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Rockchip is a series of SoC (System on Chip) integrated circuits manufactured by Fuzhou Rockchip Electronics company. These integrated circuits are mainly for embedded systems applications in mobile entertainment devices such as smartphones, tablets, e-books, set-top boxes, media players, personal video and MP3 players. Due to their evolution from the MP3/MP4 player market most Rockchip ICs feature advanced media decoding logic but lack integrated cellular radio basebands.

Rockchip is an ARM licensee and uses the ARM architecture for the majority of its projects.[1]


Tronsmart MK908, a Rockchip-based quad-core Android "mini PC", with a microSD card next to it for a size comparison.

Early Products[edit]

RK26xx series - Released 2006.

RK27xx series - Rockchip was first known for their RK 27xx series that was very efficient at MP3/MP4 decoding and was integrated in many low-cost PMP products.

RK28xx series[edit]

RK2806[2] - The RK2806 is targeted at PMPs

  • ARM926EJC 600 MHz CPU + DSP Core
  • SD, DDR RAM support
  • Up to 1280×720 h.263 and h.264 software video acceleration.
  • RTOS support

RK2808A[3] - This device is an ARM926EJ-S derivative. Along with the ARM core a DSP coprocessor is included.[4] The native clock speed is 560 MHz. ARM rates the performance of the ARM926EJ-S at 1.1 DMIPS/MHz the performance of the Rockchip 2808 when executing ARM instructions is therefore 660 DMIPS roughly 26% the speed of Apple's A4 processor. The DSP coprocessor can support the real-time decoding of 720p video files at bitrates of up to 2.5 Mbit/s. This chip is the core of many Android and Windows Mobile mobile internet devices.

RK2816[5] - The RK2816 is targeted at PMP devices, and MIDs. It has the same specifications as the RK2806 but also includes HDMI output, Android support, and up to 720p Hardware video acceleration.

RK2818[6] - The RK2818 is targeted at MID and Smart Phone devices

  • ARM9 core + DSP clocked at up to 640 MHz
  • Wifi, 3G, GPS
  • Accelerometer
  • Up to 1024×768 display support
  • DDR and DDR2 RAM support, up to 4 GB
  • Up to 720p hardware video acceleration for h.264
  • Arteris FlexNoc interconnect technology
  • RTOS and Android

RK29xx series[edit]

The Rockchip RK291x is a family of SoCs based on the ARM Cortex-A8 CPU core. They were presented for the first time at CES 2011. The RK2x uses Single core SoC's based on Cortex A9 and was introduced in 2012.

RK2918 was the first chip to decode Google WebM VP8 in hardware. It uses a dynamically configurable companion core to process various codecs. It encodes and decodes h.264 at 1080p, and can decode many standard video formats including Xvid, H263, AVS, MPEG4, RV, and WMV. The Vivante GC800 GPU is compatible with OpenGL ES 2.0 and OpenVG. The RK2918 is compatible with Android Froyo (2.2), Gingerbread(2.3), HoneyComb (3.x) and Ice Cream Sandwich (4.0).[7] (Unofficial support for Ubuntu and other Linux flavours exists.)

  • Cortex-A8 processor, clocked at up to 1.2 GHz (due to stability reasons often limited to 1 GHz)
  • NEON SIMD support
  • Vivante GC800 GPU supporting Open GL ES 2.0 and Open VG 1.1 support
  • VPU (Video Processing Unit) supporting 1080p image and video decoding for h.264, Xvid, H263, AVS, MPEG4, RV, and WMV
  • DDR, DDR2, DDR3 RAM support
  • HDMI 1.2 Interface
  • USB 1.1 Host, USB 2.0 Host and USB 2.0 Device Interface
  • SD/MMC Interface* Adobe Flash Player 10.1

The RK2906 is basically a RK2918 but the costdown version (with HDMI output).

The Rockchip RK2928 contains a single core ARM Cortex A9 running at speeds of 1 GHz or 1.2 GHz, It replaces the Vivante GC800 GPU of the older RK291x series with an ARM Mali-400 GPU. Ampe-A73

RK30xx series[edit]

The Rockchip RK30xx series use a dual core ARM Cortex-A9 CPU core.

