Roland von Hößlin
|Roland von Hößlin|
|Born||21 February 1915
|Died||14 October 1944
Berlin (Plötzensee Prison)
|Years of service||1933–1944|
|Commands held||PzAufklAbt 33|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
Roland von Hößlin was born in Munich into an old cavalry officer family. In 1933, at 17, he joined the Reichswehr and became an ensign ("Fahnenjunker") in Mounted Regiment 17 in Bamberg. In 1936, he was promoted to lieutenant. In 1939, during the Second World War, he took part in the Invasion of Poland as a first lieutenant and adjutant in Reconnaissance Detachment 10. He later had tank training at the Panzertruppenschule in Krampnitz, now part of Potsdam, and from March to July 1941, he was an orderly officer with the Afrika Korps staff in Tripolitania under Field Marshal Erwin Rommel.
In August 1941, von Hößlin was named chief of the 3rd Reconnaissance Detachment 33, and in February 1942, he was promoted to captain. On 12 July 1942, he was badly wounded as leader of Reconnaissance Detachment 33, and he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz). His brother Hartmut von Hößlin was also awarded the Knight's Cross on 17 April 1945 as commander of II./ArtRgt 7.
By February 1944, von Hößlin was commander of the Officer-Candidate Training Detachment 24 in Insterburg, East Prussia (nowadays Chernyakhovsk in Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast). In April 1944, through his earlier friendship with Claus Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg, he was let in on the July 20 Plotters' plans to overthrow Adolf Hitler. In the event of a successful coup d'état, von Hößlin was to have his unit in Wehrkreis I (i.e., East Prussia) occupy important buildings and take other measures against the Nazi régime.
On 1 August 1944, a week and a half after the failed plot at the Wolf's Lair, came a transfer to Meiningen in Thuringia and a promotion to major. On 23 August 1944, however, von Hößlin was arrested by the Gestapo, and shortly thereafter was ejected from the Wehrmacht.
On 13 October 1944 came the sentencing by Roland Freisler at von Hößlin's trial at the Volksgerichtshof. Freisler sentenced him to death for his part in the plot to assassinate Hitler, and Roland von Hößlin was hanged that same afternoon at Plötzensee Prison in Berlin.
At Bamberg Cathedral, a plaque commemorates the five "Bamberg Troopers" – among them Roland von Hößlin – who gave their lives in the struggle against the Nazi régime.