Rochester Hills, Michigan

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Rochester Hills, Michigan
City
The Village of Rochester Hills
The Village of Rochester Hills
Rochesterhillslogo.jpg
Motto: Historic, Distinctive, Progressive
Location of Rochester Hills, MI
Location of Rochester Hills, MI
Coordinates: 42°39′57″N 83°9′29″W / 42.66583°N 83.15806°W / 42.66583; -83.15806
Country United States
State Michigan
County Oakland
Incorporated 1984
Government
 • Type Council-Strong Mayor
 • Mayor Bryan K. Barnett
Area[1]
 • Total 32.91 sq mi (85.24 km2)
 • Land 32.82 sq mi (85.00 km2)
 • Water 0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)  0.27%
Elevation 820 ft (250 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 70,995
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 72,283
 • Density 2,163.2/sq mi (835.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 48307, 48309
Area code(s) 248, 947
FIPS code 26-69035[4]
GNIS feature ID 1675440[5]
Website http://www.rochesterhills.org/

Rochester Hills is a city in northeast Oakland County of the U.S. state of Michigan, in the northern outskirts of Metropolitan Detroit area. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 70,995.[6]

Communities[edit]

History[edit]

The first European settler was James Graham who arrived in 1817. Avon Township was organized in 1835. Rochester incorporated as a village within the township in 1869. The township adopted a charter in 1948 under the Home Rule Act. Also in 1948 a post office was established under the name of Brooklands for the area between Auburn Road and Hamlin Road just to the west of Dequindre Road.[8]

In 1966, village residents voted to become the City of Rochester, effective in February 1967. As a result, Rochester residents no longer had to pay property taxes to the township, as it was now a separate municipality.

In 1967, Avon Township filed a petition to become a city. In January 1968, township voters approved the petition to move forward with seeking city status. Three proposed city charters were voted down by residents, the first in March 1969, the second in May 1970, and the third in September 1971. The city of Rochester then sought to annex all of the township, which was unanimously denied by the Michigan Boundary Commission. In 1972, petitions were filed to consolidate Avon Township and Rochester. In April 1974, the consolidation petition lost by 350 votes in the township, while passing by four votes in Rochester. In May 1974, Rochester's petition to annex 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) of Avon Township was approved by the Michigan Boundary Commission. The township became Avon Charter Township in August 1978. Court challenges to the 1974 annexation continued until November 1981, when the township was ordered to surrender the annexed property.

In May 1984, township voters approved a city charter. On November 20, 1984, Avon Township became the City of Rochester Hills. The name of the new city was put to a vote, with the other choice being "Avon Hills". The name "Rochester Hills" won with voters based on the area's historical ties to Rochester, and the rolling hills that exist in the area. Township Supervisor Earl E. Borden became Rochester Hills' first mayor.

Geography[edit]

Rochester Hills is bordered to the north by Oakland Charter Township, to the south by the city by the city of Troy, to the east by Shelby Township in Macomb County, and to the west by the city of Auburn Hills. Rochester Hills is also bordered by the city of Rochester to the south, east, and west. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.91 square miles (85.24 km2), of which, 32.82 square miles (85.00 km2) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) is water.[1] Elevations in the city range from 690 feet (210 m) above sea level in the southeastern portion of the city to 1,010 feet (310 m) in the northwestern portion of the city.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 70,995 people, 27,578 households, and 19,308 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,163.2 inhabitants per square mile (835.2 /km2). There were 29,494 housing units at an average density of 898.7 per square mile (347.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.1% White, 4.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 10.5% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 27,578 households of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.0% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.08.

The median age in the city was 40.9 years. 23.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 30.3% were from 45 to 64; and 13.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

Between 2000 and 2010, the Asian population in Rochester Hills increased to almost 10% of the community's population, a 61% increase from the 2000 figure.[9]

Government[edit]

Rochester Hills Public Library, Rochester, Michigan.

Rochester Hills has a Mayor-council government. The City provides The Rochester Hills Public Library which is located in Rochester (The City of Rochester and Oakland Township contract with the City of Rochester Hills for residents' use of the library).

Notable people[edit]

This list includes people from the Rochester area (Rochester, Rochester Hills, and Oakland Township) (48306, 48307, 48309, 48363)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Rochester Hills, Michigan
  6. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Rochester Hills city, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved August 19, 2011. 
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Yates, Michigan & GNIS in Google Map
  8. ^ Walter Romig, Michigan Place Names, p. 80
  9. ^ Steele, Micki. "Asian-Americans settle in Metro Detroit enclaves." The Detroit News. April 19, 2011. Retrieved on September 9, 2013.
  10. ^ "Jay Gibbons Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 21, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Singer of the Week: Madonna". AskMen.com (IGN Entertainment, Inc.). Archived from the original on 13 June 2006. Retrieved 2006-06-01. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°39′29″N 83°8′59″W / 42.65806°N 83.14972°W / 42.65806; -83.14972