|Goodell at Super Bowl XLIII, February 1, 2009|
of the National Football League
September 1, 2006
|Preceded by||Paul Tagliabue|
|Born||Roger Stokoe Goodell
February 19, 1959
Jamestown, New York
|Alma mater||Washington & Jefferson College (B.S. in Economics, 1981)|
Roger Stokoe Goodell (born February 19, 1959) is the Commissioner of the National Football League (NFL), having been chosen to succeed the retiring Paul Tagliabue on August 8, 2006. He was chosen over four finalists for the position, winning a close vote on the fifth ballot before being unanimously approved by acclamation of the owners. He officially began his tenure on September 1, 2006, just prior to the beginning of the 2006 NFL season. Commentators have described him as "the most powerful man in sports".
- 1 Background
- 2 NFL career
- 3 Personal life
- 4 References
Roger Stokoe Goodell was born in Jamestown, New York, the son of United States Senator Charles Ellsworth Goodell of New York, and Jean (Rice) Goodell of Buffalo, New York. He graduated from Bronxville High School where, as a three-sport star in football, basketball, and baseball, he captained all three teams as a senior and was named the school's athlete of the year. Injuries kept him from playing college football. Goodell is a 1981 graduate of Washington & Jefferson College in Washington, Pennsylvania with a degree in economics.
From intern to COO
Goodell's career in the NFL began in 1982 as an administrative intern in the league office in New York under then-Commissioner Pete Rozelle – a position secured through a letter-writing campaign to the league office and each of its then 28 teams. In 1983, he joined the New York Jets as an intern, but returned to the league office in 1984 as an assistant in the public relations department.
In 1987, Goodell was appointed assistant to the president of the American Football Conference, Lamar Hunt, and under the tutelage of Commissioner Paul Tagliabue filled a variety of football and business operations roles, culminating with his appointment as the NFL's Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer in December 2001. As the NFL's COO, Goodell took responsibility for the league's football operations and officiating, as well as supervised league business functions. He headed NFL Ventures, which oversees the league's business units, including media properties, marketing and sales, stadium development and strategic planning.
Goodell was heavily involved in the negotiation of the collective bargaining agreement with the NFLPA and NFL owners during the summer of 2011. He also played an extensive role in league expansion, realignment, and stadium development, including the launch of the NFL Network and securing new television agreements.
NFL commissioner selection
Upon Tagliabue's retirement Goodell was one of the candidates in contention for the role. In the second and third ballots, Goodell and Gregg Levy were the only candidates to receive votes (Goodell 17, Levy 14). Goodell increased his lead to 21–10 after the fourth ballot, falling one vote shy of election, but on the fifth round of voting two owners swung their votes to him to achieve the necessary two-thirds majority (Goodell 23, Levy 8). The Oakland Raiders abstained from the voting in each round.
Goodell was chosen on August 8, 2006, to succeed Tagliabue and assumed office on September 1, the date Tagliabue had set for him to leave office.
Actions as commissioner
Goodell believes his primary responsibity as commissioner is protecting the integrity of the game and making it safer—"protecting the shield", as he puts it (a reference to the NFL's shield logo). However, some of his actions in this regard have been met with criticism.
