Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk

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Arms of Bigod (dropped post-1269 by Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk): Or, a cross gules

Roger Bigod (c. 1209–1270) was 4th Earl of Norfolk and Marshal of England.

Origins[edit]

He was the eldest son and heir of Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk (1182-1225) by his wife Matilda, a daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1147-1219), Marshal of England. His younger brother was Hugh Bigod (1211-1266), Justiciar. After the death of his father in 1225, the young Roger became the ward of William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury.

Inheritance[edit]

In 1228, although still under-age but by now married and in a second wardship to Alexander II of Scotland following his 1225 marriage to Alexander's sister Isabella,[1] he succeeded to his father's estates including Framlingham Castle. He did not, however, receive his father's title until 1233.

Career[edit]

After the death without male heirs of the last of his mother's brothers, in 1246 Roger inherited the office of Marshal of England. Together with his younger brother Hugh Bigod (1211-1266), Justiciar, he was prominent among the barons who wrested control of government from the hands of King Henry III and assisted Simon de Montfort in the Second Barons' War.

Marriage[edit]

His first warder married him to Isabella of Scotland, daughter of William the Lion, King of Scotland, whereupon still under-age he became a ward of his new brother-in-law, Alexander II of Scotland until 1228.

Succession[edit]

Roger had no children, and was succeeded by his nephew Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk (1245-1306).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Robert C. Stacey, ‘Bigod, Roger (III), fourth earl of Norfolk (c.1212–1270)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 20 Aug 2014

References[edit]

  • M. Morris, The Bigod Earls of Norfolk in the Thirteenth Century (Woodbridge, 2005)
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Pembroke
Lord Marshal
1245–1269
Succeeded by
The Earl of Norfolk
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Hugh Bigod
Earl of Norfolk Succeeded by
Roger Bigod