|Chosŏn'gŭl||로동1 (northern spelling)
노동1 (southern spelling)
|Revised Romanization||Rodong-1 / Nodong-1|
|McCune–Reischauer||Rodong-1 / Nodong-1|
The Rodong-1 (spelled Nodong-1 or simply Nodong in South Korea) is a single stage, mobile liquid propellant medium range ballistic missile developed by North Korea. Developed in the mid-1980s, it is an adaptation of the Soviet SS-1, more commonly known by its NATO reporting name "Scud".
It is believed North Korea obtained Scud-B designs from Egypt and possibly Scud-C designs from China, and reverse-engineered them into a larger, longer-distance weapon dubbed the Rodong. U.S. reconnaissance satellites first detected this type in May 1990.
The precise capabilities and specifications of the missile are unknown; even the fact of its production and deployment are controversial. It is a larger variant of the Scud-B, scaled up so its cross-sectional area is about double that of the Scud, with a diameter of 1.25 m and a length of 15.6 m. Its aerodynamic design is stable, so does not require modern guidance systems. It can only be fueled when vertical, so cannot be fueled before transport as is normal for modern missiles. Its range is estimated as 900 km with a 1000 kg payload. Its poor accuracy, worse than the Scud B, makes it ineffectual against hardened military targets so its speculated use would be to deliver a chemical, biological or nuclear warhead against large installations or cities.
A few Nodong missiles were launched in the 2006 North Korean missile test.
- Strategic Rocket Forces (North Korea)
- North Korean missile tests
- North Korean defense industry
- Military of North Korea
- BBC News - How potent are North Korea's threats?
- Markus Schiller (2012). Characterizing the North Korean Nuclear Missile Threat (Report). RAND Corporation. ISBN 978-0-8330-7621-2. TR-1268-TSF. http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR1268.html. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- CNS report North Korea's Ballistic Missile Capabilities 2006
- Center for Nonproliferation Studies, North Korea's Ballistic Missile Program
- Claremont Institute, MissileThreat.com, No-dong 1
- GlobalSecurity.org, Nodong-1
- National Threat Initiative, Nodong: Overview and Technical Assessment