Roger of Salerno

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Roger of Salerno (or Roger of the Principate) (died June 28, 1119) was regent of the Principality of Antioch from 1112 to 1119. He was the son of Richard of the Principate and the 2nd cousin of Tancred, Prince of Galilee, both participants on the First Crusade. He became regent of Antioch when Tancred died in 1112; the actual prince, Bohemund II, was still a child.[1] Like Tancred, Roger was almost constantly at war with the nearby Muslim states such as Aleppo. In 1114 there was an earthquake that destroyed many of the fortifications of the principality, and Roger took great care to rebuild them, especially those near the frontier.[2]

Roger defeated Bursuq bin Bursuq in 1114 at the Battle of Sarmin, and in 1115 at the Battle of Tell Danith. With Joscelin I of Edessa, Roger put enough military pressure on Aleppo that the city allied with Ortoqid emir Ilghazi in 1118.[3] Ilghazi invaded the Principality in 1119, and despite the urging of the Patriarch, Roger did not wait for reinforcements from Jerusalem or Tripoli.[4] At the ensuing Battle of Ager Sanguinis he had 700 knights and 3000 foot soldiers, including 500 Armenian cavalry, but nearly all were killed, including Roger himself. Ilghazi's forces scattered to plunder the surrounding land and did not attack Antioch itself.[5] Baldwin II of Jerusalem came north to take over the regency of the principality.

Roger's reign was chronicled by his chancellor Walter.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades, vol. II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Frankish East, 1100–1187 (Cambridge: University Press, 1952), p. 125
  2. ^ Runciman, Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 130
  3. ^ Runciman, Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 147
  4. ^ Runciman, Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 148
  5. ^ Runciman, Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 149-150
Preceded by
Tancred
Regent of Antioch
1112–1119
Succeeded by
Baldwin II of Jerusalem