In April 2007, following a year of significant scandal surrounding some NFL players' actions off the field, Goodell announced a new NFL Personal Conduct Policy. Tennessee Titans cornerback Pacman Jones and Cincinnati Bengals wide receiver Chris Henry were the first two players to be suspended under the new policy, and Chicago Bears defensive lineman Tank Johnson was suspended months later because of his conduct involving weapon ownership and drunk driving. On August 31, 2007, Goodell suspended Dallas Cowboys quarterbacks coach Wade Wilson for five games and fined him US$100,000, and suspended New England Patriots safety Rodney Harrison for four games without pay, after they admitted the use of banned substances for medical purposes and to accelerate healing, respectively. The league indicated to Wilson that his more severe penalty was because they held "people in authority in higher regard than people on the field." Goodell has also imposed suspensions on the following players for conduct:
|Date(s) suspended||Suspension length||Name||Position||Team at the time of suspension|
|April 10, 2007||Entire 2007 season||Adam "Pacman" Jones||Cornerback||Tennessee Titans|
|First 8 games of 2007 season||Chris Henry||Wide receiver||Cincinnati Bengals|
|June 4, 2007||First 8 games of 2007 season||Terry "Tank" Johnson||Defensive tackle||Chicago Bears|
|August 24, 2007 – July 27, 2009||Suspended for the first two regular season games in the 2009 season and could play by week three of the season. He can play the final two pre-season games.||Michael Vick||Quarterback||Atlanta Falcons|
|October 14, 2008||Indefinite
(ultimately was the minimum of 4 games)
|Adam "Pacman" Jones||Cornerback||Dallas Cowboys|
|August 13, 2009||Entire 2009 Season||Donte Stallworth||Wide Receiver||Cleveland Browns|
|April 21, 2010||First 6 games of 2010 season (later changed to 4 games due to continuous following of the NFL personal conduct guidelines)||Ben Roethlisberger||Quarterback||Pittsburgh Steelers|
|November 29 – December 11, 2011||Weeks 13 and 14 of 2011 season||Ndamukong Suh||Defensive tackle||Detroit Lions|
|September 7, 2014 – November 2014||First two weeks of 2014 season plus ten additional weeks (originally two games, then changed to Indefinite following release of the video of the assault which was vacated after 12 weeks)||Ray Rice||Running back||Baltimore Ravens|
In addition to suspensions, Goodell has also fined players for on-field misconduct. For example, on October 19, 2010, the NFL handed out fines to Pittsburgh Steelers linebacker James Harrison, Falcons cornerback Dunta Robinson, and New England Patriots safety Brandon Meriweather after they were involved in controversial hits the previous Sunday. Goodell released a memo to every team in the league stating that "It is clear to me that further action is required to emphasize the importance of teaching safe and controlled techniques, and of playing within the rules." The NFL's reaction to the hits was itself controversial and Goodell came under criticism from players like Troy Polamalu, who felt he had assumed too much control and power over punishment towards players and was making wrong decisions.
Two national political advocacy groups, CREDO and UltraViolet have submitted a petition with over 100,000 signatures calling on Goodell and the NFL to "address its domestic violence problem." This came after Ray Rice was suspended for two games when he was accused of assaulting his then fiancée, Janay Palmer, who is now his wife.
On September 13, 2007, Goodell disciplined the New England Patriots and head coach Bill Belichick after New England attempted to videotape the defensive signals of the New York Jets on September 9. Belichick was fined the league maximum of $500,000 and the team itself was fined US$250,000 and the loss of their first round 2008 draft pick. Goodell came down hard on the Patriots because he felt Belichick's authority over football operations (Belichick is effectively the Patriots' general manager as well as head coach) was such that his decisions were "properly attributed" to the Patriots as well. Goodell said he considered suspending Belichick, but decided against it because he felt fining them and stripping them of a draft pick were "more effective" than a suspension.
2011 NFL lockout
Outside of player conduct, Goodell is also known for his work in the 2011 NFL lockout. Prior to the start of the 2011 NFL season, Goodell worked with NFL owners and the NFLPA on settling the NFL lockout which ran from March 11 to August 5. During the lockout, at the request of some NFL teams, he held conference calls with season ticket holders where he discussed the collective bargaining agreement and conducted question-and-answer sessions on various NFL topics.
