Two singles were released from the album including "Chug-a-Lug" and "Dang Me." Both peaked in the top 10 on the Country, Billboard Hot 100 and Canadian charts, with the latter handing Miller the first #1 hit of his recording career.
The album took only two days to record, and did not include all material cut from the session, however Roger and Out was the first release of material from this period. It was composed of more than the customary 10 tracks because half of the songs were less than two minutes in length.
Critics were astonished at how well the first single had done, considering its differences with the British Invasion material dominating radio at the time. Allmusic reviewed the album long after its release, and gave it 4 stars, citing the "unique" and "rich" talent of Miller, displayed on the album. "Chug-a-Lug" and "Dang Me" were mentioned as "classics" and the track "Got Two Again," was described as "catchy." Although the reviewer stated that the "playing" on the album was "top notch" and "the concept original," the record's shortness was criticized and compared to trying to drive to "Nashville on half a tank of gas."