Rochester and Strood (UK Parliament constituency)
|Rochester and Strood|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Rochester and Strood in Kent.
Location of Kent within England.
|Electorate||75,001 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Vacant|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
Reckless was elected as a member of the Conservative Party, but on 27 September 2014 announced his defection to the UK Independence Party. Reckless has said he will resign his commons seat, triggering a by-election.
Rochester and Strood constituency is a developed part of north Kent alongside the River Medway estuary, with a wide salty and sea-like part of the Thames Estuary on its north border. It spans two of the five Medway Towns: Rochester and Strood and the villages of Strood Rural and the Hoo Peninsula.
Medway or Medway Towns are the collective names for the single conurbation, the largest conurbation in South East England outside London that compasses the towns of Strood, Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham, Rainham, Kent and a surrounding narrow buffer. Included among these are several rural settlements on the Hoo Peninsula and on the west bank of the Medway valley.
Chatham town centre is an important sub-regional shopping centre and in the 2010s is subject to a £1 billion regeneration programme to transform it into Medway's unquestionably main centre. Rochester and Strood Riversides are the names of large urban brownfield sites, and one of the main development projects in the Thames Gateway. A substantial new mixed use developments will include some 3,000 plus new mixed tenure homes, offices and shops, two new hotels, restaurants, river walks and open spaces and links to historic Rochester.
The Rochester constituency is an old one, going back to the 16th century, but it saw many changes in the 20th century. From 1885–1918 the wider area was split between Chatham, Gillingham and the "old", rural, Medway constituency. The Chatham seat joined Rochester to form Rochester and Chatham in 1950, which formed the core of Medway in 1983.
When the boroughs of Rochester upon Medway and Gillingham merged to form, then confusingly, a unitary authority named Medway in 1998, the Parliamentary constituency of Medway only covered part of the new borough, so from the 2010 election the seat was renamed to the more precise and narrow division it covered and now covers, Rochester and Strood.
The electoral wards used to create this seat are as follows:
- Cuxton and Halling, Peninsula, River, Rochester East, Rochester South and Horsted, Rochester West, Strood North, Strood Rural and Strood South
Rochester and Strood has a working population with close to the national average income, low unemployment compared to the national average (3.5% at the end of 2012) and can be considered aside from significant sources of employment, professions and trades in Kent as part of the London Commuter Belt. Levels of reliance on social housing are similar to most of the region in this seat.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
This seat was fought for the first time at the 2010 general election.
|General Election 2010: Rochester and Strood|
|Liberal Democrat||Geoff Juby||7,800||16.3||+3.9|
|English Democrats||Ron Sands||2,182||4.5||N/A|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Tory MP Mark Reckless joins UKIP". BBC News. 2014-09-27.
- Borough of Medway – Planning Policy Statements
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- 2001 Census
- 2011 census interactive maps
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Rochester & Strood". BBC News. 7 May 2010.