Rolladen-Schneider LS1

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LS1
Rolladen Schneider LS-1 r.jpg
LS1-f
Role Club-class (formerly Standard-class) sailplane
National origin Germany
Manufacturer Rolladen-Schneider
First flight 1968
Number built 464

The Rolladen-Schneider LS1 is a Standard Class single seater glider that was manufactured by Rolladen-Schneider from 1968 to 1977.

Development[edit]

The LS-1 Standard Class design was the first aircraft type arising from the partnership between Wolf Lemke and Walter Schneider, who had already worked together as students on the ground breaking Akaflieg Darmstadt D-36. Here, and in subsequent Lemke-Schneider (LS) designs, Wolf Lemke concentrated on the aerodynamics while Walter Schneider contributed mostly to the structural and production issues.

The LS1 made its debut at the 1968 German National Championships, taking first and second place with the designers themselves at the controls. The success of this design increased in the subsequent years until, in 1975, it was the most flown glider in the German Nationals. The LS1-c took first place in the 1970 World Championships at Marfa, Texas.

The manufacture of the LS1 was discontinued after the IGC introduced the new unrestricted 15 metre-class in the spring 1977, as the manufacturer needed all its resources to increase production of the LS3.

A total of 464 LS1 were built. It was succeeded by the LS2 and LS4.

Design[edit]

Aerodynamics[edit]

  • The designers desired to demonstrate that high performance and pleasant flight characteristics could coexist in a standard class sailplane built with the then still unexplored GRP technology.
  • The performance came from the high wing aspect ratio, the double tapered wing and the new FX 66-S-196 profile. This profile possesses a relatively shallow but very wide laminar bucket.
  • The natural qualities of the profile combined with careful wing design yielded gentle low speed behaviour.
  • Variants up to the LS1-d had an all-flying tail with oversensitive handling characteristics at high speeds. A conventional stabiliser and elevator were adopted for later variants. Although fractionally less efficient, this is much safer and pleasant to fly.
  • The front of the original two-piece canopy was blended with the fuselage for best aerodynamics.

Construction[edit]

  • The materials used were glass fibre, Conticell foam, polystyrene, plywood for the spar webs and hardwood in reinforcements. Wood was phased out in the LS1-f version.
  • The FX 66-S-196 profile, with a thickness to chord ratio of almost 20%, made it possible to build a light and economical spar. This was important because in the late sixties glass fibre was the only affordable reinforcement material - carbon was still too expensive.
  • The GRP fuselage shell was produced in female moulds, in an innovative method developed by Wolf Lemke. The LS1 V-1 prototype was the pattern or ‘plug’ for the serial production moulds.
  • The undercarriage was initially fixed, as required by the standard class rules of the time. The wheel was sprung and had its own wheel housing, separate from the internal fuselage space. The wheel brake was coupled to the air brake system.
  • The new one-piece canopy of the LS1-f required an innovative hinge with complex kinetics to deliver the forward opening movement.

Variants[edit]

  • LS1-0 V-1 - prototype had an internal load bearing tubular steel scaffold (as in present-day Schempp-Hirth sailplanes). This structure was substituted by full GRP construction in production versions.
  • LS1-0 - angle of incidence was increased and improvements to the control system. (23 built of LS1-0. LS1-a, and LS1-b together)
  • LS1-a - trailing edge air brakes of the prototype were dropped in favour of conventional Schempp-Hirth air brakes (chinge incorporated on all further variants) (23 built of LS1-0. LS1-a, and LS1-b together)
  • LS1-b - (23 built of LS1-0. LS1-a, and LS1-b together)
  • LS1-c - (198 built of LS1-c and LS1-d together)
  • LS1-d - was the first to have water ballast, following a class rule change. (198 built of LS1-c and LS1-d together)
  • LS1-e - version was built privately by a Rolladen-Schneider employee under the direction of Wolf Lemke. Differs from the LS1-c only in the use of an LS2 type tailplane (2 built)
  • LS1-ef - tailplane of the LS1-f and the same fuselage as former versions (1 built)
  • LS1-f - introduced the one-piece canopy, conventional tailplane, redesigned rudder and structural changes that allowed more water ballast and higher flight mass. It also has a reduced wing incidence relative to the fuselage, resulting in noticeably better high speed performance than the earlier LS1 variants. (240 built)
  • LS1-f(45) - (2 built)

Specifications (LS1-f)[edit]

General characteristics

  • Crew: One
  • Capacity: 90 kg (200 lb) water ballast
  • Length: 7.20 m (23 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 15.00 m (49 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 1.37 m (4 ft 6 in)
  • Empty weight: 210 kg (462 lb)
  • Gross weight: 391 kg (860 lb)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 250 km/h (160 mph)
  • Maximum glide ratio: 37
  • Rate of sink: 0.62 m/s (122 ft/min)

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]