Rolf Günther (January 8, 1913 – May 1945) was a German major who served as Sturmbannführer in the Schutzstaffel (SS) and who acted as deputy to Adolf Eichmann. He joined the Sturmabteilung (SA) in 1929 and devoted his life to the Nazi cause.
Günther is held responsible for the deportation of Jews from Salonika to Auschwitz concentration camp, with assistance from Alois Brunner. His brother Hans Günther was head of the Central Office for Jewish Emigration in Prague.
Günther committed suicide in August 1945 while being held by the Americans in an Ebensee prison.