Rohtak

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Rohtak district.
Rohtak
रोहतक
Metropolitan City
Rohtak railway station.jpg
Rohtak is located in Haryana
Rohtak
Rohtak
Location in Haryana, India
Coordinates: 28°53′27″N 76°34′47″E / 28.8909°N 76.5796°E / 28.8909; 76.5796Coordinates: 28°53′27″N 76°34′47″E / 28.8909°N 76.5796°E / 28.8909; 76.5796
Country India
State Haryana
District Rohtak
Government
 • Body Municipal Corporation of Rohtak
 • Mayor Renu Dabla
Elevation 220 m (720 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 373,133
Languages
 • Official Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 124 001 – 124 017
Telephone code 91 1262 XXX XXX
Vehicle registration HR 12 (Passenger), HR 46 (Commercial)
Sex ratio 1.13[1] /
Vidhan Sabha constituency Rohtak City
Planning agency Haryana Urban Development Authority
Civic agency Municipal Corporation of Rohtak
Climate Climatic regions of India (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature 48 °C (118 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 0 °C (32 °F)
Website rohtak.nic.in

Rohtak (About this sound listen ) is a Municipal Corporation in Rohtak district that styles itself as the "Heart of Haryana".[2] It is located 70 km northwest of New Delhi and 250 km south of the state capital Chandigarh at the NH 10. Rohtak forms a part of National Capital Region.[3] Rohtak is also fast emerging as the industrial city of Haryana.[4]

History[edit]

Sai Mandir

Michael Witzel believes that the city's name is of Indo-Aryan origin and is recorded in the Vedas .It was founded by a Rajput King name Raja Rohtash Singh Parmar was Rohtashgarh after his change . The spelling changed to Rohtak .Rohtashgarh belonged to parmar cast and subsequently He traces the development of the name as being "Rohītaka-kula > Rohitaka > Rohtek" and notes that this accords with the place existing around 500 BC.[5]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Average annual rainfall in Rohtak city is 458.5mm (18.0 inch).[6] Rohtak's climate shows extreme variation in temperature. It does not usually fall below freezing point in the winter months from November to January. In summer from April to July, the day temperature generally remains between 30 °C and 40 °C occasionally going up to 48 °C on a few days.[citation needed]

  • Lowest: 3 °C (37 °F)
  • Highest: 44 °C (111 °F)

Political controversy[edit]

The development of Rohtak has caused controversy. An allegedly disproportionate number of state development projects have been awarded to the city by Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda, who comes from it. This has received severe criticism from both the opposition parties and some members of the governing Indian National Congress party, who attack Hooda for being biased.[4] Rao Inderjit Singh, a Congress leader from South Haryana, used Right to Information requests to determine that from a total of 5,135 announcements of schemes in the state, 2,045 have gone to the three districts of Rohtak, Jhajjar and Sonepat. These comprise areas of Hooda’s own constituency and that of his son, the Lok Sabha MP Deepender Singh Hooda. Of the 3,356 completed schemes, 1,560 are from these three districts whereas 1,796 schemes have been completed in the rest of the state.[7][8] Ambala MP Selja Kumari[9] is also against the region-specific and biased development of Rohtak.[10][11]

The Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) has spent over Rs 340 crore from its own pocket for development of Rohtak.HUDA till December 31, 2010 collected Rs 322 crore as EDC in Rohtak and spent almost Rs 663 crore out of the EDC fund.[12]

Industry and business[edit]

Industrial Areas & Townships in Rohtak[edit]

Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation (HSIIDC) has developed an Industrial Model Township (IMT).

Facilities[edit]

Athletic Stadium at Rajiv Gandhi Sports Complex, Sector-6
View of D-Park, Model Town

The Municipal Corporation has prepared a strategy for future developments, that includes new residential areas, healthy environment, and maintained roads.[13]

Healthcare[edit]

The city hosts the Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (PGIMS)[14] and Civil Hospital, both of which are operated by the State Government. There are also various privately operated medical facilities.

Sport[edit]

The Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) has developed the Rajiv Gandhi Sports Complex. in Sector-6.[when?] The complex includes cricket, hockey and football facilities, tennis courts, an athletics stadium, wrestling hall, swimming pools and other leisure facilities.[citation needed]

Chaudhary Bansi Lal Cricket Stadium is a cricket ground in the Lahli, Rohtak(Haryana). The Stadium can accommodate only 8,000 spectators. The ground came into the lime light when Sachin Tendulkar played his last Ranji match in October 2013

Tourism[edit]

The tourist spot of Tilyar Lake is near to the city.[15] includes Restaurant, Bar and Mini zoo. Along with other heritage sites on the outskirts of city, there are many tourist places in Rohtak.

