Roger Crozier

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Roger Crozier
Roger Crozier is wearing a predominantly blue jersey, white mask, along with a brown glove, blocker, and pads. He is kneeling on the ice while holding a goalie stick. Located in the middle of his jersey, is the Sabres' logo, which consists of a buffalo on top of two crossed sabres.
Crozier spent six years with the Buffalo Sabres
Born (1942-03-16)March 16, 1942
Bracebridge, ON, CAN
Died January 11, 1996(1996-01-11) (aged 53)
Wilmington, DE, USA
Height 5 ft 8 in (173 cm)
Weight 160 lb (73 kg; 11 st 6 lb)
Position Goaltender
Caught Right
Played for Buffalo Sabres
Detroit Red Wings
Washington Capitals
Playing career 1960–1977

Roger Allan Crozier (March 16, 1942 – January 11, 1996) was a Canadian professional hockey goaltender who played fourteen seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Detroit Red Wings, Buffalo Sabres and Washington Capitals. During his career Crozier was named to the NHL First All-Star Team once, won the Calder Memorial Trophy and was the first player ever to win the Conn Smythe Trophy while playing for the losing team in the Stanley Cup Finals. Also, Crozier is the last goaltender in the NHL to start all of his team's games during the regular season, doing so in 1964–65.

From his junior days with the St. Catharines Teepees of the Ontario Hockey Association until his death, Crozier had recurring pancreatitis that plagued his health. Despite his health issues, Crozier helped his junior team win the Memorial Cup in 1959–60, played in over 500 NHL regular season games and he participated in two Stanley Cup Finals (1965–66 and in 1974–75). His health problems eventually led to his retirement in 1976–77 and he joined the Capitals' front office shortly after. Crozier left the Capitals organization in 1983 to work for MBNA bank. In 2000, MBNA unveiled a new trophy called the Roger Crozier Saving Grace Award which was awarded annually to the goaltender who records the best save percentage during the regular season in the National Hockey League from 1999–2000 to 2006–07. The Buffalo Sports Hall of Fame posthumously inducted Crozier in 2009.

Background[edit]

Crozier was born and raised in the town of Bracebridge, Ontario. His mother was Mildred "Austin" Crozier and his father was Lloyd Crozier.[1] He was one of 14 children.[2] At the age of six, Crozier first started playing the position of goaltender, a position that he would grow to "like".[3] Identified as a "special goaltending talent", by his town's senior hockey team, the Bracebridge Bears, he was recruited to be their starting goaltender at the age of 14. In 1958–59, Crozier helped the Bears become District Champions in the Intermediate C playoffs.[4]

Playing career[edit]

Early career[edit]

Crozier spent his junior career playing for the St. Catharines Teepees of the Ontario Hockey Association (OHA) from 1959 to 1962. The Teepees were owned by the Chicago Black Hawks thanks to the National Hockey League (NHL) sponsorship system, which earned them the rights to all of the Teepees' players.[5] In 1959–60, Crozier helped his team win the Memorial Cup.[6] During his tenure with the Teepees, Crozier developed his first ulcer, a problem that would constantly plague him for the rest of his career.[7]

During the 1960–61 season, Crozier spent the majority of his time in the OHA. Due to his small frame and size, Crozier was not a favorite with scouts and critics alike.[8] Despite this, the Buffalo Bisons of the American Hockey League (AHL) recruited Crozier to fill in for their injured starting goaltender, Denis DeJordy. Making his professional debut, he appeared in three games, recording two wins and a 2.31 goals against average (GAA). Crozier returned as the starting goaltender for the Teepees for the 1961–62 season. He also had short stints with the Sault Ste. Marie Thunderbirds of the Eastern Professional Hockey League (EPHL), and the Bisons.[9]

