Rogerius of Apulia
Rogerius of Apulia (also Rogerios; Ruggero di Puglia in Italian) (c. 1205–1266) was a medieval Roman Catholic monk and chronicler, born in Torremaggiore, Apulia. He became archbishop of Split in 1249, and is best known for his account of the Tatar invasions.
After 1241, he wrote a description of the conquest of Transylvania and the Pannonian Plain by the Tatars (see: Battle of Mohi) in his work Carmen Miserabile ("Sad Song"). Mongol-Tatar Golden Horde forces led by Batu Khan began attacking Europe in 1223, starting with Kievan Rus'. They continued to defeat Imperial, Polish, and Hungarian armies before turning back to go home, upon learning of the death of their Great Khan in 1241.
Rogerius survived the devastation by hiding in the marshes, and writes that the "Tatars" annihilated the population to the last infant, besides committing many other atrocities. Not only he pointed out the genocidal element of the occupation, but also that the Mongols especially "found pleasure" in humiliating local women.
Comments and renditions of his work
- Carmen Miserabile super Destructione Regni Hungariae per Tartaros, ed., L. Juhasz, in I Szentpetery, ed., Scriptores Rerum Hungaricarum, 2 vols. (Budapest 1937-1938) 11, 543-88;
- German translation by H. Gockenjan in Ungarns Geschichtsschreiber, 111: Der Mongolensturm.
- Russian translation by A. Dosaev in Магистр Рогерий. Горестная песнь о разорении Венгерского королевства татарами. СПб.: Дмитрий Буланин, 2012, 304 с..
- C. de Bridia, Historia Tartarorum, ed., A. Onnerfors (Berlin 1967); an English translation in R.A. Skelton, T.E. Marston, and G.D. Painter, The Vinland Map and the Tartar Relation (New Haven 1965) 54-101.
- William of Rubruck, Itineraarium, ed., A. Van den Wyngart, Sinica Franciscana 1, 147-332; an English translation in Dawson, op. cit. (At n. 6)87-220.
- Rogerius quarter, a district in Oradea, Romania, named after Rogerius of Apulia
- Richard Bessel; Dirk Schumann (2003). Life after death: approaches to a cultural and social history of Europe during the 1940s and 1950s. Cambridge University Press. pp. 143–. ISBN 978-0-521-00922-5. Retrieved 1 October 2011.