnout 40,834 58.4 +1.7
Liberal Democrat gain from Labour Swing +7.7
General Election 2001: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lorna Fitzsimons 19,406 49.2 -0.2
Liberal Democrat Paul Rowen 13,751 34.9 -5.1
Conservative Elaina Cohen 5,274 13.4 +4.6
Green Nick Harvey 728 1.8 N/A
Independent Mohammed Salim 253 0.6 +0.2
Majority 5,655 14.3
Turnout 39,412 56.7 -13.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Lorna Fitzsimons 23,758 49.4
Liberal Democrat Liz Lynne 19,213 40.0
Conservative Mervyn Turnberg 4,237 8.8
BNP Gary Bergin 653 1.4 +0.2
Independent Mohammed Salim 221 0.5
Majority 4,545 9.4
Turnout 48,082 70.0
Labour gain from Liberal Democrat Swing +4.8
General Election 1992: Rochdale[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Liz Lynne 22,776 42.8 −0.6
Labour David Williams 20,937 39.4 +1.4
Conservative Duncan Goldie-Scott 8,626 16.2 −2.4
BNP Ken Henderson 620 1.2 N/A
Natural Law Vincent J. Lucker 221 0.4 N/A
Majority 1,839 3.5 −1.9
Turnout 53,170 76.5 +1.9
Liberal Democrat hold Swing −1.0

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Cyril Smith 22,245 43.4 −2.7
Labour David Williams 19,466 38.0 +7.9
Conservative Clive W. Condie 9,561 18.6 −3.7
Majority 2,779 5.4 −10.6
Turnout 51,272 74.6 +3.8
Liberal hold Swing −5.3
General Election 1983: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Cyril Smith 21,858 46.1 +1.1
Labour Mrs. Valerie E. Broon 14,271 30.1 −4.2
Conservative Alan D'A. Fearn 10,616 22.4 +3.1
National Front Pete Barker 463 1.0 -0.4
Unemployed Party P.B. Courtney 204 0.4 N/A
Majority 7,587 16.0 +5.3
Turnout 47,412 70.8 -2.9
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Cyril Smith 22,172 45.0
Labour J. Connell 16,878 34.3
Conservative I. Picton 9,494 19.3
National Front J. Merrick 690 1.4
Majority 5,294 10.8
Turnout 73.66
Liberal hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Cyril Smith 20,092 42.66
Labour J. Connell 17,339 36.81
Conservative R. Young 7,740 16.43
National Front M.W. Sellors 1,927 4.09
Majority 2,753 5.85
Turnout 70.27
Liberal hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Cyril Smith 25,266 49.11
Labour Lawrence Cunliffe 16,367 31.81
Conservative L. Green 7,933 15.42
National Front M.W. Sellors 1,885 3.66
Majority 8,899 17.30
Turnout 77.38
Liberal hold Swing
1972 by-election: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Cyril Smith 19,296 42.3 +11.9
Labour Lawrence Cunliffe 14,203 31.1 -10.5
Conservative David Trippier 8,060 17.7 -10.3
Independent Jim Merrick 4,074 8.9 N/A
Majority 5,093 11.2 N/A
Turnout 69.1 -3.7
Registered electors 66,081
Liberal gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1970: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jack McCann 19,247 41.57
Liberal Cyril Smith 14,076 30.40
Conservative M. Andrew 12,978 28.03
Majority 5,171 11.17
Turnout 72.86
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jack McCann 24,481 52.39
Conservative E.G.L. Collins 13,239 28.33
Liberal Beatrice Nancy Seear 9,004 19.27
Majority 11,242 24.06
Turnout 78.96
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jack McCann 22,927 46.69
Liberal Dr Thomas Lyrian Hobday 14,212 28.94
Conservative Tom Normanton 11,968 24.37
Majority 8,715 17.75
Turnout 82.26
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jack McCann 21,689 41.47
Liberal Ludovic Kennedy 18,949 36.23
Conservative Tom Normanton 11,665 22.30
Majority 2,740 5.24
Turnout 85.47
Labour hold Swing
By-Election 1958: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jack McCann 22,133 44.7 −3.8
Liberal Ludovic Kennedy 17,603 35.5 N/A
Conservative John E. Parkinson 9,827 19.8 −31.7
Majority 4,530 9.1 +12.2
Turnout 49,563
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +14.0
General Election 1955: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Wentworth Schofield 26,518 51.5 +1.1
Labour Jack McCann 24,928 48.5 −1.1
Majority 1,590 3.1 +2.3
Turnout 51,446 82.8 −2.8
Conservative hold Swing +1.1
General Election 1951: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Wentworth Schofield 27,797 50.41
Labour Joseph Hale 27,343 49.59
Majority 454 0.82
Turnout 85.66
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1950: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Joseph Hale 25,484 44.92
Conservative Wentworth Schofield 21,208 37.38
Liberal Roger Thomas Baldwin Fulford 10,042 17.70
Majority 4,276 7.54
Turnout 87.90
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dr. Hyacinth Bernard Morgan 22,047 44.89
Conservative E.M. Nicol 16,852 34.31
Liberal Charles G.C. Harvey 10,211 20.79
Majority 5,195 10.58
Turnout 80.68
Labour hold Swing
By-Election 1940: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Dr. Hyacinth Morgan Unopposed
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Thomas Kelly 22,281 41.20
Conservative W.G. Murray 20,486 37.88
Liberal George Elliot Dodds 11,311 20.92
Majority 1,795 3.32
Turnout 84.69
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1931: Rochdale

