Rockingham County, New Hampshire

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Rockingham County, New Hampshire
Map of New Hampshire highlighting Rockingham County
Location in the state of New Hampshire
Map of the United States highlighting New Hampshire
New Hampshire's location in the U.S.
Founded 1769
Named for Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham
Seat Brentwood
Largest town Derry
Area
 • Total 794 sq mi (2,056 km2)
 • Land 695 sq mi (1,800 km2)
 • Water 99 sq mi (256 km2), 12.46%
Population
 • (2010) 295,223
 • Density 425/sq mi (164/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website co.rockingham.nh.us

Rockingham County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Hampshire. As of the 2010 census, the population was 295,223.[1] The county seat is Brentwood.[2]

Rockingham County is included in the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The area that today is Rockingham County was first settled by Europeans moving north from the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts as early as 1623. The government was linked tightly with Massachusetts until New Hampshire became a separate colony in 1679, but counties weren't introduced until 1769.

Rockingham was identified in 1769 as one of five original counties for the colony. It is named for Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, who had been Prime Minister in 1765-1766. The county was organized in 1771, with its county seat at Exeter. In 1844 its area was reduced by the formation of Belknap County to the northwest. In 1997 the county court facilities were moved to Brentwood, a rural town adjacent to Exeter.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 794 square miles (2,056 km2), of which 695 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 99 square miles (256 km2) (12.47%) is water.[4] The highest point in Rockingham County is Nottingham Mountain, at 1,340 feet (410 m), in the town of Deerfield.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 43,184
1800 45,427 5.2%
1810 50,175 10.5%
1820 55,246 10.1%
1830 44,325 −19.8%
1840 45,771 3.3%
1850 49,194 7.5%
1860 50,122 1.9%
1870 47,297 −5.6%
1880 49,064 3.7%
1890 49,650 1.2%
1900 51,118 3.0%
1910 52,188 2.1%
1920 52,498 0.6%
1930 53,750 2.4%
1940 58,142 8.2%
1950 70,059 20.5%
1960 99,029 41.4%
1970 138,951 40.3%
1980 190,345 37.0%
1990 245,845 29.2%
2000 277,359 12.8%
2010 295,223 6.4%
Est. 2012 297,820 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]
Map of school administrative units in Rockingham County

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 277,359 people, 104,529 households, and 74,320 families residing in the county. The population density was 399 people per square mile (154/km²). There were 113,023 housing units at an average density of 163 per square mile (63/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.80% White, 0.58% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 1.11% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. 1.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.1% were of Irish, 14.6% English, 11.8% Italian, 10.5% French, 8.0% French Canadian, 6.0% German and 5.6% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.3% spoke English, 1.8% French and 1.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 104,529 households out of which 35.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 32.80% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 10.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $58,150, and the median income for a family was $66,345. (These figures had risen to $72,600 and $85,361 respectively, as of a 2007 estimate.[7]) Males had a median income of $45,598 versus $30,741 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,656. About 3.10% of families and 4.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.00% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

There are 37 communities in Rockingham County - 36 towns and the city of Portsmouth:

City/Town Population (2010) Population Ranking Land Area km² Area Ranking Density /km² Density Ranking
Atkinson 6,751 14 28.8 28 234.4 11
Auburn 4,953 19 65.3 11 75.8 28
Brentwood 4,486 23 43.6 16 102.9 23
Candia 3,909 29 78.5 5 49.8 33
Chester 4,768 21 67.1 10 71.1 29
Danville 4,387 24 30.3 27 144.8 18
Deerfield 4,280 27 131.9 1 32.4 37
Derry 33,109 1 92.7 4 357.2 6
East Kingston 2,357 31 25.9 31 91.0 27
Epping 6,411 15 67.4 9 95.1 25
Exeter 14,306 6 50.9 13 281.1 7
Fremont 4,283 26 44.4 15 96.5 24
Greenland 3,549 30 27.2 30 130.4 20
Hampstead 8,523 11 34.5 21 247.0 10
Hampton 14,976 5 33.7 22 444.4 4
Hampton Falls 2,236 32 31.6 25 70.6 30
Kensington 2,124 33 31.0 26 68.5 31
Kingston 6,025 16 50.8 14 118.6 22
Londonderry 24,129 3 108.3 3 222.8 12
New Castle 968 35 2.1 37 461.0 2
Newfields 1,680 34 18.2 36 92.3 26
Newington 753 37 21.7 34 34.7 36
Newmarket 8,936 9 32.5 24 275.0 9
Newton 4,603 22 25.7 32 179.1 15
North Hampton 4,301 25 36.0 20 119.5 21
Northwood 4,241 28 72.5 7 58.5 32
Nottingham 4,785 20 120.4 2 39.7 35
Plaistow 7,609 12 27.5 29 276.7 8
Portsmouth 21,233 4 40.4 17 525.7 1
Raymond 10,138 8 74.5 6 136.1 19
Rye 5,298 18 32.7 23 162.0 17
Salem 28,776 2 64.0 12 449.6 3
Sandown 5,986 17 36.0 19 166.3 16
Seabrook 8,693 10 22.9 33 379.6 5
South Hampton 814 36 20.4 35 39.9 34
Stratham 7,255 13 39.1 18 185.5 14
Windham 13,592 7 69.4 8 195.9 13
Totals: 295,223 1,800 164.0

Attractions[edit]

The Rockingham County Botanical Garden was a botanical garden located in Brentwood. Strawbery Banke Museum in Portsmouth is a collection of historic buildings from the seventeenth through nineteenth centuries. Canobie Lake Park, located in Salem, is an amusement park that opened in 1902. Also in Salem is Rockingham Park racetrack, which features weekly horse racing and is next to the Mall at Rockingham Park, and America's Stonehenge, which claims to be a pre-Columbian collection of stone structures. Derry was home to poet Robert Frost, who taught at nearby Pinkerton Academy. His home, the Robert Frost Farm, has been preserved as a state park.

Rockingham County is also home to New Hampshire's entire seacoast and features several popular resort towns. Hampton Beach has a boardwalk and Hampton Beach Casino Ballroom. The town of Rye features several undeveloped beaches such as Odiorne Point State Park and contains New Hampshire's portion of the Isles of Shoals. Seabrook contains the Seabrook Greyhound Racing Park and the Seabrook Nuclear Power Plant, the last nuclear plant opened in the United States.

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[8]
Year Democratic Republican
2012 47% 80,142 51.6% 87,921
2008 49.9% 83,723 48.8% 81,917
2004 47.5% 75,437 51.7% 82,069
2000 45.9% 61,628 49.1% 65,860

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°59′N 71°05′W / 42.99°N 71.09°W / 42.99; -71.09