Rodez

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Rodez
Rodez-coquelicots480.JPG
Coat of arms of Rodez
Coat of arms
Rodez is located in France
Rodez
Rodez
Coordinates: 44°21′02″N 2°34′30″E / 44.3506°N 2.5750°E / 44.3506; 2.5750Coordinates: 44°21′02″N 2°34′30″E / 44.3506°N 2.5750°E / 44.3506; 2.5750
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Aveyron
Arrondissement Rodez
Intercommunality Grand Rodez
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Christian Teyssèdre (PS)
Area
 • Land1 11.18 km2 (4.32 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 24,540
 • Population2 density 2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 12202 / 12000
Elevation 501–643 m (1,644–2,110 ft)
(avg. 627 m or 2,057 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Rodez (Occitan: Rodés) is a town and commune in southern France, in the Aveyron department, of which it is the capital. Its inhabitants are called Ruthénois.

History[edit]

Existing from at least the 5th century BC, Rodez was founded by the Celts. After the Roman occupation, the oppidum (fortified place) was renamed Segodunum, while in late Imperial times it was known as Civitas Rutenorum, whence the modern name. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was captured by the Visigoths and then by the Franks, being also ravaged by the Arabs in 725. Later it was occupied by the armies of the Dukes of Aquitaine and of the Counts of Toulouse. English troops occupied Rodez during the Hundred Years War.

However, in medieval times the city's history was marked by strong rivalry between the Counts and the Bishops of Rodez, who exerted their authorities in different sectors of the city, divided by a wall. The counts were able to defy the royal French authority until the submission of count John IV by the future King Louis XI in the 15th century. In the following century bishop François d'Estaing built the Rodez Cathedral.

The last count of Rodez, Henry VI of Rodez, who became Henry IV of France, sold his title to Royal Crown in 1589. The city remained a flourishing merchant centre up to the 18th century, but it lost much of its importance when Villefranche-de-Rouergue was made prefecture capital in the wake of the French Revolution.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 5,592 —    
1800 6,233 +11.5%
1806 6,613 +6.1%
1821 7,352 +11.2%
1831 8,240 +12.1%
1836 9,685 +17.5%
1841 9,272 −4.3%
1846 10,936 +17.9%
1851 10,280 −6.0%
1856 10,877 +5.8%
1861 11,856 +9.0%
1866 12,037 +1.5%
1872 12,111 +0.6%
1876 13,375 +10.4%
1881 15,333 +14.6%
1886 15,375 +0.3%
1891 16,122 +4.9%
1896 16,303 +1.1%
1901 16,105 −1.2%
1906 15,502 −3.7%
1911 15,386 −0.7%
1921 14,201 −7.7%
1926 15,150 +6.7%
1931 16,195 +6.9%
1936 18,450 +13.9%
1946 20,437 +10.8%
1954 20,383 −0.3%
1962 20,924 +2.7%
1968 23,328 +11.5%
1975 25,550 +9.5%
1982 24,368 −4.6%
1990 24,701 +1.4%
1999 23,707 −4.0%
2008 24,540 +3.5%

Main sights[edit]

The town center is almost exclusively pedestrian and is filled with history, as well as shops and local artisans.

  • The Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Rodez. One of its features is a completely closed western wall, which was part of the city defenses.
  • The Chapelle Saint-Martin.
  • The Musée Fenaille: a historical and archaeological museum
  • Church of Saint-Amans (12th century, rebuilt in 1758–1761). The interior is in Baroque style. In the choir stalls are 16th-century tapestries representing the miracles of Saint Amans. The interior also houses a 15th-century Pietà and a statue of the Trinity (16th century).
  • The Bishop's Palace.
  • The Musée Denys-Puech.
  • The "Musée Pierre Soulages".
  • The Sacré Cœur church.

The agglomeration 'Grand Rodez' comprises the towns Rodez, Onet-le-Château, Druelle, Luc-la-Primaube, Le Monastère, Olemps, Sainte-Radegonde and Sébazac-Concourès.

Gastronomy[edit]

There are three weekly farmers' markets. On Wednesday mornings the market is located in Place du Bourg. On Saturday mornings, the market expands into Place de la Cité and Place Emma Calvé (behind the Cathedral). On Friday evenings there is a small farmers' market on the Parking du Sacré Cœur.

Several restaurants serve local specialities, notably aligot, farçous, tripoux, and Roquefort, Laguiole, and Cantal cheeses, as well as red wine from the nearby village of Marcillac. Fouace is a breakfast item, a sweet bread that can be found in many local bakeries.

Economy[edit]

  • Rodez is traditionally an agricultural trade center.
  • The German industrial group Bosch has a factory that employs over 2,000 people.
  • Rodez has one of the lowest unemployment ratings in France (under 5%).

Transport[edit]

Rodez is served by the nearby Rodez Marcillac Airport, located within the commune of Salles-la-Source. There are daily trains to Paris and Toulouse, as well as other trains and buses connecting Rodez to smaller towns. Once in town, options for getting around include car rental, the local bus system (Agglobus), or on foot. The pedestrian downtown (centre ville) is paved in cobblestone streets lined with buildings that date hundreds of years.

Notable people[edit]

Music and festivals[edit]

There are several music venues and festivals in or near Rodez. Music venues La Guinguette and Le Studio often host concerts, as does the local amphitheatre, and the local Maisons des Jeunes et de la Culture of Rodez and Onet-Le-Château.

Skabazac is probably the best-known music festival, and it takes place in mid-June. Just on the outskirts of Rodez in a town called Sébazac, Skabazac attracted over 30,000 people in 2010, when Cypress Hill headlined. In 2011 the festival's 13th edition was cancelled due to a lack of government funding. In midsummer the Occitan festival, called Estivada, takes place over several days. The festival promotes Occitan culture with food, cultural displays, and live music.

Sports[edit]

Rodez is home to Rodez AF (called le Raf by its fans) of the Championnat National (Third Division). The women's team is in the First Division and are known as les Rafettes. Rodez also has rugby, basketball and handball teams.

Twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]