Roger Keeran

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Roger Keeran (or Roger Roy Keeran / Roger R. Keeran) (born in 1944, in Lapeer, Michigan,[1]) is an American historian and university professor who taught successively at Cornell, Princeton, Rutgers and the New York State University (SUNY).[1] A specialist of Labor and Policy studies,[2] he published, in 1980, The Communist Party and the Auto Workers' Unions and, in 2004, with co-author Thomas Kenny, Socialism Betrayed: Behind the Collapse of the Soviet Union (a book translated into several languages), as well as various articles in history or sociology journals. He is now Professor Emeritus of the Empire State College at SUNY after retiring in 2013.[1]

Biography[edit]

Education[edit]

In the 1960s, Keeran obtained a B.A. at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan. To pay for his studies, he worked in a General Motors automobile plant. He was also co-president of the Detroit Committee to End the War in Vietnam.[1] He next obtained an M.A. and a Ph.D. in history at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.[1][3] His published thesis was titled Communists and Auto Workers: The Struggle for a Union, 1919-1941 (University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1974).

Academic career[edit]

In September 1973, he began his first teaching job at the ILR School (School of Industrial and Labor Relations) at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.[4] Taking a keen interest in the work of Communist Party activists in the US automobile industry from the mid-1920s to the late 1940s (when the Party's forces werev decimated), he published The Communist Party and the Auto Workers' Unions, which has since become a classic on the subject.[5] However, the book’s academic approach to the purge of Communists from the United Auto Workers conflicted with US Cold War policies in effect at the time, and he lost his job at Cornell.[6] He went on to teach at Princeton and Rutgers in New Jersey,[1] as well as the Empire State School of the State University of New York (SUNY), where he mentored students in the Labor and Policy studies Master's Degree program, before retiring in 2013 as Professor Emeritus.[1][7]

In 2004, with labor economist Thomas Kenny,[8] he co-authored Socialism Betrayed: Behind the Collapse of the Soviet Union, a book which in the ensuing years was to be translated into French, Portuguese, Spanish, Russian, Bulgarian, Turkish, Persian and Chinese.[9][10] In the words of journalist Peter Symon in The Guardian, "Socialism Betrayed traces the many circumstances and deviations that undoubtedly contributed to the final overthrow of socialism and the dismemberment of the Soviet Union into many supposedly independent republics."[11] The first English edition was soon to be out of print mainly owing to the favorable publicity it garnered from reviews in left-wing newspapers and journals such as People's Weekly World (U.S.), The Morning Star (Great-Britain), Socialist Voice (Ireland), People's Voice (Canada), The Spark (Canada), The Guardian (Great-Britain), Australian Marxist Review (Australia), Marxistische Blaetter (Germany).[12]

Political commitment[edit]

Keeran has been a member of the Communist Party USA for three decades,[13] and is currently a member of the advisory board of the Marxist journal Science & Society.[14]

His published work[edit]

Besides his two major books, Keeran has published a number of articles in history or sociology journals such as Michigan History, Labor History, Science & Society, Industrial Relations, Policy Studies Journal, Nature, Society, and Thought, and was a contributor to The Encyclopedia of the American Left.

Books[edit]

  • Milwaukee Reformers in the Progressive Era: The City Club of Milwaukee, 1908-1922, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1969, 290 p. (2 editions published in 1969)
  • Communists and Auto Workers: the Struggle for a Union, 1919-1941, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1974, 766 p. (6 editions published between 1974 and 1984)
  • The Communist Party and the Auto Workers' Unions, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 1980, 352 p., ISBN 0-253-15754-4 (3 editions published between 2004 and 2010)
  • With Elaine Harger and Paul C. Mishler, Bibliography of the Works of Philip Sheldon Foner, Empire State College / SUNY, 1994, 38 p. (2 editions published in 1995 in English)
  • With Thomas Keeny, Socialism Betrayed: Behind the Collapse of the Soviet Union, International Publishers Co Inc., U.S. 2004, 230 p., ISBN 0-7178-0738-X (3 editions published between 2004 and 2010 in English) – French translation: Le socialisme trahi et les causes de la chute de l'URSS, Delga, 333 p., 2012 ISBN 978-2-915854-44-2 (translated by Hervé Fuyet and Janine Lazorthes) (1 edition published in 2012) – Portuguese translation: Socialismo Traído - Por trás do Colapso da União Soviética, tradução Vítor Guerreiro, Edições Avante, 2008, ISBN 978-972-550-336-2

