Roger Wheeler (British Army officer)

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Sir Roger Wheeler
Born (1941-12-16) 16 December 1941 (age 72)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1961–2000
Rank General
Commands held 2 R IRISH
11 Armoured Brigade
1st Armoured Division
Northern Ireland
Land Command
Chief of the General Staff
Battles/wars Cyprus Emergency
Operation Banner
Bosnian War
Kosovo War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Relations Air Chief Marshal Sir Neil Wheeler

General Sir Roger Neil Wheeler GCB CBE (born 16 December 1941) is a retired British Army officer who served as Chief of the General Staff between 1997 and 2000. During his career he was involved in the Cyprus Emergency, directed military operations in Northern Ireland and led the UK's forces deployed on NATO operations in Bosnia. He is now a non-executive director of several businesses operating on an international basis.

Early life[edit]

Wheeler was born on 16 December 1941 and is the son of Major-General Norman Wheeler.[1] He was educated at Allhallows College in Devon[2] and Hertford College, Oxford, which he joined in 1961.[3]

Army career[edit]

Wheeler was commissioned as a second lieutenant (on probation) on the General List of the Territorial Army on 13 December 1963[4] and, following his graduation from University, promoted to lieutenant in the Royal Ulster Rifles on 14 July 1964.[5] He spent his early military service in Borneo and in the Middle East.[6] He was promoted to captain on 22 December 1967[7] and to major on 31 December 1973[8] and served as a brigade major during the Cyprus Emergency in 1974.[6] After serving on Lord Carver's staff during the Rhodesia talks in 1977,[6] he was promoted to lieutenant-colonel on 30 June 1978.[9] He became commanding officer of 2nd Royal Irish Rangers in 1979 and led his battalion in Belize, Gibraltar, Berlin and Canada.[6] He was then Chief of Staff in the Falkland Islands from June to December 1982 immediately following the Falklands War.[6]

Having been promoted to full colonel on 30 June 1982,[10] appointed CBE in the Queen's Birthday Honours List 1983[11] and promoted to brigadier on 31 December 1984,[12] he went on to be Brigade Commander of 11 Armoured Brigade in British Army of the Rhine in 1985.[6] After that he went to the Ministry of Defence in 1987 as Director of Army Plans.[6] Following his appointment as General Officer Commanding 1st Armoured Division in Germany in August 1989,[13] he was given the substantive rank of major-general on 30 September 1989.[14] He became Assistant Chief of the General Staff on 30 November 1990[15] and, after being appointed KCB in the Queen's Birthday Honours List 1993,[16] he was made General Officer Commanding and Director of Military Operations in Northern Ireland on 25 January 1993[17] with his promotion to the rank of lieutenant-general becoming substantive on 1 March 1993.[18] During his tour as Director of Military Operations the first cessation of terrorist operations took place and Wheeler initiated the reduction in the British military presence in Northern Ireland by three battalions over the course of the next two years.[19] He also served as Joint Commander of the UK's forces deployed on NATO operations in Bosnia in 1995.[20]

He was appointed Commander-in-Chief, Land Command in the rank of general on 12 March 1996[21] and, having been appointed ADC General to the Queen on 6 December 1996[22] and advanced to GCB in the New Year Honours List 1997,[23] made Chief of the General Staff ('CGS') on 3 February 1997.[24] As CGS, he was responsible for implementing the Strategic Defence Review after the new Labour Government came to power[25] as well as providing strategic military advice to the British Government on the deployment of troops for the Kosovo War and in connection with the formation of the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor[26] before he retired from the British Army in 2000.[6]

He served as Deputy Colonel of the The Royal Irish Rangers (27th (Inniskilling) 83rd and 87th) from 1 June 1987,[27] as Colonel of The Royal Irish Rangers (27th (Inniskilling) 83rd and 87th) from 27 August 1990[28] and then as Deputy Colonel of the The Royal Irish Regiment, (27th (Inniskilling), 83rd, 87th and The Ulster Defence Regiment) from 1 July 1992.[29] He also served as Colonel Commandant of the Intelligence Corps from 18 October 1995,[30] Honorary Colonel Queen's University Officers' Training Corps from 23 December 1999[31] and Honorary Colonel of Oxford University Officers' Training Corps from 10 March 2000.[32] In additional he was Deputy Honorary Colonel of The London Regiment from 17 March 2000.[33]