In March of 2012, Goodell revealed evidence that players and coaches on the New Orleans Saints had instituted a bounty program in which Saints defensive players were paid bonuses for deliberately knocking opposing players out of games. Then-defensive coordinator Gregg Williams administered the program, and as many as 27 Saints defensive players were involved. Later that month, Goodell handed down some of the harshest penalties in NFL history. He suspended Williams, who had left to become defensive coordinator of the St. Louis Rams, indefinitely; Williams will not be able to apply for reinstatement until at least the end of the 2012 season. Goodell also suspended head coach Sean Payton for the entire 2012 season, general manager Mickey Loomis for eight games and assistant head coach Joe Vitt for six games. Additionally, the Saints themselves were fined a league maximum $500,000 and stripped of their second round draft picks in 2012 and 2013. Goodell was particularly angered that those involved in the program lied about it during two separate league investigations of the program. Sanctions for players were not handed down at the time, and Goodell stated he would refrain from penalizing players until the NFLPA completed its investigation of the affair.
2012 referee lockout
By June 2012, the league and the NFL Referees Association had not yet come to terms on a new collective bargaining agreement, thus failing to resolve a labor dispute. Accordingly, the NFL locked out the regular NFL game officials, and opened the 2012 season with replacement referees.
The replacement officials consisted of low-level college and high school officials. None were Division I college referees at the time since the league wanted to protect them from union backlash and let them continue working their scheduled games during the concurrent college football season. In addition, many of the top Division I conferences barred their officials from becoming replacements anyway because they employed current and former NFL referees as officiating supervisors.
Despite Goodell stating during the preseason that he believed that the replacement officials will "do a credible job", the inexperience of the replacement referees generated criticism by writers and players. Referencing Goodell's aforementioned other actions as commissioner, the NFLPA issued a letter after Week 2 to the owners to end the dispute, saying:
It is lost on us as to how you allow a Commissioner to cavalierly issue suspensions and fines in the name of player health and safety yet permit the wholesale removal of the officials that you trained and entrusted to maintain that very health and safety. It has been reported that the two sides are apart by approximately $60,000 per team. We note that your Commissioner has fined an individual player as much in the name of "safety." Your actions are looking more and more like simple greed. As players, we see this game as more than the "product" you reference at times. You cannot simply switch to a group of cheaper officials and fulfill your legal, moral, and duty obligations to us and our fans. You need to end the lockout and bring back the officials immediately.
Player brain damage
Under Goodell's leadership, on August 30, 2013, the NFL reached a $765 million settlement with the former NFL players over head injuries. The settlement created a $675 million compensation fund from which former NFL players can collect from depending on the extent of their conditions. Severe conditions such as Lou Gehrig's disease and postmortem diagnosed chronic traumatic encephalopathy would be entitled to payouts as high as $5 million. From the remainder of the settlement, $75 million would be used for medical exams, and $10 million would be used for research and education. However, in January, 2014, U.S. District Judge Anita B. Brody refused to accept the agreed settlement because "the money wouldn't adequately compensate the nearly 20,000 men not named in the suit". In 2014 the cap was removed from the amount.
Ray Rice domestic violence incident
Baltimore Ravens running back Ray Rice and his fiancée Janay Palmer were arrested in February 2014 over an alleged fight at a casino in Atlantic City. Rice was indicted for third-degree assault in March. TMZ posted a video from the casino's security cameras showing Rice dragging an unconscious Palmer out of an elevator. Commissioner Goodell met with Rice and Palmer in mid-June as he deliberated whether and how severely to punish Rice. Multiple reporters also wrote that the NFL had access to a surveillance video taken from inside the elevator that showed the actual altercation.
In late July, Goodell announced that Rice would be suspended for the first two games of the 2014 NFL season and would be fined an additional game's pay. Goodell was heavily criticized by media figures and domestic violence activists for not casting a heavier punishment on Rice. Keith Olbermann called on Goodell to resign.
Goodell acknowledged in a memo sent across the NFL in late August that he "didn't get it right" regarding Rice's punishment. He announced new, stricter suspension guidelines for cases of domestic violence; first-time offenders would be suspended for six games, and second-time offenders for at least a year. Terry O'Neill, president of the National Organization for Women, called the policy change a "good start."
