Roland Park, Baltimore

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Coordinates: 39°21.1′N 76°38.1′W / 39.3517°N 76.6350°W / 39.3517; -76.6350

Roland Park Historic District
House along Goodwood Gardens
Location Baltimore, Maryland
Architect Olmsted,Frederick Law, Et al.
Architectural style Late Victorian, Late 19th And 20th Century Revivals
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 74002213[1]
Added to NRHP December 23, 1974

Roland Park is the first planned "suburban" community in North America, located in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. It was developed between 1890 and 1920 as an upper-class streetcar suburb. The early phases of the neighborhood were designed by Edward Bouton and Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr.

Roland Park Elementary/Middle School, a K-8 school,[2] earned the Blue Ribbon for Academic Excellence from the state department of education. The two yearly musicals at the school are said to be the best school musicals in the city. The neighborhood is home to several private schools: Friends School of Baltimore, Gilman School, Roland Park Country School, the Bryn Mawr School, Cathedral School, and Boys' Latin School of Maryland.

St. Mary's Seminary and University is located in Roland Park. The Baltimore Light Rail's Cold Spring Lane station is within walking distance of much of the neighborhood, just across the Jones Falls Expressway to the west.

Roland Park is also home to a branch of the Enoch Pratt Free Library.

Roland Park Shopping Center[edit]

Shops along Roland Avenue, about half a mile north of the shopping center

Roland Park Shopping Center is a single building strip of stores which opened in 1907 to serve the community, located at the corner of Upland Road and Roland Avenue. It has been credited by Guinness World Records as the world's first shopping center (though some editions of Guinness incorrectly date it to 1896). Since it had only six stores, despite it being an important milestone, larger shopping centers such as the Country Club Plaza (1923) in Kansas City, Missouri have received more attention as being "first," depending on what definition is used.[3][4][5]


Baltimore Country Club, in Roland Park
  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ Roland Park Public School
  3. ^ Rybczynski, Witold. City Life p.204 (Scribner 1996) (ISBN 978-0684825298)
  4. ^ Urban Land Institute, The community builders handbook p. 125 (1954)
  5. ^ Marx, Paul. Jim Rouse: capitalist/idealist, p.111 (2007) (ISBN 978-0761839446) (" has a small cluster of shops near its center. That group of shops is generally considered to be the very first shopping center in America.")

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