Roh Tae-woo

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This is a Korean name; the family name is Roh.
Roh Tae-woo
노태우
Roh Tae-woo - cropped, 1989-Mar-13.jpg
Roh in 1989
6th President of South Korea
In office
25 February 1988 – 25 February 1993
Prime Minister Lee Hyun Jae
Kang Young Hoon
Roh Jai Bong
Shin Hyon Hwak
Chung Won Shik
Hyun Soong-jong
Preceded by Chun Doo-hwan
Succeeded by Kim Young-sam
Personal details
Born (1932-12-04) December 4, 1932 (age 82)
Taegu, Japanese Korea
(now Daegu, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea)
Nationality South Korean
Political party Democratic Justice
Spouse(s) Kim Ok-suk
Alma mater Korea Military Academy (B.S.)
Religion Buddhism[1]
Signature
Military service
Allegiance South Korea
Service/branch Republic of Korea Army
Years of service 1955-1981
Rank General
Commands 9th Infantry Division, Capital Defense Command, Defense Security Command
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Korean name
Hangul 노태우
Hanja 盧泰愚
Revised Romanization No Tae-u
McCune–Reischauer No T'aeu
Pen name
Hangul 용당
Hanja 庸堂
Revised Romanization Yongdang
McCune–Reischauer Yongdang

Roh Tae-woo (Korean pronunciation: [no tʰɛ.u]; born December 4, 1932), is a former South Korean politician and ROK Army general who served as the sixth president of South Korea from 25 February 1988 to 25 February 1993.

Early life and education[edit]

Roh befriended Chun Doo-hwan while in high school in Daegu. He graduated in February 1955 with a Bachelor of Science degree and a commission as an Army 2nd Lieutenant in the 11th class of the Korea Military Academy (KMA).

Career[edit]

Military service[edit]

A member of the army from 1955, Roh rose steadily through the ranks and was promoted to major general and the commander of White Horse Division in 1979. A member of the Hanahoe, a secret military group, he gave critical support to a coup later that year in which Chun became the de facto ruler of South Korea. Roh was a military general when he helped Chun lead troops to the Gwangju Democratization Movement in 1980.

Chun forced his way into the presidency years later when he retired from the army and Roh became a key official in Chun's government. Most notably, he oversaw preparations for the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, which he officially declared open.

Presidency[edit]

In June 1987, Chun named Roh as the presidential candidate of the ruling Democratic Justice Party. This was widely perceived as handing Roh the presidency, and triggered large pro-democracy rallies in Seoul and other cities in the 1987 June Democracy Movement.

In response, Roh made a speech on June 29 promising a wide program of reforms. Chief among them were a new, more democratic constitution and popular election of the president. In the election, the two leading opposition figures, Kim Young-sam and Kim Dae-jung (both of whom later became presidents), were unable to overcome their differences and split the vote. This enabled Roh to win by a narrow margin and become the country's first cleanly elected president.

Roh's rule was notable for hosting the Seoul Olympics in 1988 and for his foreign policy of nordpolitik, which represented a major break from previous administrations. True to his word, he remained committed to democratic reforms. He also met with President Corazon Aquino for a series of talks between the Philippines and South Korea for economic, social and cultural ties, supporting Filipino athlete Leopoldo Serantes in the Olympics, and to discuss Unification talks to end North Korea's hostilities after the Korean War.

After the Presidency[edit]

In 1993, Roh's successor, Kim Young-sam, led an anti-corruption campaign that saw Roh and Chun Doo-hwan on trial for bribery. Ironically, Kim had merged his party with Roh's in a deal that enabled him to win the election. The two former presidents were later separately charged with mutiny and treason for their roles in the 1979 coup and the 1980 Gwangju massacre.

Both were convicted in August 1996 of treason, mutiny and corruption; Chun was sentenced to death, later commuted to life imprisonment, while Roh's 22½-year jail sentence was reduced to 17 years on appeal. Both were released from prison in December 1997, pardoned by then-president Kim Young-sam.

Roh has also admitted to corruption 16 years after being in office and is scheduled to repay illegally gained wealth of W24 billion (US$1=W1,118) of a W262.9 billion fine for corruption in office, at the age of 81. A staggering $21,466,905 of a total of $235,152,057 owed to the nation.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Chun Doo-hwan
President of South Korea
1988–1993
Succeeded by
Kim Young-sam