|Born||Roger Joseph McGough
9 November 1937
Litherland, Lancashire, England
|Occupation||Poet, broadcaster, writer, children's author|
|Education||B.A. French and Geography|
|Alma mater||University of Hull|
|Literary movement||Liverpool poets|
|Notable works||The Mersey Sound 1967|
|Notable awards||OBE 1997; CBE 2004; Cholmondeley Award 1998.|
Roger McGough CBE FRSL (born 9 November 1937) is an English poet, performance poet, broadcaster, children's author and playwright. He presents the BBC Radio 4 programme Poetry Please, as well as performing his own poetry. McGough was one of the leading members of the Liverpool poets, a group of young poets influenced by Beat poetry and the popular music and culture of 1960s Liverpool. He is an honorary fellow of Liverpool John Moores University, fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and President of the Poetry Society.
Roger McGough was born in Litherland, Lancashire (the pre-1974 county, Litherland is now in Merseyside) on the outskirts of Liverpool. His ancestry is Irish and he was raised in the Roman Catholic faith. He was a pupil at St Mary's College in Crosby with Laurie Taylor, future sociologist and criminologist, before going on to study French and Geography at the University of Hull. McGough lived in one of the university residences, Needler Hall, for three years from 1955 and served as hall librarian. Contemporaneously, the poet Philip Larkin became the university's librarian; newly arrived at Hull, he served as a sub-warden at Needler Hall until he found private accommodation. Several years later McGough corresponded with Larkin about poetry, sending him some of his own poems as he still lacked the confidence to approach the man directly. Larkin replied, thanking McGough for the poetry, which he had enjoyed reading. He added that he believed that McGough walked an impressionistic tightrope which, though exhilarating, meant that on occasion he fell off.
The Scaffold and Grimms
Returning to Merseyside in the early 1960s, he worked as a French teacher and, with John Gorman, organised arts events. After meeting Mike McGear (Mike McCartney) the trio formed the Scaffold, working the Edinburgh Festival until they signed to Parlophone records in 1966. The Scaffold performed a mixture of comic songs, comedy sketches and the poetry of McGough. The group scored several hit records, reaching number one in the UK Singles Chart in 1968 with their version of "Lily the Pink". McGough wrote the lyrics for many of the group's songs and also recorded the musical comedy/poetry album McGough and McGear.
In 1971 Grimms was formed, originally as a merger of the Scaffold, the Bonzo Dog Band and the Liverpool Scene. Group member Neil Innes said about the formation of the group, "I don't know what attracted the Scaffold to the Bonzos; we were incredibly anarchic, which was probably something shared by the Scaffold as well."
As a poet, McGough came to national prominence through the publication of The Mersey Sound in 1967. The Mersey Sound is an anthology of poetry by three Liverpool poets: McGough, Brian Patten and Adrian Henri. It went on to sell over 500,000 copies, becoming one of the bestselling poetry anthologies of all time; remaining in continuous publication, it was revised in 1983 and again in 2007. The title of the anthology was a conscious association of the three Liverpool poets with the musical phenomenon caused by the eruption of the Beatles and associated bands from the same city, known collectively as the "Merseybeat", on the world. McGough's personal connection with the Beatles was referenced in a much later comic poem, "To Macca's Trousers," contained in the book That Awkward Age (2009). McGough discovered a long forgotten pair of Paul McCartney's blue mohair trousers in his attic; the trousers had been given to him, via McCartney's brother Mike, in the early 1960s.
One of McGough's early poems, Let Me Die a Youngman's Death (but not, as the poem states, before the poet reaches 73, 91 or 104 years of age), was included in a BBC anthology of the British nation's hundred favourite poems. McGough has been nicknamed 'the patron saint of poetry' by Carol Ann Duffy.
