Rock Springs, Wyoming

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Rock Springs, Wyoming
City
Old Village Hall, Downtown Rock Springs
Old Village Hall, Downtown Rock Springs
Location of Rock Springs, Wyoming
Location of Rock Springs, Wyoming
Coordinates: 41°35′27″N 109°13′21″W / 41.59083°N 109.22250°W / 41.59083; -109.22250Coordinates: 41°35′27″N 109°13′21″W / 41.59083°N 109.22250°W / 41.59083; -109.22250
Country United States
State Wyoming
County Sweetwater
Rock Springs 1888
Government
 • Mayor Carl Demshar
Area[1]
 • Total 19.34 sq mi (50.09 km2)
 • Land 19.34 sq mi (50.09 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 6,388 ft (1,947 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 23,036
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 24,047
 • Density 1,191.1/sq mi (459.9/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 82901, 82902, 82942
Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-67235 [4]
GNIS feature ID 1593588 [5]
Website rswy.net

Rock Springs is a city in Sweetwater County, Wyoming, United States. The population was 23,036 at the 2010 census. Rock Springs is the principal city of the Rock Springs micropolitan statistical area, which has a population of 37,975. Rock Springs is known as the Home of 56 Nationalities because of the influx of immigrants from all over the world who came to work in the coal mines that supplied the fuel to power the steam engines of the Union Pacific Railroad. The city's rich cultural heritage is celebrated each summer on International Day, a festival where the foods, costumes, and traditions of residents' ancestors are recreated and enjoyed at Bunning Park in downtown Rock Springs.

Rock Springs is the site of Western Wyoming Community College and Wyoming's Big Show, a yearly event with a carnival and concerts which is held at the Sweetwater County Events Complex.[6]

Rock Springs is located in an energy-rich region with many oil and natural gas wells.

History[edit]

One of the worst race riots in American history, known as the Rock Springs Massacre, occurred among miners working near Rock Springs on September 2, 1885.[7] There are still remains of the old coal mining towns outside of Rock Springs.

Rock Springs was featured on 60 Minutes in 1977 due to corruption within the Police Department and City Government.[8] The Grand Jury was called into session. The Sheriff, James Stark of Sweetwater County testified and no wrongdoing was ever found. A follow up was filmed 20 years later for the show City Confidential. The episode was named "Rock Springs: Deadly Draw in the Wild West".[9]

Geography[edit]

Rock Springs is located at 41°35′6.38″N 109°13′17.01″W / 41.5851056°N 109.2213917°W / 41.5851056; -109.2213917 (41.585106, -109.221392).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.34 square miles (50.09 km2), all of it land.[1]

The city is approximately 6759 feet (2060 m) above sea level.

Climate[edit]

Rock Springs has a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, snowy winters and warm summers. Precipitation is almost evenly spread throughout the year, with most months having between .50 inches (1.3 cm) and .60 inches (1.5 cm), but May is normally the wettest month with 1.20 inches (3.0 cm).

The average January temperatures are a maximum of 29.1 °F (−1.6 °C) and a minimum of 11.2 °F (−11.6 °C). The average July temperatures are a maximum of 83.4 °F (28.6 °C) and a minimum of 53.4 °F (11.9 °C). There an average of 6.4 days annually with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher. There are an average of 195.5 with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower and 14.3 days with lows of 0 °F (−18 °C) or lower. The record high temperature was 112 °F (44 °C) on May 17, 1902, and the record low temperature was −37 °F (−38 °C) on January 12, 1963.

The average annual precipitation is 8.73 inches (222 mm). There is an average of 75 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1973 with 13.29 in (338 mm) and the driest year was 1953 with 3.79 in (96 mm). The most rainfall in one month was 6.50 in (165 mm) in June 1899. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 3.50 in (89 mm) on June 12, 1899. The average snowfall is 43.6 inches (111 cm). The most snowfall in one year was 94.0 in (239 cm) in 1975. The most snowfall in one month was 22.5 in (57 cm) in October 1971.[11]

Climate data for Rock Springs
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 55
(13)
60
(16)
71
(22)
79
(26)
90
(32)
96
(36)
98
(37)
96
(36)
89
(32)
85
(29)
66
(19)
57
(14)
98
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 27.3
(−2.6)
31.6
(−0.2)
40.9
(4.9)
51.0
(10.6)
61.7
(16.5)
73.6
(23.1)
81.5
(27.5)
79.9
(26.6)
68.6
(20.3)
55.6
(13.1)
38.3
(3.5)
29.0
(−1.7)
53.25
(11.8)
Daily mean °F (°C) 19.0
(−7.2)
22.7
(−5.2)
31.6
(−0.2)
39.7
(4.3)
49.3
(9.6)
59.6
(15.3)
66.8
(19.3)
65.2
(18.4)
54.9
(12.7)
43.5
(6.4)
28.8
(−1.8)
20.2
(−6.6)
41.78
(5.42)
Average low °F (°C) 10.7
(−11.8)
13.8
(−10.1)
22.2
(−5.4)
28.4
(−2)
36.8
(2.7)
45.6
(7.6)
52.1
(11.2)
50.5
(10.3)
41.2
(5.1)
31.4
(−0.3)
19.3
(−7.1)
11.4
(−11.4)
30.28
(−0.93)
Record low °F (°C) −37
(−38)
−29
(−34)
−12
(−24)
2
(−17)
14
(−10)
26
(−3)
35
(2)
33
(1)
5
(−15)
3
(−16)
−13
(−25)
−29
(−34)
−37
(−38)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.61
(15.5)
0.52
(13.2)
0.78
(19.8)
1.02
(25.9)
1.36
(34.5)
0.68
(17.3)
0.93
(23.6)
0.58
(14.7)
0.87
(22.1)
0.87
(22.1)
0.63
(16)
0.61
(15.5)
9.46
(240.2)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [12]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records) [13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 40
1880 763 1,807.5%
1890 3,406 346.4%
1900 4,363 28.1%
1910 5,778 32.4%
1920 6,456 11.7%
1930 8,440 30.7%
1940 9,827 16.4%
1950 10,857 10.5%
1960 10,371 −4.5%
1970 11,657 12.4%
1980 19,458 66.9%
1990 19,050 −2.1%
2000 18,708 −1.8%
2010 23,036 23.1%
Est. 2012 24,047 4.4%
[14]