On September 8, 2014, TMZ released footage from the elevator that showed Rice striking Palmer in the face and Palmer falling to the floor unconscious. The release of the graphic video led to renewed criticism of Goodell's initial suspension of Rice. Contrary to reporting from earlier in the summer, the NFL released a statement saying no one in the league office had viewed this video before Rice's suspension was announced.
Later that day, Goodell announced he was suspending Rice from the NFL indefinitely. The Ravens also announced that they had released Rice.
A number of journalists speculated that Goodell attempted to cover up whether the NFL had access to the damning video; many of them called for his resignation as commissioner, as did O'Neill of the National Organization for Women and U.S. Senator Heidi Heitkamp. New England Patriots owner Robert Kraft defended Goodell and asserted that the commissioner had not been aware of the video before September 8. Goodell claimed in a CBS News interview on September 9 that nobody in the NFL had access to the video. The next day, a report surfaced by the Associated Press that a copy of the tape was sent to a league executive earlier that year, in April.
Goodell is married to former Fox News Channel anchor Jane Skinner and they have twin daughters. He has four brothers; among them are Tim, who works for the Hess Corporation; and Michael, married to Jack Kenny, creator of the short-lived NBC series The Book of Daniel. The Webster family on the show was loosely based on the Goodell family.
- Roger Goodell at the Notable Names Database
- "Goodell chosen as NFL's new commissioner". NFL.com. August 8, 2006. Retrieved August 8, 2006.
- Feith, David (January 8, 2011). "Will the Lights Go Out in the NFL?". The Wall Street Journal. p. A11. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Maske, Mark (August 9, 2006). "Owners Pick Goodell as NFL Commissioner". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Gloeckler, Geoff; Lowry, Tom (September 26, 2007). "Roger Goodell: The Most Powerful Man in Sports". Business Week. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "Action for Healthy Kids Board of Directors". ActionForHealthyKids.org. Archived from the original on June 23, 2006. Retrieved December 17, 2006.
- "Roger Goodell named NFL Commissioner". Scout.com. August 9, 2006. Retrieved August 9, 2006.
- "Roger Goodell Biography". TV Guide's Celebrity Bios. TV Guide. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
- "Goodell, Roger". Education for a Lifetime. Washington & Jefferson College. Archived from the original on 2012-05-15. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- King, Peter (August 8, 2006). "Goodell named new commissioner". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved August 8, 2006.
- "New commissioner joined NFL in 1982". ESPN. August 8, 2006. Retrieved August 8, 2006.
- Crepeau, Richard C. (2014). NFL Football: A History of America's New National Pastime. University of Illinois Press. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-252-09653-2.
- Korth, Joanne (August 13, 2006). "Dream job comes with challenges". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved September 15, 2014.
- "Goodell, from PR intern to commissioner". Associated Press via NBC Sports. August 9, 2006. Retrieved April 22, 2010.
- Matuszewski, Erik; Eichelberger, Curtis (August 8, 2006). "NFL Picks Goodell, Once an Intern, as Commissioner". Bloomberg. Retrieved August 8, 2006.
- Maske, Mark (August 2008). "Commissioner Vote Was Close". blog.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved January 6, 2007.
- "New Commissioner Joined NFL in 1982". ESPN. August 9, 2006. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
- Davis, Nate (August 5, 2011). "Goodell, Smith Sign CBA at Hall of Fame". USA Today. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
- Goldberg, Dave (August 8, 2006). "Roger Goodell chosen to succeed Paul Tagliabue as NFL commissioner". Canada: CBC. Retrieved August 9, 2006.[dead link]
- "Goodell doesn't mention Roethlisberger". Associated Press. 2010-06-28. Retrieved 2012-03-23.
- "League of Denial: The NFL's Concussion Crisis". Frontline. October 8, 2013. PBS.
- "NFL Goodell suspends Pacman for year; Henry for 8 games". ESPN. April 10, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2007.
