Roger Fleetwood-Hesketh

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Roger Fleetwood Hesketh
Birth name Roger Bibby-Hesketh
Born 28 July 1902
Died 14 November 1987(1987-11-14) (aged 85)
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Rank Lieutenant-Colonel (Honorary Colonel, Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry)[1]
Service number 22275[1]
Unit Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry
Battles/wars Second World War
Awards

Legion of Merit, Degree of Officer, 1948

Officer of the Order of the British Empire, 1970

Lieutenant-Colonel Roger Fleetwood Hesketh, OBE, TD, DL, JP, MP (28 July 1902 – 14 November 1987), born Roger Bibby-Hesketh, was a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. He was Member of Parliament (MP) for Southport from 1952 to 1959.

Early life[edit]

He was the first of six children born to Major Charles Hesketh Fleetwood-Hesketh (1871-1947) and his wife Anne Dorothea (Brocklebank) Fleetwood-Hesketh (1877-1940). His mother died in the torpedoing and sinking of the ocean liner SS City of Benares in September 1940.

Hesketh was educated at Eton from where, in 1922, he was commissioned into the Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry as a 2nd Lieutenant.[2] He attended university at Christ Church, Oxford, and was called to bar in 1928 at the Middle Temple. In February 1940, then at the rank off Major, he transferred to the Royal Artillery.[3]

Second World War[edit]

During the Second World War, Lieutenant Colonel Fleetwood-Hesketh was a member of Ops (B), the deception section of SHAEF that helped plan Operation Fortitude, a key portion of Operation Bodyguard, the deception plan covering the Allied invasion of Normandy in 1944. He wrote a history of his role and the operation that was published after his death.

Following the end of the war, Hesketh was sent to Germany, alongside his brother, to search through the files of German intelligence, and question officers.[4] He was then asked to write a history of deception in Western Europe, including the work up to and including Operation Fortitude.[5]

Political career[edit]

Hesketh was High Sheriff of Lancashire in 1947 and later Deputy Lieutenant of Lancashire from 1950 to 1972. He remained a reserve officer in the Territorial Army, with the honorary rank of Colonel, until 1957.[6]

In 1948, Hesketh was awarded an American Legion of Merit (Degree of Officer).[7] In 1970, he was appointed Officer (Civil Division) of the Order of the British Empire, at the time he was Chairman, Lancashire Agricultural Executive Committee.[8]

In the 1970s books about Second World War deception began to appear. Sefton Delmer's 1971 book, The Counterfeit Spy, appeared to be copied from Hesketh's earlier unpublished report. Noel Wild had provided Delmer with a copy of the report. Hesketh was annoyed and threatened to sue, however the Government claimed Crown Copyright on his report and he was not able to. In the end Delmer added a credit to the second edition of the book, and Hesketh, along with other deceivers, were able to correct inaccuracies.[9]

Hesketh's report was eventually published posthumously, in 1999, with a foreword by "Nigel West" (the pseudonym of Rupert Allason).[9]

His name changed twice: the first time in 1907, when his father changed the family name from Bibby-Hesketh to Fleetwood-Hesketh, and on 10 August 1956, when he changed his name by deed poll to the unhyphenated form of Roger Fleetwood Hesketh.

In the 1960s, Hesketh rebuilt the family home of Meols Hall, Southport (he had a hobbyist interest in architecture). He died in 1987.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b London Gazette (1956)
  2. ^ London Gazette (1922)
  3. ^ London Gazette (1940)
  4. ^ Holt (2004), pg. 779
  5. ^ Holt (2004), pg. 783-784
  6. ^ London Gazette (1957)
  7. ^ Legion of Merit (1948)
  8. ^ London Gazette (1970)
  9. ^ a b Holt (2004), pg. 786-787
  10. ^ Holt (2004), pg. 793

Bibliography[edit]

  • Holt, Thaddeus (2004). The Deceivers: Allied Military Deception in the Second World War. Scribner. ISBN 0-7432-5042-7. 

London Gazette[edit]

War Record[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Hudson
Member of Parliament for Southport
19521959
Succeeded by
Ian Percival