Roger P. Hill
|Roger Percival Hill|
|Born||22 June 1910
Cuckfield, Sussex, England
|Died||5 May 2001
Arrowtown, New Zealand
|Years of service||1927 – April 1946|
|Commands held||HMS Ledbury
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Order, Distinguished Service Cross & Mentioned in Despatches|
|Other work||Published: Destroyer Captain (1975 memoirs)|
Lieutenant Commander Roger Percival Hill, DSO, DSC, (22 June 1910 – 5 May 2001) was a commander in many famous destroyers of the Royal Navy during the Second World War. Hill served in crucial theatres of the war, being present in the Arctic convoys, the Mediterranean Campaign and Malta Convoys, as well as playing a supporting role aboard HMS Jervis during the Normandy landings.
Hill's first command, HMS Ledbury played a part in the success of Operation Pedestal, the convoy to resupply the beleaguered island of Malta. The Ledbury propped up the crucial oil tanker SS Ohio after it was hit and successively torpedoed by Axis forces, and nursed it to reach the Grand Harbour, Valletta.
Early Service Record
Hill was educated at Pangbourne College, before joining the Royal Navy in 1927. Between 1 September 1928 and October 1930, he served aboard the battlecruiser HMS Renown, with the Atlantic Fleet. Hill was confirmed as a sub-lieutenant on 16 July 1931, and then took a promotion course at Portsmouth between August 1931 and January 1932, serving in the Mediterranean aboard the battleship HMS Resolution up to June 1933. He was promoted to lieutenant on 1 December 1933. He served aboard the cruiser HMS Caradoc in China while Hill was aboard the destroyer HMS Electra (part of the Home Fleet).[clarification needed] He served again aboard HMS Hood between August 1937 and February 1938, later serving in the Mediterranean aboard the cruiser HMS Penelope. After serving for the eight months ending March 1940 aboard the minesweeping trawler HMS Tamora, Hill served as first lieutenant aboard the sloop HMS Enchantress. Having been stationed for three months on the mainly administrative Combined Operations Centre HMS Quebec II in Largs, Scotland, he was appointed as commander of HMS Ledbury on 30 December 1941.
Commander of the Ledbury
Hill escorted the Russian convoys PQ 15, PQ 16 and the unfortunate PQ 17, in which twenty-three out of thirty-four freighters were sunk after a signal to scatter was received from the Admiralty. Hill's Senior Officer on PQ 17, Captain Jack Broome, wrote that "after PQ 17 [Hill] had little faith in the shore staff who directed operations at sea. He was part rebel: in another age he would have made an excellent - if humane - pirate". After taking part in Russian convoy escort duty, the Ledbury was transferred to the Mediterranean, arriving in the Straits of Gibraltar to join the escort for Convoy Pedestal. In early August, thirteen merchant ships and the tanker Ohio, with an escort of aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers, destroyers and submarines, left Gibraltar. The convoy was continuously assaulted by Axis airpower, U-boats and E-boats. After a few days at sea, the convoy was attacked by Luftwaffe Ju 88 dive bombers and torpedo bombers. During this attack, Hill took the Ledbury through the columns of freighters, crossing and reaching the head of the column to have "a better place to shoot at these planes".
During the attack that continued through the night, the Ohio's steering gear was damaged. Hill moved the Ledbury alongside the stricken tanker, and then led the Ohio back into the convoy. As the convoy approached Malta, the ships came under assault by Ju 88s, in an action which Hill himself described to be as "a mother and father of an attack". The freighter SS Waimarama, which was transporting fuel in drums on her upper deck, suffered a direct hit by a stick of bombs, blowing up in an inferno which engulfed surrounding ships and survivors alike. The flames blazed hundreds of feet in the air, and the Mediterranean was aflame "as far as the eye could see". As Italian aircraft dropped circling torpedoes into the water, Hill led the Ledbury into the surrounding inferno, where the destroyer's complement went over the ship's side with ropes to pick up survivors from the explosion. The intensity of the heat, and the amount of flames around the destroyer was so immense that as Hill leant over the side of his ship, he held on to his beard "to prevent it catching fire".
Again under frequent bombardment, the Ledbury, with the destroyers Penn and Bramham, nursed the disabled Ohio towards Malta, pushing her into its position for a tug, to take her into harbour - there the whole group of ships around the destroyer were greeted by bands playing, and people cheering and shouting. Hill received the signal "Well Done" from Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, and was awarded the Distinguished Service Order. The Admiral of the Fleet Sir Philip Vian wrote that Hill's "intrepidity and resource seemed to have no limit".
In 1943, Hill received the command of the destroyer HMS Grenville. On the way from the English Channel to the Mediterranean, the Grenville was engaged in a successful U-boat hunt in the Bay of Biscay. For this action, Hill was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross.
