|Member of the European Parliament
for East Midlands
1 May 1999
|Preceded by||Position established|
25 January 1944 |
|Political party||Conservative (until 2012)
UK Independence Party (2012 to present)
|Alma mater||Churchill College, Cambridge|
Roger Helmer (born 25 January 1944) is a British business executive and politician and a UK Independence Party (UKIP) Head of Delegation Member of the European Parliament for the East Midlands region. He was elected to the European Parliament in 1999 as a Conservative Party MEP, and re-elected in 2004, 2009 and again in 2014. In March 2012 he defected from the Conservatives to UKIP. He has described himself as a eurosceptic and is a supporter of the Better Off Out campaign.
Born in London, Helmer attended King Edward VI School, Southampton on a state scholarship (1955–62). He read Mathematics at Churchill College, Cambridge, graduating in 1965 with a B.A. and subsequently an M.A.
He began his business career in that year with Procter & Gamble in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, going on to hold senior marketing and general management appointments in a range of companies, including Readers Digest, National Semiconductor, Coats Viyella and the whisky firm United Distillers. During the course of his business career he lived and worked in various foreign countries.
In September 1998, following his selection as a candidate for the Conservative Party in the East Midlands, Helmer left his job as Managing Director of a Leicester textile company, Donisthorpe Ltd (the UK subsidiary of a French textile multinational), to campaign full-time ahead of the 1999 euro-elections, and took up his new role as an MEP immediately afterwards.
He was re-elected as a Conservative MEP for the East Midlands Region in 2004. He was suspended from the Conservative Party whip on 26 May 2005 after voting against party instructions on a motion to censure the European Commission and openly criticising his delegation leader, Timothy Kirkhope, in a parliamentary debate; the Conservative party whip was restored on 13 September 2006, but he remained Non-Inscrit. He joined the European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR), with the other Conservative MEPs, in July 2009.
He was appointed Adam Smith Scholar in 2005 by a right wing pressure group in the USA called the American Legislative Exchange Council. As of 15 July 2012 he is still listed as a member of the American Legislative Exchange Council International Relations Task Force.
He became Chairman of the libertarian pressure group, The Freedom Association, in April 2007.
In November 2009 he stepped down as the Conservative party's spokesman on employment in the European parliament because he thought the Conservatives' new policy on not supporting a referendum on the Lisbon Treaty was "confused" and "essentially cosmetic".
On 12 October 2011 Helmer announced that he would resign from the European Parliament at the end of the year, citing "increasing disillusion with the attitudes of the Conservative Party" as the main reason, although admitting that his "twelve-and-a-half years banging my head against the same brick wall in Brussels is perhaps long enough".
Helmer expected to be replaced by Rupert Matthews who was next on the Conservative party list in the European Parliament election, 2009. However the party was reported to be looking into golliwog dolls featuring on the front cover of a book published by a company of which Matthews is director and shareholder and would not confirm that Matthews would succeed him.
Helmer delayed standing down, before it was announced on 2 March 2012 that he had defected from the Conservatives to the United Kingdom Independence Party. He faced accusations of hypocrisy as he had demanded in November 2000, that MEP Bill Newton Dunn immediately resign as a result of his move from Conservatives to the Liberal Democrats.
On 6 May 2014 it was announced on the official UKIP website that Helmer would contest the Newark by-election, following the resignation of former Conservative MP Patrick Mercer. He came second with 25%, behind the Conservative Robert Jenrick who received 45% of the vote.
On 25 May 2014 he was re-elected for UKIP as the first on their list for the East Midlands seat in the 2014 European Elections.
Helmer is the UKIP spokesman on Energy and Industry. He argues that current green energy initiatives are making British business less competitive, and costing jobs.
On May 2011, Helmer supported Ken Clarke's comments on reduced prison sentences for rape by comparing stranger rape and date rape. He said: "Let me make another point which will certainly get me vilified, but which I think is important to make: while in the first case, the blame is squarely on the perpetrator and does not attach to the victim, in the second case the victim surely shares a part of the responsibility, if only for establishing reasonable expectations in her boyfriend’s mind." His comments were criticised by East Midlands politicians Bill Newton-Dunn and Nigel Mills though Helmer refused to change what he had said.
Christian religious beliefs
On 19 July 2009, on his blog, Helmer defended the Polish Law and Justice MEP, and chairman of the ECR, Michał Kamiński from accusations of homophobia. He went on to write that homophobia does not exist and that the word: "is merely a propaganda device" designed to "denigrate and stigmatise those holding conventional opinions".
On 11 August 2009, Helmer defended himself against criticism of comments he had made, saying he was not claiming "that there is no discrimination, and that homosexuals do not suffer violence and prejudice from people because sadly, we all know that is not the case." but rather, he states, that the word homophobia has "no meaning" because he has "never met anyone with an irrational fear of homosexuals" and claims that the term is a propagandist one created by the "militant gay rights lobby".
