Rock the Vote

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Rock the Vote
Rock the Vote logo.png
Founded 1990, Los Angeles, California, United States
Area served United States
Focus(es) Youth voting, voter registration
Method(s) Online mobilization, field organizing, entertainment community

Rock the Vote is a nonpartisan nonprofit organization in the United States whose mission is to engage and build the political power of young people.[1]

Rock the Vote uses their Democracy Class program along with music, popular culture and new technologies to engage and incite young people to register and vote in every U.S. election. They claim to give young people the tools to identify, learn about, and take action on the issues that affect their lives, and leverage their power in the political process.[2]

The Canadian Rock The Vote organization,, is also a non-profit youth organization founded in 1974 by Nat Zavier in Toronto, Canada.


1990 Rock the Vote was founded by Virgin Records executive Jeff Ayeroff with the help of Steve Barr, a campaign worker and political fundraiser.

1992: Election polls that year showed a 20% increase in youth turnout over the prior Presidential election, ending 20 years of declining youth participation.

1993: President Bill Clinton signed the National Voter Registration Act of 1993, commonly referred to as the "motor voter" bill, which expanded access to voter registration. The legislation was strongly supported by Rock the Vote through celebrity advocacy and public education.

1996: Rock the Vote created the first[citation needed] telephone voter registration system, 1-800-REGISTER (later creating 1-800-ROCK-VOTE) to provide information regarding local elections offices and how to find the appropriate polling place or request an absentee ballot. In conjunction with MCI, they also created the first online voter registration system, called NetVote ’96. All in all, Rock the Vote registered over 500,000 new voters through radio partners, volunteers, concert tours, MTV’s Choose or Lose bus, 1-800-REGISTER, and NetVote ’96.

2000: Rock the Vote sponsored a 25-city summer bus tour featuring free entertainment and promoting local community activists at each stop.

2003: With CNN, Rock the Vote organized "America Rocks the Vote," a Democratic Presidential Candidates Forum at Faneuil Hall in Boston in November.

2004: More than 1.2 million young people used the Rock the Vote website to register to vote. More than 15,000 Rock the Vote volunteers and local partners registered an additional 200,000 voters. Partnering with VoterCall, Rock the Vote made hundreds of thousands of get out the vote (GOTV) contacts to young people who registered through the Rock the Vote website. Rock the Vote also launched, with Motorola, one of the first[citation needed] large-scale mobile phone political engagement projects; more than 118,000 people signed up to get information on their mobile devices.

The group focused on health care issues, encouraging politicians to close the gap in health care availability. During the 2004 presidential election the group drew criticism from Republican Party officials such as RNC chairman Ed Gillespie for sending a mock draft notice to over 600,000 e-mail addresses. The message included the words "Selective Service System" and read "You are hereby ordered for induction into the Armed Forces of the United States, and to report to a polling place near you" on November 2 (Election Day). The Rock the Vote logo and a facsimile of Secretary Donald Rumsfeld's signature appeared at the bottom of the message. In addition, Rock the Vote created public service announcements featuring the subject of the draft.

In a letter to Rock the Vote president Jehmu Greene, Ed Gillespie accused Rock the Vote of "promoting a false and misleading campaign designed to scare America's youth into believing that they may be drafted to serve in the military." Gillespie also claimed that the "urban myth regarding a draft" had been "thoroughly debunked" by President Bush, Vice President Dick Cheney and Rumsfeld, Gillespie wrote: "This is the sort of malicious political deception that is likely to increase voter cynicism and in fact decrease the youth vote, as well as raising [sic] serious legal issues regarding the political motivations of your efforts."[3] Rock the Vote replied by pointing out that General Jack Keane, former Vice Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army, "says the continued success of the all-volunteer military is not guaranteed." Keane has told Congress that adding more than 50,000 troops to the Army would require thinking about a return to the draft",[4] and saying her organization wanted an "educated dialogue".

According to the Los Angeles Times, Rock the Vote experienced financial problems in the aftermath of the 2004 election. It emerged from the election $700,000 in debt, and its president resigned in the summer of 2005 "amid disagreements about the organization's direction."[5] Working with founder Jeff Ayeroff, political director Hans Riemer led the effort to rebuild for the 2007-2008 presidential cycle before leaving the organization to become the youth director for Senator Barack Obama's Presidential Campaign.

2007 Integration with Young Voter Strategies[edit]

In 2007, Rock the Vote combined operations with Young Voter Strategies (YVS). Originally a project of The Graduate School of Political Management at the George Washington University, Young Voter Strategies was considered the leading source for opinion polling, tactical research, and demographic analysis of young voters, working to mobilize the 18-to-29-year-old electorate and educate the public, candidates, and consultants on ways to engage young voters.

2008 Election[edit]

In 2008, RTV ran the largest[citation needed] nonpartisan voter registration drive in history. Using a combination of online, mobile and grassroots outreach, RTV generated more than 2.25 million voter registration applications and fueled a third consecutive increase in young voter turnout. Voter registration, education and engagement efforts included:

  • Live candidate forums with young people organized in Florida and North Carolina.
  • A 16-state bus tour (the Road Trip) involving 23 artists promoting registration, education, and early voting. The tour made at least 2 stops each day at campuses and communities, from rallies at Virginia Union to early vote caravans with Bow Wow at Cleveland State University. In its wake, the Road Trip left behind trained volunteers who continued the efforts.[6]
  • 6,200 active volunteers and 700 community street teams on the ground ran Do-It-Yourself campaigns nationwide, organizing registration, early vote, and Election Day events.

RTV raised awareness, provided education on the process, and motivated young people to vote through multiple Public Service (PSA) ad campaigns:


As of 2007, Heather Smith has served as Rock the Vote's President.[7] In 2008, Smith led Rock the Vote to achieve its highest voter registration numbers in the organization's 20-year history - 2.2 million individuals used Rock the Vote's tools to register to vote. During the election season, Rock the Vote ran the largest non-partisan voter registration campaign in history[citation needed] that saw 22 million young voters cast a ballot. Smith appeared on NBC News, the Today Show, FOX News, CNN, NPR, BBC and other major news outlets in the US and around the world.

Prior to taking over Rock the Vote, Smith founded and directed Young Voter Strategies, a nonpartisan project in partnership with the Graduate School of Political Management at the George Washington University with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts. Young Voter Strategies provided the public, parties, candidates, consultants and nonprofits with data and research on the youth vote as well as best practices to effectively mobilize young people. In 2006, Smith and Young Voter Strategies coordinated the nation's largest[citation needed] non-partisan project to register young voters using innovative and replicable methods of voter outreach. The project registered over 540,000 youth ages 18–30 and played a large role[citation needed] in the young voter turnout increase in 2006.

In 2004, Smith served as national field director for the Student PIRGs New Voters Project, the largest nonpartisan grassroots effort ever undertaken[citation needed] to register and mobilize young voters. Across the country, the New Voters Project, under Smith's direction, registered nearly 600,000 voters and conducted an intensive, multi-faceted get-out-the-vote effort to bring these newly registered voters to the polls on Election Day. Youth turnout was 11 percentage points higher than in 2000.

Prior to her work at the New Voters Project, Smith was an organizing director for Green Corps' Field School for Environmental Organizing in Boston. Smith received a B.A. with honors in economics and public policy from Duke University. In 2006, Smith was named one of Campaign & Elections magazine's Rising Stars for her work with young voters. She has also been named one of Esquire Magazine's Best and Brightest of 2007.[8]

Celebrity spokespeople[edit]

This is a partial list of celebrities who have appeared in public service announcements for Rock the Vote.


External links[edit]