- Weisman, Larry (September 4, 2007). "Harrison, Wilson hit with drug suspensions". USA Today. p. 8C. Retrieved May 16, 2008.
- Mayer, Larry (June 4, 2007). "NFL announces Tank Johnson suspension". ChicagoBears.com. Retrieved August 25, 2007.
- O'Dell, Larry (August 25, 2007). "Vick Couldn't Scramble Out of This Mess". ABC News. Retrieved August 25, 2007.[dead link]
- "NFL suspends Pacman Jones indefinitely". Associated Press via Google.com. October 14, 2008. Archived from the original on October 18, 2008.
- "League upholds Suh's Suspension". Fox Sports. Associated Press. December 2, 2011. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- "Ray Rice terminated by team, suspended by NFL after new violent video". CNN.com.
- Peters, Craig (October 21, 2010). "Titans Players React to NFL Memo on Increased Discipline for Illegal Hits". TitansOnline.com. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Mark Kaboly (November 4, 2010). "Polamalu thinks Goodell has too much authority". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved November 4, 2010.
- Belson, Ken (1 August 2014). "Roger Goodell Defends Length of Ray Rice’s Suspension". New York Times. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
- Associated Press (September 13, 2007). "NFL fines Belichick, strips Patriots of draft pick". NFL. Retrieved September 14, 2007.
- "Belichick draws $500,000 fine, but avoids suspension". ESPN. September 14, 2007. Retrieved May 16, 2008.
- "Roger Goodell signs 10-year CBA". Associated Press via ESPN.com. August 6, 2011. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
- Kuriloff, Aaron (April 14, 2011). "NFL's Goodell to Hold Call With Giants Season-Ticket Holders Amid Lockout". Bloomberg. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
- Klemko, Robert (March 21, 2012). "Sean Payton suspended, Saints fined for bounty program". USA Today. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
- Goodell Talks Punishments. ESPN. March 21, 2013.
- Farmer, Sam (July 18, 2012). "NFL officials: Quality of games could suffer with replacement officials". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 18, 2012.
- "NFL to use replacement refs". ESPN. August 29, 2012. Retrieved August 29, 2012.
- Murphy, Brian (August 4, 2012). "Minnesota Vikings, NFL turning to replacement officials, for better or worse". Pioneer Press. Retrieved August 4, 2012.
- King, Peter (July 30, 2012). "A League At The Crossroads". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
NFL refs now serve as supervisors of officials for five major conferences—the Big East, Big 12, Pac-12, Big Ten and Conference USA—and they won't allow officials from those conferences to work NFL games. The source said that, in solidarity with the NFL zebras, supervisors in other FBS conferences won't allow their officials to work NFL games either
- Borden, Same (August 27, 2012). "With Referees Out, N.F.L. Stars Throw Flag on Novice Fill-Ins". The New York Times. Retrieved August 27, 2012.
- "Replacement referees: NFL players fear negative effects, Sporting News poll finds". Sporting News. August 24, 2012. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- "NFLPA accuses owners of "greed" for locking out referees". ProFootballTalk. September 23, 2012. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
- Connor, Tracy (30 August 2013). "NFL and players reach $765 million settlement over head injuries". U.S. News. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- "Judge scuttles NFL's $760M concussion settlement", MarketWatch citing NBC10 Philadelphia, January 14, 2014. Retrieved 2014-01-15.
- Jason Breslow, "Judge Approves NFL Concussion Settlement", PBS, July 7, 204
- "Ravens' Ray Rice indicted". ESPN. March 28, 2014.
- "Ray Rice -- Dragging Unconscious Fiancee ... After Alleged Mutual Attack" (VIDEO). TMZ. February 19, 2014.
TMZ Sports has obtained footage of Baltimore Ravens running back Ray Rice dragging his fiancee (who appears to be out cold) out of an elevator in an Atlantic City casino ... moments after cops say they attacked each other on the property.