The RK3066 is a high performance Cortex A9 Dual Core mobile processor similar to the Samsung Exynos 4 Dual Core chip. In terms of performance, the RK3066 is between the Samsung Exynos 4210 and the Samsung Exynos 4212.[8][9][10][11]

  • 40 nm
  • Dual-core Cortex-A9 processor (ARMv7 architecture) clocked up to 1.6 GHz
  • NEON SIMD support
  • Quad core Mali 400, clocked at 250 MHz supporting Open GL ES 2.0, Open VG 1.1 support, 9 GFLOPS
  • VPU (Video Processing Unit) Multi-Media Processor supporting 1080p image and video decoding
  • DDR, DDR2, DDR3 support, up to 2 GB
  • HDMI 1.4 Interface
  • 2-channels TFT LCD Interface with 5 layers and 3D Display (1920×1080 Maximum Display Size)
  • USB 2.0 Interface
  • SD/MMC Interface

RK31xx series[edit]

Rockchip has announced the RK31xx series for 2nd quarter of 2013. The RK3188 is based on ARM's Cortex A9 design and features a quad core CPU clocked up to 1.6 GHz frequency on a 28 nm process.[12]

  • Quad-core ARM Cortex-A9, up to 1.6GHz
  • Mali-400MP4 GPU, up to 600 MHz supporting OPENGL ES1.1+2.0, OPEN VG1.1
  • DDR3, DDR3L, LPDDR2 support
  • Dual-panel display up to 2048x1536 resolution[13]

In April 2013, Rockchip showed the RK3168, a very low power dual core Cortex A9 based CPU, also manufactured using the 28 nm process.[14]

RK32xx series[edit]

Rockchip has announced the RK32xx series for the second quarter of 2014. It will feature an ARM Cortex-A12 CPU and ARM Mali-T760MP4 GPU.

  • Quad-core ARM Cortex-A12, up to 1.8GHz
  • Quad-core Mali-T760 GPU, up to 1.8 GHz supporting OPENGL ES1.1,2.0+3.0, OPENCL1.1
  • Supports 4Kx2K H.265 resolution

List of Rockchip SoC[edit]

