Roland JP-8000

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JP-8000
JP-8000.png
Manufactured by Roland
Dates 1996 - 2001
Technical specifications
Polyphony 8 voices
Timbrality 2
Oscillator 2 oscillators per voice / sync OSC1 types : Super Saw / Triangle mod / noise / Feedback / Square / Saw / Triangle. OSC2 types : Square / Saw / Triangle
LFO 2 sawtooth/square/triangle/sh
Synthesis type Virtual analog Subtractive
Filter 1 12dB / 24dB resonant lowpass/highpass/bandpass
Attenuator 2 ADSR
Aftertouch No
Velocity sensitive Yes
Memory 128 presets/128 user patches
64 preset performances/64 user performances
Effects Chorus, delay, 2 band EQ / ring modulator
Input/output
Keyboard 49 keys
External control MIDI

The Roland JP-8000 is an analog modeling synthesizer released by the Roland Corporation in 1997.

Overview[edit]

The Roland JP-8000 was released in early 1996 as part of the first wave of virtual analog modeling synthesizers (VA synths). Others from that period included the Clavia Nord Lead (1995), Korg Prophecy (1995), Access Virus (1997) and Yamaha AN1x (1997). While the functionality, sound, and architecture of the JP-8000 differs from these other synthesizers, it shared the same purpose of recreating the unique sound and functionality of classic analog synths. The JP-8000 was viewed at the time as the modern incarnation of the classic Roland Jupiter-8, from 1981. The programming interface and synthesis options are very similar to Roland Jupiter-6 as well. The JP-8000 sought to reproduce the warm tonalities and sheer analog power of its older, bigger brothers, of course with a modern slant, adding all kinds of features, from motion control, to RPS, to the fabled Super Saw oscillators and old-school controllers such as an arpeggiator and an assignable touch response ribbon control.

The JP-8000 had several features that differed from other analog modeling synthesizers of the time. Most notably, Roland's unique oscillator types ("Feedback" and "Supersaw") and the use of sliders instead of rotary encoders (knobs) to edit patch parameters. The Supersaw in particular was the reason why the JP-8000 was particularly successful as a main keyboard (along with the Virus) in the dance music market, especially for trance music. Just like what the Roland TB-303 had done for acid house and acid techno, the JP-8000's Supersaw leads were characteristic of a certain type of trance that can be roughly called "Anthem Trance", where a melodic, powerful lead based on a Supersaw patch provided the hook and melody throughout the song. The sound processor is 16 bits.

In 1998, Roland released a 6U,19" rack version of JP-8000 called the JP-8080. The JP-8080 combined the analog modeling sound engine of the JP-8000 with additional features such as an internal vocoder. Three times the number of patches and performances and an additional Noise waveform was available on Osc 2, which although most patches are compatible between the rack and the JP-8000, some were specifically designed for the rack version only. Also included on the JP-8080 was a distortion effect.

Roland JP-8080

The Supersaw[edit]

The Supersaw is a special waveform originally created by Roland for their JP-8000 and JP-8080 line of analog modeling synthesizers. The idea behind the Supersaw is to emulate the sound of more than one sawtooth oscillator using just one oscillator. The waveform is described as a freerun oscillator and its shape is produced from 7 sawtooth oscillators detuned against each other over a period of time.

A simple arpeggiated "Super Saw" waveform pattern from the JP-8000, demonstrating its typical usage in trance music.

Since production of the JP-8000 ceased, several companies have incorporated "Supersaw-like" oscillator algorithms into their hardware and software synthesizers. SUPERWAVE P8 is an example of a software synthesizer inspired by the architecture of the JP-8000, with its multiple sawtooth oscillators. Another is the Supersaw Plus, which has a JP-8000-style interface and a variation on the supersaw waveform that provides 2, 4, 6 or 10 oscillators. In 2005, Access Music released the TI-line of synthesizers, which feature an oscillator typed called Hypersaw that is similar to Roland's Supersaw oscillator. Roland also continues to produce other synthesizers, such as the SH-201, the SH-01, the Roland V-Synth, and the Roland V-Synth XT that have the Supersaw oscillator type.

The Supersaw gained much popularity in electronic dance music, especially with its use in hardcore, hardstyle and anthem trance. From 2006, as hard stomping dance music began to dominate the music charts; the Supersaw waveform had a sudden surge in popularity; being used in many mainstream pop songs, such as songs performed by artists including: The Saturdays, LMFAO, Jason Derulo, Lady Gaga, JLS, Calvin Harris and many more.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Notable users[edit]

External links[edit]