Rochdale (ancient parish)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Rochdale
RochdaleParishChurch.jpg
Church of St Chad, Rochdale
Ancient Parish of Rochdale.png
Area
 - 1831 58,620 acres (237.2 km2)
 - 1861 40,340 acres (163.3 km2)
 - Coordinates 53°36′53″N 2°09′28″W / 53.6147°N 2.1577°W / 53.6147; -2.1577Coordinates: 53°36′53″N 2°09′28″W / 53.6147°N 2.1577°W / 53.6147; -2.1577
Population
 - 1801 26,577
 - 1861 91,754
History
 - Created Early Middle Ages
Status Ecclesiastical parish
 - HQ Rochdale
Subdivisions
 - Type Townships
 - Units

1. Todmorden and Walsden 2. Spotland 3. Wuerdle and Wardle 4. Blatchinworth and Calderbrook 5. Wardleworth 6. Castleton 7. Butterworth

8. Saddleworth
RochdaleAncientParishNumbered.png

Rochdale was an ecclesiastical parish of early-medieval origin in northern England, administered from the Church of St Chad, Rochdale. At its zenith, it occupied 58,620 acres (237 km2) of land amongst the South Pennines, and straddled the historic county boundary between Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire. To the north and north-west was the parish of Whalley; to the southwest was the parish of Bury; to the south was Middleton and Prestwich-cum-Oldham.

Anciently a dependency of Whalley Abbey, the parish of Rochdale is believed to be of Anglo-Saxon origin, as evidenced by historical documentation, toponymy and its dedication to Chad of Mercia.[1]

Urbanisation, population shifts, and local government reforms all contributed towards the gradual alteration and ultimate dissolution of the historic parish boundaries; the social welfare functions of the parish were broadly superseded by the English Poor Laws and new units of local governance, such as the County Borough of Rochdale and the Milnrow Urban District. Today, the territory of the former parish lies within Lancashire, Greater Manchester and West Yorkshire.[2]

History[edit]

Rochdale was recorded in the Domesday Book as Recedham; and in 1242 as Rachedale.

Divisions[edit]

From a very early stage in its history, Rochdale consisted of five divisions or townships: in the Lancashire part of the parish was Butterworth, Castleton (in which stood the parish church), Hundersfield and Spotland; Saddleworth, for ecclesiastical purposes, was a part of Rochdale, but lay entirely in Yorkshire and otherwise had only a "very slight" connection to the parish.[3] Hundersfield was later parted into four townships; Blatchinworth and Calderbrook; Todmorden and Walsden; Wardleworth; and Wuerdle and Wardle, bring the total number of divisions to eight.

Township or division Coverage Brief history Ref.
Blatchinworth and Calderbrook BlatchinworthAndCalderbrookRochdaleAncientParish.png Blackstone Edge, Blatchinworth, Calderbrook, Littleborough, Shore Originally part of the manor of Hundersfield.
Butterworth ButterworthRochdaleAncientParish.png Belfield, Bleakedgate-cum-Roughbank, Clegg, Firgrove, Haughs, Hollinworth, Ladyhouse, Lowhouse, Milnrow, Newhey, Ogden, Tunshill, Wildhouse
Castleton CastletonRochdaleAncientParish.png Balderstone, Buersill, Castleton Glebe, Lower Lane, Marland, Newbold The oldest division of the parish, and named for Rochdale Castle. Reputed to be the site of conflict between Saxons and Danes. The parish church sat within Castleton township. Territory was lost to the Municipal Borough of Rochdale in 1856; Castleton Urban District occupied the remainder until 1900 when it too was absorbed into Rochdale by mutual agreement. [4][5]
Saddleworth SaddleworthRochdaleAncientParish.png Austerlands, Castleshaw, Delph, Denshaw, Diggle, Dobcross, Friezland, Grasscroft, Greenfield, Grotton, Heights, Lydgate, Scouthead, Springhead, Uppermill A chapelry of Rochdale for ecclesiastical purposes, but for judicial and taxation purposes was a township coterminate with Saddleworth-cum-Quick in the Agbrigg-division of Agbrigg and Morley in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The connection with Rochdale was made on account of Hugo de Stapleton, Lord of the Manor of Saddleworth, having applied to Hugh, Earl of Chester, to erect a chapel for the use of his tenants. The Earl allowed it on the condition the chapel be annexed to Whalley Abbey, which, on the Dissolution of the Monasteries, this was annexed to Rochdale.

Seceded from Rochdale and became an independent parish in 1866.

[6]
Spotland SpotlandRochdaleAncientParish.png Bagslate, Brandwood, Catley, Chadwick, Cheesden, Ellinrod, Facit, Falinge, Healey, Naden, Norden, Shawforth, Whitworth, Wolstenhulme
Todmorden and Walsden TodmordenandWalsdenRochdaleAncientParish.png Inchfield, Todmorden, Walsden, Warland Originally part of the manor of Hundersfield.
Wardleworth WardleworthRochdaleAncientParish.png Cronkeyshaw, Buckley, Fieldhouse, Foxholes Originally part of the manor of Hundersfield. [7]
Wuerdle and Wardle WuerdleAndWardleRochdaleAncientParish.png Wardle, Wuerdle Originally part of the manor of Hundersfield. Also known as Wuerdale and Wardle and Wuerdle-cum-Wardle.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Fishwick 1889, p. 127.
  2. ^ Greater Manchester Gazetteer, Greater Manchester County Record Office, Places names - O to R, retrieved 11 July 2010 
  3. ^ Fishwick 1889, p. 1.
  4. ^ Fishwick 1889, p. 65.
  5. ^ Rochdale Observer (2003-06-11). "The 1890s". Retrieved 2007-06-15. 
  6. ^ http://www.saddleworth-historical-society.org.uk/overview/overview.htm
  7. ^ Fishwick 1889, p. 100.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Brownbill, John; Farrer, William (1911), A History of the County of Lancaster 5, Victoria County History, ISBN 978-0-7129-1055-2 
  • Fishwick, Henry (1889), The History of the Parish of Rochdale in the County of Lancaster, Rochdale: J. Clegg