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Rolf is a male given name and a surname. It originates in the Germanic name Hrolf, itself a contraction of Hrodwulf (Rudolf), a conjunction of the stem words hrod ("renown") + wulf ("wolf"). The Old Norse cognate is Hrólfr. As a name Rolf is known since the year 911 when the Viking King Gånge-Rolf (846-932) (Latinized as Rollo) captured Normandy.
In Europe the name Rolf is most popular in Sweden where, as of December 31, 2012, there were 54,737 people with Rolf as their first name or part of a double name. At the same time there were 511 people in Sweden with Rolf as their last name. As a given name, Rolf reached its peak in popularity in the decade of the 1960s.
An alternate but less common variation of Rolf in Norway is Rolv.
Notable Rolfs/Hrolfs include:
- Hrólf Kraki, legendary king of Denmark
- Hrolf Ganger, Norwegian jarl
- Rolf Beeler, Swiss cheese entrepreneur
- Rolf-Göran Bengtsson (born 1962), Swedish equestrian jumper
- Rolf Benirschke, American footballer and game show host
- Rolf Billberg (1930-1966), Swedish musician
- Rolf Ekéus, Swedish diplomat
- Rolf Ericson (1922-1997), Swedish musician
- Rolf Falk-Larssen (born 1960), Norwegian speed skater
- Rolf G. Fjelde (1926–2002), American playwright, educator and poet
- Rolf Forsberg (born 1925), Swedish-American playwright, film and theater director
- Rolf Gindorf (born 1939), German sexologist
- Rolf Gölz (born 1962), German road and track cyclist
- Rolf Groven (born 1943), Norwegian painter
- Rolf Harris, Australian entertainer
- Rolf Hauge (officer) (1915–1989), Norwegian army officer
- Rolf Hochhuth (born 1931), German author and playwright
- Rolf Jacobsen (1907–1994), Norwegian author
- Rolf Løvland (born 1955), Norwegian composer
- Rolf Nevanlinna (1895-1980), Finnish mathmetician
- Rolf Roosalu (Rolf Junior), Estonian singer
- Rolf Rämgård (born 1934), Swedish politician and Olympic medalist in cross country skiing
- Rolf Schläfli (born 1971), Swiss decathlete
- Rolf Singer (1906-1994), German mycologist
- Rolf Skoglund (born 1940), Swedish actor
- Rolf Sørensen (born 1965), Danish professional road bicycle racer
- Rolf Wideröe (1902–1996), Norwegian particle physicist
- Rolv Wesenlund, Norwegian actor
- Rolf M. Zinkernagel (born 1944), Swiss Professor of Experimental Immunology, 1996 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- Ernst Rolf (1891-1932), Swedish actor and singer.
- Tom Rolf (1931-2014), Swedish-born American film editor, son of Ernst Rolf.
- Ida P. Rolf (1896-1979), American biochemist and founder of Rolfing, a holistic health discipline
- Rolf, a cranky cartoon tiger in the Animal Crossing game series
- Rowlf, an easy-going Muppet dog who plays the piano
- Rolf, from the cartoon Ed, Edd n Eddy
- Rolf, Tragic hero of Phantasy Star II
- Rolph, a surname
- Rolfe (disambiguation)
- ROLF, a list of acronyms
- ROFL, acronym for "Rolling On the Floor Laughing"
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