- Zrebiec, Jeff (June 16, 2014). "Ray Rice and his wife meet with NFL commissioner Roger Goodell". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- Petchesky, Barry (September 8, 2014). "Someone Is Lying About Whether The NFL Saw The Ray Rice Tape". Deadspin. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- "Ray Rice suspended 2 games". ESPN. July 25, 2014.
- Cohn, Jonathan (August 4, 2014). "Roger Goodell, NFL React Feebly to Ray Rice Domestic Abuse Incident". The New Republic. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- Davidson, Kavitha A. (July 25, 2014). "Roger Goodell's leniency in Ray Rice case shameful". delawareonline. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- Federovitch, Barry (July 28, 2014). "Federovitch: On Ray Rice suspension, NFL commish Roger Goodell fumbled the decision". NJ.com. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- Waldron, Travis (August 1, 2014). "100,000 People Ask Roger Goodell To Change NFL Policy After 'Meager' Ray Rice Punishment". ThinkProgress. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- Schwartz, Nick (August 2, 2014). "Keith Olbermann calls for NFL commissioner Roger Goodell to resign". USA Today. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- "Roger Goodell admits mistake on Ray Rice, introduces new policy". New York Post. Associated Press. August 28, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- Novy-Williams, Eben (August 29, 2014). "NFL's Domestic Violence Change Celebrated by Activists". Bloomberg. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- Shaughnessy, Dan (September 8, 2014). "Roger Goodell must increase NFL's punishment of Ray Rice". The Boston Globe. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- "TMZ Releases Damning Ray Rice Elevator Video; NFL, Goodell Under Fire". CBS New York. September 8, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- Belson, Ken (September 8, 2014). "Ray Rice Video Shows Punch and Raises New Questions for N.F.L.". The New York Times. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- Pelissero, Tom; Gary Mihoces (September 8, 2014). "Ray Rice cut by Ravens, suspended by NFL indefinitely". USA Today. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- Killion, Ann (September 9, 2014). "Ray Rice is gone, Roger Goodell should be too". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 9, 2014.
- Plaschke, Bill (September 9, 2014). "NFL, Roger Goodell repeatedly dropped the ball in Ray Rice case". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 9, 2014.
- "Fire NFL's Roger Goodell for inexcusable handling of Ray Rice assault case". The Kansas City Star. September 8, 2014. Retrieved September 9, 2014 (Editorial)
- Schwartz, Nick (September 8, 2014). "ESPN's Keith Olbermann accuses Roger Goodell and the NFL of a cover-up". USA Today. Retrieved September 9, 2014.
- Jones, Tom (September 8, 2014). "Next step for NFL: Ban Ray Rice, oust Roger Goodell". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved September 9, 2014.
- Wise, Mike (September 9, 2014). "Ray Rice finally must answer for his actions; when will NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell?". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 9, 2014.
- "NOW calls for Roger Goodell to resign". The Boston Globe. Associated Press. September 10, 2014. Retrieved September 10, 2014.
- "Senator says NFL commissioner Roger Goodell should 'seriously' consider resigning". Sports Illustrated. September 9, 2014. Retrieved September 10, 2014.
- "Robert Kraft: Roger Goodell Had 'No Knowledge' Of New Ray Rice Video". CBS Boston. September 9, 2014. Retrieved September 9, 2014.
- "CBS News Exclusive: Goodell Says NFL Tried To Get Second Ray Rice Video, But Could Not". WUSA. September 9, 2014. Retrieved September 10, 2014.
- Farmer, Sam (September 10, 2014). "NFL reportedly was given copy of Ray Rice elevator video in April". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
- Schefter, Adam (August 8, 2006). "Goodell now comes to the forefront". NFL. Archived from the original on August 14, 2006. Retrieved August 8, 2006.
- Sepinwall, Alan (2005). "TV's New Religious Saga". Beliefnet. Retrieved December 17, 2006.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roger Goodell.|