Roger de Clinton

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Roger de Clinton
Bishop of Coventry
See Diocese of Coventry
Appointed October 1129
Term ended 16 April 1148
Predecessor Robert Peche
Successor Walter Durdent
Other posts Archdeacon, either of Buckingham or Lincoln
Orders
Consecration 22 December 1129
Personal details
Died 16 April 1148
Denomination Catholic

Roger de Clinton (died 1148) was a medieval Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield. He was responsible for organising a new grid street plan for the town of Lichfield in the 12th century which survives to this day.

Life[edit]

Clinton was the nephew of Geoffrey de Clinton, an advisor to King Henry I of England.[1]

Clinton had been an archdeacon before his elevation to the episcopate,[2] either of Buckingham (1119–1129)[1] or of Lincoln (c.1129).[3] Geoffrey de Clinton was said to have promised King Henry three thousand marks if the king would appoint Roger a bishop.[1][4] Roger was nominated in October 1129, and consecrated on 22 December 1129.[5] Roger was part of the deputation to the papal curia in 1139 that defended King Stephen of England against the charge of breaking his oath to the Empress Matilda.[1] Another member of the delegation included Arnulf of Lisieux, who was an archdeacon at the time, but who presented the case.[6] Roger also attended the Second Lateran Council in 1139.[7] The Gesta Stephani claimed that Roger was heavily involved in military affairs during the reign of King Stephen.[1]

Clinton died on 16 April 1148.[5] Clinton was responsible for establishing Buildwas Abbey,[8] a Cistercian house in Shropshire in 1135.

Historical fiction[edit]

Clinton appears as a character in Ellis Peter's novel The Heretic's Apprentice in the Brother Cadfael Series and in a smaller role in the final novel of the series, Brother Cadfael's Penance.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Barlow English Church 1066–1154 p. 87
  2. ^ Cantor Church Kingship and Lay Investiture in England p. 292 footnote 115
  3. ^ Bartlett England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings p. 400
  4. ^ Chibnall Anglo-Norman England 1066–1166 p. 80
  5. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 253
  6. ^ Schriber Dilemma of Arnulf of Lisieux p. 16
  7. ^ Barlow English Church 1066–1154 p. 112
  8. ^ Burton Monastic and Religious Orders p. 229

References[edit]

  • Barlow, Frank (1979). The English Church 1066–1154: A History of the Anglo-Norman Church. New York: Longman. ISBN 0-582-50236-5. 
  • Bartlett, Robert C. (2000). England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings: 1075–1225. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-822741-8. 
  • Burton, Janet (1994). Monastic and Religious Orders in Britain: 1000–1300. Cambridge Medieval Textbooks. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-37797-8. 
  • Cantor, Norman F. (1958). Church, Kingship, and Lay Investiture in England 1089–1135. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. OCLC 186158828. 
  • Chibnall, Marjorie (1986). Anglo-Norman England 1066–1166. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell Publishers. ISBN 0-631-15439-6. 
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  • Schriber, Carolyn Poling (1990). The Delimma of Arnulf of Lisieux: New Ideas versus Old Ideals. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-35097-2. 

Further reading[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Robert Peche
Bishop of Coventry
1129–1148
Succeeded by
Walter Durdent