Rock Springs, Wyoming
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2008)|
|Rock Springs, Wyoming|
Old Village Hall, Downtown Rock Springs
Location of Rock Springs, Wyoming
|• Mayor||Carl Demshar|
|• State House||JoAnn Dayton (D), Mark Baker (R), Stan Blake (D)|
|• State Senate||Bernadine Craft (D)|
|• Total||19.34 sq mi (50.09 km2)|
|• Land||19.34 sq mi (50.09 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||6,388 ft (1,947 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||24,047|
|• Density||1,191.1/sq mi (459.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|ZIP codes||82901, 82902, 82942|
|FIPS code||56-67235 |
|GNIS feature ID||1593588 |
Rock Springs is a city in Sweetwater County, Wyoming, United States. The population was 23,036 at the 2010 census. Rock Springs is the principal city of the Rock Springs micropolitan statistical area, which has a population of 37,975. Rock Springs is known as the Home of 56 Nationalities because of the influx of immigrants from all over the world who came to work in the coal mines that supplied the fuel to power the steam engines of the Union Pacific Railroad. The city's rich cultural heritage is celebrated each summer on International Day, a festival where the foods, costumes, and traditions of residents' ancestors are recreated and enjoyed at Bunning Park in downtown Rock Springs.
Rock Springs is located in an energy-rich region with many oil and natural gas wells.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Sister cities
- 8 Media
- 9 Entertainment
- 10 In popular culture
- 11 Notable people
- 12 References
- 13 External links
One of the worst race riots in American history, known as the Rock Springs Massacre, occurred among miners working near Rock Springs on September 2, 1885. There are still remains of the old coal mining towns outside of Rock Springs.
Rock Springs was featured on 60 Minutes in 1977 due to corruption within the Police Department and City Government. The Grand Jury was called into session. The Sheriff, James Stark of Sweetwater County testified and no wrongdoing was ever found. A follow up was filmed 20 years later for the show City Confidential. The episode was named "Rock Springs: Deadly Draw in the Wild West".
The city is approximately 6759 feet (2060 m) above sea level.
Rock Springs has a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, snowy winters and warm summers. Precipitation is almost evenly spread throughout the year, with most months having between .50 inches (1.3 cm) and .60 inches (1.5 cm), but May is normally the wettest month with 1.20 inches (3.0 cm).
The average January temperatures are a maximum of 29.1 °F (−1.6 °C) and a minimum of 11.2 °F (−11.6 °C). The average July temperatures are a maximum of 83.4 °F (28.6 °C) and a minimum of 53.4 °F (11.9 °C). There an average of 6.4 days annually with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher. There are an average of 195.5 with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower and 14.3 days with lows of 0 °F (−18 °C) or lower. The record high temperature was 112 °F (44 °C) on May 17, 1902, and the record low temperature was −37 °F (−38 °C) on January 12, 1963.
The average annual precipitation is 8.73 inches (222 mm). There is an average of 75 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1973 with 13.29 in (338 mm) and the driest year was 1953 with 3.79 in (96 mm). The most rainfall in one month was 6.50 in (165 mm) in June 1899. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 3.50 in (89 mm) on June 12, 1899. The average snowfall is 43.6 inches (111 cm). The most snowfall in one year was 94.0 in (239 cm) in 1975. The most snowfall in one month was 22.5 in (57 cm) in October 1971.
|Climate data for Rock Springs|
|Record high °F (°C)||55
|Average high °F (°C)||27.3
|Daily mean °F (°C)||19.0
|Average low °F (°C)||10.7
|Record low °F (°C)||−37
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.61
|Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000)|
|Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records)|
At the 2010 census, there were 23,036 people, 8,762 households and 5,849 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,191.1 inhabitants per square mile (459.9/km2). There were 10,070 housing units at an average density of 520.7 per square mile (201.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.4% White, 1.4% African American, 0.8% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 7.5% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.4% of the population.
There were 8,762 households of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.2% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.07.
The median age in the city was 31.5 years. 26.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.4% were from 25 to 44; 24.6% were from 45 to 64; and 8.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 52.1% male and 47.9% female.
At the 2000 census, there were 18,708 people, 7,348 households and 4,930 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,014.4 per square mile (391.7/km2). There were 8,359 housing units at an average density of 453.3 per square mile (175.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.75% White, 1.07% African American, 0.86% Native American, 1.02% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.05% from other races, and 2.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.96% of the population.
There were 7,348 households of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.02.
27.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males.
The median household income was $42,584 and the median family income was $51,541. Males had a median income of $44,809 compared with $22,609 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,396. About 6.4% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.
Public education in the city of Rock Springs is provided by Sweetwater County School District #1. Schools serving the city include: Desert View Elementary, Lincoln Elementary, Northpark Elementary, Overland Elementary, Pilot Butte Elementary, Sage Elementary, Walnut Elementary, Westridge Elementary, Eastside Elementary, Rock Springs Junior High School, and Rock Springs High School. There are also two alternative campuses – Independence High School and Roosevelt High School.
- East-West Interstate running from California to New York. Intersects US 191 northeast of Rock Springs.
