Rodrigues flying fox
|Rodrigues flying fox|
|Rodrigues flying fox range|
The Rodrigues flying fox or Rodrigues fruit bat (Pteropus rodricensis) is a species of bat in the family Pteropodidae, the flying foxes or fruit bats. It is endemic to Rodrigues, an island in the Indian Ocean belonging to Mauritius. Its natural habitat is tropical moist lowland forests. It is a sociable species which lives in large groups. It can reach 350 g in weight and has a wingspan of 90 cm.
It is threatened by habitat loss through storm damage and human intervention, and by local hunting for food. Formerly, the daytime roosts or 'camps' of this flying fox contained more than 500 individuals. The species currently numbers just a few hundred in the wild, and is classified as critically endangered by the IUCN. The Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust has undertaken a successful captive breeding program, and there are now colonies in several zoos. Likewise, the Organization for Bat Conservation is funding an international conservation project.
At night, the bats forage in dry woodland for fruit of various trees, such as tamarinds, rose-apples, mangoes, palms, and figs. Like many other fruit bats, they squeeze out the juices and soft pulp, rarely swallowing the harder parts. Observations in captivity show each dominant male gathers a harem of up to 10 females, with which he roosts and mates. Subordinate and immature males tend to roost in another part of the camp.
Colonies are kept in the Philadelphia Zoo, the Prospect Park Zoo, the Brookfield Zoo, the Oregon Zoo, the Moody Gardens Rainforest Pyramid, the San Diego Zoo Safari Park, Disney's Animal Kingdom, the Copenhagen Zoo and the Curraghs Wildlife Park, but the largest captive group is held at Chester Zoo.
- ARKive (2003–2008) Rodrigues flying fox (Pteropus rodricensis). Accessed 20 February 2008.
- Mickleburgh, S., Hutson, A. & Bergmans, W. 2004. Pteropus rodricensis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 30 July 2007.
- Animal (book) Editor in chief: David Burnie. 2011
- Chicago Zoological Society: Rodrigues fruit bat
- Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust: Rodrigues fruit bat
- Animal Diversity Web: Pteropus rodricensis