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|• Body||Municipal Corporation of Rohtak|
|• Member of Parliament||Deepender Singh Hooda (INC)|
|• Mayor||Renu Dabla|
|• Total||115 km2 (44 sq mi)|
|Elevation||220 m (720 ft)|
|• Density||3,200/km2 (8,400/sq mi)|
|• Official||Hindi, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||124 001 – 124 017|
|Telephone code||91 1262 XXX XXX|
|Vehicle registration||HR 12 (Passenger), HR 46 (Commercial)|
|Major Highways||NH10, NH71, NH71A & SH18|
|Nearest City||Jhajjar, Sonipat|
|Railways Stations in City||Rohtak Jn, Asthal Bohar Jn|
|Sex ratio||1.13 ♂/♀|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Rohtak City|
|Planning agency||Haryana Urban Development Authority|
|Civic agency||Municipal Corporation of Rohtak|
Rohtak ( listen (help·info)) is known as the "Heart of Haryana" having the largest outer bypass road in the state. It is the administrative headquarters of Rohtak district. Rohtak is one of the fastest emerging city of India in the field of education and industry. It is located 70 km northwest of New Delhi and 250 km south of the state capital Chandigarh at the NH 10. Rohtak forms a part of National Capital Region.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Political controversy
- 4 Industry and business
- 5 Facilities
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Sector/s
- 9 Media and communications
- 10 Education
- 11 Administration
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Economists believes that the city's name is of Indo-Aryan origin and is recorded in the Vedas .It was founded by a Rajput King name Raja Rohtash Singh Parmar was Rohtashgarh after his change . The spelling changed to Rohtak .Rohtashgarh belonged to parmar cast and subsequently He traces the development of the name as being "Rohītaka-kula > Rohitaka > Rohtek" and notes that this accords with the place existing around 500 BC.
Average annual rainfall in Rohtak city is 458.5mm (18.0 inch). Rohtak's climate shows extreme variation in temperature. It does not usually fall below freezing point in the winter months from November to January. In summer from April to July, the day temperature generally remains between 30 °C and 40 °C occasionally going up to 48 °C on a few days.
- Lowest: 3 °C (37 °F)
- Highest: 44 °C (111 °F)
The development of Rohtak has caused controversy. An allegedly disproportionate number of state development projects have been awarded to the city by Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda, who comes from it. This has received severe criticism from both the opposition parties and some members of the governing Indian National Congress party, who attack Hooda for being biased. Rao Inderjit Singh, a Congress leader from South Haryana, used Right to Information requests to determine that from a total of 5,135 announcements of schemes in the state, 2,045 have gone to the three districts of Rohtak, Jhajjar and Sonepat. These comprise areas of Hooda’s own constituency and that of his son, the Lok Sabha MP Deepender Singh Hooda. Of the 3,356 completed schemes, 1,560 are from these three districts whereas 1,796 schemes have been completed in the rest of the state. Ambala MP Selja Kumari is also against the region-specific and biased development of Rohtak.
The Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) has spent over Rs 340 crore from its own pocket for development of Rohtak.HUDA till December 31, 2010 collected Rs 322 crore as EDC in Rohtak and spent almost Rs 663 crore out of the EDC fund.
Industry and business
Industrial Areas & Townships in Rohtak
Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation (HSIIDC) has developed an Industrial Model Township (IMT).
The Municipal Corporation has prepared a strategy for future developments, that includes new residential areas, healthy environment, and maintained roads.
The city hosts the Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (PGIMS) and Civil Hospital, both of which are operated by the State Government. There are also various privately operated medical facilities. Pt B.D.Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak is situated at a distance of about 240 km from Chandigarh and about 70 km from Delhi on Delhi-Hissar-Sirsa-Fazilka National Highway (NH-10). It is the only major Institution for Medical Education and Research and a tertiary care centre for provision of specialized health care services not only to the people of the State of Haryana, but also to those from Punjab, Rajasthan, Delhi and western U.P. The Institute was started under the name of Medical College, Rohtak in the year 1960. For the first three years, the students were admitted to Medical College, Patiala which acted as a host Institution. In 1963, the students were shifted to Rohtak. In the subsequent years, multifaceted expansion measures have transformed the Institute into a fully developed center of Medical Education and research in all the major disciplines of Medicine. In the year 1994, Medical College, Rohtak was renamed as Pt. B.D.Sharma, Medical College, Rohtak and subsequently it was upgraded to a Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences in the year 1995. Today Pt. B.D.Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak is a famous institution not only for medical education but also for the health care facilities both at the National as well as International level. The Institute
complex houses the following buildings:
- Medical College
- Well Equipped Hospital of 1246 beds
- Super-specialty Centre
- Multislice whole body CT Scan building
- De-addiction center
- Dental College and Hospital
- Pharmacy College
- College of Nursing
The Institute has a remarkably well developed campus spread over an area of 350 acres of land. During the 50 years of its existence, Pt. B.D.Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak has witnessed a phenomenal growth achieving not only its designated goals but also in expanding its horizons to set newer objectives completely commensurable with the requirements of National goal of “Health for all by 2020”. Some other medical colleges -
The Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) has developed the Rajiv Gandhi Sports Complex. in Sector-6.[when?] The complex includes cricket, hockey and football facilities, tennis courts, an athletics stadium, wrestling hall, swimming pools and other leisure facilities.
