Rockaway, New Jersey

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Rockaway, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Rockaway
Rockaway highlighted in Morris County. Inset map: Morris County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Rockaway highlighted in Morris County. Inset map: Morris County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Rockaway, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Rockaway, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°53′45″N 74°31′03″W / 40.895786°N 74.517431°W / 40.895786; -74.517431Coordinates: 40°53′45″N 74°31′03″W / 40.895786°N 74.517431°W / 40.895786; -74.517431[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Morris
Incorporated June 19, 1894
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Russell Greuter (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Clerk Sheila Seifert[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 2.119 sq mi (5.488 km2)
 • Land 2.072 sq mi (5.367 km2)
 • Water 0.047 sq mi (0.121 km2)  2.20%
Area rank 400th of 566 in state
34th of 39 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 538 ft (164 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 6,438
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 6,504
 • Rank 332nd of 566 in state
27th of 39 in county[11]
 • Density 3,106.7/sq mi (1,199.5/km2)
 • Density rank 209th of 566 in state
9th of 39 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07866[12][13]
Area code(s) 973[14]
FIPS code 3402764050[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885374[1][17]
Website www.rockawayborough.com

Rockaway is a borough in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 6,438,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 35 (-0.5%) from the 6,473 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 230 (+3.7%) from the 6,243 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Rockaway was formed as a borough on June 19, 1894, from portions of Rockaway Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day.[19]

Geography[edit]

Rockaway Borough is located at 40°53′45″N 74°31′03″W / 40.895786°N 74.517431°W / 40.895786; -74.517431 (40.895786,-74.517431). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.119 square miles (5.488 km2), of which, 2.072 square miles (5.367 km2) of it was land and 0.047 square miles (0.121 km2) of it (2.20%) of it was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,483
1910 1,902 28.3%
1920 2,655 39.6%
1930 3,132 18.0%
1940 3,514 12.2%
1950 3,812 8.5%
1960 5,413 42.0%
1970 6,383 17.9%
1980 6,852 7.3%
1990 6,243 −8.9%
2000 6,473 3.7%
2010 6,438 −0.5%
Est. 2013 6,504 [10][20] 1.0%
Population sources: 1900-1920[21]
1900-1910[22] 1910-1930[23]
1930-1990[24] 2000[25][26] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,438 people, 2,443 households, and 1,656 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,106.7 per square mile (1,199.5/km2). There were 2,521 housing units at an average density of 1,216.5 per square mile (469.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 82.79% (5,330) White, 3.22% (207) Black or African American, 0.14% (9) Native American, 7.66% (493) Asian, 0.06% (4) Pacific Islander, 4.05% (261) from other races, and 2.08% (134) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 15.07% (970) of the population.[7]

There were 2,443 households, of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.20.[7]

In the borough, 22.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.7 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $77,861 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,631) and the median family income was $108,776 (+/- $9,129). Males had a median income of $57,770 (+/- $13,090) versus $37,868 (+/- $9,230) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,636 (+/- $4,186). About 6.3% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 1.6% of those age 65 or over.[27]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 6,473 people, 2,445 households, and 1,709 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,098.9 people per square mile (1,195.8/km2). There were 2,491 housing units at an average density of 1,192.5 per square mile (460.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 87.75% White, 1.41% African American, 0.20% Native American, 6.36% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.98% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.39% of the population.[25][26]

There were 2,445 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.16.[25][26]

In the borough the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.[25][26]

The median income for a household in the borough was $61,002, and the median income for a family was $66,997. Males had a median income of $44,673 versus $35,956 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,500. About 3.0% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.[25][26]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Rockaway is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] The Borough form of government used by Rockaway, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[28]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Rockaway is Russell Greuter (R, term ends December 31, 2015). Rockaway Borough Council Members are Council President Melissa Burnside (R, term ends December 31, 2016), Robert Smith(R, 2016), Joyce Kanigel (R, 2014), Thomas Mulligan (R, 2014), Joseph A. Vicente (R, 2015) and John "Jay" L. Willer (R, 2015).[29][30]

Federal, state, and county representation[edit]

Rockaway Borough is located in the 11th Congressional District[31] and is part of New Jersey's 25th state legislative district.[8][32][33]

New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township).[34] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[35][36] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[37][38]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 25th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Anthony Bucco (R, Boonton Town) and in the General Assembly by Tony Bucco (R, Boonton Township) and Michael Patrick Carroll (R, Morris Township).[39][40] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[41] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[42]

