Rochester Downtown Historic District

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Rochester Downtown Historic District
Intersection in the district
Rochester Downtown Historic District is located in Indiana
Rochester Downtown Historic District
Location Roughly bounded along Main St. and the Courthouse Square, Rochester, Indiana
Coordinates 41°4′24″N 86°13′30″W / 41.07333°N 86.22500°W / 41.07333; -86.22500Coordinates: 41°4′24″N 86°13′30″W / 41.07333°N 86.22500°W / 41.07333; -86.22500
Architect Rush, A.W. & Son; et al.
Architectural style Late Victorian, Colonial Revival, Romanesque
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 08000556[1]
Added to NRHP June 24, 2008

The Rochester Downtown Historic District is a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in Rochester, Indiana, United States. It was placed on the Register on June 24, 2008.[2] The majority of buildings in the area are masonry and Italianate while structures outside the district are largely residential frame built structures.

Rochester was founded as a trading post in 1831 between the European settlers and local Native Americans, along the old Michigan Road where it intersected Mill Creek. Most of the contributing buildings lie along the old Michigan Road, now Main Street, in a right-of-way pattern (the newer, non-contributing buildings do not follow this pattern).[3]

Prominent buildings in the district include the Fulton County Courthouse (which is a Richardsonian Romanesque building also NRHP-listed), a water tower, Rochester City Hall & Fire Department, post office, and telephone company.[3]

The limestone courthouse, which was already on the National Register as of September 22, 2000, is located on Ninth Street. Four different memorials are on its grounds: one for the Pottawatomies' Trail of Death, a cornerstone for the Rochester College, and two war memorials. Although most of the buildings in the district are constructed of brick, after the construction of the courthouse, with its rusticated limestone construction, it is believed that other buildings were renovated to match the courthouse using faux stone that was cemented to their brick structures; the Masonic Temple is reflective of this.[3] Limestone is also used on the name blocks of buildings. The historic fire department has an engraved limestone name block above its door. The city hall not only has a similar limestone name block, but the right and left bays of the hall have limestone diamonds above them.[3]