US 30 (Dewar Drive)
- East-West route through Rock Springs and business route
- North-South through Rock Springs that intersects I-80
WYO 370 (Baxter Road/Airport Road)
- From Interstate 80 and U.S. 30 Exit 111 southeast to the Rock Springs Regional Airport. Signed only as "Airport Road" from the Interstate, with one sign indicating "Baxter Road".
WYO 376 (Circumferential Highway/Rock Springs Beltway)
- Belt route around Rock Springs, splitting from and then meeting again with Business I-80 through Rock Springs
WYO 430 (Hampshire Street Parkway)
- Stretch of road running south to the Colorado-Wyoming State Line near Hiawatha Camp, Colorado. The route continues south as an unimproved highway all the way to Colorado 318 near Dinosaur National Monument.
Rock Springs is served by Rock Springs-Sweetwater County Airport.
Union Pacific serves Rock Springs.
Rock Springs' sister cities are:
Rock Springs is served by two hyperlocal news websites, SweetwaterNOW.com and Wyo4News.com. SweetwaterNOW.com was founded in February 2013 and Wyo4News.com was founded in September 2013. Both sites provide original reporting, community updates and advertising.
Rock Springs is served by four print publications: Rock Springs Daily Rocket-Miner, The Mustang Express (formerly The Oracle - Western Wyoming Community College newspaper), The Marquee (a media and entertainment supplement published in the Rocket-Miner), The Green River Star (a weekly newspaper published in Green River) and The Sweetwater County Guide (a weekly shopper's guide published by The Green River Star).
All television stations in Rock Springs are translators or satellites of stations located elsewhere:
|13||KGWR-TV||CBS||Satellite of KGWC-TV, Casper, Wyoming|
|26||K26DK||Independent||relay of KJZZ-TV, Salt Lake City|
|28||K28JU-D||PBS||relay of Wyoming PBS|
|45||K45IA||The CW||relay of KUCW, Salt Lake City|
The Sweetwater Cable TV Company is the local cable television franchise serving Rock Springs; the system offers KGWC, Wyoming PBS and ABC affiliate KTWO-TV from Casper, plus most major stations from Salt Lake City. There are a couple of local Public-access television cable TV stations as well.
Every year during July, August, and September the city holds a county fair called Wyoming's Big Show. The event includes theme park rides, booths, restaurants and live entertainment. Rodeos have been a staple of the fair and famous performers are sometimes a part of the entertainment.
Rock Springs also hosts several festivals throughout the year, including the International Festival (to honor the city's nickname), the Blues and Brews Festival, the Wyoming Chocolate Festival and the Rod and Rails Festival.
Rock Springs is also known as the "City Where Dreams are Made".
In popular culture
Parts of the television show Ringer are set in Rock Springs.
- Adam Archuleta, safety for the Chicago Bears
- Paul Brothers, football player
- Ed Cantrell, accused of shooting an undercover officer from the Rock Springs Police Department
- Edward Crippa, United States Senator from Wyoming
- Mickey Daniels, actor who appeared in many movies in the 1930s
- Boyd Dowler, wide receiver for the Green Bay Packers (1959–69) and Washington Redskins (1971)
- John Frullo, member of the Texas House of Representatives from Lubbock, was reared in Rock Springs prior to 1980. His father is the architect John L. Frullo.
- Paul Gosar, member of the United States House of Representatives representing Arizona's 4th congressional district
- Robert Holding, launched the first of the Little America Hotels west of Rock Springs in 1952
- Richard Honaker, a Rock Springs attorney and former Democratic member of the Wyoming House of Representatives; unsuccessful nominee for the U.S. District Court in Cheyenne
- Robert H. Johnson - state senator from Rock Springs, 1967 to 1978; practicing attorney, 1963 to 1996; managing editor and business manager of the Rock Springs Daily Rocket-Miner, 1948 to 1961
- Andrew Manatos, administrative Assistant for US Senate Liaison to Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. He was responsible for passing historic Civil Rights Bills and other major legislation through the Senate.
- Florabel Muir, former American syndicated newspaper columnist and reporter
- Abby Norman, Miss Wyoming USA winner in 2004, represented Wyoming in 2005 Miss USA pageant
- Charles E. Richardson, former publisher of the Daily Rocket-Miner
- Teno Roncalio, Democratic politician from Wyoming who served in the United States House of Representatives from 1965 to 1967 and again from 1971 until 1978
- Jack Snow, former wide receiver for the Los Angeles Rams (1965–1975).
- John Wendling, Wyoming native, former football player for the Buffalo Bills and current player for the Detroit Lions
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Sweetwater Events Complex Website
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?wy7840; http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?wy7845
- "Climatography of the United States NO.81" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
- "Monthly Averages for Rock Springs, WY". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 13, 2011.
- "Historical Decennial Census Population for Wyoming Counties, Cities, and Towns". Wyoming Department of State / U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-06-30.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rock Springs, Wyoming.|
- City of Rock Springs
- Rock Springs Photos (from Wyoming Tales and Trails)
- Rock Springs Daily Rocket-Miner
- Rock Springs Chamber of Commerce
- Community Fine Arts Center