While playing in the minors, Crozier adopted the butterfly style of goaltending, the style that he would later use during his NHL career. This technique was popularized by Glenn Hall and was improved on by Crozier.[2] Initially, his minor league coaches tried to convince him to get rid of his butterfly style, thinking that it would never succeed in the NHL.[8] Crozier also added an element of acrobacy in his game.[10]

Detroit Red Wings (1963–70)[edit]

The Black Hawks traded Crozier to the Detroit Red Wings in 1963.[11] The young goaltender, turned full-time professional, spent the season in the minors with the St. Louis Braves in the EPHL and the Buffalo Bisons in the AHL. The majority of his time though was spent in St. Louis as he played 70 games for them.[9] In 1963–64, he played 44 games with the Pittsburgh Hornets, Detroit's AHL affiliate. At the end of the season, Crozier earned numerous accolades, which included the Hap Holmes Memorial Award (fewest goals against), the Dudley "Red" Garrett Memorial Award (top rookie) and a spot on the Second All-Star Team.[11] Also, during the 1963–64 NHL season, Red Wings goaltender Terry Sawchuk was injured and Crozier was called up to replace him.[12] Although Crozier played in only 15 games, he impressed management enough that they decided he was going to be their next starting goaltender.[11] This led to Sawchuk being left unprotected by the Red Wings during the intraleague waiver draft in the off-season, where he was subsequently picked up by the Toronto Maple Leafs.[13] This made Crozier the Red Wings' starting goaltender at the age of 22.[11]

Crozier won the Calder Memorial Trophy in 1965.

In his rookie season, Crozier started all of his team's games, while also leading the league in both wins and shutouts with 40 and six respectively. His 2.42 GAA was the second lowest in the league. Crozier remains the most recent NHL goaltender to start all of his team's games.[14] At the end of the season, Crozier was awarded the Calder Memorial Trophy as the NHL's top rookie and he was also named to the NHL First All-Star Team.[11] During his sophomore season, Crozier missed the team's first couple of games due to pancreatitis.[15] He would return and play the team's remaining 64 games, posting 27 wins and leading the league with seven shutouts, while also helping the Red Wings clinch a spot in the playoffs. Benefitting from Crozier's strong play in the postseason, the Red Wings advanced to the Stanley Cup Finals. After eliminating the Black Hawks in the semi-finals, the Red Wings squared off against the Montreal Canadiens in the 1966 Stanley Cup Finals. The Red Wings won the first two games. During a game four loss, Crozier suffered a leg injury. Although Crozier returned for game five, the injury limited his mobility.[16] In the end, the Canadiens won the Stanley Cup in game six.[17] Even though the Red Wings lost the Stanley Cup, Crozier was awarded the Conn Smythe Trophy, which is awarded to the most valuable player in the playoffs. He became the first goaltender to win the award and also the first player to win it in a losing effort.[18]

Due to pancreatitis, Crozier played only 58 out of 70 games for the Red Wings in 1966–67. His numbers were down as he won only 22 games and recorded a 3.35 GAA. The Red Wings missed the playoffs. After another bout of pancreatitis at the beginning of the 1967–68 season, Crozier announced his retirement due to stress and depression.[19] His announcement was short-lived, as after six weeks, he returned to hockey, playing five games with the Fort Worth Wings of the Central Professional Hockey League (CPHL) as conditioning before returning to the Red Wings.[20] Crozier spent two more seasons on a mediocre Red Wings team before being traded to the newly formed Buffalo Sabres in 1970.