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census,[2] there were 23,036 people, 8,762 households and 5,849 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,191.1 inhabitants per square mile (459.9 /km2). There were 10,070 housing units at an average density of 520.7 per square mile (201.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.4% White, 1.4% African American, 0.8% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 7.5% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.4% of the population.

There were 8,762 households of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.2% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.07.

The median age in the city was 31.5 years. 26.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.4% were from 25 to 44; 24.6% were from 45 to 64; and 8.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 52.1% male and 47.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census[4], there were 18,708 people, 7,348 households and 4,930 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,014.4 per square mile (391.7/km2). There were 8,359 housing units at an average density of 453.3 per square mile (175.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.75% White, 1.07% African American, 0.86% Native American, 1.02% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.05% from other races, and 2.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.96% of the population.

There were 7,348 households of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.02.

27.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males.

The median household income was $42,584 and the median family income was $51,541. Males had a median income of $44,809 vcompared with $22,609 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,396. About 6.4% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Rock Springs Coal sign
Western Wyoming Community College, December 2007
Rock Springs Coal sign looking into downtown

Public education in the city of Rock Springs is provided by Sweetwater County School District #1. Schools serving the city include: Desert View Elementary, Lincoln Elementary, Northpark Elementary, Overland Elementary, Pilot Butte Elementary, Sage Elementary, Walnut Elementary, Westridge Elementary, Eastside Elementary, Rock Springs Junior High School, and Rock Springs High School. There are also two alternative campus's – Independence High School and Roosevelt High School.

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Interstate Highways:

I-80.svg I-80

  • East-West Interstate running from California to New York. Intersects US 191 northeast of Rock Springs.

US Routes:

US 30.svg US 30 (Dewar Drive)

  • East-West route through Rock Springs and business route

US 191.svg US 191

  • North-South through Rock Springs that intersects I-80

Wyoming State Highways:

WY-370.svg WYO 370 (Baxter Road/Airport Road)

  • From Interstate 80 and U.S. 30 Exit 111 southeast to the Rock Springs Regional Airport. Signed only as "Airport Road" from the Interstate, with one sign indicating "Baxter Road".

WY-376.svg WYO 376 (Circumferential Highway/Rock Springs Beltway)

  • Belt route around Rock Springs, splitting from and then meeting again with Business I-80 through Rock Springs

WY-430.svg WYO 430 (Hampshire Street Parkway)

  • Stretch of road running south to the Colorado-Wyoming State Line near Hiawatha Camp, Colorado. The route continues south as an unimproved highway all the way to Colorado 318 near Dinosaur National Monument.

Airports[edit]

Rock Springs is served by Rock Springs-Sweetwater County Airport.

Railroads[edit]

Union Pacific serves Rock Springs.

Sister cities[edit]

Rock Springs' sister cities are:

Media[edit]

Hyperlocal website[edit]

Rock Springs is served by hyperlocal news website Wyo4News.com, which publishes daily news updates, local advertising, business directory listings and obituaries.

Print[edit]

Rock Springs is served by four print publications: Rock Springs Daily Rocket-Miner, The Mustang Express (formerly The Oracle - Western Wyoming Community College newspaper), The Marquee (a media and entertainment supplement published in the Rocket-Miner), The Green River Star (a weekly newspaper published in Green River) and The Sweetwater County Guide (a weekly shopper's guide published by The Green River Star).

Radio[edit]

Rock Springs is served by a number of radio stations including KRKK, KSIT, KQSW, KMRZ, KYCS, KZWB, KFRZ and KUGR.

Television[edit]

All television stations in Rock Springs are translators or satellites of stations located elsewhere:

Channel Callsign Network Notes
13 KGWR-TV CBS Satellite of KGWC-TV, Casper, Wyoming
26 K26DK Independent relay of KJZZ-TV, Salt Lake City
28 K28JU-D PBS relay of Wyoming PBS
45 K45IA The CW relay of KUCW, Salt Lake City

The Sweetwater Cable TV Company is the local cable television franchise serving Rock Springs; the system offers KGWC, Wyoming PBS and ABC affiliate KTWO-TV from Casper, plus most major stations from Salt Lake City. There are a couple of local Public-access television cable TV stations as well.

Entertainment[edit]

Every year during July, August, and September the city holds a county fair called Wyoming's Big Show. The event includes theme park rides, booths, restaurants and live entertainment. Rodeos have been a staple of the fair and famous performers are sometimes a part of the entertainment.

Rock Springs also hosts several festivals throughout the year, including the International Festival (to honor the city's nickname), the Blues and Brews Festival, the Wyoming Chocolate Festival and the Rod and Rails Festival.[15]

Rock Springs is also known as the "City Where Dreams are Made".

In popular culture[edit]

Rock Springs is mentioned in the song "Coalminer" by O.A.R.. The song appears on the band's album, In Between Now and Then.

Rock Springs is also in the opening line of the song "Sad Songs And Waltzes Revisited" by Mary Cutrufello. The song appears on the album Who To Love And When To Leave.

Parts of the television show Ringer are set in Rock Springs.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]