Transportation[edit]

View of Latest Sign-Board

Roads[edit]

Rohtak is connected to seven cities by three national highways (NH10, NH71, and NH71A) and two State Highways (SH16 and SH18). National Highway 10 from New Delhi to Rohtak is being upgraded to six lanes with 30 km Rohtak City Bypass, so that the vehicles traveling between New Delhi and Hissar do not have to enter Rohtak city. National Highway 10 from Rohtak to Hissar and several cities of Punjab is being widened to a four-lane highway.[citation needed]

National Highway[edit]

Rohtak is well connected to Delhi through NH-10. For better movement of commuters NHAI is widening the highway to six lanes. But the work quality and speed is so poor that the project is being delayed from many years. The construction company is accused many times of using low quality material in construction of roads.

This should be compared with other national highways which were started after this and are operational for full their length.

Railway[edit]

Rohtak City is connected to New Delhi, Bahadurgarh Bhiwani, Jind, Gohana, and Panipat by rail. It is on the Delhi-Firozpur line. Delhi-Rohtak-Jakhal-Bhatinda railway line is double tracked, the other railway lines like Rohtak-Panipat are of single track.[citation needed] A new railway line from Rohtak to Rewari via Jhajjar became operational from January 2013.[16]

The railway track between New Delhi and Rohtak has been electrified. There has been an EMU service between the two cities since March,2013.[17]

Demographics[edit]

As of the provisional 2011 census figures, Rohtak municipality had a population of 373,133.[1] The municipality had a sex ratio of 887 females per 1,000 males and 10.9% of the population were under six years old.[1] Effective literacy was 84.08%; male literacy was 88.94% and female literacy was 78.68%.[1]

Sector/s[edit]

In Rohtak old sectors are Sector=14 & Sector=1, Sector=2,3,4 are newly developed and new sectors5,6, 25 are being planned.

Media and communications[edit]

All India Radio has a local station in Rohtak which transmits various programs of mass interest.

Education[edit]

Institute of Engineering and Tech. at Maharishi Dayanand University

Rohtak has 16 national government institutes, making it one of the biggest educational hubs of the country. Rohtak loksabha constituency is the only constituency in India to have AIIMS, IIM and IIT. Current renowned health university named after Haryana's first chief minister, Pt. Bhagwat Dayal Sharma will be upgraded to AIIMS at cost of Rs 200 crore.[18] Indian Institute of Management Rohtak is currently being set up with a budget of Rs 600 crore. And an extension campus of Indian Institute of Technology Delhi is also being set up with a budget of Rs 500 crore.[19][20] These institutes along with Haryana's biggest university according to number of students enrolled Maharishi Dayanand University and numerous other universities of fashion technology, film and media make it an educational city.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  2. ^ Rohtak – The Heart City of Haryana | Rohtakcity.com
  3. ^ "Rohtak tops in AIDS cases". The Times of India. 13 January 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Mohan, Neeraj. "Rohtak develops with Haryana CM’s bounty". Tehelka. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  5. ^ Witzel, Michael (1999). "Aryan and non-Aryan Names in Vedic India.". In Bronkhorst, Johannes; Deshpande, Madhav. Aryans and Non-Non-Aryans, Evidence, Interpretation, and Ideology. Cambridge: Harvard University. p. 352 (PDF p. 25). ISBN 978-1888789041. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  6. ^ http://rohtak.nic.in/stat3.htm
  7. ^ Dogra, Chander Suta (5 March 2013). "Rao Inderjit Singh’s move may give impetus to new alignments". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  8. ^ "Rao Inderjit charges CM with bias against south Haryana". The Tribune. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  9. ^ Manav, Sushil (22 April 2013). "Hooda counters Selja’s claims of skewed development - Says entire state has witnessed progress in his regime". The Tribune. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  10. ^ "Haryana Congress session reveals rebel trouble". The Times Of India. 9 May 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  11. ^ "Inauguration of Rewari-Rohtak rail track: City MP feels left out". Hindustan Times. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  12. ^ http://www.indianexpress.com/news/haryana-spends-more-than-it-earns-in-rohtak/806969/
  13. ^ Dainik Bhaskar e-Paper Rajasthan | Punjab | Haryana | Madhya Pradesh | Jharkhand | Chhattisgarh
  14. ^ Haryana to get AIIMS extension, Rohtak PGI to be upgraded – Indian Express
  15. ^ Tilyar Lake, Picnic at Tilyar Lake Rohtak, Weekend Breaks from Delhi
  16. ^ "New 81-km railway line inaugurated in southern Haryana"
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ http://zeenews.india.com/news/haryana/rohtak-pgims-to-be-upgraded_587684.html
  19. ^ http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/haryana-grants-iitdelhi-50-acres-for-extension-of-research-campus/1090051/
  20. ^ [2]

External links[edit]