Rodgau Railway

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Rodgau Railway
Rodgaubahn
Karte Rodgaubahn.png
Route number: 645.1 and 645.2
Line number: 3661 (Offenbach–Dieburg–Reinheim)
Line length: 22
Track gauge: 1.435
Voltage: 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
State: Hesse
Operating points and lines[1]
Line to Frankfurt Süd
0.0 Offenbach (Main) Hbf
from the Offenbach City Tunnel S1Frankfurt S1.svgS2Frankfurt S2.svgS8Frankfurt S8.svgS9Frankfurt S9.svg
1.5 Offenbach (Main) Ost
former Offenbach industrial siding
Line to Hanau S8Frankfurt S8.svgS9Frankfurt S9.svg
4.2 Offenbach-Bieber
Line to Dietzenbach S2Frankfurt S2.svg
5.6 Offenbach-Waldhof
8.1 Obertshausen
A 3
11.0 Rodgau-Weiskirchen
12.4 Rodgau-Hainhausen
14.0 Rodgau-Jügesheim
15.3 Dudenhofen crossover
15.8 Rodgau-Dudenhofen
17.7 Rodgau-Nieder Roden
18.9 Nieder Roden main industrial siding
19.7 Rodgau-Rollwald
Dreieich Railway from Dreieich-Buchschlag
21.9 Rödermark-Ober Rodenterminus S1Frankfurt S1.svg
B 459
B 45
25,2 Eppertshausen
27.8 Münster (b. Dieburg)
B 45
Rhine-Main Railway from Aschaffenburg
30.4 Dieburg
Rhine-Main Railway to Darmstadt
Line from Darmstadt (Ost)
34.65 Groß-Zimmern
37.16 Spachbrücken
Odenwald Railway from Wiebelsbach-Heubach
39.61 Reinheim (Odenw)
Odenwald Railway to Darmstadt
Gersprenz Valley Railway to Reichelsheim

The Rodgau Railway (German: Rodgaubahn) is a railway line that runs from Offenbach Central Station (Offenbach am Main Hauptbahnhof) via Rodgau to Rödermark-Ober-Roden in the German state of Hesse. The name Rodgaubahn is derived from the medieval name of Rodgau, part of the former Maingau (Main district), which the line passes through for its whole length.

History[edit]

Jügesheim station on the Rodgau Railway in 1978
Heritage train on the S1 in November 2006

Since about 1870 there were serious proposals from local interest groups for the building of a railway to open up the Rodgau, but at first the government of the Grand Duchy of Hesse did not respond to them. An Eisenbahncomitée (railway committee) was formed after the first, unsuccessful initiative in 1877. But this took four years to get a response from Darmstadt, the capital of the Duchy, during which the committee carried out preparatory work for an OffenbachReinheim railway project at its own expense. It took until 1888 before the government gave final approval and after further discussions about the connection of the railway in Offenbach with the Prussian state railways in 1895, planning permission was granted. It was decided that the line would have its own station in Offenbach south of the Prussian state railways' station. The line was built by the Grand Duchy of Hesse State Railways. On 30 September 1896, the new line (now line number 3661) was opened from Offenbach via Dieburg to Reinheim with a length of 42.2 kilometres.

In the following years the Rodgau Railway was connected to two other railways:

In 1923, the railway was built on an embankment in the city of Offenbach in order to remove level crossings with streets. This involved the rebuilding of the central station in Offenbach as a single station and the abandonment of the Rodgau Railway’s own station.

Operations[edit]

Old station building at Weiskirchen

Initially, four pairs of trains operated daily. After the connection of the Dreieich Railway, there were only two pairs of through trains between Offenbach and Dieburg. The first trains were steam hauled; after the Second World War trains were increasingly hauled by diesel locomotives. The importance of the connection lay in the growing commuter traffic from the district of Offenbach, especially for those working in the leather goods industry in Offenbach.

On 28 May 1965, the line between Dieburg and Reinheim was closed for passengers, partly because of the operation of the parallel bus route. In 1967, this section of the line was dismantled, beginning with the section between Dieburg and Groß-Zimmern. Freight trains ran to and from the Odenwald Railway (Odenwaldbahn) over the Darmstadt Ost–Groß-Zimmern railway until it was closed in 1970. In 1989, the remaining section of the line to Reinheim was closed.

S-Bahn[edit]

S1 at Jügesheim station in 2003
S1 near Rodgau-Rollwald
Old trackbed in front of Dieburg

The establishment of an S-Bahn operation on the track was considered in the late 1950s. It was not, however, until 23 March 2001 that the line to Dietzenbach began to be reconstructed as a double-track electrified line of the Frankfurt S-Bahn network. In the course of the development work, 13 stations were modernised and two rebuilt. 15 bridges were rebuilt and 18 level crossings were secured with new barrier systems.

S-Bahn operations began on the Rodgau line at the beginning of the 2003/2004 timetable on 14 December 2003. The line is operated by DB Regio as part of the Rhine-Main S-Bahn network as line S 1 (Wiesbaden–Ober-Roden), the northern section of the line is also used by line S 2 (NiedernhausenDietzenbach). Proposed extensions of line S1 to Dieburg and S2 to Ober-Roden failed as they was found not to be economically justified. Therefore, the section from Ober-Roden to Dieburg has not been electrified. This section of the line is now operated as part of the Dreieich Railway from Buchschlag.

Remaining level crossings[edit]

  • Offenbach, Waldhofstr.
  • Obertshausen, Badstr.
  • Weiskirchen, Aigesweg
  • Nieder-Roden, Krümmlingsweg
  • Rollwald, Haltepunkt
  • Ober-Roden, Kläranlage
  • Ober-Roden, Dieburger Str. (full barriers with LZA)
  • Heusenstamm
  • Patershäuser Weg near Heusenstamm

All the level crossings are EBÜT equipped.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0. 

References[edit]

  • Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Hessen, ed. (2005). Eisenbahn in Hessen. Kulturdenkmäler in Hessen. Denkmaltopographie Bundesrepublik Deutschland (in German) 2.2. Stuttgart: Theiss Verlag. p. 766ff (line 066). ISBN 3-8062-1917-6. 
  • Werner Stolzenburg (1985). "Die Rodgaubahn". In Georg Wittenberger / Förderkreis Museen und Denkmalpflege Darmstadt-Dieburg. Die Bahn und ihre Geschichte = Schriftenreihe des Landkreises Darmstadt-Dieburg 2 (in German). Darmstadt. pp. 71–78. 

External links[edit]