Electorate: 63,353

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas Edward Jesson 25,346 45.06
Labour William Thomas Kelly 18,329 32.59
Liberal George Elliot Dodds 12,572 22.35
Majority 7,017 12.48
Turnout 88.79
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Rochdale

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Thomas Kelly 22,060 40.2 +6.4
Liberal John Ramsay Bryce Muir 16,957 30.8 -2.7
Unionist John Haslam 15,962 29.0 -3.7
Majority 5,103 9.4 +9.1
Turnout 54,979 87.6 -2.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1924: Rochdale

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Thomas Kelly 14,609 33.8 +1.2
Liberal John Ramsay Bryce Muir 14,492 33.5 -2.9
Unionist Thomas Jesson 14,112 32.7 +1.7
Majority 117 0.3
Turnout 43,213 90.3 +2.5
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
Ramsay Muir
General Election 1923: Rochdale

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Ramsay Bryce Muir 15,087 36.4 +7.2
Labour Stanley Burgess 13,525 32.6 -6.2
Unionist Nicholas Cockshutt 12,845 31.0 -1.0
Majority 1,562 3.8
Turnout 41,457 87.8 +0.7
Liberal gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1922: Rochdale

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stanley Burgess 15,774 38.8 +22.3
Unionist Alfred Law 13,006 32.0 -15.6
Liberal John Ramsay Bryce Muir 11,894 29.2 +7.7
Majority 2,768 6.8
Turnout 40,674 87.1 +22.6
Labour gain from Unionist Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Conservative Alfred Law 14,299 47.6 +6.7
Liberal Vivian Phillipps 6,452 21.5 -23.1
Labour Richard Henry Tawney 4,956 16.5
National Democratic John Joseph Terrett 2,358 7.8
National Party John Fitzgerald Jones 1,992 6.6
Majority 7,847 26.1
Turnout 30,057 64.5 -28.5
Coalition Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election December 1910: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alexander Gordon Cummins Harvey 5,373 44.6 -4.2
Conservative N Cockshutt 4,850 40.9 +2.3
Social Democratic Federation Dan Irving 1,901 14.5 +1.9
Majority 477 3.7 -6.5
Turnout 11,124 88.0 -5.5
Liberal hold Swing
General Election January 1910: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alexander Gordon Cummins Harvey 6,809 48.8 +2.9
Conservative W B Boyd-Carpenter 5,581 38.6 +2.0
Social Democratic Federation Dan Irving 1,755 12.6
Majority 1,428 10.2 -1.1
Turnout 13,945 93.5 +0.5
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alexander Gordon Cummins Harvey 5,912 45.9 0.0
Conservative Clement Royds 4,449 34.6 -11.5
Independent Labour Samuel George Hobson 2,506 19.5
Majority 1,463 11.3
Turnout 12,867 93.0 +5.9
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1900: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Clement Royds 5,204 46.1 0.0
Liberal Alexander Gordon Cummins Harvey 5,185 45.9 +4.0
Labour C A Clarke 901 8.0
Majority 19 0.2 -4.0
Turnout 11,290 87.1 -1.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Clement Royds 4,781 46.1 +1.0
Liberal W L Bright 4,359 41.9 -13.0
Ind. Labour Party George Nicoll Barnes 1,251 12.0
Majority 422 4.2
Turnout 10,391 88.2 +2.4
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1892: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Bayley Potter 5,460 54.9 -2.7
Conservative Clement Royds 4,480 45.1 +2.7
Majority 980 9.8 -5.4
Turnout 9,940 85.8 +9.8
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Bayley Potter 4,738 57.6 +1.9
Conservative J A R Marriott 3,481 42.4 -1.9
Majority 1,257 15.2 +3.8
Turnout 9,969 76.0 -16.2
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1885: Rochdale
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Bayley Potter 5,552 55.7
Conservative E Lees 4,417 44.3
Majority 1,135 11.4
Turnout 9,969 92.2
Liberal hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 53°37′N 2°10′W / 53.61°N 2.16°W / 53.61; -2.16