Rocky Neck State Park
|Rocky Neck State Park|
|Connecticut state park|
|Area||710 acres (287 ha)|
Rocky Neck State Park is a 710-acre (2.9 km2) state park and beach on Long Island Sound in the town of East Lyme, Connecticut. Its 356-foot timber-and-granite pavilion is the largest Depression-era structure in the state.
Diverse trails within the park provide walks to the salt marsh and to such points of interest as Baker's Cave, Tony's Nose and Shipyard. There are 160 wooded and open campsites offering vacationers overnight accommodations. A small nature center is near the camping sites. The nature center, open seasonally, features small local animals and natural history displays and offers interpretive programs including trail walks and astronomy nights.
Bounded on the west by a tidal river and to the east by a broad salt marsh, Rocky Neck was known to early inhabitants as a place of abundant fish and wildlife. Today, high spring tides allow schools of herring to swim into Bride Brook toward inland spawning grounds. The osprey is a frequent early summer visitor. In the fall, cranes, herons and swans wade among cattails and rose mallow[disambiguation needed]. Seasonal changes provide opportunities to fish for mackerel, striped bass, blackfish and flounder.
Rocky Neck State Park has its own exit (exit 72) on the Connecticut portion of Interstate 95. This exit is for the Rocky Neck connector, which is designated as the unsigned Connecticut Special Service Road 449.
The park's origins began in 1931, when a few conservationists secured the land from being sold, using their personal funds until the State Legislature authorized its purchase.
The park is crossed by the Northeast Corridor, Amtrak's main line from New York to Boston, on a right-of-way first chartered in 1848 by the New Haven and New London Railroad. A 1934 footbridge carries pedestrians over the tracks between the pavilion and its parking lot. The 36-foot arched steel bridge is part of the Historic American Engineering Record, which describes it as "an unusual surviving example of a railroad footbridge."
Rocky Neck Pavilion
|Location||Lands End Point, Rocky Neck State Park, East Lyme, Connecticut|
|Area||6.5 acres (2.6 ha)|
|Architect||Barker,Russell F.; Et al.|
|MPS||Connecticut State Park and Forest Depression-Era Federal Work Relief Programs Structures TR|
|NRHP Reference #||86001745|
|Added to NRHP||September 4, 1986|
The Ellie Mitchell Pavilion is a Rustic-style building completed in 1936 by the Works Progress Administration, a Depression-era relief program. Designed by Russell F. Barker and others, the curved masonry building stands more than 350 feet long and 80 feet wide.
Construction began in the early 1930s as part of an effort to ease crowding at Hammonasset State Park. Much of its timber and granite were drawn from local suppliers and quarries, and from an abandoned fish fertilizer plant on the grounds. Supporting pillars were fashioned from trees cut from each of the state parks and forests. The pavilion was handed over to the state in October 1936 and opened as the Ellie Mitchell Pavilion. Visitors could purchase food, eat in the dining areas, and warm themselves by eight fireplaces during cooler months.
In 1986, the pavilion and its surrounding 6.5 acres (26,000 m2) were listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
- Adams, Virginia H. and Matthew A. Kierstaad. "Rocky Neck Park Trail Bridge". HAER No. CT-165. Historic American Engineering Record. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "http://connecticuthistory.org/abundant-wildlife-drives-the-history-of-rocky-neck-state-park/". Connecticut History. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- "Connecticut State Parks". Hartford Courant. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- Rocky Neck State Park - official site
- Connecticut State Parks Site
- Rocky Neck Pictures
- Aerial view ca. 1935
- "Rocky Neck State Park" by the East Lyme Historical Society