Rodney William Whitaker (June 12, 1931 – Dec 14, 2005) was an American film scholar and writer who wrote several successful novels under the pen name Trevanian. Whitaker wrote in a wide variety of genres, achieved best-seller status, and published under several other names as well, including Nicholas Seare, Beñat Le Cagot and Edoard Moran. He published the non-fiction The Language of Film under his own name.
Born in Granville, New York, Whitaker became enthralled with stories as a boy. His family struggled with poverty. He lived for several years in Albany, New York as a youth (a time portrayed in his last published work).
Whitaker earned bachelor's and master's degrees at the University of Washington. While there he wrote and directed his three-act play Eve of the Bursting, which was his Master's thesis production in the UW Playhouse. The Company Manager and Assistant Director of the production was Jerry Pournelle. Whitaker went on to earn a doctorate in communications and film at Northwestern University.
He taught at Dana College in Blair, Nebraska, where he was chairman of the communications division. He served in the US Navy during the Korean War. Later he was awarded a Fulbright scholarship for study in England.
Whitaker said his wife chose the pen name Trevanian based on her appreciation of English historian G.M. Trevelyan. Trevanian wrote many bestselling novels in different genres, which received highly favorable critical reviews.
His first novel, published at the age of forty when he was teaching at the University of Texas, was The Eiger Sanction, an intelligent, gritty and thrilling spy spoof. It became a worldwide best seller. In 1975 it was adapted as a movie directed by and starring Clint Eastwood. Trevanian described the movie as "vapid" in a footnote in his later novel Shibumi. He requested (and received) a screenwriting credit as Rod Whitaker. The balance of the script was written by Warren Murphy, the mystery writer perhaps best known for co-writing the Destroyer series of men's action novels.
Saddened that some critics did not "get" the spoof, Trevanian followed it with an even more intense spoof, The Loo Sanction (1973), which depicted an ingenious art theft. Then came The Main (1976), a roman policier set in a poor neighborhood of Montreal, featuring widowed fiftyish police lieutenant Claude LaPointe. Trevanian originally intended to publish The Main under the pen name Jean-Paul Morin.
Next came Shibumi in 1979, Trevanian's meta-spy novel, which received the most critical acclaim. In 1983 he published The Summer of Katya, a psychological horror novel. The widely diverse books solidified the myth that "Trevanian" was a collective pen name for a group of writers working together. Under the name Nicolas Seare, Trevanian also published 1339 or So: Being an Apology for a Pedlar (1975), a witty medieval tale of love and courage; and Rude Tales and Glorious (1983), a bawdy re-telling of Arthurian tales.
In 1998 Trevanian reappeared as the author of a Western novel called Incident at Twenty-Mile, and a collection of short stories, Hot Night in the City (2000).
His last novel, written while he was in declining health, took a surprising turn. The Crazyladies of Pearl Street (2005) depicted the coming-of-age story of Jean-Luc LaPointe, a boy surviving with his mother and sister in the slums of Albany, New York in the years preceding and during World War II. Although the book was published as fiction, commentators described it as autobiographical. In November 2005 it was selected as one of eleven Editors' Choice books by the Historical Novel Society.
In the summer of 2005, Crown Publishers relaunched a trade paperback set of five of Trevanian's earlier books: The Eiger Sanction, The Loo Sanction, The Main, The Summer of Katya and Shibumi.
Street of the Four Winds, Trevanian's tale of Parisian artists caught in the 1848 revolution, based on his meticulous research of the era, remains unpublished. An excerpt is posted on Trevanian's web site.
Whitaker kept his true identity unknown for years. He refused to grant interviews or contribute to the publicity efforts of his publishers. His first known interview was granted to Carol Lawson of The New York Times for a June 10, 1979 article coinciding with the release of Shibumi. In this article Trevanian stated that "Trevanian is going out of business. Now he can talk."
It was rumored that Trevanian was Robert Ludlum writing under a pen name. Trevanian rejected that idea stating, "I don't even know who he is. I read Proust, but not much else written in the 20th century."
Trevanian wrote successfully in several genres. In a 1998 interview with Newsweek, he said that with each new book, he first decided what author should tell the story. He used Method-acting techniques to imagine himself as the author in order to work into the story he wanted to tell. Trevanian fans followed his style changes with delight.
