House of Rohan

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For other uses, see Rohan.
Coat of arms of Rohan: Gules, nine mascles or.
Château des Rohan in Mutzig, Alsace (completed in 1673)
Hôtel de Rohan-Soubise, Paris (completed in 1705)
Palais Rohan in Strasbourg, Alsace (completed in 1742)
Palais Rohan in Bordeaux, Aquitaine (completed in 1774)
Château des Rohan in Saverne, Alsace (completed in 1790)
Palais Rohan in Vienna, Austria (completed in 1864)

The House of Rohan is a family of viscounts, later dukes and princes, coming from the locality of Rohan in Brittany. Their line descends from the viscounts of Porhoët and said to trace back to the legendary Conan Meriadoc. Through the Porhoët, the Rohan are related to the Dukes of Brittany, with whom the family intermingled again in after its inception. They developed ties with the French and English royal houses as well, and played an important role in French and European history.

Branches and titles[edit]

Alain I de Rohan, son of the viscount of Porhoët, was the first to take on the name of Rohan, after the place where he was born.

The main branch of the family went extinct when Jean II died childless in 1638; his title and possessions passed on to the cadet branch of Rohan-Gié.

When the first duke of Rohan, Henri II de Rohan-Gié, died, his title and name passed on to the Chabot family as his only daughter married Henri Chabot. This created the Rohan-Chabot lineage, which was not really a branch of the Rohan family.

During the 17th and 18th centuries the Rohan also bore the title Prince Étranger habitué en France due to their descent from the old kings of Brittany and their hereditary control of the archbishopric of Strasbourg, which made them princes of the Holy Roman Empire.

  • Rohan-Gié, extinct 1638
  • Rohan-Soubise, extinct 1787

Descent Tree[edit]

The family of Rohan has a long documented history, with close ties to the Dukes of Brittany.

Earliest Viscounts of Rohan[edit]

Alain I (-c. 1127), son of Eudes, Viscount of Porhoët

  • Alain II (-1170)
    • Alain III (1135-1195) married Constance of Brittany
      • Alain IV (1166-1205)
        • Geoffrey I (-15 Sep 1221)
        • Olivier I (-1228)
        • Alain V (-1242) married Eleonore, daughter of Eudes III of Porhoët[1]
          • Alain VI (-1304)
            • Olivier II (-1326)
              • Alain VII (-c 1352)
                • Jean I (1324-1396) married Jeanne of Leon (-1372) and then Jeanne of Navarre, daughter of Philip III of Navarre[2]
                  • Alain VIII (-1429) Viscount of Rohan and lord of Leon, from the first marriage
                  • Charles (-1438) lord of Guéméné, from the second marriage

Leon Branch[edit]

Guéméné Branch[edit]

Junior Branch[edit]

  • Pierre (-1513), son of Louis I, married Francoise Porhoët
    • Pierre II whose marriage merged the County of Rohan to the junior branch
    • Charles (-6 May 1528) Count of Guise
      • Francois (-29 Dec 1559) Viscount of Fronsac
        • Leonore (10 Jan 1539-20 Sep 1583) married Louis VI

Merged Branch[edit]

Notable members[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BRITTANY.htm
  2. ^ http://genealogy.euweb.cz/rohan/rohan1.html
  3. ^ a b c http://genealogy.euweb.cz/rohan/rohan3.html
  4. ^ a b c Walsby, Malcolm (2007). The Counts of Laval. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Company. pp. 180–190. ISBN 9780754658115. 
  5. ^ http://genealogy.euweb.cz/rohan/rohan4.html
  6. ^ Anselme, Père. ‘’Histoire de la Maison Royale de France’’, tome 4. Editions du Palais-Royal, 1967, Paris. pp. 71-72. (French).
  7. ^ Huberty, Michel; Giraud, Alain; Magdelaine, F. and B. (1985). L'Allemagne Dynastique, Tome IV -- Wittelsbach. France: Laballery. pp. 83, 106–107. ISBN 2-901138-04-7.