The Rockaway Freeway is a road in the New York Cityborough of Queens, that was created from the old right-of-way of the Long Island Rail RoadRockaway Division in 1941–1942 as part of the project to eliminate grade crossings within New York City. The railroad line itself was elevated over the new automotive route, and was incorporated into the New York City Subway system as the IND Rockaway Line (A train) in the summer of 1956. Because of the large number of concrete posts supporting the elevated subway, the Freeway has consistently been hazardous for drivers. However, one stretch of the Freeway between Beach 73rd Street and Beach 87th Street in Hammels is difficult for drivers going in an easterly or westerly direction to avoid without going out of their way. A portion of the road, between Beach 67th Street and Beach 73rd Street, was closed permanently in 2005 to make way for a retail transit plaza in connection with the new Arverne-by-the-Sea construction development.