Articles[edit]

  • With James P. O'Brien, Ann Gordon, Paul Buhle, Jerry Markowitz, "New Left Historians of the 1960s," in Radical America, Vol. 4, No 8-9, Nov. 1970, p. 81-106
  • "Communists and UAW Factionalism, 1937-1939," in Michigan History, Vol. 60, Summer 1976, p. 115-135
  • "Communist Influence in the Automobile Industry, 1920-1933: Paving the Way for an Industrial Union," in Labor History, Vol. 20, Issue 2, Spring 1979, p. 189-225
  • " "Everything for Victory": Communist Influence in the Auto Industry During World War II," in Science & Society, Vol. 43, No. 1, Spring, 1979, p. 1-28
  • "Reply to Professor Lichtenstein", in Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Vol. 19, Issue 2, March 1980, p. 136-139
  • "The International Workers Order and the Origins of the CIO," in Labor History, Vol. 30, Issue 3, 1989, p. 385-408
  • With Greg Tarpinian, "Public Policy and the Recent Decline of Strikes," in Policy Studies Journal, Vol. 18, No 2, Winter, 1989–90, p. 461–470
  • "International Workers Order," in Mari Jo Buhle, Paul Buhle, and Dan Georgakas eds., The Encyclopedia of the American Left, New York, Garland, 1990, p. 379-380
  • "The Italian Section of the International Workers Order, 1930-1950," in Italian American Review 7 (Spring/Summer 1999), p. 63-82

See also[edit]

Reviews[edit]

  • Review by Bert Cochran of The Communist Party and the Auto Workers Unions, in The American Historical Review, Vol. 86, No 2, April 1981
  • Review by Kenneth Waltzer of The Communist Party and the Auto Workers Unions, in The Journal of American History, 1981, p. 722
  • Review by D. R. O'Connor Lysaght of Socialism Betrayed, on the website Socialist Democracy
  • Review by Maria McGavigan of Socialism Betrayed, in Etudes marxistes, No 83, 2009, posted on the website INEM
  • Review by Thomas Riggins of Socialism Betrayed, on the website Political Affairs, August 17, 2004
  • Under the title "The Need for a Balanced Reappraisal of the USSR — A Review Essay", an in-depth review by Erwin Marquit of Socialism Betrayed, in Nature, Society, and Thought, vol. 16, No 4 (2003), p. 473-506

