|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit|
December 27, 2000
|Appointed by||Bill Clinton (Recess)
George W. Bush (Nomination)
|Preceded by||Seat established|
July 17, 1953 |
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Alma mater||Virginia State University
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Roger L. Gregory (born July 17, 1953) is a federal judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.
Gregory was born in Philadelphia but grew up in Petersburg, Virginia. He earned his B.A. degree summa cum laude from Virginia State University in 1975 and his law degree from the University of Michigan Law School in 1978. He worked as an associate for two different law firms from 1978 until 1982. He co-founded the Richmond, Virginia law firm of Wilder & Gregory in 1982 with L. Douglas Wilder (the first African American to be elected governor in the United States), and became the chair of its litigation section in 1985. Gregory is also a member of several fraternal organizations, including Omega Psi Phi fraternity, and Sigma Pi Phi fraternity.
Fourth Circuit nomination and confirmation
On June 30, 2000, President Bill Clinton nominated Gregory to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit that had been vacant for close to a decade since it had been created (the Senate had never acted on Clinton's previous nominee to that seat, J. Rich Leonard). After the Senate declined to take up Gregory's nomination, and the 2000 presidential election was already over, Clinton installed Gregory on the Fourth Circuit on December 27, 2000 via the presidential power of recess appointment. Gregory's recess appointment would have lasted only until the Senate recessed at the end of 2001. However, he was renominated by newly elected President George W. Bush on May 9, 2001.
The Senate confirmed Gregory on July 20, 2001 in a 93-1 vote, with then-Senator Trent Lott of Mississippi casting the lone dissenting vote because he objected to Clinton's use of his recess appointment power.
Gregory was the first judge nominated to the Fourth Circuit by Bush and confirmed by the United States Senate and is the first black judge to serve on the Fourth Circuit.
Dissent in United States v. Sterling regarding James Risen
In July 2013 US Court of Appeals from the Fourth Circuit ruled that New York Times reporter James Risen must testify in the Espionage Act trial of former CIA employee Jeffrey Sterling. Judge Roger Gregory dissented, writing “The majority exalts the interests of the government while unduly trampling those of the press, and in doing so, severely impinges on the press and the free flow of information in our society.” 
- Bill Clinton judicial appointment controversies
- George W. Bush judicial appointment controversies
- Recess appointment
- James Risen
- Porter, Mike (2006-05-05). "VCU Lauds the Hon. Roger L. Gregory for Public Service". Virginia Commonwealth University. Retrieved 2008-11-15.
- United States v. Sterling Ruling, Legal Times, p. 112
- Roger Gregory at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- New York Times article discussing Clinton's recess appointment.
- National Review article discussing Bush re-nomination of Gregory.
|New seat||Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit