Rock Hall, Northumberland

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Rock Hall

Rock Hall is a privately owned 18th-century country house, now occupied by a school, at Rock, Rennington, near Alnwick, Northumberland (grid reference NU20082026). It is a Grade II* listed building.[1]

History[edit]

The Manor of Rock was owned by several Northumbrian families, Rock, Swinhoe, Lawson, Salkeld (1620-1705), Proctor and Holford, until the marriage of Charlotte Holford, heiress of Rock, to Charles Bosanquet in 1796 brought the estate into the Bosanquet family.[2]

There was a house on the estate from the 14th century. The south wing was converted to a tower house in the 15th century and the whole was remodelled by the Salkelds in the 17th century.[3][4][1]

The house was badly damaged by fire in 1752,[1] but was restored about 1820 by Charles Bosanquet (High Sheriff of Northumberland in 1828) when architect John Dobson created a new and unusual south front with two semi-octagonal bays.[1] A new north-west wing was added by architect F.R. Wilson in the mid 19th century.[4]

Members of the Bosanquet family born at Rock include scientist Robert Bosanquet, Admiral Sir Day Bosanquet and philosopher Bernard Bosanquet. Professor Robert Carr Bosanquet, an archaeologist, also lived at Rock Hall.[5]

In 1881 the estate comprised 1,130 acres (4.6 km2), employing 44 staff on the land and 11 in the house.[6]

From 1929 to 1939 the house was leased by Helen Christian Sutherland, an art patron and friend to well known writers and intellectuals. During her residence the house displayed much of her art collection and often hosted her circle of friends, including David Jones and Ben Nicholson [7] [8] and members of the Ashington Group.[9]

From the mid 20th century the house was let out for use as a Youth Hostel and more recently as a Preparatory School.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Alnwick DC Listed building description
  2. ^ Genuki
  3. ^ Keys to the Past
  4. ^ a b Gatehouse Gazetteer
  5. ^ "Bosanquet, Robert Carr (BSNT890RC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  6. ^ 1881 census from Family Search
  7. ^ www.sclews.me.uk Retrieved 30 November 2013
  8. ^ The Tablet, 19 December 1970 Retrieved 30 November 2013
  9. ^ timelinetheatre.com Retrieved 30 November 2013
  10. ^ Rock Hall School

Coordinates: 55°28′33″N 1°41′02″W / 55.47575°N 1.68389°W / 55.47575; -1.68389