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Congresso Internacional Marx em Maio, 8, 9 e 10 de Maio de 2014, Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa: "Roger Keeran - nasceu em Lapeer, Michigan, em 1944. Licenciado em Filosofia pela Wayne State University (Detroit), Mestre de História Americana e Doutorado em História pela Universidade de Wisconsin (Madison). Enquanto estudava, trabalhou na fábrica de automóveis da General Motors e foi co-presidente do Detroit Committee to End the War in Vietnam. Ensinou nas Universidades de Cornell, Princeton e Rutgers e foi professor e responsável pelo programa de pós-graduação em estudos sobre as políticas laborais do Empire State College (Universidade Estadual de Nova York). É autor de The Communist Party and the Auto Workers Union (Indiana University Press, 1980), e co-autor, com Thomas Kenny, de Socialism Betrayed: Behind the Collapse of the Soviet Union, International Publishers, 1984 (em Portugal: O Socialismo Traído. Por trás do colapso da União Soviética, Edições Avante!, 2008). Escreveu também diversos artigos sobre a História dos Comunistas nos Estados Unidos. Desde 2013, é Professor Emérito no Empire State College."
  2. ^ H. L. Green, review of Class and Culture in Cold war America: A Rainbow at Midnight by George Lipsitz, J. F. Bergin Publishers, 1982, in Oral History Review, 1983: "labor historians of the period like Joshua Freeman, Maurice Isserman, Roger Keeran, and Nelson Lichtenstein"
  3. ^ Profils du personnel de l'Empire State College: Roger Keeran / [...] / B.A., Wayne State University; M.A., Ph.D. (history), University of Wisconsin}.
  4. ^ Roger Keeran, Clete Daniel: A Remembrance, May 17, 2010, in Memory Book for Clete Daniel: In September 1973, Clete and I began our first full-time, tenure track teaching jobs at the ILR School. We were part of a group of six or seven new faculty that started at the same time.
  5. ^ See the review published in Science & Society, Vol. 45, No 2, Summer 1981, p. 234 & seq.: "In this well-documented and superbly written book, Roger Keeran traces the work of Communist Party activists in the automobile industry beginning in the mid-1920s and ending with the decimation of the party's forces in the aftermath of Walter Reuther's victory in the late 1940s" ; or also Wilbur C. Rich's statement, in Coleman Young and Detroit Politics, Wayne State University Press, 1999, p. 69: "perhaps the most comprehensive look at the role played by the party in the early period of the UAW."
  6. ^ Jerry Limbcke, Labor and capital at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century, p. 11-28, in Berch Berberoglu ed., Labor and Capital in the Age of Globalization: The Labor Processes and The Changing Nature of Work in the Global Economy, Rowman and Littelfield, 2002, 221 p.: "Nonconformity with the Cold War code could, in fact, be risky business for academics. When Roger Keeran broke out of that mold and wrote the first scholarly account of the purge of Communists from the United Auto Workers, he lost his job at Cornell."
  7. ^ New York City Graduate Faculty Profiles, op. cit. : Roger Keeran / mentor, Master of Arts in Labor and Policy Studies.
  8. ^ Roger Keeran, Thomas Kenny, Le socialisme trahi et les causes de la chute de l'URSS, Delga, 2012, p. 5 (Préface): "L'un de nous deux est historien spécialiste des États-Unis, et l'autre est économiste du monde du travail."
  9. ^ See (Marxism) Socialism betrayed: A talk by Thomas Kenny given in Dublin, Eire, on 23 September 2005: The book is being translated in China, and has been translated into Persian.
  10. ^ Socialism Betrayed is in Print Again, in Marxism Leninism Today. The Electronic Journal of Marxist-Leninist Thought: "Since 2004, Socialism Betrayed has been translated into a number of languages: Persian, Bulgarian, Russian, Greek, Portuguese, and Turkish. It will soon be published in French. A Spanish-language publisher is being sought."
  11. ^ Review by Peter Symon, The Guardian, June 23, 2004, posted on the website cpa.org.au.
  12. ^ Socialism Betrayed is in Print Again, op. cit. : "The first edition in English sold out largely due to the favorable publicity the book garnered from such reviewers as Mark Almberg of the People's Weekly World. As well, it was favorably reviewed in Britain by Andrew Murray of the Morning Star, in Ireland by the Socialist Voice, in Canada by the People'’s Voice and The Spark, in Australia by The Guardian and Australian Marxist Review, and in Germany by Marxistische Blaetter."
  13. ^ In Roger Keeran’s own words: One of us (Keeran) has been a member of the Party for thirty years, in Letter written by Roger Keeran and Thomas Kenny to the National Board of the Communist Party, on the website of the National Board of the Communist Party, USA, April 18, 2010.
  14. ^ The Editorial Board, on the website of Science and Society: A journal of Marxist thought and analysis, a quarterly journal founded in 1936.
  15. ^ Referred to as "a good summary of the role of Communist Party Activists in the labor movement" by Michael D. Yates in Why Unions Matter, NYU Press, 2009, p. 280).