Model Number Semiconductor technology CPU Instruction Set CPU GPU Memory Technology Availability Utilizing Devices
RK2601 180 nm 2006
RK2606 180 nm SDRAM
RK2616 300 MHz
RK2618 300 MHz SDRAM
RK2619 640 MHz SDRAM
RK2706 ARMv5TEJ ARM7EJ 2007
RK2718 ARMv5 320 MHz Single-core ARM9
RK2738 ARMv5  600 MHz Single-core ARM9 SDRAM 2010 TouchMe,[15]
RK2806 ARMv5 TEJ 600 MHz Single-core ARM9 SDRAM, DDR RAM support 2009
RK2808 ARMv5 TEJ Single-core ARM9 2009
RK2808A ARMv5 TEJ 560 MHz Single-core ARM9 DDR and DDR2 RAM support, up to 1 GB 2009 Yifang M5
RK2816 ARMv5 TEJ 560 MHz Single-core ARM9 DDR and DDR2 RAM support
RK2818 ARMv5 TEJ 640 MHz Single-core ARM9 DDR and DDR2 RAM support, up to 4 GB Craig CMP-738a, Benss X638, ACHO C901, Yifang M7
RK2918 55 nm ARMv7-A 1.0 To 1.2 GHz Single-core ARM Cortex-A8 Vivante GC800 DDR, DDR2, DDR3 RAM support 2011 Cube U9GT2, CUBE U15GT, Teclast A15, Wopad i8, list of Jelly Bean upgradeable RK2918 tablets [16] Videocon VT71,[17] Innovel I703W, Odys Neo X7 / X8
RK2926 Avoca 7″ Tablet STB7012[18]
RK2928 40 nm ARMv7-A Up To 1.2 GHz Single-core ARM Cortex-A9 Mali-400 MP (330 MHz) DDR3, DDR3L RAM support 2012 Cube U25GT, Double Power(Dopo) M-975, Touchmate TM-MID720, Denver TAC-70072
RK3026 ARMv7-A Up to 1.0 GHz Dual-core ARM Cortex-A9 Mali-400 MP (Dual core) DDR3, DDR3L RAM support Dec 2013 Blow WhiteTAB 7.2 Multimedia tablet, Odys Bravio
RK3066 40 nm ARMv7-A Up to 1.6 GHz Dual-core ARM Cortex-A9 Mali-400 MP (Quad core, 250 MHz) LPDDR2, DDR3, DDR3L support, up to 2 GB 2012 Monster M7 tablet, HP Slate 7,Inar إينار, i.onik TP 10.1-1500DC-KB, Colorovo CityTab Vision 10.1", Teclast P76e Dual-core, Teclast P76t, Teclast P98, Teclast P85, Window (YuanDao) N70S, Window (YuanDao) N101 I, Cube U9GT3, Cube U9GT4, Cube U21GT, PIPO S2, Cube U30GT, Cube U9GT V, Cube U18GT Elite Dual Core, BlueBerry NetCat M-12, CHUWI V8 Dual-core, CHUWI V99, Aoson M11, Pipo S1, Ployer Momo7 IPS, Ployer Momo8, Ployer Momo11, Ployer Momo12, FNF ifive X, FNF ifive mini, Prestigio 7.0 Pro Duo (5570C), Probox2 Ultimate, Minix Neo G4, Minix Neo X5, Minix Neo X5 mini, Minix Neo X3,[19] ICOO D70PROII, Ampe A78, Imito MX1, Imito MX2, Rikomagic MK802 III, Rikomagic MK802 IIIs, Tronsmart MK808, Tronsmart MK808B, JMI Tab T970, Joyplus DR-7, Cozyswan MK809, Cozyswan MK809 II, Ugoos UG802, Ugoos UG802II, Ugoos UG007, Ugoos UG008,[20] Measy U2A,[21] Measy U2C,[22] iBall Slide i9702, Kilwa V73,[23] Tomato V8,[24] Innovel I801B, DNS AirTab M76r, Danew Dslide972, Noblex NB8012,[25] (Nexoc) Captiva Pad 10.1, Hisense Sero 7 LT,[26] teXet TM-7047HD, teXet TM-9747, teXet TM-9747BT, teXet TM-9748
RK3168 28 nm HKMG ARMv7-A Up to 1.2 GHz Dual-core ARM Cortex-A9 PowerVR SGX 540 (400 MHz) LPDDR2, DDR3, DDR3L support 2013 RCA RCT6378W2,[27]
RK3188 28 nm HKMG ARMv7-A Up to 1.6 GHz Quad-core ARM Cortex-A9 Mali-400 MP4 (Quad core, 533 MHz) LPDDR2, DDR3, DDR3L support, up to 2 GB 2013 Minix Neo X7/Neo X7 mini,[28][29] GoTab GTQ97,[30] Cube Pea II,[31] Cube U30GT2,[32] CloudnetGo CR9,[33] iMito QX1,[34] PIPO M8pro,[35] PIPO M9, PIPO M7 PRO, Rikomagic MK802 IV,[36] Ugoos UG802B, Ugoos UG007B, Ugoos MK809 III,[37] Ugoos QC802,[38] Measy U4B,[39] Tronsmart MK908,[40] Tronsmart T428,[33] Measy U4B,[39] Freelander PD800,[41] FNF iFive x2 [42] Vido Mini One, JXD S7800b,[43] Tesco Hudl,[44] Toshiba Excite 7,[45] SteelCore10III, teXet TM-9750HD, teXet TM-9757, teXet TM-9758, teXet TM-9767, teXet TM-9768H, VIDO M10
RK3288 28 nm HKMG ARMv7-A Up to 1.8 GHz Quad-core ARM Cortex-A17 Mali-T760MP4 Dual channel LPDDR2, DDR3, DDR3L, LPDDR3 support, up to 2 GB 2014