The poetry of McGough has been the subject of academic study. It has been characterised, at least from its early examples, as being reliant on play with words and their meanings. It has also been noted to exhibit a stylised wit, and, at times, a sadness based on themes of lost youth, unfulfilled relationships and the downside of city life. The form of some of his verse, it has been claimed, has been influenced by his experience of writing song lyrics. A major critical examination of McGough's poetry, by American academic Ben Wright, was published in 2006. The author's stated aim was "to examine and evaluate the accessibility of Roger McGough's message to a wide, general readership, as well as appraising it by the most rigorous literary standards." McGough's popularity, commercial success, use of humour and the lack of pretension of his verse has tended to restrict appreciation of his work as "serious poetry." Wright's study challenges this under-appreciation.
On 2 March 1978, McGough appeared in All You Need Is Cash, a mockumentary detailing the career of a Beatles-like group called the Rutles. Interviewed by Eric Idle, the introduction of McGough takes so long that he is only asked one question, "Did you know the Rutles?" to which McGough cheerfully responds "Oh yes", before the documentary is forced to move along to other events. In 1980 he recited a high-speed one-minute version of Longfellow's poem "The Wreck of the Hesperus", complete with sound effects, on the album Miniatures produced by Morgan Fisher.
One of McGough's more unusual compositions was created in 1981, when he co-wrote an "electronic poem" called Now Press Return with the programmer Richard Warner for inclusion with the Welcome Tape of the BBC Micro home computer. Now Press Return incorporated several novel themes, including user-defined elements to the poem, lines which changed their order (and meaning) every few seconds, and text which wrote itself in a spiral around the screen.
Three plays written by the 17th century French playwright Molière have been translated by McGough and directed by Gemma Bodinetz. Tartuffe premièred at the Liverpool Playhouse in May 2008 and transferred subsequently to the Rose Theatre, Kingston. The Hypochondriac (The Imaginary Invalid) was staged at the Liverpool Playhouse in July 2009. The Misanthrope was staged at the Liverpool Playhouse in Feb-March 2013 before touring with the English Touring Theatre.
McGough won a Cholmondeley Award in 1998, and was created an Officer (OBE) in 1997, and later, in 2004, Commander (CBE) of the Order of the British Empire. He holds an honorary MA from Nene College of Further Education, and honorary Doctor of Letters (D.Litt) degrees from the University of Hull (2004), Roehampton University (2006), and the University of Liverpool (2006). He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 2004.
- Young Commonwealth Poets '65 Heinemann, 1965
- The Mersey Sound (with Adrian Henri and Brian Patten) 1967
- Frinck, A Life in the Day of, and Summer with Monika: Poems Joseph, 1967
- Watchwords Cape, 1969
- After the Merrymaking Cape, 1971
- Out of Sequence Turret Books, 1972
- Gig Cape, 1973
- Sporting Relations Eyre Methuen, 1974
- In the Glassroom Cape, 1976
- Mr Noselighter André Deutsch, 1976
- Holiday on Death Row Cape, 1979
- Unlucky for Some Bernard Stone, 1980
- Waving at Trains Cape, 1982
- Crocodile Puddles New Pyramid Press, 1984
- Melting into the Foreground Viking, 1986
- Noah's Ark Dinosaur, 1986
- Worry Toni Savage, 1987
- Counting by Numbers Viking Kestrel, 1989
- Selected Poems, 1967-1987 Cape, 1989
- You at the Back: Selected Poems, 1967-87 Cape, 1991
- Defying Gravity Viking, 1992
- Pen Pals: A New Poem Prospero Poets, 1994
- Ferens, the Gallery Cat Ferens Art Gallery, 1997
- Todays Yodal Over years ago, 1999
- Until I Met Dudley Frances Lincoln, 1997
- The Way Things Are Viking, 1999
- Dotty Inventions Francis Lincoln, 2002
- Everyday Eclipses Viking, 2002
- Collected Poems Viking, 2003
- That Awkward Age Penguin, 2009
- As Far As I Know Penguin, 2012
- The Great Smile Robbery Viking Kestrel, 1982
- Sky in the Pie Viking Kestrel, 1983
- Nailing the Shadow Viking, 1987
- An Imaginary Menagerie Viking, 1988
- The Stowaways Puffin, 1988
- Helen Highwater Viking, 1989
- Pillow Talk Viking Kestrel, 1990
- The Lighthouse that Ran Away Bodley Head, 1991
- My Dad's a Fire-Eater Penguin, 1992
- Another Custard Pie Collins, 1993
- Lucky Viking, 1993
- The Magic Fountain Bodley Head, 1995
- Stinkers Ahoy! Viking, 1995
- The Kite and Caitlin Bodley Head, 1996
- Bad, Bad Cats Viking, 1997
- Good Enough to Eat Puffin, 2002
- Moonthief Kingfisher, 2002
- What on Earth? Puffin, 2002
- Slapstick Puffin, 2008
- Tartuffe (English adaptation of Molière's play)
- The Hypochondriac (English adaption of Molière's play)
- The Misanthrope (English adaptation of Molière's play)
- Said And Done Random House, 2005
- The Poetry Society - accessed 24 July 2009
- McGough reads 3 poems (audio)
- McGough, Said and Done, pp. 12, 23
- Emma Brockes interview: Roger McGough The Guardian 14 November 2005
- McGough, Said and Done pp. 78-81.
