Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves

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Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves
Rodrigues Alves 3.jpg
5th President of Brazil
Elected to be 10th President of Brazil, but did not take office
In office
15 November 1902 – 15 November 1906
Vice President Silviano Brandão
Afonso Pena
Preceded by Campos Sales (1902)
Venceslau Brás (1918)
Succeeded by Afonso Pena (1906)
Delfim Moreira (1918)
Personal details
Born (1848-07-07)7 July 1848
Guaratinguetá, São Paulo, Empire of Brazil
Died 16 January 1919(1919-01-16) (aged 70)
Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Nationality Brazilian
Political party Republican Party of São Paulo

Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, PC (Portuguese pronunciation: [frɐ̃ˈsisku di ˈpawlɐ roˈdriɡis ˈawvis]; 7 July 1848 – 16 January 1919) was a Brazilian politician who first served as governor of the State of São Paulo in 1887, then as Treasury minister in the 1890s. Rodrigues Alves was elected President of Brazil in 1902 and served until 1906.

During this term he remodeled the then Brazilian capital, Rio de Janeiro, an effort punctuated by the 1904 "Vaccine Revolt". He was elected president for a second term in 1918, but died before assuming power, on 16 January 1919. He was succeeded by his vice-president, Delfim Moreira.


Rodrigues Alves and their children

Rodrigues Alves was born in the city of Guaratinguetá, São Paulo. He graduated as a lawyer from the Faculdade de Direito do Largo de São Francisco, São Paulo, in 1870. His public career started as councilman in his native city, from 1866 to 1870. He became prosecutor in 1870. In 1872 he became a member of the state house of representatives until 1879. Also during the period of the Empire of Brazil, he took office as president of the province of São Paulo, from 1887 til 1888. After the proclamation of the Republic, he was a member of the Constitutional Assembly, and also a member of the house of representatives (1891/1893). He occupied the position of Treasury Secretary twice, from 1891 to 1892 and from 1894 to 1896.

He assumed his second mandate as state president in São Paulo from 1 May 1900 to 13 February 1902). On February 13 he resigned to run for Brazil's presidency.

He was elected to rule as Brazil's 5th president from 1902 to 1906. He distinguished himself as a great city planner and public financier. He applied his experience in the re-urbanization of the capital of the Republic, Rio de Janeiro.

He ran again for the presidency in 1918, won the election with over 99% of the vote, and was scheduled to take office on 15 November 1918. He was unable to do so because of illness, and he died on 16 January 1919, a victim of the Spanish flu epidemic of 1918–1919.[1]


External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Campos Sales
President of Brazil
Succeeded by
Afonso Pena
Preceded by
Venceslau Brás
President of Brazil (elect)
Died before assuming office 1918
Succeeded by
Delfim Moreira
Government offices
Preceded by
Fernando Prestes de Albuquerque
President of São Paulo
Succeeded by
Bernardino José de Campos Júnior
Preceded by
Manuel Joaquim de Albuquerque Lins
President of São Paulo
Succeeded by
Altino Arantes Marques