Later career[edit]

Wheeler became Constable of the Tower of London in 2001.[34] In retirement, he was appointed as military advisor to Eurotunnel to advise on measures to stem the flow of refugees to Britain from the Sangatte camp near Calais.[20] He also became a Non-Executive Director of Thales plc, a Non-Executive Director of Aegis Defence Services and, until 2009, a member of the governing board of the Serious Organised Crime Agency as well as President of Combat Stress, the mental welfare society for ex-servicemen.[6] In October 2009 he was appointed advisor on military matters, to the British Government’s inquiry into the Iraq war (Headed by Sir John Chilcot).[35] He is also an Honorary Fellow of Hertford College, Oxford, a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, a Patron of the Police Foundation, and a Liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Painter-Stainers.[35]

Wheeler has also played cricket for the Stragglers of Asia CC, one of the oldest wandering cricket clubs in the UK.[36] His interests include fly fishing, cricket, shooting and ornithology.[6]

Family[edit]

In 1980 he married Felicity Hares; they have three sons, including Simon Wheeler, and one daughter by a former marriage.[6] He is the nephew of the late Air Chief Marshal Sir Neil Wheeler.[37]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Major-General Norman Wheeler". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Centenary Edition of the Magazine of the Old Honitonians' Club, retrieved 24 December 2009 
  3. ^ Oxford Gazette, retrieved 27 August 2007 
  4. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 43233. p. 937. 28 January 1964. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 43543. p. 268. 5 January 1965. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Who's Who 2010, A & C Black, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4081-1414-8
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 44481. p. 14159. 22 December 1967. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46174. p. 269. 5 January 1965. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47588. p. 8325. 11 July 1978. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 49055. p. 9458. 19 July 1982. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 49375. p. 5. 10 June 1983. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 50013. p. 871. 21 January 1985. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 51833. p. 9171. 7 August 1989. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 51948. p. 13725. 28 November 1989. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 52353. p. 18702. 3 December 1990. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 53332. p. 2. 11 June 1993. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 53192. p. 1866. 1 February 1993. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 53248. p. 4744. 15 March 1993. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  19. ^ "Examination of witnesses (Questions 2420 - 2439)". Hanard. 28 July 1998. Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  20. ^ a b Birkett, Peter (2001). "General hired to fight refugees". Daily Mail. Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  21. ^ The London Gazette: no. 54342. p. 3703. 11 March 1996. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 54617. p. 16937. 23 December 1996. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  23. ^ The London Gazette: no. 54625. p. 2. 30 December 1996. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  24. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 54668. p. 1419. 3 February 1997. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  25. ^ "UK Politics: Diary: 21 July 1998". BBC. 16 July 1998. Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  26. ^ "Biography of General Sir Roger Wheeler". The Iraq Inquiry. 
  27. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 51061. p. 11461. 14 September 1987. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  28. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 52254. p. 13852. 24 August 1990. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  29. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 52983. p. 11412. 6 July 1992. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  30. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 54226. p. 16134. 27 November 1995. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  31. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 55706. p. 13724. 29 December 1999. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  32. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 55789. p. 2860. 14 March 2000. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  33. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 55795. p. 3161. 21 March 2000. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  34. ^ The London Gazette: no. 56294. p. 9283. 6 August 2001. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  35. ^ a b "Military and international law advisers appointed". Iraq Inquiry. 13 October 2009. Retrieved 15 December 2011. 
  36. ^ Stragglers of Asia Cricket Club, retrieved 11 April 2008 
  37. ^ "Obituary: Sir Neil Wheeler". Daily Telegraph. 13 January 2009. Retrieved 15 December 2011. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Richard Swinburn
General Officer Commanding the 1st Armoured Division
1989–1990
Succeeded by
Rupert Smith
Preceded by
Richard Swinburn
Assistant Chief of the General Staff
1990–1992
Succeeded by
Michael Walker
Preceded by
Sir John Wilsey
General Officer Commanding the British Army in Northern Ireland
1993–1996
Succeeded by
Sir Rupert Smith
Preceded by
Sir John Wilsey
Commander-in-Chief, Land Command
1996–1997
Succeeded by
Sir Michael Walker
Preceded by
Sir Charles Guthrie
Chief of the General Staff
1997–2000
Succeeded by
Sir Michael Walker
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Peter Inge
Constable of the Tower of London
2001–2009
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Dannatt