Morris County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. The Freeholder Board sets policies for the operation of six super-departments, more than 30 divisions plus authorities, commissions, boards and study committees.[43] Actual day-to-day operation of departments is supervised by County Administrator, John Bonanni.[44] As of 2014, Morris County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Thomas Mastrangelo (Montville, term ends December 31, 2016),[45] Deputy Freeholder Director David Scapicchio (Mount Olive Township, 2015),[46] Douglas Cabana (Boonton Township, 2016),[47] John Cesaro (Parsippany-Troy Hills Township, 2015),[48] Kathryn A. DeFillippo (Roxbury Township, 2016),[49] John Krickus (Washington Township, 2015)[50] and William "Hank" Lyon (Montville, 2014).[51][44][52] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Ann F. Grossi (Parsippany-Troy Hills Township, 2018),[53] Sheriff Edward V. Rochford (Morris Plains, 2016)[54] and Surrogate John Pecoraro (Mendham Borough, 2014).[44][55]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,911 registered voters in Rockaway, of which 838 (21.4%) were registered as Democrats, 1,359 (34.7%) were registered as Republicans and 1,710 (43.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.[56]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 51.2% of the vote here (1,464 cast), while Democrat Barack Obama received 47.6% (1,362 votes) and other candidates collected 1.2% (34 votes), among the 2,872 ballots cast by the borough's 4,103 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.0%.[57] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 53.0% of the vote here (1,625 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 45.3% (1,388 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (28 votes), among the 3,067 ballots cast by the borough's 4,007 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.5%.[58] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 58.6% of the vote here (1,715 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 40.3% (1,180 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (24 votes), among the 2,926 ballots cast by the borough's 3,938 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 74.3%.[59]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 59.9% of the vote here (1,188 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 28.9% (573 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.4% (167 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (26 votes), among the 1,984 ballots cast by the borough's 3,962 registered voters, yielding a 50.1% turnout.[60]

Education[edit]

The Rockaway Borough Public Schools serve students in Pre-Kindergarten through Eighth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[61]) are Lincoln Elementary School[62] for grades K - 3 (292 students) and Thomas Jefferson Middle School[63] for grades 4 - 8 (367 students).[64][65]

Public school students in grades 9 - 12 attend either Morris Hills High School (those mostly north of Route 46) or Morris Knolls High School (mostly south of Route 46). Morris Hills (located in Rockaway Borough, with 1,125 students as of 2010-11) also serves students from Wharton and some from Rockaway Township (the White Meadow Lake section and other southern portions of the township); Morris Knolls (located in Denville, with 1,744 students) serves all students from Denville and most of Rockaway Township (with the exception of White Meadow Lake and other areas in the southern part of the township).[66][67] The The Academy for Mathematics, Science, and Engineering, a magnet high school program that is part of the Morris County Vocational School District is jointly operated on the Morris Hills campus.[68] The two high schools are part of the Morris Hills Regional High School District.[69]

Sacred Heart School[70] and Saint Cecelia School[71] are Catholic schools operated under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson.[72]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 25.88 miles (41.65 km) of roadways, of which 20.16 miles (32.44 km) were maintained by the municipality, 3.53 miles (5.68 km) by Morris County and 2.19 miles (3.52 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[73]

U.S. Route 46 passes through the southern end of the borough. Interstate 80 is accessible in the northeast corner of the Borough.

Public transportation[edit]

Lakeland Bus Lines offers bus service along Main Street to the New York City Port Authority Bus Terminal. New Jersey Transit train service does not stop in the borough, but is accessible at the Denville (NJT station). NJ Transit offers local bus service on the MCM10 route.[74] NJ Transit also offers the 880 route.[75]

In pop culture[edit]

Many scenes (the train tracks, Main Street and The Old Mill Tavern) from the 2003 movie, The Station Agent, were filmed in Rockaway.

The band Houston Calls had its start here.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Rockaway include:

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Rockaway has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[81]

References[edit]

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  4. ^ Borough Phone List, Borough of Rockaway. Accessed December 22, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 116.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Rockaway, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Rockaway borough, Morris County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 22, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 12. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  68. ^ Home page, Morris Hils High School. Accessed June 3, 2013. "Morris Hills is home to the Academy of Mathematics, Science and Engineering, a partnership with Morris County School of Technology."
  69. ^ Morris Hills Regional High School District 2013 School Report Card, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 29, 2013. "Our schools’ success is directly attributed to the support we receive from the residents of Denville, Rockaway Borough, Rockaway Township and Wharton – people who care about their children and who value education."
  70. ^ About Us, Sacred Heart School. Accessed August 29, 2013.
  71. ^ Our School, Saint Cecilia School. Accessed August 29, 2013.
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  81. ^ Climate Summary for Rockaway, New Jersey

External links[edit]