In a letter to the Leicester Mercury on 16 November 2009, Helmer accused the Church of England of having "abandoned religious faith entirely and taken up the religion of climate alarmism instead". This was in response to a recent inter-faith event in Leicester concerning the challenge of climate change. In response, the Bishop of Leicester, Tim Stevens, said Helmer had not aired these views when he debated climate change in Leicester cathedral and asked whether "this was merely courtesy, or was it because the opportunity for a platform meant more to him than exposing his views to scrutiny or challenge from a live audience".
In March 2012, Helmer spoke out in support of Cardinal Keith O'Brien, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church in Scotland, who had earlier condemned the government's plans to introduce same-sex marriage as a "grotesque subversion of a universally accepted human right." Although he had formerly been critical of the Roman Catholic Church, labelling it "systematically paedophile", Helmer praised O'Brien's statement, opining that "Christian moral principles are not a bad basis for a free and fair society". He furthermore commented that "once you start to tamper with the institution of marriage, you get into some very murky water indeed", and that such a move could set a precedent that would lead to the legalisation of communal marriage and incest.
Following accusations of homophobia made in the press, UKIP leader Nigel Farage confirmed that Roger Helmer, who had grown up with a strictly Christian upbringing, has since relaxed his views on homosexuality; "Roger Helmer is fighting this by-election for us; he's somebody of 70 years of age who grew up with a strong Christian Bible background. He grew up in an age when homosexuality was actually imprisonable, and he had a certain set of views which he maintained for many years which he now says he accepts the world's moved on and he's relaxed about."
Just ahead of the Newark By-election, Helmer gave an interview to The Independent criticising what he said was deliberate misrepresentation of his views by The Mail on Sunday’s political editor, Simon Walters. Helmer denied ever saying the NHS should offer potential treatment for homosexuality which he does not regard as an illness. He believes that, in general, the NHS should only treat a condition if it can do so in an affordable and clinically effective manner. Irrespective of that however he does believe people have the right to try any treatment if they think it will work. On that basis despite his own scepticism, he supports people's right to use homeopathy.
Helmer was criticised in an article in The Daily Telegraph on 10 February 2010 regarding MEPs’ pensions. The article by Bruno Waterfield criticised an attempt by Helmer and other Conservative MEPs to water down attempts to overhaul their expenses arrangements. Helmer replied, in a letter to the Daily Telegraph printed on the 13 February 2010, that accusations relating to protecting his pension rights, protecting his anonymity and seeking further public funding for pension contributions were false. Following these accusations, Helmer made his MEP allowances available to view online. According to a June 2014 Guardian article, all three main UK parties expect their MEPs' to provide an independent audit to verify expenses though this is not an EU requirement.
In August 2009, whilst a Conservative MEP, Helmer supported his fellow MEP Daniel Hannan's criticism of the NHS -described as a "60 year mistake". Speaking to BBC Radio 4's PM programme, Helmer stated that: “I think Dan has done us a service by raising these issues which need to be looked at. If 80% of Americans are getting better health care than we are in the UK then we ought to ask why, and we ought to ask how are we going to deliver equally good results.” The attacks by Helmer and Hannan led Conservative leader David Cameron to release a statement to the BBC saying: "The Conservative Party stands four square behind the NHS". The BBC article also contained a 2009 comparison of "Healthcare around the world" which showed that whilst life expectancy in the UK was slightly greater than the US and infant mortality 40% lower, US per capita health costs were almost 2.5 times greater.
In April 2004, whilst a Conservative MEP, Helmer was criticised by Friends of the Earth for his voting record on environmental issues, voting in what they claimed was an environmentally friendly manner in only one out of ten possible "eco-friendly" votes.
In December 2010, still as a Conservative MEP, Helmer attended the 2010 United Nations Climate Change Conference and spent EU funds on a billboard campaign in his constituency criticising climate change policy. Journalist Leo Hickman, blogging for The Guardian newspaper, questioned who was funding his attendance at the conference after it was confirmed that he was not there in an official capacity representing the EU or the Conservative Party – who both confirmed that they did not share Helmer's beliefs on the subject of climate change. Within his local region, Helmer was attacked by academics from the University of Derby and the University of Northampton for being “out of step with the overwhelming scientific evidence on the subject of human induced climate change”. Helmer welcomed the discovery by the British Geological Survey of rich deposits of shale gas under Melton and the Vale of Belvoir pointing to successful extraction in the USA despite "horror stories circulated by green lobbyists."
Helmer has published three books. The first two were on European issues, Straight Talking on Europe in 2000, and A Declaration of Independence in 2002. A third book Sceptic at Large on a wider range of topics was published in 2011 by Bretwalda Books.
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- Konservatiivne Rahvaerakond peab pühapäeval Tallinnas kongressi
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