Ogle County, Illinois
|Ogle County, Illinois|
Ogle County Courthouse
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 16, 1836|
|Named for||Joseph Ogle|
|• Total||763 sq mi (1,976 km2)|
|• Land||759 sq mi (1,966 km2)|
|• Water||4.4 sq mi (11 km2), 0.6%|
|• Density||71/sq mi (27/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Ogle County was formed in 1836 out of Jo Daviess and LaSalle counties, and named in honor of Captain Joseph Ogle, a veteran of the Revolutionary War who came to Illinois in 1785. Ogle did not have an organized government until 1837, so for a year it remained attached to Jo Daviess County. The county was divided three years later in 1839, when Lee County was formed.
Ogle County was a New England settlement. The original founders of Oregon and Rochelle consisted entirely of settlers from New England. These people were "Yankee's", that is to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was then the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. Most of them arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal. When they arrived in what is now Bureau County there was nothing but a virgin forest and wild prairie, the New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes. They brought with them many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education, establishing many schools as well as staunch support for abolitionism. They were mostly members of the Congregationalist Church though some were Episcopalian. Culturally Bureau County, like much of northern Illinois would be culturally very continuous with early New England culture, for most of its history.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in Oregon have ranged from a low of 10 °F (−12 °C) in January to a high of 82 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 110 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.43 inches (36 mm) in February to 4.88 inches (124 mm) in June.
- Winnebago County - north
- Boone County - northeast
- Stephenson County - northwest
- DeKalb County - east
- Carroll County - west
- Lee County - south
- Whiteside County - southwest
As of the census of 2000, there were 51,032 people, 19,278 households, and 14,169 families residing in the county. The population density was 67 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 20,420 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.35% White, 0.44% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.45% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. 6.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.1% were of German, 10.3% Irish, 9.7% American, 7.9% English and 5.1% Swedish ancestry.
There were 19,278 households out of which 35.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.30% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.50% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $45,448, and the median income for a family was $53,028. Males had a median income of $39,862 versus $23,854 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,515. About 5.30% of families and 7.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.40% of those under age 18 and 5.30% of those age 65 or over.
Ogle County is one of the most consistently Republican counties in the nation when it comes to Presidential elections. In the last 150 years, Theodore Roosevelt's 1912 run as a Progressive was the only time a non-Republican carried the county. No Democratic candidate has ever won the county, which favored the Whig Party before the Republican Party was formed. It is also represented by Republican Adam Kinzinger as a county in Illinois's 16th congressional district.
By 2000, 65% of the county labor force was employed as white-collar workers with an increase of 20 points in comparison with 1990 statistics. Manufacturing remains the leading employment sector absorbing more than 21.7% of the labor force though there was a decrease from 30,4% in 1995. However it is expected that services would replace manufacturing starting 2015 as the leading activity.
Agriculture remains an important sector of the county. The main products are corn and soybeans. In 2003, according to the Illinois Department of Agriculture, Ogle County was ranked 17th in the State for crop cash receipts, and 14th in the state for livestock cash receipts. As for livestock production, hogs and pigs are still leading even though productions decreased from 57,000 units in 1998 to 48,900 in 2002.
The county also got some investment packages such as the building a $180 million truck-to-train cargo hub. In August 2006, it was announced that a new ethanol production facility would receive a package of $5.5 million Opportunity Returns grant from the State.
The following public-use airports are located in the county:
- Ogle County Airport (C55) - Mount Morris, Illinois
- Rochelle Municipal Airport (RPJ) - Rochelle, Illinois
- Castle Rock State Park
- Lowden State Park
- Lowden-Miller State Forest
- Sinnissippi Farms
- Weld Park
- White Pines State Park
- Beach Cemetery Prairie Nature Preserve
- Douglas E. Wade Prairie Nature Preserve
- Jarrett Prairie Nature Preserve
- Brookville Township
- Buffalo Township
- Byron Township
- Dement Township
- Eagle Point Township
- Flagg Township
- Forreston Township
- Grand Detour Township
- Lafayette Township
- Leaf River Township
- Lincoln Township
- Lynnville Township
- Marion Township
- Maryland Township
- Monroe Township
- Mount Morris Township
- Oregon-Nashua Township
- Pine Creek Township
- Pine Rock Township
- Rockvale Township
- Scott Township
- Taylor Township
- White Rock Township
- Woosung Township
- List of settlements in Ogle County, Illinois
- List of townships in Ogle County, Illinois
- List of cemeteries in Ogle County, Illinois
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Ogle County, Illinois
- Kauffman, Horace G.; Kauffman, Rebecca H., eds. (1909). Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois and History of Ogle County 2. Chicago: Munsell Publishing Company. Retrieved 2010-11-23.
- The History of Ogle County, Illinois. Chicago: H. F. Kett and Company. 1878. Retrieved 2010-11-23.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010, 9. 
- The History of Ogle County, Illinois: Containing a History of the County, Its Cities, Towns, Etc., a Biographical Directory of Its Citizens, War Record of Its Volunteers in the Late Rebellion, General and Local Statistics, Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men, History of the Northwest, History of Illinois page 326
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Monthly Averages for Oregon, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Geographie Electorale
- "Amendatory Comprehensive Plan "2K4 update"" (pdf). oglecounty.org. Retrieved 2007-07-12.
- "Special Report: Thinking Regional". rockcountyalliance.com. Archived from the original on 2007-06-13. Retrieved 2007-07-12.
- "Gov. Blagojevich announces a new $25 million investment". rockcountyalliance.com. Retrieved 2007-07-12.
- Public and Private Airports, Ogle County, Illinois
||Stephenson County||Winnebago County||Boone County|
|Carroll County||DeKalb County|
|Whiteside County||Lee County|