Buffalo Sabres (1970–77)[edit]

In the 1970 NHL Expansion Draft, Sabres General Manager "Punch" Imlach drafted Tom Webster from the Boston Bruins and promptly dealt him to the Red Wings for Crozier.[21] Crozier started the Sabres' first NHL game on October 10, 1970 against the Pittsburgh Penguins. Crozier turned away 35 of 36 shots to earn the franchise's first victory, 2–1.[22] On December 6, 1970, Crozier earned the franchise's first shutout in a 1–0 win over the Minnesota North Stars. By late December however, Crozier was deeply exhausted and the majority of the workload was put on goalies Joe Daley and Dave Dryden. Crozier finished the season with a 9–20–7 record (win-loss-tie) and a 3.68 GAA. The Sabres also missed the playoffs, finishing fifth in the East Division.[23] Adding to Crozier's continuing health problems, his gallbladder was removed during the off-season.[24]

The 1971–72 season was even worse for the Sabres as they finished with the least wins in the league with 16.[25] Crozier posted a 13–34–14 record and a 3.51 GAA. He faced 2,190 shots during the entire season, which is still the team's record for shots faced by a goalie in a single season.[22] The Sabres improved for the 1972–73 season and they made the playoffs for the first time in franchise history.[26] Playing 49 games, Crozier had his first winning record with the Sabres and posted a much improved 2.76 GAA, down from the previous season's 3.51. In the first round, they were matched up against the Canadiens. Crozier played four games and won two, but his team was ultimately dispatched in six games.

Facing continuing problems with pancreatitis and the new additions of ulcers and gallbladder problems, Crozier saw his playing time greatly reduced.[27] In 1974–75, Crozier posted 17 wins and two losses, helping the Sabres rank first in the Adams Division.[28] During the playoffs, Crozier played five games including two in the Stanley Cup Finals. After eliminating the Black Hawks and the Canadiens, the Sabres earned a matchup with the Philadelphia Flyers in the Stanley Cup Finals.[28] Game three of the Finals in Buffalo was known as the "Fog Game". A heat wave in May hit the arena and with no air conditioning inside, the temperature increased. Fog started to develop and soon visibility decreased. Gerry Desjardins was the starting goaltender but after allowing three goals in the first period, he was replaced by Crozier. Crozier allowed one goal during the rest of the game, helping his team win 5–4 in overtime.[29] The series went to a game six with the Sabres trailing the series 3–2. Crozier was selected to start and he denied the Flyers of any scoring after two periods. The Flyers scored the only goals in the third period leading them to the Stanley Cup.[30] For the second time, Crozier was denied a Stanley Cup championship.

In 1975–76, Crozier participated in only 11 games due to his persisting ailments, leaving the starting job to Gerry Desjardins. Due to his continuous illness, the Sabres traded him to the Washington Capitals in exchange for cash on March 3, 1977.[11] He played only three games with the Capitals before retiring after 14 seasons in the NHL.

Post-career[edit]

After retiring, Crozier served in the Capitals' front office[22] and eventually became interim general manager during the 1981–82 season after Max McNab was relieved of his duties. He was also the head coach of the Capitals for one game during the season.[31] Under his watch, the Capitals picked defenceman Scott Stevens during the 1982 NHL Entry Draft. Crozier left the Capitals organization in 1983, and moved to Wilmington, Delaware, to work at MBNA Bank. Working through the ranks, he rose to the level of executive vice president and facilities manager of Worldwide Facilities and Construction.[32]

Roger Crozier died after a battle with cancer on January 11, 1996, aged 53. He was survived by his wife Janice, and his two daughters, Katie and Brooke.[33] In 2000, the NHL unveiled the Roger Crozier Saving Grace Award, which was given annually to the goaltender who posted the best save percentage in each season from 1999–2000 to 2006–07. The award was co-sponsored by Crozier's last employer, MBNA.[34] In 2009, he was posthumously inducted into the Buffalo Sports Hall of Fame.[22]

Career statistics[edit]

Regular season[edit]