- McGough, Said and Done p. 85.
- Bowen, Phil. (2008) A Gallery to Play to: The Story of the Mersey Poets. Liverpool University Press. pp.104-106.
- "XIV Modern Literature, section 5", John Brannigan Accessed April 9, 2006
- Interview with Roger McGough about republication of Mersey Sound 40 years on
- Bowen, Phil., (2008) A Gallery to Play to: The Story of the Mersey Poets. Liverpool University Press. p. 67
- Older, wiser, angrier: Roger McGough settles some old scores, Arifa Akbar, The Independent, 18 August 2012
- Booth, Martin (1985) British Poetry 1964-1984: Driving Through the Barricades. Routledge, pp. 138-139
- Wright, Ben, Allan (2006) The Poetry of Roger McGough: The Liverpool Renaissance. Edwin Mellen Press.
- The Beatles' Yellow Submarine Turns 30 "Edelmann is given credit for inventing the Blue Meanies to serve that role. In an interview, Edelmann added yet another to those who contributed to the film's script. He said, "There was never one script. We had about 20. Roger McGough was responsible for much of it." McGough was a Liverpool poet who was brought in to add a Liverpool flavour to the soundtrack. He was paid £500 for his work, but was not given screen credit." (Accessed 18 July 2008.)
- BBC [pdf]
- Philip Key Tartuffe, Roger McGough, Liverpool Playhouse Liverpool Daily Post (15 May 2008)
- "Waitrose shifts focus with price-led ads," Marketing Magazine, UK, 2 June 2009
- United Agents profile
- CBE for Liverpool poet McGough BBC News 12 June 2004
- "Honorands 1995-1999". The University of Northampton, Honorary & notable alunmi. The University of Northampton. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- "Debretts online Roger McGough, Esq, CBE, FRSL". Debretts. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
- "Roger McGough CBE FRSL". Roehampton University, London, Honorary Degrees 2006. Roehampton University. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- "Founding stars of Everyman Theatre honoured by University". University of Liverpool, Press Release. University of Liverpool. 30 June 2006. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- "McGOUGH, Roger". Who's Who 2010, A & C Black: 2010; online edn. Oxford University Press, December 2009; online October 2010. Nov 2009.
- Tartuffe, Roger McGough, Liverpool Playhouse
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Roger McGough|
- Roger McGough official website
- Profile and poems written and audio at Poetry Archive
- Roger McGough at British Council: Literature
- Interview with Roger McGough about 40 years of the Mersey Poets
- BBC Radio 4 archive 4 October 1981 (Audio, 12 minutes). BBC profile.
- James Campbell, "A life in poetry: Roger McGough", The Guardian, 22 August 2009
- National Portrait gallery
- Shahesta Shaitly, Roger McGough: This much I know, The Observer, 4 November 2012
- Scaffold and the Grimms history