Trevanian said of his fans:
"The Trevanian Buff is a strange and wonderful creature: an outsider, a natural elitist, not so much a cynic as an idealist mugged by reality, not just one of those who march to a different drummer, but the solo drummer in a parade of one."
This was another poke at the masses—most notably the United States and Americans in general—since his apparent disillusion with the country led him to abandon it. In later years Trevanian was more outspoken about the reasons surrounding his voluntary exile from the country of his birth; he cited America's material obsession as one of the main reasons behind the declining quality of life in the U.S. He said that one day Americans would wake up and realize that cheaper is not necessarily better. Trevanian also addressed the issue of value on his website.
Nonfiction (as Rod Whitaker)
- The Language of Film (1970)
- "Christ on Stage", Dialog 5, Summer 1966, pp. 226–7 (1966).
- "Conversation: On translating Senecan tragedy into film", James Hynd (an interview with Rod Whitaker). Arion (Boston), v. 7 (Spring 1968), pp. 58–67 (1968).
- Stasis. Script to a film by Rod Whitaker and Richard Kooris (1968).
- "The Lawyer, The Lawman, and The Law: Public Image", Texas Law Review: Volume 50, Issue 4. pp. 822–7 (1972).
- The Eiger Sanction (1972)
- The Loo Sanction (1973)
- The Main (1976)
- Shibumi (1979)
- The Summer of Katya (1983)
- Incident at Twenty-Mile (1998)
- Hot Night in the City (2000)
- The Crazyladies of Pearl Street (2005)
As Nicholas Seare
- 1339 or So ...Being An Apology for A Pedlar (1975) (1339 or So... was, in early form, a stage play titled Eve of the Bursting)
- Rude Tales And Glorious (1983)
- "Switching", Trevanian. Playboy Magazine. December 1978. (A revised version of this story appeared in Hot Night in the City as After Hours at Rick's)
- "Minutes of a Village Meeting", by Beñat Le Cagot, translated by Trevanian. Harper's Monthly. February 1979. pgs. 60 - 63. (A revised version of this story appeared in Hot Night in the City.)
- "That Fox-of-a-Beñat", by Beñat Le Cagot, translated by Trevanian. Yale Literary Magazine. 1984. Vol. 151, No 1, pgs 25-33. (A revised version of this story appeared in Hot Night in the City.)
- "The Secrets of Miss Plimsoll, Private Secretary", by Trevanian. Redbook. March 1984. (A revised version of this story appeared in Hot Night in the City as "The Sacking of Miss Plimsoll".)
- "The Apple Tree", by Trevanian. The Antioch Review, Yellow Springs: Spring 2000. Vol. 58, Iss. 2; p. 195 (14 pages). "The Apple Tree" was also anthologized in the Best American Short Stories collection for 2001.
- "Waking to the Spirit Clock", The Antioch Review, Yellow Springs: Summer 2003. Vol. 61, Iss. 3; p. 409
- Eve of the Bursting, Rod Whitaker. A drama in three acts, 1959; performed at the University Playhouse at the University of Washington. Whitaker also directed this performance.
- Introduction to the 1998 Re-issue of A Climb Up to Hell by Jack Olsen. 1st Ed. Harper & Row, 1962, New York, 1962. Reprint Edition by Griffin House (St. Martins Press), New York, 1998.
- Editor and Introduction to the short-story mystery collection Death Dance: Suspenseful Stories of the Dance Macabre. Cumberland House, 2002.
- The Crazyladies of Pearl Street Cybernotes Companion (2005)
- The Street of the Four Winds - Part I Internet Edition' (2005)
- Threads for the Emperor, a one-act children's play retelling of The Emperor's New Clothes.
- John Rodat, "Assumed Identity", Albany's Metroland Magazine, n.d. 2005, accessed 15 Nov 2008.
- Myrna Oliver, "Rodney Whitaker, a.k.a. Trevanian, 74; Author Wrote 'Eiger Sanction'", Los Angeles Times, 19 Dec 2005, accessed 15 Nov 2008
- Trevanian Official Website, accessed 15 Nov 2008
- Editors' Choice, Historical Novel Society, Nov. 2005, accessed 15 Nov 2008