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Rockchip Multimedia Processor RK28 series by Fuzhou Rockchip Electronics CO., Ltd.". Retrieved May 17, 2010. 
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ [2][dead link]
  4. ^ "RK2808". Retrieved May 17, 2010. 
  5. ^ [3][dead link]
  6. ^ [4][dead link]
  7. ^ [5] on
  8. ^ Rockchip RK3066 RISC Application Processor
  9. ^ Rockchip RK3066/RK30xx Processors Documentation, Source Code and Tools
  10. ^ Schematics for RK3066 reference tablet (RK3066_REF_2CELL)
  11. ^ RK3066 datasheet brief
  12. ^ Nouveau, Trent (2013-01-11). "Rockchip preps quad-core ARM processor". TG Daily. Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  13. ^
  14. ^ "Rockchip Unveils RK3168 Dual Core Processor, Showcases $10 Miracast Adapter". 2013-04-14. Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  15. ^
  16. ^ "3rd party jelly bean for RK2918". 
  17. ^ "Videocon VT71 Price in India and Features Announced". 
  18. ^ "Avoca Support — Avoca 7″ Tablet STB7012". 
  19. ^ "What products does MiniX show us in 2013? New Quad Core Model Neo X7 and X5+ Coming! - Geek Gadgets". 2013-04-12. Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  20. ^ "Review for UG008 TV box". 2013-03-15. Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  21. ^ Measy Eletronics Co.,Ltd. (2013-12-17). "U2A Dual-core Mini MPC-Measy Electronics - Measy Eletronics Co.,Ltd". Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  22. ^ Measy Eletronics Co.,Ltd. (2013-11-19). "U2C Dual-Core BT+Cam Mini PC-Measy Electronics - Measy Eletronics Co.,Ltd". Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  23. ^ "Kilwa V73". 
  24. ^ "AllMiniPC Team Forum - View topic - Tomato V8 unboxing photos". Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  25. ^
  26. ^ "Hisense E270BSA Sero 7 LT performance in GFXBench – unified graphics benchmark based on DXBenchmark (DirectX) and GLBenchmark (OpenGL ES)". Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  27. ^ "7" Dual Core 8GB". RCA Tablets. Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  28. ^ "NEO X7". MINIX. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  29. ^ Brad Linder. "Minix unveils X7 quad-core Android media box, among other things". Liliputing. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  30. ^ "9-7 inch GoTab Quad Core Android Jelly Bean Tablet Retina Class– GTQ97". 2013-11-21. Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  31. ^ "". Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  32. ^ Brad Linder. "Cube U30GT2 tablet sports HD display, RK3188 quad-core CPU". Liliputing. Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  33. ^ a b Brad Linder. "First Android TV sticks with Rockchip RK3188 quad-core processors arrive". Liliputing. Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  34. ^ "iMito QX1 Quad Core TV STICK Coming, iMito Fans Look Here! - Geek Gadgets". 2013-05-04. Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  35. ^ "Pipo M8pro, New 9.4 Inch RK3188 Quad Core Tablet PC, with the New Launcher UI, Do you Like it? - Geek Gadgets". 2013-04-18. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  36. ^ Brad Linder (2013-03-18). "Rikomagic announces MK802 IV quad-core mini PC with Android 4.2". Liliputing. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  37. ^ "Ugoos release their new quad core mini pc(UG802B,UG007B,MK809III) base on RK3188, 2GB RAM and android 4.2 - Geek Gadgets". 2013-03-19. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  38. ^ "AllMiniPC Team Forum - View topic - Ugoos QC802 - First quad-core dongle based on RK3188". Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  39. ^ a b Brad Linder. "Measy U4B quad-core Android TV stick coming in May for under $100". Liliputing. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  40. ^ Brad Linder (2013-04-19). "Tronsmart MK908 Android TV stick with RK3188 quad-core CPU". Liliputing. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  41. ^ [6][dead link]
  42. ^
  43. ^ "JinXing Digital CO.Ltd". Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  44. ^ "Tesco unveil the £119 Hudl - a low cost, Archos built tablet - Android - News + Articles". MoDaCo. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  45. ^ "Toshiba Excite 7 AT7-A8: 7-Inch Android Budget Tablet". 2013-11-06. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 

External links[edit]