|• Body||Municipal Corporation of Rohtak|
|• Mayor||Renu Dabla|
|Elevation||220 m (720 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||124 001 – 124 017|
|Telephone code||91 1262 XXX XXX|
|Vehicle registration||HR 12 (Passenger), HR 46 (Commercial)|
|Sex ratio||1.13 ♂/♀|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Rohtak City|
|Planning agency||Haryana Urban Development Authority|
|Civic agency||Municipal Corporation of Rohtak|
|Climate||Climatic regions of India (Köppen)|
|Avg. summer temperature||48 °C (118 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||0 °C (32 °F)|
Rohtak ( listen (help·info)) is a Municipal Corporation in Rohtak district that styles itself as the "Heart of Haryana". It is located 70 km northwest of New Delhi and 250 km south of the state capital Chandigarh at the NH 10. Rohtak forms a part of National Capital Region. Rohtak is also fast emerging as the industrial city of Haryana.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Political controversy
- 4 Industry and business
- 5 Facilities
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Education
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Michael Witzel believes that the city's name is of Indo-Aryan origin and is recorded in the Vedas. He traces the development of the name as being "Rohītaka-kula > Rohitaka > Rohtek" and notes that this accords with the place existing around 500 BC.
Average annual rainfall in Rohtak city is 458.5mm (18.0 inch). Rohtak's climate shows extreme variation in temperature. It does not usually fall below freezing point in the winter months from November to January. In summer from April to July, the day temperature generally remains between 30°C and 40°C occasionally going up to 48°C on a few days.
- Lowest: 3 °C (37 °F)
- Highest: 44 °C (111 °F)
The development of Rohtak has caused controversy. An allegedly disproportionate number of state development projects have been awarded to the city by Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda, who comes from it. This has received severe criticism from both the opposition parties and some members of the governing Indian National Congress party, who attack Hooda for being biased. Rao Inderjit Singh, a Congress leader from South Haryana, used Right to Information requests to determine that from a total of 5,135 announcements of schemes in the state, 2,045 have gone to the three districts of Rohtak, Jhajjar and Sonepat. These comprise areas of Hooda’s own constituency and that of his son, the Lok Sabha MP Deepender Singh Hooda. Of the 3,356 completed schemes, 1,560 are from these three districts whereas 1,796 schemes have been completed in the rest of the state. Ambala MP Selja Kumari  is also against the region-specific and biased development of Rohtak.
The Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) has spent over Rs 340 crore from its own pocket for development of Rohtak.HUDA till December 31, 2010 collected Rs 322 crore as EDC in Rohtak and spent almost Rs 663 crore out of the EDC fund.
Industry and business
Industrial Areas & Townships in Rohtak
Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation (HSIIDC) has developed an Industrial Model Township (IMT) Rohtak also has An Industrial Area on the Hissar Road, The IDC since 1975 & an Upcoming HSIIDC Industrial area. Major Products manufactured in Rohtak are Precision Turned Components & Fastner Industry. Rohtak is world wide famous for its Fastner & Turned Parts Industry.
The Municipal Corporation has prepared a strategy for future developments, that includes new residential areas, healthy environment, and maintained roads.
The city hosts the Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences (PGIMS) and Civil Hospital, both of which are operated by the State Government. There are also various privately operated medical facilities.
The Haryana Urban Development Authority (HUDA) has developed the Rajiv Gandhi Sports Complex. in Sector-6.[when?] The complex includes cricket, hockey and football facilities, tennis courts, an athletics stadium, wrestling hall, swimming pools and other leisure facilities.
Rohtak is connected to seven cities by three national highways (NH10, NH71, and NH71A) and two State Highways (SH16 and SH18). National Highway 10 from New Delhi to Rohtak is being upgraded to six lanes with 30 km Rohtak City Bypass, so that the vehicles traveling between New Delhi and Hissar do not have to enter Rohtak city. National Highway 10 from Rohtak to Hissar and several cities of Punjab is being widened to a four-lane highway.
Rohtak is well connected to Delhi through NH-10. For better movement of commuters NHAI is widening the highway to six lanes. But the work quality and speed is so poor that the project is being delayed from many years. The construction company is accused many times of using low quality material in construction of roads.
This should be compared with other national highways which were started after this and are operational for full their length.
Rohtak City is connected to New Delhi, Bahadurgarh Bhiwani, Jind, Gohana, and Panipat by rail. Delhi-Rohtak-Jakhal-Bhatinda railway line is double tracked, the other railway lines like Rohtak-Panipat are of single track. A new railway line from Rohtak to Rewari via Jhajjar has become operational from January 2013.
Rohtak is connected to Sirsa, Hisar, Bhiwani, Bahadurgarh, Jind, Gurgaon, New Delhi,Agra,Jammu,Katra,Dehradoon,Abohar,Haridwar,Rishikesh,Chandigarh,Ambala,Lucknow and other cities by Haryana Roadways and private buses.
As of the[update] provisional 2011 census figures, Rohtak municipality had a population of 373,133. The municipality had a sex ratio of 887 females per 1,000 males and 10.9% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 84.08%; male literacy was 88.94% and female literacy was 78.68%.
There are numerous schools, and colleges in Rohtak. These include specialist institutions for subjects such as engineering and fashion design, as well as
Maharishi Dayanand University
Indian Institute of Management Rohtak. Hardly ten Km from Rohtak in Brahmanwas village Gaur Brahmin Ayurvedic College is situated. Which is imparting education in Indian traditional System of medicine, Ayurveda. It offers BAMS course to students.
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
- Rohtak – The Heart City of Haryana | Rohtakcity.com
- "Rohtak tops in AIDS cases". The Times of India. 13 January 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Mohan, Neeraj. "Rohtak develops with Haryana CM’s bounty". Tehelka. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Witzel, Michael (1999). "Aryan and non-Aryan Names in Vedic India.". In Bronkhorst, Johannes; Deshpande, Madhav. Aryans and Non-Non-Aryans, Evidence, Interpretation, and Ideology. Cambridge: Harvard University. p. 352 (PDF p. 25). ISBN 978-1888789041. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
- Dogra, Chander Suta (5 March 2013). "Rao Inderjit Singh’s move may give impetus to new alignments". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Rao Inderjit charges CM with bias against south Haryana". The Tribune. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Manav, Sushil (22 April 2013). "Hooda counters Selja’s claims of skewed development - Says entire state has witnessed progress in his regime". The Tribune. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Haryana Congress session reveals rebel trouble". The Times Of India. 9 May 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Inauguration of Rewari-Rohtak rail track: City MP feels left out". Hindustan Times. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Industrial Model Township - Projects Info - India's first and only Infrastructure Weekly Newspaper
- Dainik Bhaskar e-Paper Rajasthan | Punjab | Haryana | Madhya Pradesh | Jharkhand | Chhattisgarh
- Haryana to get AIIMS extension, Rohtak PGI to be upgraded – Indian Express
- Tilyar Lake, Picnic at Tilyar Lake Rohtak, Weekend Breaks from Delhi
- "New 81-km railway line inaugurated in southern Haryana"
- Home - eTicketing : Haryana Roadways
- "Maharishi Dayanand University".
- "Indian Institute of Management Rohtak".
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