Chaudhary Bansi Lal Cricket Stadium is a cricket ground in the Lahli, Rohtak(Haryana). The Stadium can accommodate only 8,000 spectators. The ground came into the lime light when Sachin Tendulkar played his last Ranji match in October 2013
- Tilyar Lake
The tourist spot of Tilyar Lake is near to the city. includes Restaurant, Bar and Rohtak zoo. The lake lies in a 132-acre (0.53 km2) area and forms an integral part of the tourist setup, making it one of the greenest stretches in the adjoining area. The spacious lawns and the scenery on view make this resort a great place to relax, and people visit from as far away as Mumbai. It is also an excellent spot for watching a variety of birds that flock on the little island located in the middle of the lake.
- Rohtak Zoo
The lake complex also houses Rohtak Zoo. Along with other heritage sites on the outskirts of city, there are many tourist places in Rohtak. The following animals have been housed in this zoo:, Tiger, Leopard, Fox, Hyena, Wolf, Gharial, Mugger, Hippopotamus, Himalayan Black Bear, Jackal, Otter, Pig-tailed monkey, Baboon, Bonnet macaque, Gray langur, Sambhar, Blackbuck, Chinkara, Indian hog deer, Barking deer, Guineafowl, Silver pheasant, Fantail pigeon etc.
Rohtak is connected to seven cities by three national highways (NH10, NH71, and NH71A) and two State Highways (SH16 and SH18). National Highway 10 from New Delhi to Rohtak is being upgraded to six lanes with 30 km Rohtak City Bypass, so that the vehicles traveling between New Delhi and Hisar do not have to enter Rohtak city. National Highway 10 from Rohtak to Hissar and several cities of Punjab is being widened to a four-lane highway.
Rohtak is well connected to Delhi through NH-10. For better movement of commuters NHAI is widening the highway to six lanes. But the work quality and speed is so poor that the project is being delayed from many years. The construction company is accused many times of using low quality material in construction of roads.
This should be compared with other national highways which were started after this and are operational for full their length.
Rohtak City is connected to New Delhi, Bahadurgarh Bhiwani, Jind, Gohana, and Panipat by rail. It is on the Delhi-Firozpur line. Delhi-Rohtak-Jakhal-Bhatinda railway line is double tracked, the other railway lines like Rohtak-Panipat are of single track. A new railway line from Rohtak to Rewari via Jhajjar became operational from January 2013.
The railway track between New Delhi and Rohtak has been electrified. There has been an EMU service between the two cities since March,2013.
There is currently no commercial airport serving the city. The state govt has shown interests in building a Greenfield Cargos Airport at the Meham village to serve this city and the AAI has given consent in principle for this. The nearest International Airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport at Delhi.
As of the[update] provisional 2011 census figures, Rohtak municipality had a population of 373,133. The municipality had a sex ratio of 887 females per 1,000 males and 10.9% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 84.08%; male literacy was 88.94% and female literacy was 78.68%.
In Rohtak old sectors are Sector 1, Sector 3, Sector 14, Sector 2, 4 are newly developed and new sectors 5, 6, 25 are being planned. Sector 3 is the best sector to live in.
Media and communications
All India Radio has a local station in Rohtak which transmits various programs of mass interest.
Rohtak has 16 national government institutes, making it one of the biggest educational hubs of the country. Rohtak Loksabha constituency is the only constituency in India to have AIIMS,IIM and IIT. Current renowned health university named after Haryana's first chief minister, Pt. Bhagwat Dayal Sharma will be upgraded to AIIMS at cost of Rs 200 crore. Indian Institute of Management Rohtak is currently being set up with a budget of Rs 600 crore. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi is also being set up with a budget of Rs 500 crore. These institutes along with Haryana's biggest university according to number of students enrolled Maharishi Dayanand University and numerous other universities of fashion technology, film and media make it an educational city. Pt. B.D. Sharma PGIMS Rohtak 
Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences or PGIMS Rohtak is a graduate medical institute in the city of Rohtak, India. The institute offers various courses in major specialties of medicine.
City also has D.A.V. Centenary Public School, Sri Ram Global School, GD Goenka World School, Indus College of Education, Rohtak and Indus Public School, Rohtak belonging to Indus Group of Institutions founded by chairman, trustee, and Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) National Secretary Captain Abhimanyu Sindhu under Sindhu Education Foundation and Param Mitra Manav Nirman Sansthan.
There is a mini Secretariat in main city near by Court.
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
- "Rohtak tops in AIDS cases". The Times of India. 13 January 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Mohan, Neeraj. "Rohtak develops with Haryana CM’s bounty". Tehelka. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Witzel, Michael (1999). "Aryan and non-Aryan Names in Vedic India.". In Bronkhorst, Johannes; Deshpande, Madhav. Aryans and Non-Non-Aryans, Evidence, Interpretation, and Ideology. Cambridge: Harvard University. p. 352 (PDF p. 25). ISBN 978-1888789041. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
- Dogra, Chander Suta (5 March 2013). "Rao Inderjit Singh’s move may give impetus to new alignments". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Rao Inderjit charges CM with bias against south Haryana". The Tribune. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Manav, Sushil (22 April 2013). "Hooda counters Selja’s claims of skewed development - Says entire state has witnessed progress in his regime". The Tribune. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Haryana Congress session reveals rebel trouble". The Times Of India. 9 May 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Inauguration of Rewari-Rohtak rail track: City MP feels left out". Hindustan Times. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Dainik Bhaskar e-Paper Rajasthan | Punjab | Haryana | Madhya Pradesh | Jharkhand | Chhattisgarh
- Haryana to get AIIMS extension, Rohtak PGI to be upgraded – Indian Express
- Tilyar Lake, Picnic at Tilyar Lake Rohtak, Weekend Breaks from Delhi
- "New 81-km railway line inaugurated in southern Haryana"
- "PT BD SHARMA". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
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