Season Team League GP W L T MIN GA SO GAA SV%
1959–60 St. Catharines Teepees OHA 48 25 19 4 2880 191 1 3.98
1960–61 St. Catharines Teepees OHA 48 18 24 6 2880 204 0 4.25
1960–61 Buffalo Bisons AHL 3 2 0 0 130 5 0 2.31
1961–62 St. Catharines Teepees OHA 45 2670 174 1 3.91
1961–62 Sault Ste. Marie Thunderbirds EPHL 3 0 1 2 180 12 0 4.00
1961–62 Buffalo Bisons AHL 1 0 1 0 60 4 0 4.00
1962–63 St. Louis Braves EPHL 70 26 35 9 4200 299 1 4.27
1962–63 Buffalo Bisons AHL 4 3 1 0 240 10 0 2.50
1963–64 Pittsburgh Hornets AHL 44 30 13 1 2640 103 4 2.34
1963–64 Detroit Red Wings NHL 15 5 6 4 900 51 2 3.40 .900
1964–65 Detroit Red Wings NHL 70 40 22 7 4168 168 6 2.42 .913
1965–66 Detroit Red Wings NHL 64 27 24 12 3734 173 7 2.78 .904
1966–67 Detroit Red Wings NHL 58 22 29 4 3256 182 4 3.35 .895
1967–68 Fort Worth Wings CPHL 5 3 1 0 265 12 0 2.49 .909
1967–68 Detroit Red Wings NHL 34 9 18 2 1729 95 1 3.30
1968–69 Detroit Red Wings NHL 38 12 16 3 1820 101 0 3.33
1969–70 Detroit Red Wings NHL 34 16 6 9 1877 83 0 2.65 .920
1970–71 Buffalo Sabres NHL 44 9 20 7 2198 135 1 3.68 .900
1971–72 Buffalo Sabres NHL 63 13 34 14 3654 214 2 3.51
1972–73 Buffalo Sabres NHL 49 23 13 7 2633 121 3 2.76
1973–74 Buffalo Sabres NHL 12 4 5 0 615 39 0 3.80
1974–75 Buffalo Sabres NHL 23 17 2 1 1260 55 3 2.62 .904
1975–76 Buffalo Sabres NHL 11 8 2 0 620 27 1 2.61 .888
1976–77 Washington Capitals NHL 3 1 0 0 103 2 0 1.17
NHL totals[9] 518 206 197 70 28,567 1446 30 3.04

Playoffs[edit]

Season Team League GP W L T MIN GA SO GAA
1959–60 St. Catharines Teepees OHA 17 1020 52 0 3.06
1959–60 St. Catharines Teepees M-Cup 14 8 5 1 850 58 0 4.09
1960–61 St. Catharines Teepees OHA 6 360 21 0 3.50
1961–62 St. Catharines Teepees OHA 6 360 19 0 3.17
1963–64 Detroit Red Wings NHL 3 0 2 126 5 0 2.38
1963–64 Pittsburgh Hornets AHL 3 1 2 184 9 0 2.93
1964–65 Detroit Red Wings NHL 7 3 4 420 23 0 3.29
1965–66 Detroit Red Wings NHL 12 6 5 668 26 1 2.34
1969–70 Detroit Red Wings NHL 1 0 1 34 3 0 5.29
1972–73 Buffalo Sabres NHL 4 2 2 249 11 0 2.65
1974–75 Buffalo Sabres NHL 5 3 2 292 14 0 2.88
NHL totals[9] 32 14 16 1789 82 1 2.75

