Roger Michael Mahony
|Archbishop Emeritus of Los Angeles|
|Appointed||12 July 1985|
|Enthroned||5 September 1985|
|Reign ended||1 March 2011|
|Successor||José Horacio Gómez|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Quattro Coronati|
|Ordination||1 May 1962
by Aloysius Joseph Willinger
|Consecration||19 March 1975
by Hugh Aloysius Donohoe
|Created Cardinal||28 June 1991|
|Birth name||Roger Michael Mahony|
27 February 1936 |
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, USA
|Parents||Victor and Loretta Mahony|
|Motto||To reconcile God's people|
|Coat of arms|
Roger Michael Mahony KGCHS (born February 27, 1936) is an American cardinal and retired prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Los Angeles from 1985 to 2011. Before his appointment as Los Angeles archbishop, he served as Auxiliary Bishop of Fresno from 1975 to 1980 and as Bishop of Stockton from 1980 to 1985.
Born in the Hollywood neighborhood of Los Angeles and raised in the city's San Fernando Valley area, Mahony was ordained to the priesthood in the Diocese of Monterey-Fresno in 1962. He was appointed auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Fresno in January 1975 and consecrated bishop in March 1975. He was then appointed Bishop of Stockton in 1980. In 1985, Mahony was appointed Archbishop of Los Angeles by Pope John Paul II, and became the first Los Angeles native to hold the office. He was made a cardinal in 1991, and as such voted in the papal conclaves that elected Popes Benedict XVI and Francis.
During his tenure as Los Angeles archbishop, Mahony was instrumental in dividing the archdiocese into five administrative subdivisions and in guiding the construction of the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, which opened in September 2002. He has also been an instrumental figure in the Catholic Church sexual abuse scandal. He reached the mandatory retirement age for bishops in 2011 and was succeeded by José Horacio Gómez on March 1, 2011. On January 31, 2013, Archbishop Gómez relieved Mahony of his public and episcopal duties in the Archdiocese of Los Angeles, following the release of personnel files documenting priest sexual-abuse cases during part of Mahony's tenure.
Early life and priesthood 
Roger Michael Mahony was born in the Hollywood area of Los Angeles, California, the son of Victor and Loretta (née Baron) Mahony. He has a twin brother, Louis, and an older brother, Neil. As a child he attended St. Charles Borromeo Grammar School in North Hollywood and at age 14, he entered Los Angeles College, the junior seminary of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles.
After studying at the Our Lady Queen of Angels Seminary and St. John's Seminary, Mahony was ordained to the priesthood on May 1, 1962, by the Bishop of Monterey-Fresno, Aloysius Joseph Willinger, CSsR. He graduated from The Catholic University of America in 1964 with a master's degree in social work. For the next 13 years, he held pastoral and curial assignments in the Diocese of Monterey-Fresno and the newly formed Diocese of Fresno. He was named a monsignor in February 1967, and also taught social work at Fresno State University during this period.
Episcopal career 
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
On January 7, 1975, he was appointed auxiliary bishop of Fresno and titular bishop of Tamascani. Mahony received his episcopal consecration on the following March 19 from the Bishop of Fresno, Hugh Donohue, with Bishops William Johnson and John Cummins serving as co-consecrators. That year, the Governor, Jerry Brown, appointed Mahony the first chair of the California Agricultural Labor Relations Board, where he worked with the United Farm Workers and various growers in the state to resolve agricultural labor disputes.
On February 15, 1980, Mahony was appointed Bishop of Stockton by Pope John Paul II, as announced by the nuncio, Jean Jadot. Mahony terminated two extern priests for sexual abuse during his tenure at Stockton. On July 16, 1985, Mahony was promoted to Archbishop of Los Angeles, the first native Angeleno to hold the office. Mahony was created Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati by Pope John Paul II in the consistory of June 28, 1991.
After the former Cathedral of Saint Vibiana was damaged in the 1994 Northridge earthquake, Mahony began plans to construct the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, one of the largest Catholic churches in the United States. It was dedicated on September 2, 2002. Mahony was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that selected Pope Benedict XVI, as well as the 2013 Papal conclave that selected Pope Francis.
Civic involvement 
Mahony was a member of the Board of Trustees of The Catholic University of America. He served on a number of committees of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, including those on Liturgy, Pro-Life Activities, and Migration & Refugees. He is still a consultant for the latter two committees. In the Vatican, he was a member of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace (1984–1989) and the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerants (1986–1991). He remains a member of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications (1989–present), Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See (2000–present), and Congregation for Eastern Churches.
Mahony spoke out on provisions in immigration bills, such as the Sensenbrenner-King Bill, debated by Congress in late 2005 and 2006. He wrote to President Bush that certain proposed measures would effectively outlaw the provision of charitable assistance and religious ministry to individuals not in valid immigration status. On Ash Wednesday, 2006, Mahony announced that he would order the clergy and laity of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles to ignore H.R. 4437 if it were to become law. He personally lobbied senators Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein to have the Senate consider a comprehensive immigration reform bill, rather than the enforcement-only bill that passed the House of Representatives. Mahony also blamed the Congress for the illegal immigration crisis due to their failure to act on the issue in the previous 20 years, opposed H.R. 4437 as punitive and open to abusive interpretation, and supported S. 2611.
Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels 
Many Catholics were upset about the non-traditional design and the amount of money that was spent on the new Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels. Mahony defended the expense of the new cathedral to replace the previous earthquake-damaged cathedral citing the need for a community to have a religious center that unites people in faith and spirituality.
Pastoral Letter 
To prepare for the new Millennium, Mahony wrote a Pastoral Letter on the Mass entitled "Gather Faithfully Together: A Guide for Sunday Mass". The Letter called all parishes to plan and celebrate each Sunday Mass in order to deepen the faith-life of all Catholics through the Eucharist. Some, including televangelist Mother Angelica, found "Gather Faithfully Together" to be gravely inconsistent with existing official liturgical directives set by the Catholic Church. Others, however, found the letter to be visionary, inviting the Church to a more fruitful celebration of the Eucharist.
The number of priestly vocations declined under Mahony's leadership. By contrast, lay ministries grew and Mahony has said that "What some refer to as a 'vocations crisis' is, rather, one of the many fruits of the Second Vatican Council. It is a sign of God's deep love for the Church, and an invitation to a more creative and effective ordering of gifts and energy in the Body of Christ."
Sexual abuse cases 
On July 16, 2007, Mahony and the Roman Catholic Church in Los Angeles apologized for abuses by priests after 508 victims reached a record-breaking settlement worth $660 million, with an average of $1.3 million for each plaintiff. Mahony described the abuse as a "terrible sin and crime", after a series of trials into sex abuse claims since the 1940s were to begin. The agreement settled all outstanding civil lawsuits against the archdiocese. The deal dwarfs the $157 million settlement paid by the Archdiocese of Boston since Massachusetts law places a legal dollar cap on how much money a non-profit group can be required to pay.
The 2006 documentary Deliver Us From Evil chronicles accusations that Mahony knew that a priest serving under him, Oliver O'Grady, a native of the Republic of Ireland, had a two decade history of sexually abusing and molesting children (including one infant) but failed to keep him away from children. The film claims that in 1984, a Stockton police investigation into sexual abuse allegations against O'Grady was reportedly closed after diocesan officials promised to remove the priest from any contact with children. Instead, Mahony reassigned O'Grady to a parish approximately 50 miles (80 km) east, in San Andreas, where O'Grady continued to molest and rape children. Not long after, Mahony was promoted from bishop of Stockton to archbishop of Los Angeles. By 2012, local authorities had obtained internal Church documents showing Mahony had organized the movement of sexual predators across jurisdictional boundaries to complicate any possible prosecution. In 1987 he prohibited a priest from seeking therapy for his urges on the grounds that a therapist might report the crimes to the police.
In January 2013 The New York Times editorialized: "No member of the Roman Catholic hierarchy fought longer and more energetically than Cardinal Roger Mahony of Los Angeles to conceal the decades-long scandal involving the rape and intimidation of children by rogue priests. For years, the cardinal withheld seamy church records from parents, victims and the public, brandishing endless litigation and fatuous claims of confidentiality."
On April 6, 2010, with Mahony due to reach his mandatory retirement age of 75 the following year, the Vatican under Pope Benedict XVI named San Antonio archbishop José Horacio Gómez as the Coadjutor Archbishop of Los Angeles with immediate right of succession to Mahony. Gómez succeeded Mahony on February 28, 2011 after the ceremony of transition held at the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, with his resignation taking canonical effect on March 1, 2011.
On January 31, 2013, Archbishop Gómez relieved Mahony of all of his remaining public and administrative duties, over Mahony's handling of sexual abuse cases during the 1980s. Gómez's announcement came in the wake of a court order requiring the Archdiocese of Los Angeles to release its unredacted files on clergy sexual abuse. According to the archdiocese, Mahony remains "a priest in good standing" and may still celebrate Mass, but he may no longer speak publicly or exercise any responsibilities ordinarily reserved for a bishop, such as administering the sacrament of Confirmation. He still holds the titles of Cardinal and Archbishop Emeritus of Los Angeles, and retains his Vatican appointments including his eligibility to vote in papal conclaves. Following the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI, a number of Catholic groups voiced opposition to Mahony's voting in a papal conclave so soon after his censure; however, Mahony publicly stated his intention to participate in the conclave. On 12 March 2013, Mahony entered the 2013 Papal conclave, despite opposition from the Catholic group Catholics United.
In his retirement, Mahony intends to devote more time to advocacy on behalf of immigrants, an issue that he has supported for many years. He resides at his childhood parish in North Hollywood, and is eligible to participate in any future papal conclaves that begin before his 80th birthday on February 27, 2016.
