List of rock formations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Rock formation)
Jump to: navigation, search
For processes by which rocks are formed, see Formation of rocks. For the lithostratigraphic term 'formation', see Lithostratigraphy.
Raouché or Pigeons' Rock in Beirut, Lebanon
View of Meteora, Greece
Rock formations in Ongamira Valley, Sierras de Córdoba, Argentina
"Jaws", an erosional fin in Little Finland, Nevada, USA
"Hajdučka vrata" on Čvrsnica, Herzegovina

This is a list of rock formations that include isolated, scenic, or spectacular surface rock outcrops. These formations are usually the result of weathering and erosion sculpting the existing rock. The term 'rock formation' can also refer to specific sedimentary strata or other rock unit in stratigraphic and petrologic studies.

A rock structure can be created in any rock type or combination:

  • Sedimentary rocks are created by a variety of processes but usually involving deposition, grain by grain, layer by layer, in water or, in the case of terrestrial sediments, on land through the action of wind or sometimes moving ice. Erosion later exposes them in their current form. An example is Bryce Canyon National Park in Utah.
  • Metamorphic rocks are created by rocks that have been transformed into another kind of rock, usually by some combination of heat, pressure and chemical alteration. An example are the Seneca Rocks in West Virginia.
  • Igneous rocks are created when molten rock cools and solidifies, with or without crystallization. They may be either plutonic bodies or volcanic extrusives. Again, erosive forces sculpt their current forms. An example is Half Dome in Yosemite National Park.

Geologists have created a number of terms to describe different rock structures in the landscape that can be formed by natural processes:

Asia[edit]

A replica of Long Ya Men (Dragon's Teeth Gate), Singapore.
Candle Rock (Yoichi, Hokkaidō, Japan).
Sunken formations of the Yonaguni Monument
Paşabağı, Cappadocia/Turkey.

Armenia[edit]

China[edit]

Jordan[edit]

India[edit]

Iran[edit]

  • Kuh-E-Namak, Iran
  • Elemite Rock, Fars, Iran
  • Mahneshan, Zanjan, Iran

Israel[edit]

Japan[edit]

Lebanon[edit]

Mongolia[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Yemen[edit]

  • Wadi Dhar, Yemen
  • Bani Al Harit, Saana, Yemen

Other countries[edit]

Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

  • Tamanrasset
  • Tassili Mountains

Angola[edit]

  • Benguela Province
  • Iona, Tombwa

Burkina Faso[edit]

Domes de Fabedougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Doumes de Fabedougou
  • Pic du Sindou

Cameroon[edit]

  • Kola Gorge

Egypt[edit]

  • Khaboba
  • Thebes
  • Esna shale
  • Nubian sand stone

Eritrea[edit]

  • Decemhare

Kenya[edit]

Libya[edit]

  • Akakus Mountains

Green Mountain

Madagascar[edit]

Malawi[edit]

  • Makuzi Beach, Chintheche yui

Mali[edit]

  • Massif des Aguilles de Garmi

Mauritania[edit]

Morocco[edit]

  • Siroua Mountains
  • Tafraoute

Namibia[edit]

  • Bogenfels
  • Vingerklip, Damaraland
  • Waterberg Plateau

Niger[edit]

  • Geuzzam

Nigeria[edit]

Seychelles[edit]

  • Anse Source d'Argent, La Digue

South Africa[edit]

Sudan[edit]

  • Burget Tuyur, Selima

Tunisia[edit]

  • Chebika Rock
  • Tamazrat

Zimbabwe[edit]

  • Domboshava Rocks
  • Maleme Dam, Matobos
  • Motombo Rock Formations

North America[edit]

United States of America[edit]

Canada[edit]

Caribbean[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Central America[edit]

South America[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Bolivia[edit]

  • Dali's Desert, Potosi
  • Valle de Las Rocas, Uyuni
  • Canon de Duene

Brazil[edit]

Chile[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

Falkland Islands[edit]

Paraguay[edit]

Peru[edit]

Uruguay[edit]

Venezuela[edit]

Europe[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Belogradchick Rocks and the fortress, Bulgaria

Croatia[edit]

Bijele stijene (White Rocks) and Samarske stijene (Samar Rocks), Velika Kapela, Croatia

Czech Republic[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Estonia[edit]

Finland[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Greece[edit]

Gibraltar[edit]

The iconic Rock of Gibraltar

Bailiwick of Guernsey[edit]

Iceland[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Latvia[edit]

  • Vidzeme
  • Pusena Kalns, Bartava

Malta[edit]

Isle of Man[edit]

Norway[edit]

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

  • Ponta da Piedade, Lagos, Algarve
  • Albufeira
  • Porto Moniz, Madeira
  • Ponta de Sao Lourenco, Madeira

Romania[edit]

Russia[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

Gotická brána, Sulov rocks / Slovakia

Ukraine[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Uluru, Australia

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

Mount Augustus, Australia

New Zealand[edit]

Castle Hill, New Zealand

Other countries[edit]

Talava arches, Niue

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Olumo Rock website
  2. ^ "Escalando el Gunko de Boquete" (in Spanish). El Chiricano. 2007-06-04. 
  3. ^ Babacai Rock, Wikimapia/www.banaterra.eu
  4. ^ Красноярские Столбы
  5. ^ The Djavolja Varos (Devil's Town) Natural Landmark, UNESCO World Heritage
  6. ^ "Vodopad Prskalo" (in Serbian). FreeBiking.org. 

External links[edit]