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Obituaries". The Bracebridge Herald-Gazette. 1996-01-17. p. 16. 
  2. ^ a b Fischler, Stan; Fischler, Shirley (2003). Who's who in hockey. Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 88. ISBN 0740719041. 
  3. ^ Lardner, Rex (1964-11-23). "Wispy and worrying, but he wins". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2013-07-14. 
  4. ^ Cohen, Tom (1967). Roger Crozier, daredevil goalie. Nashville: Thomas Nelson. ISBN 6137806472. 
  5. ^ "Hawks' farm clubs pay off". The Montreal Gazette. 1959-02-24. p. 20. Retrieved 2013-01-11. 
  6. ^ "Memorial Cup winners". Ottawa Citizen. 1986-05-20. p. 61. Retrieved 2013-01-11. 
  7. ^ "Wings' goalie Crozier retires because of hockey's "torture"". Ottawa Citizen. 1967-10-07. p. 8. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  8. ^ a b Fischler, Stan (2002). Detroit Red Wings: Greatest moments and players. Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing LLC. ISBN 1582612714. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Roger Crozier". NHL.com. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  10. ^ Adrahtas, Tom (2002). Glenn Hall. Vancouver: Greystone Books. p. 132. ISBN 0970917015. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Roger Crozier". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  12. ^ Cain, Charles C. (1964-04-01). "Hawks win in overtime to tie Cup playoffs". The Owosso Argus-Press. p. 39. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  13. ^ "Toronto grabs Sawchuk, Moore". The Calgary Herald. 1964-06-11. p. 16. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  14. ^ Weekes, Don (2003). The best & worst of hockey firsts: The unofficial guide. Vancouver: Greystone Books Ltd. p. 102. ISBN 1926685423. 
  15. ^ Dulmage, Jack (1965-10-21). "Howe breaks record, 5–2". The Windsor Star. p. 35. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  16. ^ Diamond, Dan; Duplacey, James; Zweig, Eric (2003). The ultimate prize: The Stanley Cup. Kansas City: Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 56. ISBN 0740738305. 
  17. ^ "1965–66 Stanley Cup winner". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  18. ^ "1965–66 Conn Smythe Trophy winner". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2013-01-09. 
  19. ^ "Redwings' Crozier quits hockey at 25". The Milwaukee Journal. 1967-11-06. p. 53. Retrieved 2013-07-15. 
  20. ^ "Crozier returns, but Wings bow". The Morning Record. 1968-01-22. p. 5. Retrieved 2013-01-11. 
  21. ^ "Detroit deals Crozier in hockey's Expansion Draft". Ludington Daily News. 1970-07-11. p. 3. Retrieved 2013-01-11. 
  22. ^ a b c d "Roger Crozier". Buffalo Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2013-01-09. 
  23. ^ "1970–71 NHL season summary". hockey-reference.com. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  24. ^ MacLaine, Ian (1972-01-20). "Crozier shuts out Canucks". The Windsor Star. p. 85. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  25. ^ "1971–72 NHL season summary". hockey-reference.com. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  26. ^ "Playoff breakthrough for Sabres". Ottawa Citizen. 1973-04-02. p. 14. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
  27. ^ "Goalie in awe of Sabres". Sarasota Journal. 1975-11-15. p. 21. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  28. ^ a b "1974–75 NHL season summary". hockey-reference.com. Retrieved 2013-01-09. 
  29. ^ "Flyers, Sabres hope fog, bats float off". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. 1975-05-22. p. 19. Retrieved 2013-01-11. 
  30. ^ "1975 NHL Playoffs Summary". hockey-reference.com. Retrieved 2013-05-03. 
  31. ^ "Washington Capitals coaches". hockey-reference.com. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  32. ^ "Marty Turco receives MBNA/Mastercard Canada Roger Crozier Saving Grace Award". Mastercard. Retrieved 2012-07-24. 
  33. ^ "Roger Crozier, 53, a hockey goaltender". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-07-14. 
  34. ^ "Canadiens' Cristobal Huet to receive MBNA Roger Crozier Saving Grace Award". NHL.com. Retrieved 2012-07-26. 
Preceded by
Jean Beliveau
Winner of the Conn Smythe Trophy
1966
Succeeded by
Dave Keon
Preceded by
Jacques Laperriere
Winner of the Calder Trophy
1965
Succeeded by
Brit Selby
Preceded by
Max McNab
Interim General Manager of the Washington Capitals
1981–82
Succeeded by
David Poile
Preceded by
Gary Green
Interim Head coach of the Washington Capitals
1-game 1981
Succeeded by
Bryan Murray