Afterwards the Grenville took part in Operation Tunnel, with night sweeps to sink Axis shipping trying to reach Biscay ports. The Grenville was present when the cruiser HMS Charybdis was sunk, leaving Hill as Senior Officer to deal with the aftermath and to give evidence in a subsequent court martial. Immediately after this action, the Grenville was ordered to the Mediterranean, where she was one of the supporting ships off the Anzio beachhead. Hill was transferred to the command of the destroyer HMS Jervis, which was repaired after having her bows blown off by a guided bomb, in which he supported the Normandy landings in June 1944. By September 1944, Jervis 's engines were heavily worn, and the destroyer took a long refit in Belfast. Hill was Mentioned in Despatches for his part in the Normandy landings. Hill was then sent to command an Air Station. Then, as a passenger in an ambulance, Hill sustained head injuries which led to his being invalided out of the service. He was placed on the retired list on 30 July 1946.
In 1965, after his first marriage ended, Hill and his second wife emigrated to New Zealand. Initially, he worked as a dock labourer, while he was writing his wartime memoirs, Destroyer Captain. Afterwards, Hill taught navigation at Nelson Technical College, and farmed outside Nelson. Hill built a house, which he called "Jervis" and was a member of the Nelson Harbour Board. Latterly, he lived at Arrowtown, Central Otago.
Roger Hill, who died in New Zealand aged 91, is survived by his second wife Jonquil and their two daughters, and by a daughter and son (a second died in an accident when Chief Officer of a merchant ship and a third in more recent years) from his first marriage. His ashes were scattered over Grand Harbour in 2002.
- "Background on HMS Ledbury". Retrieved 28 June 2007.
- "HMS Ledbury is on the way home". Retrieved 2 July 2007.
- "James Holland's Second World War". Retrieved 2 July 2007.
- "Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939-1945". Retrieved 2 July 2007.
- The London Gazette: . 8 April 1932. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
- The London Gazette: . 12 December 1933. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
- "UK TRAINING ESTABLISHMENTS". Retrieved 2 July 2007.
- "Lt-Cdr Roger Hill". The Daily Telegraph (London). 22 May 2001. Retrieved 2 July 2007.
- "HMS Ledbury:Operation Pedestal - Letter Of Proceedings.". Retrieved 28 June 2007.
- "Intrepid destroyer captain dies". Retrieved 2 July 2007.
- "Photographs from the Siege of Malta". Retrieved 2 July 2007.
- "SIMON CUSENS' LETTERS". Retrieved 2 July 2007.
- The London Gazette: . 6 November 1942. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
- Shankland and Hunter, Foreword p. 13
- The London Gazette: . 28 January 1944. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
- The London Gazette: . 22 December 1944. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
- "'His intrepidy knew no limits'". Retrieved 2 July 2007.
- The London Gazette: . 28 June 1946. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
- "6OTH ANNIVERSARY OF PEDESTAL CONVOY". Retrieved 2 July 2007.
- Attard, Joseph (1988). The Battle of Malta. England: Progress Press Co. Ltd. ISBN 99909-3-014-7.
- Bradford, Ernle (2003). Siege: Malta 1940-1943. England: Pen and Sword. ISBN 0-85052-930-1.
- Eldworth, R. (2000). Last Convoys. England: Puffin Books. ISBN 0-14-130720-X.
- English, John (1987). The Hunts: a history of the design, development and careers of the 86 destroyers of this class built for the Royal and Allied Navies during World War II. England: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-44-4.
- Hill, Roger (2004). Destroyer Captain. England: Periscope Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-904381-25-1.
- Irving, David (1968). Destruction of Convoy PQ-17. St. Martins Mass Market Paper. ISBN 0-312-91152-1.
- Jellison, Charles A. (1985). Besieged: The World War II Ordeal of Malta, 1940-1942. USA: University of New Hampshire Press. ISBN 1-58465-237-3.
- Pearson, Michael (2004). The Ohio and Malta: The legendary tanker that refused to die. England: Pen and Sword Books. ISBN 1-84415-031-3.
- Shankland and Hunter (1983). Malta Convoy. London: John Murray Publishers. ISBN 0-00-632964-0.
- Smith, Peter C. (1998). Pedestal: The Convoy That Saved Malta. England: Crecy Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-947554-77-7.
- Thomas, David A. (2000). Malta Convoys. England: Pen and Sword Books. ISBN 0-85052-663-9.
- Description of Ledbury's acts in Operation Pedestal
- Details from career of Roger Percival Hill - Commander of the Ledbury
- H.M.S. LEDBURY: OPERATION PEDESTAL - LETTER OF PROCEEDINGS.
- Royal Navy website of the present HMS Ledbury