Roger Mills County, Oklahoma

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Roger Mills County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Roger Mills County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded April 19, 1892
Named for Roger Q. Mills
Seat Cheyenne
Largest city Cheyenne
Area
 • Total 1,146 sq mi (2,969 km2)
 • Land 1,142 sq mi (2,957 km2)
 • Water 5 sq mi (12 km2), 0.40%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 3,774
 • Density 3.3/sq mi (1.3/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.rogermills.org

Roger Mills County is in the western part of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,647.[1] Its county seat is Cheyenne.[2] The county is notable because of its location above the petroleum-rich Anadarko Basin.[3] It is the third smallest county in Oklahoma in terms of population.

History[edit]

Roger Mills County takes its name from Roger Q. Mills, a senator from Texas.[4][3] The town of Cheyenne in Roger Mills County is the location of the Battle of Washita River (also called Battle of the Washita; Washita Battlefield and the Washita Massacre), where George Armstrong Custer’s 7th U.S. Cavalry attacked Chief Black Kettle’s Cheyenne village on the Washita River on November 26, 1868.[5]

The area covered by Roger Mills County had been part of the Cheyenne Arapaho reservation until after Oklahoma Territory was created and County E was formed. County E was renamed Day County. Day County was abolished and Roger Mills County was created at statehood on November 16, 1907. The county's western boundary with Texas was moved eastward Template:Convert 3800 when the Supreme Court ruled that the 100th Meridian was farther east than originally supposed.[3]

During the 1970s Roger Mills County and the surrounding area would benefit from the natural gas and oil development in the Panhandle-Hugoton field, the largest-volume gas field in the United States, and the world’s largest known source of helium. Between 1973 and 1993 the field produced over 8-trillion cubic feet (230,000,000 m³) of gas.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,969 km² (1,146 mi²), of which 2,957 km² (1,142 mi²) is land and 12 km² (5 mi²) (0.40%) is water.[6] The Canadian River forms the northern border of the county.[3] The Washita River passes by Cheyenne and Strong City as it crosses the county from west to east.

Major Highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 6,190
1910 12,861 107.8%
1920 10,638 −17.3%
1930 14,744 38.6%
1940 10,736 −27.2%
1950 7,395 −31.1%
1960 5,090 −31.2%
1970 4,452 −12.5%
1980 4,799 7.8%
1990 4,147 −13.6%
2000 3,436 −17.1%
2010 3,647 6.1%
Est. 2012 3,774 3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 3,436 people, 1,428 households, and 988 families residing in the county. The population density was 1/km² (3/mi²). There were 1,749 housing units at an average density of 1/km² (2/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.76% White, 0.29% Black or African American, 5.47% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.52% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. 2.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,428 households out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.80% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 28.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 18.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,078, and the median income for a family was $35,921. Males had a median income of $22,224 versus $19,821 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,821. About 11.50% of families and 16.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[9]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 1,467 65.96%
  Republican 663 29.81%
  Unaffiliated 94 4.23%
Total 2,224 100%

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[10]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 83.96% 1,502 16.04% 287
2004 78.42% 1,388 21.58% 382
2000 73.15% 1,234 26.14% 441

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d Wilson, Linda D. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture. "Roger Mills County". Oklahoma Historical Society.
  4. ^ "Origin of County Names in Oklahoma." Chronicles of Oklahoma. Volume 2, Number 1. March , 1924.
  5. ^ Washita Battlefield National Historic Site. — National Park Service.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  10. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°41′N 99°42′W / 35.69°N 99.70°W / 35.69; -99.70