Episcopal succession 
|Consecrated by:||Hugh Aloysius Donohoe|
|Bishop||Date of consecration|
|George Patrick Ziemann||February 23, 1987|
|Armando Xavier Ochoa||February 23, 1987|
|Carl Anthony Fisher||February 23, 1987|
|Sylvester Donovan Ryan||May 31, 1990|
|Stephen Edward Blaire||May 31, 1990|
|Joseph Martin Sartoris||March 19, 1994|
|Thomas John Curry||March 19, 1994|
|Gabino Zavala||March 19, 1994|
|George Hugh Niederauer||January 25, 1995|
|Gerald Eugene Wilkerson||January 21, 1998|
|Edward William Clark||March 26, 2001|
|Oscar Azarcon Solis||February 10, 2004|
|Alexander Salazar||November 4, 2004|
- "Cardinal Roger Mahony passes leadership of L.A. Archdiocese to Jose Gomez" Retrieved: 2011-02-27.
- White, Deborah (2006-05-19). "Catholic Cardinal Mahony Slams House Bill HR 443". About.com: US Liberal Politics. Retrieved 2008-03-09.
- Donald Kerwin (2006-05-08). "Immigration reform: what the Catholic Church knows". Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. Archived from the original on 2007-04-21. Retrieved 2007-05-11.
- John L. Allen, Jr. (2006-04-14). "Mahony on immigration". National Catholic Reporter. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-04-11.
- "Cardinal Mahony speaks out on immigration reform". Day to Day (National Public Radio). 2006-03-29. Retrieved 2007-04-11.
- "Catholic Church officials spurn immigration reform plan". American Morning (CNN). 2006-03-29. Retrieved 2007-04-11.
- Farrell, Michael J. (1999-04-09). "Los Angeles Cathedral - controversy over the construction of the church for the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, Los Angeles". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- Nelson, Mike (2002-09-11). "New Los Angeles cathedral dedicated, opened to the world". Catholic News Service. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- Cardinal Roger Mahony (1997-09-04). "Gather Faithfully Together: A Guide for Sunday Mass". Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- Jim Holman (January 1998). "You and I Are Not the Eucharist, You and I Are Poor Sinners: Mother Angelica on Mahony". Los Angeles Lay Catholic Mission. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- Gabe Huck (January 2004). "What We Have Done and What We Have Failed to Do: 40 Years After Vatican II's Call to Liturgical Renewal, We've Still Got a Long Way to Go". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 2010-01-29.
- The Official Catholic Directory. New York: P.J. Kenedy & Sons, 1982-2010.
- "As I Have Done for You: A Pastoral Letter on Ministry", by Cardinal Roger Mahony and the priests of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles.
- "LA cardinal offers abuse apology". BBC News. 2007-07-16. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- Cardinal Mahony and the Truth, New York Times, 28 January 2013,
- "The Cardinal and the Truth". New York Times (New York Times). 2013-01-27. Retrieved 2013-02-01.
- Pope selects Latino bishop from Texas to succeed Mahony Retrieved: 2010-04-06.
- "Cardinal Mahony Retires" Retrieved: 2011-02-27.
- Ryan, Harriet; Kim, Victoria (1 February 2013). "Cardinal Mahony relieved of duties over handling of abuse". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
- Stoltze, Frank (January 31, 2013). "More than 100 LA Catholic clergy files released following sex abuse suit; Mahony pulled from duties". KPCC. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
- Medina, Jennifer; Goodstein, Laurie (1 February 2013). "Church Personnel Documents Released After Years of Resistance". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
- "Cardinal relieved of public duties for past failure to protect children". Catholic News Service. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
- Winfield, Nicole (20 February 2013). "Conclave brings out cardinals' dirty laundry". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- Kolk, Doug (23 February 2013). "Catholics Petition Cardinal Roger Mahony Not to Cast Papal Vote". Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- "Cardinal Mahony tweets request for prayers before papal conclave". Los Angeles Times. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013. "“Last tweet before moving to Casa Santa Martha, and Mass to Elect a Pope,” Mahony tweeted from his account @CardinalMahony. “First Conclave meeting late Tuesday afternoon. Prayers needed.”"
- KTLA report on oppositon to Mahony going to Rome
- Castro, Tony (24 February 2011). "Cardinal Roger Mahony's era is ending, but not his advocacy". Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
- Mahony's speech at the National Press Club, delivered 25-05-2000
- "Called By God To Help", editorial by Mahony in The New York Times, published 2006-03-22
- "Los Angeles Cardinal Hid Abuse, Files Show" New York Times, 21 Jan 2013
- Landsberg, Mitchell (February 23, 2011). "Roger Mahony leaves a mixed legacy: Once seen as a possible candidate for pope, the cardinal's career was derailed by the church sex scandal". Los Angeles Times.
|Catholic Church titles|
|Titular Bishop of Tamascani
Merlin Joseph Guilfoyle
|Bishop of Stockton
Donald William Montrose
|Archbishop of Los Angeles
José Horacio Gómez
|Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati